Latest & greatest articles for urinary tract infection

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Top results for urinary tract infection

161. Systematic review: antimicrobial urinary catheters to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in hospitalized patients

Systematic review: antimicrobial urinary catheters to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in hospitalized patients Systematic review: antimicrobial urinary catheters to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in hospitalized patients Systematic review: antimicrobial urinary catheters to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in hospitalized patients Johnson JR, Kuskowski MA, Wilt TJ CRD summary This review assessed the efficacy of antimicrobial urinary (...) catheters in preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections in hospitalised patients. No studies were found that reported on urinary tract infection. The authors concluded that antimicrobial urinary catheters can prevent catheter-associated bacteriuria during short-term catheterisation, but older studies may lack current relevance. The poor quality and diversity of the studies limit these conclusions. Authors' objectives To assess the efficacy of antimicrobial urinary catheters, which

2006 DARE.

162. Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tests for the diagnosis and evaluation of urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and economic model

Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tests for the diagnosis and evaluation of urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and economic model Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tests for the diagnosis and evaluation of urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and economic model Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tests for the diagnosis and evaluation of urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and economic (...) for the diagnosis and evaluation of urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and economic model. Health Technology Assessment 2006; 10(36): 1-382 Authors' objectives The aim of this review is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of tests for detecting urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under 5 years of age and to evaluate the effectiveness of tests used to investigate further children with confirmed UTI. Also, to evaluate the effectiveness of following up children with UTI and the cost

2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

163. The use of urinary dipstick tests to exclude urinary tract infection: a systematic review of the literature

The use of urinary dipstick tests to exclude urinary tract infection: a systematic review of the literature Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2006 DARE.

164. Nurse led education plus direct access to imaging improved diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections in children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nurse led education plus direct access to imaging improved diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections in children Nurse led education plus direct access to imaging improved diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections in children | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using (...) your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Nurse led education plus direct access to imaging improved diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections in children Article Text

2005 Evidence-Based Nursing

165. Review: the only effect for surgery plus antiobiotics in vesicoureteric reflux is fewer febrile urinary tract infections Full Text available with Trip Pro

Review: the only effect for surgery plus antiobiotics in vesicoureteric reflux is fewer febrile urinary tract infections Review: the only effect for surgery plus antiobiotics in vesicoureteric reflux is fewer febrile urinary tract infections | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using (...) your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: the only effect for surgery plus antiobiotics in vesicoureteric reflux is fewer febrile urinary tract infections Article Text

2005 Evidence-Based Medicine

166. Are routine urine cultures helpful in the management of asymptomatic infants or preschool children with a previous urinary tract infection?

Are routine urine cultures helpful in the management of asymptomatic infants or preschool children with a previous urinary tract infection? BestBets: Are routine urine cultures helpful in the management of asymptomatic infants or preschool children with a previous urinary tract infection? Are routine urine cultures helpful in the management of asymptomatic infants or preschool children with a previous urinary tract infection? Report By: Hassib Narchi - Consultant Paediatrician Search checked (...) 18-month-old boy, undergoing radiological investigations after a urinary tract infection (UTI) diagnosed a few months earlier, is reviewed at the clinic. According to departmental protocol, a 3-monthly urine culture should be submitted in infants and young children as, until the age of 4 years, they remain at risk of developing renal scars after UTIs. You wonder as to the value of this routine culture. Search Strategy PubMed (1975-2003) ("urine culture" OR "asymptomatic bacteriuria" OR "urinary

2005 BestBETS

167. Response to antibiotics of women with symptoms of urinary tract infection but negative dipstick urine test results: double blind randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Response to antibiotics of women with symptoms of urinary tract infection but negative dipstick urine test results: double blind randomised controlled trial. To assess the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment of women with symptoms of urinary tract infection but negative urine dipstick testing.Prospective, double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial.Primary care, among a randomly selected group of general practitioners in Christchurch, New Zealand.59 women aged 16-50 years presenting (...) with a history of dysuria and frequency in whom a dipstick test of midstream urine was negative for both nitrites and leucocytes. Participants with complicated urinary tract infection were excluded.Trimethoprim 300 mg daily for three days or placebo.Self reported diary of symptoms for seven days, recording the presence or absence of individual symptoms each day, followed by a structured telephone questionnaire after seven days. The main clinical outcome was resolution of dysuria at three and seven days

2005 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

168. Effect of a multifaceted intervention on number of antimicrobial prescriptions for suspected urinary tract infections in residents of nursing homes: cluster randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of a multifaceted intervention on number of antimicrobial prescriptions for suspected urinary tract infections in residents of nursing homes: cluster randomised controlled trial. To assess whether a multifaceted intervention can reduce the number of prescriptions for antimicrobials for suspected urinary tract infections in residents of nursing homes.Cluster randomised controlled trial.24 nursing homes in Ontario, Canada, and Idaho, United States.12 nursing homes allocated (...) to a multifaceted intervention and 12 allocated to usual care. Outcomes were measured in 4217 residents.Diagnostic and treatment algorithm for urinary tract infections implemented at the nursing home level using a multifaceted approach--small group interactive sessions for nurses, videotapes, written material, outreach visits, and one on one interviews with physicians.Number of antimicrobials prescribed for suspected urinary tract infections, total use of antimicrobials, admissions to hospital, and deaths.Fewer

2005 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

169. Rapid tests and urine sampling techniques for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review

Rapid tests and urine sampling techniques for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review Rapid tests and urine sampling techniques for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review Rapid tests and urine sampling techniques for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review Whiting P, Westwood M, Watt I, Cooper J, Kleijnen J CRD summary (...) This review concluded that for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI), dipstick negative for both leucocyte esterase and nitrite or negative microscopic analysis for pyuria of a clean voided urine, bag or nappy/pad specimen may be used to rule out UTI, and that combinations of positive tests could similarly be used to rule in UTI. These conclusions are likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To determine the accuracy of rapid tests for detecting urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under 5

2005 DARE.

170. Further investigation of confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review

Further investigation of confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review Further investigation of confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review Further investigation of confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review Westwood M E, Whiting P F, Cooper J, Watt I S, Kleijnen J CRD summary This review concluded that there is no evidence to suggest that routine (...) investigation of children with confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI) is effective, and that further research on the effectiveness of investigation of UTI is urgently required. These conclusions are likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To determine the most effective approach to the further investigation of confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under 5 years of age. Searching The authors searched 16 databases (including MEDLINE and EMBASE) from inception to between October 2002

2005 DARE.

171. Circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infection in boys: a systematic review of randomised trials and observational studies

Circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infection in boys: a systematic review of randomised trials and observational studies Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

172. Controlling antimicrobial use and decreasing microbiological laboratory tests for urinary tract infections in spinal-cord-injury patients with chronic indwelling catheters

Controlling antimicrobial use and decreasing microbiological laboratory tests for urinary tract infections in spinal-cord-injury patients with chronic indwelling catheters Controlling antimicrobial use and decreasing microbiological laboratory tests for urinary tract infections in spinal-cord-injury patients with chronic indwelling catheters Controlling antimicrobial use and decreasing microbiological laboratory tests for urinary tract infections in spinal-cord-injury patients with chronic (...) a urinary tract infection (UTI) before collecting a urine sample on the number of organisms isolated in cultures and on the drug and microbiology laboratory costs. Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Data were collected for all patients hospitalised in the two SCI units of the authors' institution who had an indwelling catheter or suprapubic catheter, and who were suspected of having a UTI. Patients with condom catheters or those receiving

2005 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

173. Antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in non-pregnant women. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in non-pregnant women. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common health care problem. Recurrent UTI (RUTI) in healthy non-pregnant women is defined as three or more episodes of UTI during a twelve month period. Long-term antibiotics have been proposed as a prevention strategy for RUTI.To determine the efficacy (during and after) and safety of prophylactic antibiotics used to prevent uncomplicated RUTI in adult non-pregnant women.We

2004 Cochrane

174. Diagnosing urinary tract infection (UTI) in the under fives

Diagnosing urinary tract infection (UTI) in the under fives Diagnosing urinary tract infection (UTI) in the under fives Diagnosing urinary tract infection (UTI) in the under fives Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Diagnosing urinary tract infection (...) (UTI) in the under fives. University of York. Effective Health Care 8(6). 2004 Authors' objectives This Effective Health Care bulletin summarises the research evidence on the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years of age. Authors' conclusions Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children under five. Children who are misdiagnosed can either fail to receive appropriate treatment or receive unnecessary treatment and investigation. All of the tests commonly used

2004 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

175. A nurse led education and direct access service for the management of urinary tract infections in children: prospective controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A nurse led education and direct access service for the management of urinary tract infections in children: prospective controlled trial. To determine whether a nurse led education and direct access service improves the care of children with urinary tract infections.Prospective cluster randomised trial.General practitioners in the catchment area of a UK paediatric nephrology department.88 general practices (346 general practitioners, 107 000 children).Rate and quality of diagnosis of urinary (...) tract infection, use of prophylactic antibiotics, convenience for families, and the number of infants with vesicoureteric reflux in whom renal scarring may have been prevented.The study practices diagnosed twice as many urinary tract infections as the control practices (6.42 v 3.45/1000 children/year; ratio 1.86, 95% confidence interval 1.42 to 2.44); nearly four times more in infants (age < 1 year) and six times more in children without specific symptoms. Diagnoses were made more robustly by study

2003 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

176. Imaging studies after a first febrile urinary tract infection in young children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Imaging studies after a first febrile urinary tract infection in young children. Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend obtaining a voiding cystourethrogram and a renal ultrasonogram for young children after a first urinary tract infection; renal scanning with technetium-99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid has also been endorsed by other authorities. We investigated whether imaging studies altered management or improved outcomes in young children with a first febrile (...) only if antimicrobial prophylaxis is effective in reducing reinfections and renal scarring. Renal scans obtained at presentation identify children with acute pyelonephritis, and scans obtained six months later identify those with renal scarring. The routine performance of urinalysis, urine culture, or both during subsequent febrile illnesses in all children with a previous febrile urinary tract infection will probably obviate the need to obtain either early or late scans.Copyright 2003

2003 NEJM Controlled trial quality: uncertain

177. Dipstick urinalysis for screening of childhood urinary tract infection

Dipstick urinalysis for screening of childhood urinary tract infection Dipstick urinalysis for screening of childhood urinary tract infection Dipstick urinalysis for screening of childhood urinary tract infection Turner T Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Turner T. Dipstick urinalysis for screening of childhood urinary tract infection. Clayton (...) , Victoria: Centre for Clinical Effectiveness (CCE) 2003: 22 Authors' objectives This aim of this critical appraisal was to assess whether dipstick urinalysis is an appropriate method of screening for urinary tract infection in children. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Child; Urinalysis; Urinary Tract Infections /diagnosis Language Published English Country of organisation Australia Address for correspondence Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Block E

2003 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

178. Ultrasonography and abdominal radiography versus intravenous urography in investigation of urinary tract infection in men: prospective incident cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ultrasonography and abdominal radiography versus intravenous urography in investigation of urinary tract infection in men: prospective incident cohort study. To compare ultrasonography and abdominal radiography with intravenous urography in the investigation of urinary tract infection in men.Prospective study in two hospital departments. Radiological procedures and urological assessments performed on different days by different cliniciansDistrict general hospital.Consecutive series of men (n (...) emptying bladder (34). The combination of plain radiographs of kidneys, ureter, and bladder and ultrasonography detected more abnormalities than intravenous urography alone. No important abnormality was missed by this combination (sensitivity 100% and specificity 93%).Ultrasonography with abdominal radiography is as accurate as intravenous urography in detecting important urological abnormalities in men presenting with urinary tract infection. This combination is safer than intravenous urography

2002 BMJ

179. Methenamine hippurate for preventing urinary tract infections. (Abstract)

Methenamine hippurate for preventing urinary tract infections. Methenamine salts are often used for the prevention of urinary tract infection (UTI).To assess the effectiveness of methenamine hippurate in preventing UTI.Published and unpublished randomised controlled trials were identified from the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Current Contents, reference lists of review articles and retrieved trials. The manufacturers' of methenamine salts were contacted (...) methenamine hippurate. Interpretation of the pooled estimates was not done in view of underlying heterogeneity. The study by Pettersson 1989 explained some, but not all, of the underlying heterogeneity. This study differed from all others by including patients with known upper renal tract abnormalities. Adverse reactions were mentioned by 10 studies. The rate of adverse events was low.There is not enough evidence to conclusively support the use of methenamine hippurate for urinary prophylaxis

2002 Cochrane

180. Cluster randomised controlled trial of tailored interventions to improve the management of urinary tract infections in women and sore throat. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cluster randomised controlled trial of tailored interventions to improve the management of urinary tract infections in women and sore throat. To assess the effectiveness of tailored interventions to implement guidelines for urinary tract infections in women and sore throat.Unblinded, cluster randomised pretest-post-test trial.142 general practices in Norway.72 practices received interventions to implement guidelines for urinary tract infection and 70 practices received interventions (...) to implement guidelines for sore throat, serving as controls for each other. 59 practices in the urinary tract infection group and 61 practices in the sore throat group completed the study. Outcomes were measured in 16 939 consultations for sore throat and 9887 consultations for urinary tract infection.Interventions were developed to overcome identified barriers to implementing the guidelines. The main components of the tailored interventions were patient educational material, computer based decision

2002 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain