Latest & greatest articles for urinary tract infection

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Top results for urinary tract infection

181. A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women

A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women Stothers L Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study examined two different ways of giving cranberry to women who had suffered from urinary tract infection in the preceding calendar year. One was juice based (250ml of pure unsweetened

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

182. A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children

A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing short- and long-course antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections in children Keren R, Chan E Authors' objectives To determine whether long-course (...) antibiotic therapy is more effective than short-course therapy for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children, and to explore potential sources of heterogeneity in the results of existing studies. Searching MEDLINE was searched for all studies published in the English language that compared short- and long-course therapy for the treatment of acute UTI in children. The searches were indexed by the MeSH terms 'urinary tract infection' and 'antibiotics', and were limited to RCTs, children

2002 DARE.

183. Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children

of rapid dipstick tests, such as leucocyte esterase and nitrite, in the diagnosis of UTI in children should be performed. Bibliographic details Huicho L, Campos-Sanchez M, Alamo C. Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2002; 21(1): 1-11 PubMedID Other publications of related interest 1. Mulrow CD, Linn WD, Gaul MK, Pugh JA. Assessing quality of a diagnostic test evaluation. J Gen Intern Med 1989;4:288 (...) Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children Metaanalysis of urine screening tests for determining the risk of urinary tract infection in children Huicho L, Campos-Sanchez M, Alamo C Authors' objectives To summarise the literature and perform a meta-analysis of studies on urine screening tests for urinary tract infection (UTI) in children

2002 DARE.

184. Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction

Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infection in persons with spinal cord dysfunction Morton S C, Shekelle P G, Adams J L, Bennett C, Dobkin B H, Montgomerie J, Vickrey B G Authors' objectives To assess the benefits and harms of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs (...) ) in persons with neurogenic bladders caused by spinal cord dysfunction. Searching MEDLINE from 1966 to January 1998, and EMBASE from 1974 to January 1998, were searched using the following search terms: 'urinary tract', 'urinary tract infections', 'bacteriuria', 'paraplegia', 'quadriplegia', 'spinal cord injuries', 'multiple sclerosis', 'neurogenic bladder' and 'neuropathic bladder' (free text term). Case reports and studies of animals were excluded. CINAHL was also searched from 1982 to July 1998 using

2002 DARE.

185. Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection? (Abstract)

Does this woman have an acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection? Symptoms suggestive of acute urinary tract infection (UTI) constitute one of the most common reasons for women to visit clinicians. Although the clinical encounter typically involves taking a history and performing a physical examination, the diagnostic accuracy of the clinical assessment for UTI remains uncertain.To review the accuracy and precision of history taking and physical examination for the diagnosis of UTI (...) decreased the likelihood of UTI when present (LRs, 0.3 and 0.2, respectively). One study examined combinations of symptoms, and the resulting LRs were more powerful (24.6 for the combination of dysuria and frequency but no vaginal discharge or irritation). One study of patients with recurrent UTI found that self-diagnosis significantly increased the probability of UTI (LR, 4.0).In women who present with 1 or more symptoms of UTI, the probability of infection is approximately 50%. Specific combinations

2002 JAMA

186. Widespread distribution of urinary tract infections caused by a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli clonal group. (Abstract)

Widespread distribution of urinary tract infections caused by a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli clonal group. The management of urinary tract infections is complicated by the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant strains of Escherichia coli. We studied the clonal composition of E. coli isolates that were resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole from women with community-acquired urinary tract infections.Prospectively collected E. coli isolates from women with urinary tract (...) A. Most of the clonal group A isolates were serotype O11:H(nt) or O77:H(nt), with similar patterns of virulence factors, antibiotic susceptibility, and electrophoretic features.In three geographically diverse communities, a single clonal group accounted for nearly half of community-acquired urinary tract infections in women that were caused by E. coli strains with resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The widespread distribution and high prevalence of E. coli clonal group A has major public

2001 NEJM

187. Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children. (Abstract)

Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children. Acute urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children. By the age of seven years, 8.4% of girls and 1.7% of boys will have suffered at least one episode. Symptoms are systemic rather than localised in early childhood and consist of fever, lethargy, anorexia, and vomiting. UTI is caused by E. coli in over 80% of cases and treatment consists of a course of antibiotics. Due to the unpleasant acute illness

2001 Cochrane

188. Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program

and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Antibiotic treatment guidelines focusing on antibiotic selection in the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and seven other outpatient infectious diseases were examined. The guidelines also provided antibiotic drug information, such as dosing recommendations and possible adverse effects. The two products selected for initial therapy for UTIs were trimethoprim (...) Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program Clinical and economic outcomes of an ambulatory urinary tract infection disease management program Armstrong E P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

189. Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women. To determine whether recurrences of urinary tract infection can be prevented with cranberry-lingonberry juice or with Lactobacillus GG drink.Open, randomised controlled 12 month follow up trial.Health centres for university students and staff of university hospital.150 women with urinary tract infection caused by Escherichia coli randomly allocated into three (...) groups.50 ml of cranberry-lingonberry juice concentrate daily for six months or 100 ml of lactobacillus drink five days a week for one year, or no intervention.First recurrence of symptomatic urinary tract infection, defined as bacterial growth >/=10(5 )colony forming units/ml in a clean voided midstream urine specimen.The cumulative rate of first recurrence of urinary tract infection during the 12 month follow up differed significantly between the groups (P=0.048). At six months, eight (16%) women

2001 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

190. Short-course versus conventional length antimicrobial therapy for uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in children: a meta-analysis of 1279 patients

Short-course versus conventional length antimicrobial therapy for uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in children: a meta-analysis of 1279 patients Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2001 DARE.

191. Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

by Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Division of Infectious Diseases; the National Institutes of Health, grant number K23 A1 01831. Bibliographic details Le T P, Miller L G. Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2001; 33(5): 615-621 PubMedID DOI Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Anti-Infective Agents /therapeutic use; Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary /economics (...) Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis Empirical therapy for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance: a decision and cost analysis Le T P, Miller L G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

192. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections. Cranberries (particularly in the form of cranberry juice) have been used widely for several decades for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of cranberries in preventing such infections.To assess the effectiveness of cranberry juice and other cranberry products in preventing urinary tract infections in susceptible populations.Electronic databases and the Internet were (...) searched using English and non English language terms; companies involved with the promotion and distribution of cranberry preparations were contacted; reference lists of review articles and relevant trials were searched.All randomised or quasi randomised controlled trials of cranberry juice/products for the prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations. Trials of men, women or children were included.Reviewers RJ and LM independently assessed and extracted information using

2000 Cochrane

193. Cranberries for treating urinary tract infections. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cranberries for treating urinary tract infections. Cranberries (particularly in the form of cranberry juice) have been used widely for several decades for the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections. The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of cranberries in treating such infections.To assess the effectiveness of cranberries for the treatment of urinary tract infections.The search strategy developed by the Cochrane Renal Group was used. Also, companies involved (...) with the promotion and distribution of cranberry preparations were contacted; electronic databases and the Internet were searched using English and non English language terms; reference lists of review articles and relevant trials were also searched.All randomised or quasi randomised controlled trials of cranberry juice or cranberry products for the treatment of urinary tract infections. Trials of men, women or children were included.Titles and abstracts of studies that were potentially relevant to the review

2000 Cochrane

194. Treatments for symptomatic urinary tract infections during pregnancy. (Abstract)

Treatments for symptomatic urinary tract infections during pregnancy. Urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis, are serious complications that can result in significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. There is a large number of drugs, and combination of them, available to treat urinary tract infections, most of them tested in non-pregnant women. Attempts to define the optimal antibiotic regimen for pregnancy has, therefore, been problematic.The objective of this review (...) was to try to determine, from the best available evidence from randomized control trials, which agent is most effective for the treatment of symptomatic urinary tract infections during pregnancy in terms of cure rates, recurrent infection, incidence of preterm delivery and premature rupture of membranes, admission to neonatal intensive care unit, need for change of antibiotic, and incidence of prolonged pyrexia.The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register, the Cochrane Controlled Trials

2000 Cochrane

195. Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review

Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review Management of short term indwelling urethral catheters to prevent urinary tract infections: a systematic review Dunn S, Pretty L, Reid H, Evans D Authors' objectives To present the best available evidence related to the interventions aimed at preventing catheter associated (...) urinary tract infections. Searching CINAHL, MEDLINE, Current Contents, the Cochrane Library, Expanded Academic Index, EMBASE and Dissertation Abstracts International were searched from inception to 1999. Search terms for each database are listed in the paper. The reference lists and bibliographies of retrieved studies were scanned for further relevant articles. Studies published prior to 1980, considered to be less relevant to practice than more recent studies, were excluded from analysis. Study

2000 DARE.

196. The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection

The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection Saint S, Veenstra D L, Sullivan S D, Chenoweth C, Fendrick A M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) for less than 1 day and the average duration of catheterisation in the trials was approximately 7 day (range: 3 - 21 days). Setting The setting was a hospital. The economic analysis was carried out in the USA. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness data were obtained from literature published between 1981 and 1998. The estimation of some of the resource use data (such as the increased hospital days attributed to symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) and bacteremia) was based on data from

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

197. Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review

Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review Evaluating the benefits of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infections in children: a systematic review Le Saux N, Pham B, Moher D Authors' objectives To systematically examine the available evidence for the effectiveness of low-dose (...) antibiotics as prophylaxis for recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in children. Searching Three electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE from January 1966 to April 1999; EMBASE from January 1980 to April 1999; and the Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 1999). A full search strategy was published in an appendix to the article. Articles written in any language were considered. The bibliographies of relevant articles, reviews and standard textbooks, as well as conference proceedings on the management of UTI

2000 DARE.

198. Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis

Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis Management of urinary tract infection in general practice: a cost-effectiveness analysis Fenwick E A, Briggs A H, Hawke C I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Two approaches for managing urinary tract infections (UTIs) were considered. The two approaches were empiric antibiotic treatment on presentation with symptoms, and the use of diagnostic tests (dipstick and/or laboratory test). Seven patient management strategies were subsequently generated and compared: no treatment; empiric treatment; empiric treatment plus laboratory test

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

199. Prevention and management of urinary tract infections in paralyzed persons

Prevention and management of urinary tract infections in paralyzed persons Prevention and management of urinary tract infections in paralyzed persons Prevention and management of urinary tract infections in paralyzed persons Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Agency (...) for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Prevention and management of urinary tract infections in paralyzed persons. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Evidence Report/Technology Assessment 6. AHCPR Publication No. 99-E008. 1999 Authors' objectives The objective of this report is to analyze the evidence on selected aspects of the prevention and management of urinary tract infections in paralyzed persons. The two populations most commonly affected are persons having spinal cord

1999 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

200. Screening tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis

Screening tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis Screening tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis Screening tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis Gorelick M H, Shaw K N Authors' objectives To review systematically and to summarise the existing literature regarding the performance of rapid diagnostic tests for urinary tract infection (UTI) in children. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1998 for publications (...) and research Practice: The authors state that the TPRs and FPRs for the presence of greater than 5 WBC/hpf in a centrifuged urine specimen are so poor that it cannot be recommended for making a presumptive diagnosis of UTI. Research: The authors did not state any implications for further research. Funding Maternal and Child Health Bureau, grant number MCJ 420648. Bibliographic details Gorelick M H, Shaw K N. Screening tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 1999; 104(5

1999 DARE.