Latest & greatest articles for urinary tract infection

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on urinary tract infection or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on urinary tract infection and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

What is Trip?

Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.

Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.

As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.

For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via jon.brassey@tripdatabase.com

Top results for urinary tract infection

181. Ultrasonography and abdominal radiography versus intravenous urography in investigation of urinary tract infection in men: prospective incident cohort study.

Ultrasonography and abdominal radiography versus intravenous urography in investigation of urinary tract infection in men: prospective incident cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To compare ultrasonography and abdominal radiography with intravenous urography in the investigation of urinary tract infection in men. DESIGN: Prospective study in two hospital departments. Radiological procedures and urological assessments performed on different days by different clinicians SETTING: District general hospital (...) . PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive series of men (n=114) referred to the department of urology for investigation of proved urinary tract infection. INTERVENTIONS: Ultrasonography and intravenous urography of renal tract and assessment of urinary flow rate. Clinical assessment, cystoscopy, urodynamic studies, and transrectal ultrasonography with biopsy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography and abdominal radiography compared with intravenous urography. RESULTS: Important abnormalities

BMJ2002 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

182. Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection?

Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection? Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection? Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection? Bent S, Nallamothu B K, Simel D L, Fihn S D, Saint S Authors' objectives To review the accuracy and precision of history taking and physical examination for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in women. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to September 2001 using search terms (...) such as 'urinary tract infection', 'diagnostic tests', 'physical examination', 'sensitivity' and 'specificity'. The complete search strategy is available from the authors on request. The references list of the identified articles were also examined. Further material was obtained by searching articles used to develop a recent guideline for treating acute uncomplicated UTI in women, and three commonly used clinical skills textbooks, and by contacting experts in the field. Study selection Study designs

DARE.2002

183. Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children

Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children Huicho L, Campos-Sanchez M, Alamo C Authors' objectives To summarise the literature and perform a meta-analysis of studies on urine screening tests for urinary tract infection (UTI) in children (...) of rapid dipstick tests, such as leucocyte esterase and nitrite, in the diagnosis of UTI in children should be performed. Bibliographic details Huicho L, Campos-Sanchez M, Alamo C. Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2002; 21(1): 1-11 PubMedID Other publications of related interest 1. Mulrow CD, Linn WD, Gaul MK, Pugh JA. Assessing quality of a diagnostic test evaluation. J Gen Intern Med 1989;4:288

DARE.2002

184. Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction

Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction Morton S C, Shekelle P G, Adams J L, Bennett C, Dobkin B H, Montgomerie J, Vickrey B G Authors' objectives To assess the benefits and harms of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs (...) ) in persons with neurogenic bladders caused by spinal cord dysfunction. Searching MEDLINE from 1966 to January 1998, and EMBASE from 1974 to January 1998, were searched using the following search terms: 'urinary tract', 'urinary tract infections', 'bacteriuria', 'paraplegia', 'quadriplegia', 'spinal cord injuries', 'multiple sclerosis', 'neurogenic bladder' and 'neuropathic bladder' (free text term). Case reports and studies of animals were excluded. CINAHL was also searched from 1982 to July 1998 using

DARE.2002

185. A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children

A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children Keren R, Chan E Authors' objectives To determine whether long-course (...) antibiotic therapy is more effective than short-course therapy for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children, and to explore potential sources of heterogeneity in the results of existing studies. Searching MEDLINE was searched for all studies published in the English language that compared short- and long-course therapy for the treatment of acute UTI in children. The searches were indexed by the MeSH terms 'urinary tract infection' and 'antibiotics', and were limited to RCTs, children

DARE.2002

186. A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women

A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women Stothers L Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study examined two different ways of giving cranberry to women who had suffered from urinary tract infection in the preceding calendar year. One was juice based (250ml of pure unsweetened

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2002

187. Cluster randomised controlled trial of tailored interventions to improve the management of urinary tract infections in women and sore throat.

Cluster randomised controlled trial of tailored interventions to improve the management of urinary tract infections in women and sore throat. 12183309 2002 08 16 2002 09 13 2015 11 19 1756-1833 325 7360 2002 Aug 17 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Cluster randomised controlled trial of tailored interventions to improve the management of urinary tract infections in women and sore throat. 367 To assess the effectiveness of tailored interventions to implement guidelines for urinary tract infections (...) in women and sore throat. Unblinded, cluster randomised pretest-post-test trial. 142 general practices in Norway. 72 practices received interventions to implement guidelines for urinary tract infection and 70 practices received interventions to implement guidelines for sore throat, serving as controls for each other. 59 practices in the urinary tract infection group and 61 practices in the sore throat group completed the study. Outcomes were measured in 16 939 consultations for sore throat and 9887

BMJ2002 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

188. Methenamine hippurate for preventing urinary tract infections.

Methenamine hippurate for preventing urinary tract infections. BACKGROUND: Methenamine salts are often used for the prevention of urinary tract infection (UTI). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of methenamine hippurate in preventing UTI. SEARCH STRATEGY: Published and unpublished randomised controlled trials were identified from the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Current Contents, reference lists of review articles and retrieved trials. The manufacturers (...) CONCLUSIONS: There is not enough evidence to conclusively support the use of methenamine hippurate for urinary prophylaxis. An exploration of heterogeneity raises the (hypothesis generating) possibility that methenamine hippurate may have some efficacy in patients without but not in patients with known upper renal tract abnormality (with asymptomatic bacteriuria as the outcome measure). Due to the small sample size and methodological problems within the studies involved, interpretation of these data

Cochrane2002

189. Widespread distribution of urinary tract infections caused by a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli clonal group.

Widespread distribution of urinary tract infections caused by a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli clonal group. BACKGROUND: The management of urinary tract infections is complicated by the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant strains of Escherichia coli. We studied the clonal composition of E. coli isolates that were resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole from women with community-acquired urinary tract infections. METHODS: Prospectively collected E. coli isolates from women (...) with urinary tract infections in a university community in California were evaluated for antibiotic susceptibility, O:H serotype, DNA fingerprinting, pulsed-field gel electrophoretic pattern, and virulence factors. The prevalence and characteristics of an antibiotic-resistant clone were evaluated in this group of isolates and in those from comparison cohorts in Michigan and Minnesota. RESULTS: Fifty-five of the 255 E. coli isolates (22 percent) from the California cohort were resistant to trimethoprim

NEJM2001

190. Short-course versus conventional length antimicrobial therapy for uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in children: a meta-analysis of 1279 patients

Short-course versus conventional length antimicrobial therapy for uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in children: a meta-analysis of 1279 patients Short-course versus conventional length antimicrobial therapy for uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in children: a meta-analysis of 1279 patients Short-course versus conventional length antimicrobial therapy for uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in children: a meta-analysis of 1279 patients Tran D, Muchant D G, Aronoff (...) S C Authors' objectives To compare the efficacy of single-dose, short-course and standard-course antimicrobial therapy for uncomplicated childhood cystitis. Searching MEDLINE was searched form 1966 to 1999 using the MeSH keywords and textwords 'urinary tract infection' and 'antibiotic course'. The following filters were applied: English language, human research, all children (0 to 18 years), and randomised controlled trials. The bibliographies of each article were handsearched for additional

DARE.2001

191. Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program

Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program Armstrong E P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Antibiotic treatment guidelines focusing on antibiotic selection in the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and seven other outpatient infectious diseases were examined. The guidelines also provided antibiotic drug information, such as dosing recommendations and possible adverse effects. The two products selected for initial therapy for UTIs were trimethoprim

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

192. Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis

Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis Le T P, Miller L G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of a 3-day course of either fluoroquinolones (FQ) or trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) in the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

193. Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women.

Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women. 11431298 2001 06 29 2001 07 26 2017 02 19 0959-8138 322 7302 2001 Jun 30 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women. 1571 To determine whether recurrences of urinary tract infection can be prevented with cranberry-lingonberry juice (...) or with Lactobacillus GG drink. Open, randomised controlled 12 month follow up trial. Health centres for university students and staff of university hospital. 150 women with urinary tract infection caused by Escherichia coli randomly allocated into three groups. 50 ml of cranberry-lingonberry juice concentrate daily for six months or 100 ml of lactobacillus drink five days a week for one year, or no intervention. First recurrence of symptomatic urinary tract infection, defined as bacterial growth >/=10(5 )colony

BMJ2001 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

194. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections.

Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections. BACKGROUND: Cranberries (particularly in the form of cranberry juice) have been used widely for several decades for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs). The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of cranberries in preventing such infections. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of cranberry juice and other cranberry products in preventing UTIs in susceptible populations. SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic (...) databases and the Internet were searched using English and non English language terms; companies involved with the promotion and distribution of cranberry preparations were contacted; reference lists of review articles and relevant trials were searched. SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomised or quasi randomised controlled trials of cranberry juice/products for the prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations. Trials of men, women or children were included. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS

Cochrane2001

195. Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children.

Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children. BACKGROUND: Acute urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children. By the age of seven years, 8.4% of girls and 1.7% of boys will have suffered at least one episode. Symptoms are systemic rather than localised in early childhood and consist of fever, lethargy, anorexia, and vomiting. UTI is caused by E. coli in over 80% of cases and treatment consists of a course of antibiotics. Due to the unpleasant acute

Cochrane2001

196. Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review

Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review Le Saux N, Pham B, Moher D Authors' objectives To systematically examine the available evidence for the effectiveness of low-dose (...) antibiotics as prophylaxis for recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in children. Searching Three electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE from January 1966 to April 1999; EMBASE from January 1980 to April 1999; and the Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 1999). A full search strategy was published in an appendix to the article. Articles written in any language were considered. The bibliographies of relevant articles, reviews and standard textbooks, as well as conference proceedings on the management of UTI

DARE.2000

197. Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review

Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review Dunn S, Pretty L, Reid H, Evans D Authors' objectives To present the best available evidence related to the interventions aimed at preventing catheter associated (...) urinary tract infections. Searching CINAHL, MEDLINE, Current Contents, the Cochrane Library, Expanded Academic Index, EMBASE and Dissertation Abstracts International were searched from inception to 1999. Search terms for each database are listed in the paper. The reference lists and bibliographies of retrieved studies were scanned for further relevant articles. Studies published prior to 1980, considered to be less relevant to practice than more recent studies, were excluded from analysis. Study

DARE.2000

198. The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection

The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection Saint S, Veenstra D L, Sullivan S D, Chenoweth C, Fendrick A M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) for less than 1 day and the average duration of catheterisation in the trials was approximately 7 day (range: 3 - 21 days). Setting The setting was a hospital. The economic analysis was carried out in the USA. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness data were obtained from literature published between 1981 and 1998. The estimation of some of the resource use data (such as the increased hospital days attributed to symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) and bacteremia) was based on data from

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

199. Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis

Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis Fenwick E A, Briggs A H, Hawke C I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Two approaches for managing urinary tract infections (UTIs) were considered. The two approaches were empiric antibiotic treatment on presentation with symptoms, and the use of diagnostic tests (dipstick and/or laboratory test). Seven patient management strategies were subsequently generated and compared: no treatment; empiric treatment; empiric treatment plus laboratory test

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2000

200. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections.

Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections. BACKGROUND: Cranberries (particularly in the form of cranberry juice) have been used widely for several decades for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of cranberries in preventing such infections. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of cranberry juice and other cranberry products in preventing urinary tract infections in susceptible populations. SEARCH STRATEGY (...) : Electronic databases and the Internet were searched using English and non English language terms; companies involved with the promotion and distribution of cranberry preparations were contacted; reference lists of review articles and relevant trials were searched. SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomised or quasi randomised controlled trials of cranberry juice/products for the prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations. Trials of men, women or children were included. DATA COLLECTION

Cochrane2000