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Latest & greatest articles for type 1 diabetes
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on type 1 diabetes or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Anti-interleukin-1 treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and type 2 diabetes (TRACK): A multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial The inflammatory contribution to type 2 diabetes (T2D) has suggested new therapeutic targets using biologic drugs designed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). On this basis, we aimed at investigating whether interleukin-1 (IL-1) inhibition with anakinra, a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist, could improve both glycaemic and inflammatory (...) %) anakinra-treated participants. Additionally, we observed nonsevere infections, including influenza, nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection, and diarrhoea in both groups. Our study has some limitations, including open-label design and previously unplanned ad interim analysis, small size, lack of some laboratory evaluations, and ongoing use of other drugs.In this study, we observed an apparent benefit of IL-1 inhibition in participants with RA and T2D, reaching
Prevention of type 2 diabetes in prediabetic patients by using functional olive oil enriched in oleanolic acid: The PREDIABOLE study, a randomized controlled trial To assess whether the regular intake of an oleanolic acid (OA)-enriched olive oil is effective in the prevention of diabetes.In the PREDIABOLE study, prediabetic individuals (impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance) of both sexes (176 patients, aged 30-80 years) were randomized to receive 55 mL/day of OA-enriched (...) olive oil (equivalent dose 30 mg OA/day) [intervention group (IG)] or the same oil not enriched [control group (CG)]. The main outcome was the incidence of new-onset type 2 diabetes in both groups.Forty-eight new diabetes cases occurred, 31 in the CG and 17 in the IG. The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio was 0.45 (95% CI, 0.24-0.83) for the IG compared with the CG. Intervention-related adverse effects were not reported.The intake of OA-enriched olive oil reduces the risk of developing diabetes
Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial (...) Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Last updated: April 24, 2019 Project Number: RB1329-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of non-insulin therapies versus prandial insulin for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes who are receiving basal insulin? What is the comparative cost-effectiveness of non-insulin therapies versus
Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 (...) Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Last updated: May 3, 2019 Project Number: RB1331-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of long
%) in the linagliptin group and 2856 (94.9%) in the glimepiride group, with 15 participants (0.5%) in the linagliptin group vs 16 (0.5%) in the glimepiride group with adjudicated-confirmed acute pancreatitis. At least 1 episode of hypoglycemic adverse events occurred in 320 (10.6%) participants in the linagliptin group and 1132 (37.7%) in the glimepiride group (HR, 0.23 [95% CI, 0.21-0.26]).Among adults with relatively early type 2 diabetes and elevated cardiovascular risk, the use of linagliptin compared (...) Effect of Linagliptin vs Glimepiride on Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: The CAROLINA Randomized Clinical Trial. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In placebo-controlled cardiovascular safety trials, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin demonstrated noninferiority, but it has not been tested against an active comparator.This trial assessed cardiovascular outcomes of linagliptin vs glimepiride (sulfonylurea
to be determined.Vildagliptin Efficacy in combination with metfoRmIn For earlY treatment of type 2 diabetes (VERIFY) was a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group study of newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes conducted in 254 centres across 34 countries. The study consisted of a 2-week screening visit, a 3-week metformin-alone run-in period, and a 5-year treatment period, which was further split into study periods 1, 2, and 3. Patients aged 18-70 years were included if they had type 2 diabetes diagnosed within 2 (...) Glycaemic durability of an early combination therapy with vildagliptin and metformin versus sequential metformin monotherapy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (VERIFY): a 5-year, multicentre, randomised, double-blind trial. Early treatment intensification leading to sustained good glycaemic control is essential to delay diabetic complications. Although initial combination therapy has been suggested to offer more opportunities than a traditional stepwise approach, its validity remains
Trends in incidence of total or type 2 diabetes: systematic review. To assess what proportions of studies reported increasing, stable, or declining trends in the incidence of diagnosed diabetes.Systematic review of studies reporting trends of diabetes incidence in adults from 1980 to 2017 according to PRISMA guidelines.Medline, Embase, CINAHL, and reference lists of relevant publications.Studies of open population based cohorts, diabetes registries, and administrative and health insurance (...) databases on secular trends in the incidence of total diabetes or type 2 diabetes in adults were included. Poisson regression was used to model data by age group and year.Among the 22 833 screened abstracts, 47 studies were included, providing data on 121 separate sex specific or ethnicity specific populations; 42 (89%) of the included studies reported on diagnosed diabetes. In 1960-89, 36% (8/22) of the populations studied had increasing trends in incidence of diabetes, 55% (12/22) had stable trends
Postprandial metabolic effects of fructose and glucose in type1diabetes patients: a pilot randomized crossover clinical trial. To test the influence of oral fructose and glucose dose-response solutions in blood glucose (BG), glucagon, triglycerides, uricaemia, and malondialdehyde in postprandial states in type1diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients.The study had a simple-blind, randomized, two-way crossover design in which T1DM patients were selected to receive fructose and glucose solutions
(MACE) in patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity.Of 287 438 adult patients with diabetes in the Cleveland Clinic Health System in the United States between 1998 and 2017, 2287 patients underwent metabolic surgery. In this retrospective cohort study, these patients were matched 1:5 to nonsurgical patients with diabetes and obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30), resulting in 11 435 control patients, with follow-up through December 2018.Metabolic gastrointestinal surgical procedures vs usual care (...) Association of Metabolic Surgery With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity. Although metabolic surgery (defined as procedures that influence metabolism by inducing weight loss and altering gastrointestinal physiology) significantly improves cardiometabolic risk factors, the effect on cardiovascular outcomes has been less well characterized.To investigate the relationship between metabolic surgery and incident major adverse cardiovascular events
Canagliflozin and Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Kidney Disease in Primary and Secondary Cardiovascular Prevention Groups Canagliflozin reduces the risk of kidney failure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease, but effects on specific cardiovascular outcomes are uncertain, as are effects in people without previous cardiovascular disease (primary prevention).In CREDENCE (Canagliflozin and Renal Events in Diabetes (...) With Established Nephropathy Clinical Evaluation), 4401 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease were randomly assigned to canagliflozin or placebo on a background of optimized standard of care.Primary prevention participants (n=2181, 49.6%) were younger (61 versus 65 years), were more often female (37% versus 31%), and had shorter duration of diabetes mellitus (15 years versus 16 years) compared with secondary prevention participants (n=2220, 50.4%). Canagliflozin reduced the risk
An evidence-based approach to developing low-carbohydrate diets for type 2 diabetes management: A systematic review of interventions and methods To identify core diet and delivery components of low-carbohydrate (CHO) diets that have demonstrated efficacy for type 2 diabetes (T2D) management.MEDLINE, Pre-MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library of Controlled Trials databases were systematically searched from inception until August 18, 2018. Primary intervention studies of low-CHO diets (...) . Thirty-one studies reported a total energy prescription, of which 18/31 encouraged ad libitum intakes. Twenty studies reported a prescribed dietary fat amount, of which 18/20 were unrestricted or high-fat (>35% TEI). Twenty-six studies reported a prescribed dietary protein amount, of which 22 were unrestricted or were high-protein (>25% TEI). The types of dietary CHO, fat and protein recommended were predominantly whole foods. Common delivery methods reported were dietician and/or physician
) outcomes trial. Participants with type 2 diabetes at high risk for CV events (n = 9,340) were randomized 1:1 to receive either liraglutide (≤1.8 mg daily; n = 4,668) or placebo (n = 4,672), with both groups also receiving standard care (treatment period: 3.5-5 years). Acute gallstone disease was a medical event of special interest. This post hoc analysis categorized captured events of acute gallbladder or biliary disease into four groups: uncomplicated gallbladder stones, complicated gallbladder stones (...) Effects of Liraglutide Compared With Placebo on Events of Acute Gallbladder or Biliary Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes at High Risk for Cardiovascular Events in the LEADER Randomized Trial To explore gallbladder- and biliary tract-related events reported for the liraglutide and placebo groups in the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results (LEADER) trial.LEADER was an international, randomized, double-blind, controlled cardiovascular (CV
Dapagliflozin (Forxiga) - type1diabetes mellitus 1 Published 9 September 2019 1 SMC2185 dapagliflozin 5mg film coated tablets (Forxiga®) AstraZeneca UK Ltd 9 August 2019 The Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) has completed its assessment of the above product and advises NHS Boards and Area Drug and Therapeutic Committees (ADTCs) on its use in NHSScotland. The advice is summarised as follows: ADVICE: following a full submission dapagliflozin (Forxiga®) is accepted for use within NHSScotland (...) . Indication under review: In adults for the treatment of insufficiently controlled type1diabetes mellitus as an adjunct to insulin in patients with BMI =27kg/m 2 , when insulin alone does not provide adequate glycaemic control despite optimal insulin therapy. Dapagliflozin in combination with insulin improved glycaemic control compared with insulin alone in adult patients with inadequately controlled type1diabetes. Chairman Scottish Medicines Consortium www.scottishmedicines.org.uk 2 Indication
HbA1c level as a risk factor for retinopathy and nephropathy in children and adults with type1diabetes: Swedish population based cohort study. To evaluate if the lowest target level for glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) of <6.5% is associated with lower risk for retinopathy and nephropathy than less tight control in children and adults with type1 diabetes.Population based cohort study.Swedish National Diabetes Registry, 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2017.10 398 children and adults (...) with type1diabetes followed from diagnosis, or close thereafter, until end of 2017.Relative risk (odds ratios) for retinopathy and nephropathy for different mean levels of HbA1c.Mean age of participants was 14.7 years (43.4% female), mean duration of diabetes was 1.3 years, and mean HbA1c level was 8.0% (63.4 mmol/mol). After adjustment for age, sex, duration of diabetes, blood pressure, blood lipid levels, body mass index, and smoking, the odds ratio for mean HbA1c <6.5% (<48 mmol/mol) compared
Omega-3, omega-6, and total dietary polyunsaturated fat for prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. To assess effects of increasing omega-3, omega-6, and total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on diabetes diagnosis and glucose metabolism.Systematic review and meta-analyses.Medline, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Clinicaltrials.gov, and trials in relevant (...) and subgrouping assessed effects of intervention type, replacement, baseline risk of diabetes and use of antidiabetes drugs, trial duration, and dose. Risk of bias was assessed with the Cochrane tool and quality of evidence with GRADE.83 randomised controlled trials (mainly assessing effects of supplementary long chain omega-3) were included; 10 were at low summary risk of bias. Long chain omega-3 had little or no effect on likelihood of diagnosis of diabetes (relative risk 1.00, 95% confidence interval 0.85
Adjunctive liraglutide treatment in patients with persistent or recurrent type 2 diabetes after metabolic surgery (GRAVITAS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial Many patients with type 2 diabetes do not achieve sustained diabetes remission after metabolic (bariatric) surgery for the treatment of obesity. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue, improves glycaemic control and reduces bodyweight in patients with type 2 diabetes. Our aim was to assess the safety (...) and efficacy of liraglutide 1·8 mg in patients with persistent or recurrent type 2 diabetes after metabolic surgery.In the GRAVITAS randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled adults who had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or vertical sleeve gastrectomy and had persistent or recurrent type 2 diabetes with HbA1c levels higher than 48 mmol/mol (6·5%) at least 1 year after surgery from five hospitals in London, UK. Participants were randomly assigned (2:1) via a computer-generated