Latest & greatest articles for urinary tract infection

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Top results for urinary tract infection

101. Routine neonatal circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infections in infancy.

Routine neonatal circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infections in infancy. BACKGROUND: Neonatal circumcision is a fairly common surgical procedure that may be carried out for medical reasons, one of them being prevention of urinary tract infections (UTI) in male infants. Circumcision could help in reducing the incidence of UTI by reducing periurethral bacterial colonization, which is accepted as a potential risk factor in UTI. Evidence is needed to inform the benefits or harm

Cochrane2012

102. Interventions for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection during pregnancy.

Interventions for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection during pregnancy. BACKGROUND: Recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTI) are common in women who are pregnant and may cause serious adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and child including preterm birth and small-for-gestational-age babies. Interventions used to prevent RUTI in women who are pregnant can be pharmacological (antibiotics) or non-pharmacological (cranberry products, acupuncture, probiotics and behavioural (...) modifications). So far little is known about the best way to prevent RUTI in pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections in pregnant women.The primary maternal outcomes were RUTI before birth (variously defined) and preterm birth (before 37 weeks). The primary infant outcomes were small-for-gestational age and total mortality. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (8 June 2012

Cochrane2012

103. Condom catheter use and catheter-associated urinary tract infections

Condom catheter use and catheter-associated urinary tract infections Condom catheter use and catheter-associated urinary tract infections Condom catheter use and catheter-associated urinary tract infections Lavenberg JG, Umscheid CA Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Lavenberg JG, Umscheid CA. Condom catheter use and catheter-associated urinary (...) tract infections. Philadelphia: Center for Evidence-based Practice (CEP). 2012 Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Condomss; Urinary Catheterization; Urinary Tract Infections Language Published English Country of organisation United States English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence Center for Evidence-based Practice, University of Pennsylvania Health System, 3535 Market St. Suite 50, Philadelphia PA 19104 Email: Cep2

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2012

104. Effect of nonpayment for hospital-acquired, catheter-associated urinary tract infection: a statewide analysis.

Effect of nonpayment for hospital-acquired, catheter-associated urinary tract infection: a statewide analysis. BACKGROUND: Most (59% to 86%) hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) are catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). As of 2008, claims data are used to deny payment for certain hospital-acquired conditions, including CAUTIs, and publicly report hospital performance. OBJECTIVE: To examine rates of UTIs in adults that are coded in claims data as hospital-acquired

Annals of Internal Medicine2012 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

106. Cranberry-containing products for prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations

Cranberry-containing products for prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations Cranberry-containing products for prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations Cranberry-containing products for prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations Wang CH, Fang CC, Chen NC, Liu SS, Yu PH, Wu TY, Chen WT, Lee CC, Chen SC CRD summary The authors concluded that cranberry-containing products were associated with protective effect against urinary (...) tract infection. The authors advised cautious interpretation of this result given substantial variation across the included trials. Together with methodological concerns in the included trials, this tentative conclusion seems justified. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effect of cranberry-containing products for the prevention of urinary tract infection. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched from inception to November 2011. Search

DARE.2012

109. Urinary tract infection.

Urinary tract infection. In the clinic. Urinary tract infection. - PubMed - NCBI Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. Search database Search term Search Result Filters Format Summary Summary (text) Abstract Abstract (text) MEDLINE XML PMID List Apply Choose Destination File Clipboard Collections E-mail Order My Bibliography Citation manager Format Create File 1 selected item: 22393148 Format MeSH and Other Data E-mail Subject Additional text E-mail Add to Clipboard Add (...) to Collections Order articles Add to My Bibliography Generate a file for use with external citation management software. Create File 2012 Mar 6;156(5):ITC3-1-ITC3-15; quiz ITC3-16. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-156-5-201203060-01003. In the clinic. Urinary tract infection. 1 , . 1 VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. PMID: 22393148 DOI: [Indexed for MEDLINE] Publication type MeSH terms Substance Full Text Sources Medical PubMed Commons 0 comments How

Annals of Internal Medicine2012

110. Imaging in pediatric patients with first time febrile urinary tract infection (UTI)

Imaging in pediatric patients with first time febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) Copyright © 2012-2013 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; all rights reserved. GREAT Guideline Recommendation Excerpts for Adaptation and Translation James M. Anderson Center for Health Systems Excellence | Evidence and Measures First Febrile Urinary Tract Infection – Imaging excerpt from AAP Guideline GREAT 002 Date: March 8, 2012 Title: Imaging in pediatric patients with first time febrile urinary (...) tract infection (UTI) Purpose of GREAT The purpose of this document is to highlight recent evidence-based recommendations for imaging in infants and young children with first urinary tract infections from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guideline: Urinary tract infection: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of the initial UTI in febrile infants and chldren 2 to 24 months (AAP 2011 [CCHMC 5a]). Adoption of this evidence will guide practice change at the point of care

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center2012

111. Nitrofurantoin compares favorably to recommended agents as empirical treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in a decision and cost analysis

Nitrofurantoin compares favorably to recommended agents as empirical treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in a decision and cost analysis Nitrofurantoin compares favorably to recommended agents as empirical treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in a decision and cost analysis Nitrofurantoin compares favorably to recommended agents as empirical treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in a decision and cost analysis McKinnell JA, Stollenwerk NS, Jung CW (...) , Miller LG Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study examined the clinical and economic impact of nitrofurantoin as first-line treatment for uncomplicated urinary tract infections, compared with other antibiotics

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2011

112. How common is co-existing meningitis in infants with urinary tract infection?

How common is co-existing meningitis in infants with urinary tract infection? BestBets: How common is co-existing meningitis in infants with urinary tract infection? How common is co-existing meningitis in infants with urinary tract infection? Report By: Marc Tebruegge, Anastasia Pantazidou, Nigel Curtis - Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia; Institution: Consultants in Paediatrics Date (...) Submitted: 30th June 2011 Last Modified: 11th August 2011 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [an infant with UTI] is [a lumbar puncture] indicated to [rule out co-existing bacterial meningitis]? Clinical Scenario You are asked to review a febrile 2-month-old infant who presented to the accident and emergency department. The urine analysis carried out before your arrival is suggestive of urinary tract infection (UTI) (urine dipstick: positive for nitrites and white blood cells (WBCs

BestBETS2011

113. Clinical Practice Guideline for Urinary Tract Infection in Children

Clinical Practice Guideline for Urinary Tract Infection in Children

GuiaSalud2011

114. Does clinical examination aid in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in women? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Does clinical examination aid in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in women? A systematic review and meta-analysis Does clinical examination aid in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in women? A systematic review and meta-analysis Does clinical examination aid in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in women? A systematic review and meta-analysis Medina-Bombardo D, Jover-Palmer A CRD summary This review concluded that clinical findings did not help when diagnosing urinary (...) tract infection in women with urinary symptoms; urine dipstick tests for nitrite or leukocytes were the most useful for detecting urinary tract infection. The review had a number of methodological weaknesses and the authors' conclusions appear optimistic (since the positive likelihood ratios showed only moderate test performance). Authors' objectives To assess the accuracy of various symptoms, signs, antecedents and tests to diagnose urinary tract infection in women in primary care settings

DARE.2011

116. Validating the prediction of lower urinary tract infection in primary care: sensitivity and specificity of urinary dipsticks and clinical scores in women

Validating the prediction of lower urinary tract infection in primary care: sensitivity and specificity of urinary dipsticks and clinical scores in women 20594439 2010 07 02 2010 12 10 2015 11 19 1478-5242 60 576 2010 Jul The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Validating the prediction of lower urinary tract infection in primary care: sensitivity and specificity of urinary dipsticks and clinical scores in women. 495-500 (...) 10.3399/bjgp10X514747 Dipsticks are one of the most commonly used near-patient tests in primary care, but few clinical or dipstick algorithms have been rigorously developed. To confirm whether previously documented clinical and dipstick variables and algorithms predict laboratory diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI). Validation study. Primary care. A total of 434 adult females with suspected lower UTI had bacteriuria assessed using the European Urinalysis Guidelines. Sixty-six per cent

EvidenceUpdates2010 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

117. Automated microscopy, dipsticks and the diagnosis of urinary tract infection

Automated microscopy, dipsticks and the diagnosis of urinary tract infection 19815534 2010 03 23 2010 12 22 2015 11 19 1468-2044 95 3 2010 Mar Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Automated microscopy, dipsticks and the diagnosis of urinary tract infection. 193-7 10.1136/adc.2009.166835 Automated microscopy is increasingly used to screen urine samples for suspected urinary tract infection (UTI). A 98.8% negative predictive value has been reported in adult studies. The aim of our (...) Female Flow Cytometry methods Humans Infant Male Microscopy methods Outpatient Clinics, Hospital Reagent Strips Sensitivity and Specificity Urinalysis methods Urinary Tract Infections diagnosis Young Adult 2009 10 10 6 0 2009 10 10 6 0 2010 12 24 6 0 ppublish 19815534 adc.2009.166835 10.1136/adc.2009.166835

EvidenceUpdates2010

118. Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis

Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis Williams GJ, Macaskill P, Chan SF, Turner RM, Hodson E, Craig JC CRD summary This review assessed rapid urine tests for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in children (...) and concluded that no one test could identify all urinary tract infections without urine culture, but Gram-stain microscopy was the best single test. Dipstick tests should be considered positive if either leucocyte esterase or nitrite was positive. These conclusions are likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To assess whether rapid urine tests were sufficiently sensitive to rule out urinary tract infection in children, without the use of urine culture, and to compare the accuracy of rapid tests

DARE.2010

119. Systematic review and meta-analysis: reminder systems to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections and urinary catheter use in hospitalized patients

Systematic review and meta-analysis: reminder systems to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections and urinary catheter use in hospitalized patients Systematic review and meta-analysis: reminder systems to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections and urinary catheter use in hospitalized patients Systematic review and meta-analysis: reminder systems to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections and urinary catheter use in hospitalized patients Meddings J, Rogers MA (...) , Macy M, Saint S CRD summary The review concluded that urinary catheter reminders and stop orders appeared to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infection rates and should be strongly considered to enhance the safety of hospitalised patients. A lack of randomised trial evidence and the variation seen between studies mean that the authors' conclusions should be interpreted with caution. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effect of interventions that remind clinicians of the presence of urinary

DARE.2010

120. The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis

The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis Palese A, Buchini S, Deroma L, Barbone F CRD summary This review concluded that ultrasound bladder scanning to assess residue volume in adult postoperative patients reduced (...) unnecessary catheterisations and the associated risk of urinary tract infection. The small number of included studies and weaknesses in the review methods and analysis mean that this conclusion should be viewed cautiously. Authors' objectives To determine the effectiveness of ultrasound bladder scanning in reducing the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in patients where bladder volume assessment is required. Searching MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched (January 1986 to February

DARE.2010