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Latest & greatest articles for type 1 diabetes
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Switching to iGlarLixi Versus Continuing Daily or Weekly GLP-1 RA in Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled by GLP-1 RA and Oral Antihyperglycemic Therapy: The LixiLan-G Randomized Clinical Trial Fixed-ratio combinations of basal insulin plus glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) allow concomitant administration of two proven complementary injectable therapies for type 2 diabetes. This study investigated switching to a titratable fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine plus (...) lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) in patients with type 2 diabetes receiving daily or weekly GLP-1 RA therapy.LixiLan-G, a randomized, open-label, 26-week trial, compared switching to iGlarLixi versus continuing prior GLP-1 RA in patients with type 2 diabetes and HbA1c 7-9% (53-75 mmol/mol) taking maximum tolerated doses of a GLP-1 RA daily (60% on liraglutide once daily or exenatide twice daily) or weekly (40% on dulaglutide, exenatide extended release, or albiglutide) with metformin with or without pioglitazone
Anti-interleukin-1 treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and type 2 diabetes (TRACK): A multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial The inflammatory contribution to type 2 diabetes (T2D) has suggested new therapeutic targets using biologic drugs designed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). On this basis, we aimed at investigating whether interleukin-1 (IL-1) inhibition with anakinra, a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist, could improve both glycaemic and inflammatory (...) %) anakinra-treated participants. Additionally, we observed nonsevere infections, including influenza, nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection, and diarrhoea in both groups. Our study has some limitations, including open-label design and previously unplanned ad interim analysis, small size, lack of some laboratory evaluations, and ongoing use of other drugs.In this study, we observed an apparent benefit of IL-1 inhibition in participants with RA and T2D, reaching
Prevention of type 2 diabetes in prediabetic patients by using functional olive oil enriched in oleanolic acid: The PREDIABOLE study, a randomized controlled trial To assess whether the regular intake of an oleanolic acid (OA)-enriched olive oil is effective in the prevention of diabetes.In the PREDIABOLE study, prediabetic individuals (impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance) of both sexes (176 patients, aged 30-80 years) were randomized to receive 55 mL/day of OA-enriched (...) olive oil (equivalent dose 30 mg OA/day) [intervention group (IG)] or the same oil not enriched [control group (CG)]. The main outcome was the incidence of new-onset type 2 diabetes in both groups.Forty-eight new diabetes cases occurred, 31 in the CG and 17 in the IG. The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio was 0.45 (95% CI, 0.24-0.83) for the IG compared with the CG. Intervention-related adverse effects were not reported.The intake of OA-enriched olive oil reduces the risk of developing diabetes
To What Target Hemoglobin A1c Level Would You Treat This Patient With Type 2 Diabetes?: Grand Rounds Discussion From Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. In the United States, 9.4% of all adults-and 25% of those older than 65 years-have diabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and end-stage renal disease and contributes to both microvascular and macrovascular complications. The management of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a common and important activity in primary care (...) proposed a level between 7% and 8% for most patients. The ACP also advised deintensification of therapy for patients who have an HbA1c level lower than 6.5% and avoidance of HbA1c-targeted treatment for patients with a life expectancy of less than 10 years. This guidance contrasts with a recommendation from the American Diabetes Association to aim for HbA1c levels less than 7% for many nonpregnant adults and to consider a target of 6.5% if it can be achieved safely. Here, 2 experts, a diabetologist
Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes | CADTH.ca CADTH Document Viewer Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes Table of Contents Search this document Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes June 2019 Summary Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are classes of medications used in diabetes mellitus (DM (...) agonists reported a reduction in MACE. Recent guidelines have identified three drugs pertaining to these classes that may be preferred over other drugs for patients with CVD; i.e., canagliflozin, empagliflozin, and liraglutide. Background Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a lifelong condition in which the body cannot transform sugar from food into energy, resulting in high blood sugar levels. 1 Two broad types of diabetes prevail. In type1diabetes (T1DM), the body makes an insufficient amount
Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type1diabetes: a rapid review 2019 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 314 EXCESS MORTALITY AND LIFE EXPECTANCY OF INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE1DIABETES: A RAPID REVIEW 2019 www.kce.fgov.be KCE REPORT 314 HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH EXCESS MORTALITY AND LIFE EXPECTANCY OF INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE1DIABETES: A RAPID REVIEW PETER LOUWAGIE, CHRIS DE LAET, DOMINIQUE ROBERFROID COLOPHON Title: Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type1 (...) : Diabetes Mellitus, Type1; Life expectancy; Mortality; Survival NLM Classification: WK810 Language: English Format: Adobe® PDF™ (A4) Legal depot: D/2019/10.273/37 ISSN: 2466-6459 Copyright: KCE reports are published under a “by/nc/nd” Creative Commons Licence http://kce.fgov.be/content/about-copyrights-for-kce-publications. How to refer to this document? Louwagie P, De Laet C, Roberfroid D. Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type1diabetes: a rapid review. Health Services
, please . CADTH undertook a project to assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of new drugs for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. These new drugs were in three classes: dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogues, and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors. As part of this project, recommendations from the CADTH Canadian Drug Expert Committee (CDEC) were developed. This project is an update to two large projects on pharmacotherapy (...) Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update Published on: February 7, 2018 Project Number: TR0012-000 Product Line: Therapeutic Review Result type: Report For an update on the status of CADTH’s Therapeutic Review of Third-Line Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes
%) in the linagliptin group and 2856 (94.9%) in the glimepiride group, with 15 participants (0.5%) in the linagliptin group vs 16 (0.5%) in the glimepiride group with adjudicated-confirmed acute pancreatitis. At least 1 episode of hypoglycemic adverse events occurred in 320 (10.6%) participants in the linagliptin group and 1132 (37.7%) in the glimepiride group (HR, 0.23 [95% CI, 0.21-0.26]).Among adults with relatively early type 2 diabetes and elevated cardiovascular risk, the use of linagliptin compared (...) Effect of Linagliptin vs Glimepiride on Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: The CAROLINA Randomized Clinical Trial. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In placebo-controlled cardiovascular safety trials, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin demonstrated noninferiority, but it has not been tested against an active comparator.This trial assessed cardiovascular outcomes of linagliptin vs glimepiride (sulfonylurea
to be determined.Vildagliptin Efficacy in combination with metfoRmIn For earlY treatment of type 2 diabetes (VERIFY) was a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group study of newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes conducted in 254 centres across 34 countries. The study consisted of a 2-week screening visit, a 3-week metformin-alone run-in period, and a 5-year treatment period, which was further split into study periods 1, 2, and 3. Patients aged 18-70 years were included if they had type 2 diabetes diagnosed within 2 (...) Glycaemic durability of an early combination therapy with vildagliptin and metformin versus sequential metformin monotherapy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (VERIFY): a 5-year, multicentre, randomised, double-blind trial. Early treatment intensification leading to sustained good glycaemic control is essential to delay diabetic complications. Although initial combination therapy has been suggested to offer more opportunities than a traditional stepwise approach, its validity remains
Trends in incidence of total or type 2 diabetes: systematic review. To assess what proportions of studies reported increasing, stable, or declining trends in the incidence of diagnosed diabetes.Systematic review of studies reporting trends of diabetes incidence in adults from 1980 to 2017 according to PRISMA guidelines.Medline, Embase, CINAHL, and reference lists of relevant publications.Studies of open population based cohorts, diabetes registries, and administrative and health insurance (...) databases on secular trends in the incidence of total diabetes or type 2 diabetes in adults were included. Poisson regression was used to model data by age group and year.Among the 22 833 screened abstracts, 47 studies were included, providing data on 121 separate sex specific or ethnicity specific populations; 42 (89%) of the included studies reported on diagnosed diabetes. In 1960-89, 36% (8/22) of the populations studied had increasing trends in incidence of diabetes, 55% (12/22) had stable trends
Postprandial metabolic effects of fructose and glucose in type1diabetes patients: a pilot randomized crossover clinical trial. To test the influence of oral fructose and glucose dose-response solutions in blood glucose (BG), glucagon, triglycerides, uricaemia, and malondialdehyde in postprandial states in type1diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients.The study had a simple-blind, randomized, two-way crossover design in which T1DM patients were selected to receive fructose and glucose solutions
(MACE) in patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity.Of 287 438 adult patients with diabetes in the Cleveland Clinic Health System in the United States between 1998 and 2017, 2287 patients underwent metabolic surgery. In this retrospective cohort study, these patients were matched 1:5 to nonsurgical patients with diabetes and obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30), resulting in 11 435 control patients, with follow-up through December 2018.Metabolic gastrointestinal surgical procedures vs usual care (...) Association of Metabolic Surgery With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity. Although metabolic surgery (defined as procedures that influence metabolism by inducing weight loss and altering gastrointestinal physiology) significantly improves cardiometabolic risk factors, the effect on cardiovascular outcomes has been less well characterized.To investigate the relationship between metabolic surgery and incident major adverse cardiovascular events
, Albers JW, Pop-Busui R. Neuropathy and related findings in the diabetes control and complications trial/epidemiology of diabetes interventions and complications study. Diabetes Care. 2013;37(1):31-8. Epub 12/21. 12. Lachin JM, White NH, Hainsworth DP, Sun W, Cleary PA, Nathan DM. Effect of intensive diabetes therapy on the progression of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type1diabetes: 18 years of follow-up in the DCCT/EDIC. Diabetes. 2014;64(2):631-42. Epub 09/11. 13. de Boer IH. Kidney (...) Dapagliflozin (Forxiga) - type1diabetes mellitus 1 Published 9 September 2019 1 SMC2185 dapagliflozin 5mg film coated tablets (Forxiga®) AstraZeneca UK Ltd 9 August 2019 The Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) has completed its assessment of the above product and advises NHS Boards and Area Drug and Therapeutic Committees (ADTCs) on its use in NHSScotland. The advice is summarised as follows: ADVICE: following a full submission dapagliflozin (Forxiga®) is accepted for use within NHSScotland
Canagliflozin and Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Kidney Disease in Primary and Secondary Cardiovascular Prevention Groups Canagliflozin reduces the risk of kidney failure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease, but effects on specific cardiovascular outcomes are uncertain, as are effects in people without previous cardiovascular disease (primary prevention).In CREDENCE (Canagliflozin and Renal Events in Diabetes (...) With Established Nephropathy Clinical Evaluation), 4401 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease were randomly assigned to canagliflozin or placebo on a background of optimized standard of care.Primary prevention participants (n=2181, 49.6%) were younger (61 versus 65 years), were more often female (37% versus 31%), and had shorter duration of diabetes mellitus (15 years versus 16 years) compared with secondary prevention participants (n=2220, 50.4%). Canagliflozin reduced the risk
An evidence-based approach to developing low-carbohydrate diets for type 2 diabetes management: A systematic review of interventions and methods To identify core diet and delivery components of low-carbohydrate (CHO) diets that have demonstrated efficacy for type 2 diabetes (T2D) management.MEDLINE, Pre-MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library of Controlled Trials databases were systematically searched from inception until August 18, 2018. Primary intervention studies of low-CHO diets (...) . Thirty-one studies reported a total energy prescription, of which 18/31 encouraged ad libitum intakes. Twenty studies reported a prescribed dietary fat amount, of which 18/20 were unrestricted or high-fat (>35% TEI). Twenty-six studies reported a prescribed dietary protein amount, of which 22 were unrestricted or were high-protein (>25% TEI). The types of dietary CHO, fat and protein recommended were predominantly whole foods. Common delivery methods reported were dietician and/or physician
) outcomes trial. Participants with type 2 diabetes at high risk for CV events (n = 9,340) were randomized 1:1 to receive either liraglutide (≤1.8 mg daily; n = 4,668) or placebo (n = 4,672), with both groups also receiving standard care (treatment period: 3.5-5 years). Acute gallstone disease was a medical event of special interest. This post hoc analysis categorized captured events of acute gallbladder or biliary disease into four groups: uncomplicated gallbladder stones, complicated gallbladder stones (...) Effects of Liraglutide Compared With Placebo on Events of Acute Gallbladder or Biliary Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes at High Risk for Cardiovascular Events in the LEADER Randomized Trial To explore gallbladder- and biliary tract-related events reported for the liraglutide and placebo groups in the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results (LEADER) trial.LEADER was an international, randomized, double-blind, controlled cardiovascular (CV