Latest & greatest articles for ultrasound

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Top results for ultrasound

1. Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis

Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis Signal - Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis Published on 14 February 2017 Ultrasound may aid diagnosis of giant cell arteritis in people referred from the community. It is less invasive than biopsy and might provide quicker results than a biopsy, but its role and place in the diagnostic pathway remain unclear. Giant cell (...) arteritis is a disease of medium to large sized arteries and can lead to a range of eye, brain and other complications. Sudden or gradual blindness is a real risk and anyone with suspected giant cell arteritis is referred to hospital for a biopsy and started on high dose steroids. This NIHR-funded study found that ultrasound correctly picks up more cases than biopsies, but also falsely identifies some people who do not have the condition. Biopsies falsely diagnose giant cell arteritis in fewer people

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

2. MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities

MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities Signal - MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities Published on 4 April 2017 If fetal brain abnormality is suspected on a pregnancy ultrasound, following this with in-utero MRI (iuMRI) improves diagnostic accuracy. This sequence could allow more informed discussions (...) and decision-making around whether to continue with or terminate a pregnancy. The NIHR funded study included 565 women of 18 weeks’ pregnancy or more who received ultrasound followed by iuMRI. Diagnoses were confirmed either by postnatal imaging of the baby or at post-mortem examination. Overall iuMRI gave the correct diagnosis for 93% of scans compared to only 68% of ultrasounds. The accuracy of ultrasound declined above 24 weeks of pregnancy, whereas iuMRI performed well at all times. Clinicians reported

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2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

3. Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery

Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery Signal - Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery Published on 7 February 2017 Low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), sometimes used to encourage bone fractures to heal after surgery, makes no difference to how soon people can get back to their normal activities (...) was this study needed? A broken tibia is the most common long bone fracture. These fractures can take six months or longer to heal and are particularly vulnerable to non-union, when the broken pieces of bone fail to grow back together. LIPUS is commonly used in North America after fracture surgery with the intention of speeding up healing and preventing non-union and is available in the UK. LIPUS involves applying ultrasound waves to skin over the fracture using a wand or probe and gel, similar to those used

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

4. Ultrasound shows potential for confirming the diagnosis of pneumonia in children

Ultrasound shows potential for confirming the diagnosis of pneumonia in children Diagnosis of pneumonia in children may be confirmed by ultrasound Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Ultrasound shows potential for confirming the diagnosis of pneumonia in children Published on 24 July 2018 doi: Ultrasound scans of the lungs can be more accurate than chest X-rays for diagnosing pneumonia in children in some circumstances. A review of the published evidence found that lung (...) ultrasound was more sensitive (missed fewer cases) and about as specific (gave about the same number of false alarms) as chest X-ray, when used to confirm suspected community-acquired pneumonia in children. While pneumonia is a clinical diagnosis, X-ray is often used for confirmation. Ultrasound also spares the child from the radiation associated with X-ray imaging. Many emergency departments already use ultrasound, so it might be practical to train paediatric staff to use it as a first-line test

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

5. Short-term effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and ultrasound therapies on muscle architecture and functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized study

Short-term effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and ultrasound therapies on muscle architecture and functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized study 30514113 2018 12 05 1477-0873 2018 Dec 04 Clinical rehabilitation Clin Rehabil Short-term effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and ultrasound therapies on muscle architecture and functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized study. 269215518817807 10.1177/0269215518817807 To determine the effects (...) of ultrasound therapy and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) application on the muscle architecture and functional capacity in patients with knee osteoarthritis. A randomized study. A total of 60 patients with knee osteoarthritis. Participants were randomized into one of the following two intervention groups, five days a week, for three weeks: the combination of NMES application, hot pack, and exercise therapy was applied to the NMES group. The combination of therapeutic ultrasound, hot pack

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Meta-analysis of the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the detection of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair

Meta-analysis of the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the detection of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair 30385149 2018 12 23 1097-6809 69 1 2019 Jan Journal of vascular surgery J. Vasc. Surg. Meta-analysis of the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the detection of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair. 280-294.e6 S0741-5214(18)31996-7 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.07.044 The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy (...) of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for detection of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We searched electronic bibliographic databases for original articles comparing concurrent CEUS and computed tomography angiography for detection of endoleak after EVAR. We assessed the methodologic quality of the studies with the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 tool. We constructed 2 × 2 contingency tables for all selected studies including true-positive, false-positive, false

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. Standard Bronchoscopy With Fluoroscopy vs Thin Bronchoscopy and Radial Endobronchial Ultrasound for Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized Trial

Standard Bronchoscopy With Fluoroscopy vs Thin Bronchoscopy and Radial Endobronchial Ultrasound for Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized Trial 30144421 2018 12 07 1931-3543 154 5 2018 Nov Chest Chest Standard Bronchoscopy With Fluoroscopy vs Thin Bronchoscopy and Radial Endobronchial Ultrasound for Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized Trial. 1035-1043 S0012-3692(18)32240-2 10.1016/j.chest.2018.08.1026 New technology has resulted (...) in bronchoscopy being increasingly used for diagnosing pulmonary lesions. Reported yield from these procedures varies widely with few randomized clinical trials. This study compares the diagnostic yield of a thin bronchoscope and radial endobronchial ultrasound (R-EBUS) with standard bronchoscopy and fluoroscopy (SB-F) in lung lesions. Patients presenting for diagnostic bronchoscopic evaluation at five centers were randomized to undergo SB-F or R-EBUS with a thin bronchoscope (TB-EBUS). If SB-F

2019 EvidenceUpdates

8. Ultrasound Guidance for Pediatric Central Venous Catheterization: A Meta-analysis

Ultrasound Guidance for Pediatric Central Venous Catheterization: A Meta-analysis 30361397 2018 11 03 1098-4275 142 5 2018 Nov Pediatrics Pediatrics Ultrasound Guidance for Pediatric Central Venous Catheterization: A Meta-analysis. e20181719 10.1542/peds.2018-1719 : media-1vid110.1542/5828324804001PEDS-VA_2018-1719 Video Abstract CONTEXT: Central venous catheterization is routinely required in patients who are critically ill, and it carries an associated morbidity. In pediatric patients (...) , the procedures can be difficult and challenging, predominantly because of their anatomic characteristics. To determine whether ultrasound-guided techniques are associated with a reduced incidence of failures and complications when compared with the anatomic landmark technique. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed and Embase. We included randomized controlled trials and nonrandomized studies in which researchers compare ultrasound guidance with the anatomic landmark technique in children who underwent

2019 EvidenceUpdates

9. High-frequency ultrasound for diagnosing skin cancer in adults. (PubMed)

High-frequency ultrasound for diagnosing skin cancer in adults. BACKGROUND: Early, accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management and to improve morbidity and survival. Melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are high-risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death, whereas basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually localised, with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue. Anxiety around missing early curable (...) cases needs to be balanced against inappropriate referral and unnecessary excision of benign lesions. Ultrasound is a non-invasive imaging technique that relies on the measurement of sound wave reflections from the tissues of the body. At lower frequencies, the deeper structures of the body such as the internal organs can be visualised, while high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) with transducer frequencies of 20 MHz or more has a much lower depth of tissue penetration but produces a higher resolution

2018 Cochrane

10. Vocal Cord Palsies Missed by Transcutaneous Laryngeal Ultrasound (TLUSG): Do They Experience Worse Outcomes?

Vocal Cord Palsies Missed by Transcutaneous Laryngeal Ultrasound (TLUSG): Do They Experience Worse Outcomes? 30353405 2018 10 24 1432-2323 2018 Oct 23 World journal of surgery World J Surg Vocal Cord Palsies Missed by Transcutaneous Laryngeal Ultrasound (TLUSG): Do They Experience Worse Outcomes? 10.1007/s00268-018-4826-0 Transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasound (TLUSG) is an innovative, non-invasive tool in detecting post-thyroidectomy vocal cord palsy (VCP). However, TLUSG failed to detect about 6

2018 EvidenceUpdates

11. High-Resolution Ultrasound Imaging Is an Accurate Diagnostic Modality for Disc Abnormalities of the Temporomandibular Joint

High-Resolution Ultrasound Imaging Is an Accurate Diagnostic Modality for Disc Abnormalities of the Temporomandibular Joint UTCAT3345, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title High-Resolution Ultrasound Imaging Is an Accurate Diagnostic Modality for Disc Abnormalities of the Temporomandibular Joint Clinical Question In adult patients with disc displacements of the temporomandibular joints, does ultrasound (...) provide diagnostically accurate images? Clinical Bottom Line High-resolution ultrasound imaging provides images of adequate diagnostic value when compared to the gold standard Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The evidence for this conclusion is provided by a systematic review and meta-analysis. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Talmaceanu/2018 74 patients with signs and symptoms of TMDs

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

12. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and/or colour duplex ultrasound for surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a systematic review and economic evaluation

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and/or colour duplex ultrasound for surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a systematic review and economic evaluation Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and/or colour duplex ultrasound for surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a systematic review and economic evaluation Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you (...) requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Current evidence, although heterogeneous, indicates that colour duplex ultrasound may be a safe option for surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, with computed tomography angiography reserved for abnormal/inconclusive cases. {{author

2018 NIHR HTA programme

13. Transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy for neuropathic pain

Transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy for neuropathic pain T T r ranscr anscranial MRI-guided focused ultr anial MRI-guided focused ultrasound asound thalamotom thalamotomy for neuropathic pain y for neuropathic pain Interventional procedures guidance Published: 28 November 2018 nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg632 Y Y our responsibility our responsibility This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising (...) -guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy for neuropathic pain shows there are serious safety concerns. There is very limited evidence of efficacy. Therefore, this procedure should not be used. © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 1 of 42 2 The condition, current treatments and procedure The condition, current treatments and procedure The condition 2.1 Neuropathic pain results from dysfunction of sensory

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Interventional Procedures

14. Ultrasound guided nerve blocks are safe, effective and save time

Ultrasound guided nerve blocks are safe, effective and save time Signal - Ultrasound guided nerve blocks are safe, effective and save time Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Ultrasound guided nerve blocks are safe, effective and save time Published on 7 January 2016 This Cochrane review found that nerve blocks to provide local anaesthesia in the arms or legs of adults before a surgical procedure were safe and effective when guided by ultrasound compared to other guidance (...) techniques. They were successful about nine times out of ten with ultrasound guidance, compared to about eight times out of ten when using other techniques, such as nerve stimulation. Overall, guided blocks were quicker by one minute and caused fewer side effects, such as the accidental puncture of blood vessels. The review did not look at cost-effectiveness, or whether one or another technique was best in a particular block or a particular group of patients. The improved success rates, reduced adverse

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

15. AIUM ACR SPR SRU Practice Parameter for the Performance and Interpretation of a Diagnostic Ultrasound Examination of the Extracranial Head and Neck

AIUM ACR SPR SRU Practice Parameter for the Performance and Interpretation of a Diagnostic Ultrasound Examination of the Extracranial Head and Neck PRACTICEGUIDELINES AIUM–ACR–SPR–SRU Practice Parameter for the Performance and Interpretation of a Diagnostic Ultrasound Examination of the Extracranial Head and Neck Preamble T he American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) is a multidisciplinary association dedicated to advancing the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine through (...) professional and public education, research, development of parameters, and accreditation. The AIUM represents the entire range of clinical and basic science interests in medical diagnostic ultrasound, and, with hun- dreds of volunteers, the AIUM has promoted the safe and effective use of ultrasound in clinical medicine since 1952. This document and others like it will continue to advance this mission. Practice parameters of the AIUM are intended to provide the medical ultrasound community with parameters

2018 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

17. AIUM ACR SPR SRU Practice Parameter for the Performance of an Ultrasound Examination for Detection and Assessment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

AIUM ACR SPR SRU Practice Parameter for the Performance of an Ultrasound Examination for Detection and Assessment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip PRACTICEGUIDELINES AIUM–ACR–SPR–SRU Practice Parameter for the Performance of an Ultrasound Examination for Detection and Assessment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Preamble T heAmericanInstituteofUltrasoundinMedicine(AIUM)isa multidisciplinary association dedicated to advancing the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine through (...) professional and public education, research, development of parameters,and accreditation. The AIUM represents the entire range of clinical and basic science interests in medical diagnostic ultrasound, and, with hun- dreds of volunteers, the AIUM has promoted the safe and effective use of ultrasound in clinical medicine since 1952. This document and others like it will continue to advance this mission. Practice parameters of the AIUM are intended to provide the medical ultrasound community with parameters

2018 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

18. AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of Limited Obstetric Ultrasound Examinations by Advanced Clinical Providers

AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of Limited Obstetric Ultrasound Examinations by Advanced Clinical Providers AIUMPracticeParameterforthe PerformanceofLimitedObstetric UltrasoundExaminationsbyAdvanced ClinicalProviders T heAmericanInstituteofUltrasoundinMedicine (AIUM) is a multidisciplinary association dedi- cated to advancing the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine through professional and public education,research,developmentofpracticeparameters, and accreditation (...) . Practice parameters of the AIUM are intended to provide the medical ultrasound community with recommendations for the performance and record- ingofhigh-qualityultrasoundexaminations. To promote this mission, the AIUM is pleased to publish, in conjunction with the National Association of NursePractitionersinWomen’sHealth(NPWH), Asso- ciation of Physician Assistants in Obstetrics and Gyne- cology (APAOG),AmericanCollege of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM), American College of Obstetricians and Gyne- cologists (ACOG

2018 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

19. Additive Effect of Therapeutic Ultrasound in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Additive Effect of Therapeutic Ultrasound in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial 29996734 2018 11 01 1938-1344 48 11 2018 Nov The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy J Orthop Sports Phys Ther Additive Effect of Therapeutic Ultrasound in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 847-855 10.2519/jospt.2018.8110 Plantar fasciitis is the chief cause of pain in the plantar surface of the heel. Therapeutic ultrasound is one (...) of the most common conservative treatment modalities used by physical therapists worldwide, despite scarce evidence of its efficacy in treating plantar fasciitis. To evaluate the additive effect of therapeutic ultrasound in the treatment of plantar fasciitis in terms of pain, function, and quality of life. In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 54 patients with plantar fasciitis, aged 24 to 80 years, who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into an active

2018 EvidenceUpdates

20. Ultrasound-guided Pulsed Radiofrequency in the Management of Thoracic Postherpetic Neuralgia: A Randomized, Double-blinded, Controlled Trial

Ultrasound-guided Pulsed Radiofrequency in the Management of Thoracic Postherpetic Neuralgia: A Randomized, Double-blinded, Controlled Trial 29757758 2018 10 04 1536-5409 34 11 2018 Nov The Clinical journal of pain Clin J Pain Ultrasound-guided Pulsed Radiofrequency in the Management of Thoracic Postherpetic Neuralgia: A Randomized, Double-blinded, Controlled Trial. 1017-1024 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000629 This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided pulsed (...) radiofrequency (PRF) for the intercostal nerves (ICNs) in the management of thoracic postherpetic neuralgia. After 2 weeks of treatment by pregabalin 150 mg/12 hours, patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups. The PRF group, after ultrasound-guided localization of the ICN of the affected thoracic dermatome, sensory stimulation of the ICN was tested. Thereafter, the patient received 2 cycles PRF at 42°C temperature, for 120 seconds. The sham group, after stimulation, the same time was spent to mimic PRF

2018 EvidenceUpdates