Latest & greatest articles for tuberculosis

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on tuberculosis and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Top results for tuberculosis

41. Prednisone for the Prevention of Paradoxical Tuberculosis-Associated IRIS. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prednisone for the Prevention of Paradoxical Tuberculosis-Associated IRIS. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who have tuberculosis reduces mortality among patients with low CD4 counts, but it increases the risk of paradoxical tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS).We conducted this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess whether prophylactic prednisone can safely (...) reduce the incidence of paradoxical tuberculosis-associated IRIS in patients at high risk for the syndrome. We enrolled HIV-infected patients who were initiating ART (and had not previously received ART), had started tuberculosis treatment within 30 days before initiating ART, and had a CD4 count of 100 cells or fewer per microliter. Patients received either prednisone (at a dose of 40 mg per day for 14 days, then 20 mg per day for 14 days) or placebo. The primary end point was the development

2018 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

42. Digital adherence technologies for the management of tuberculosis therapy: mapping the landscape and research priorities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Digital adherence technologies for the management of tuberculosis therapy: mapping the landscape and research priorities Poor medication adherence may increase rates of loss to follow-up, disease relapse and drug resistance for individuals with active tuberculosis (TB). While TB programmes have historically used directly observed therapy (DOT) to address adherence, concerns have been raised about the patient burden, ethical limitations, effectiveness in improving treatment outcomes and long

2018 BMJ global health

43. Tuberculosis preventive treatment: the next chapter of tuberculosis elimination in India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tuberculosis preventive treatment: the next chapter of tuberculosis elimination in India The End TB Strategy envisions a world free of tuberculosis-zero deaths, disease and suffering due to tuberculosis by 2035. This requires reducing the global tuberculosis incidence from >1250 cases per million people to <100 cases per million people within the next two decades. Expanding testing and treatment of tuberculosis infection is critical to achieving this goal. In high-burden countries, like India (...) , the implementation of tuberculosis preventive treatment (TPT) remains a low priority. In this analysis article, we explore potential challenges and solutions of implementing TPT in India. The next chapter in tuberculosis elimination in India will require cost-effective and sustainable interventions aimed at tuberculosis infection. This will require constant innovation, locally driven solutions to address the diverse and dynamic tuberculosis epidemiology and persistent programme monitoring and evaluation. As new

2018 BMJ global health

44. What constitutes an effective and efficient package of services for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care of tuberculosis among refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health

What constitutes an effective and efficient package of services for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care of tuberculosis among refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health Sally Hargreaves | Kieran Rustage | Laura B Nellums | Jaynaide Powis | James Milburn Santino Severoni | Masoud Dara | Soorej J Puthoopparambil | Jon S Friedland HEALTH EVIDENCE NETWORK SYNTHESIS REPORT 56 What constitutes an effective and efficient package of services (...) for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care of tuberculosis among refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health, VIIIThe Health Evidence Network The Health Evidence Network (HEN) is an information service for public health decision-makers in the WHO European Region, in action since 2003 and initiated and coordinated by the WHO Regional Office for Europe under the umbrella of the European Health Information Initiative (a multipartner network coordinating all health

2018 WHO Health Evidence Network

45. Prediction of Susceptibility to First-Line Tuberculosis Drugs by DNA Sequencing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prediction of Susceptibility to First-Line Tuberculosis Drugs by DNA Sequencing. The World Health Organization recommends drug-susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex for all patients with tuberculosis to guide treatment decisions and improve outcomes. Whether DNA sequencing can be used to accurately predict profiles of susceptibility to first-line antituberculosis drugs has not been clear.We obtained whole-genome sequences and associated phenotypes of resistance (...) . Among the 4037 phenotypic profiles that were predicted to be pansusceptible, 3952 (97.9%) were correctly predicted.Genotypic predictions of the susceptibility of M. tuberculosis to first-line drugs were found to be correlated with phenotypic susceptibility to these drugs. (Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and others.).

2018 NEJM

46. Phase 2b Controlled Trial of M72/AS01<sub>E</sub> Vaccine to Prevent Tuberculosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phase 2b Controlled Trial of M72/AS01E Vaccine to Prevent Tuberculosis. A vaccine to interrupt the transmission of tuberculosis is needed.We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2b trial of the M72/AS01E tuberculosis vaccine in Kenya, South Africa, and Zambia. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative adults 18 to 50 years of age with latent M. tuberculosis infection (by interferon-γ release assay) were randomly assigned (in a 1:1 ratio) to receive two (...) doses of either M72/AS01E or placebo intramuscularly 1 month apart. Most participants had previously received the bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine. We assessed the safety of M72/AS01E and its efficacy against progression to bacteriologically confirmed active pulmonary tuberculosis disease. Clinical suspicion of tuberculosis was confirmed with sputum by means of a polymerase-chain-reaction test, mycobacterial culture, or both.We report the primary analysis (conducted after a mean of 2.3 years

2018 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

47. Sensitivity and specificity of using trial-of-antibiotics versus sputum mycobacteriology for diagnosis of tuberculosis: protocol for a systematic literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sensitivity and specificity of using trial-of-antibiotics versus sputum mycobacteriology for diagnosis of tuberculosis: protocol for a systematic literature review. Suboptimal diagnostics for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) drives use of 'trial-of-antibiotics (non-tuberculosis)' in an attempt to distinguish PTB patients from those with bacterial lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). The underlying assumption-that patients with LRTI will report 'response' to broad-spectrum antibiotics, while

2018 Systematic Reviews

48. Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union

Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union TECHNICAL REPORT www.ecdc.europa.eu Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union Updated 2018ECDC TECHNICAL REPORT Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union Updated 2018 ii This report of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) was coordinated by Csaba Ködmön with support from Marieke J. van der Werf, Francis Drobniewski (...) ’ in 2016 and further revised and renamed ‘Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union – Updated 2018’ with changes to Chapters 6.7 and 10.4 in 2018 as new scientific evidence became available. Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union – Updated 2018. Stockholm: ECDC; 2018. Stockholm, August 2018 ISBN 978-92-9498-264-3 doi 10.2900/914169 Catalogue number TQ-03-18

2018 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

49. European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care Full Text available with Trip Pro

European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care 1 European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care 2017 update www.ecdc.europa.euWhere to find ECDC publications Newsletter Subscribe to receive a monthly email about the latest ECDC publications or new print publications based on your areas of interest. http://surveys.publications.europa.eu/formserver/ecdc/subscription.html Link accessible from the ECDC website under ‘Newsletter’. Online www.ecdc.europa.eu Print Order printed copies at the online (...) library for EU publications (EU Bookshop): www.publications.europa.eu/bookshop To access directly all ECDC publications on EU Bookshop: www.europa.eu/!xk84gB To contact us: publications@ecdc.europa.eu Paper ISBN 978-92-9498-248-3 doi: 10.2900/307948 TQ-02-18-860-EN-C PDF ISBN 978-92-9498-247-6 doi: 10.2900/308103 TQ-02-18-860-EN-N1 Introduction 2 Standards for tuberculosis diagnosis 4 Standards for tuberculosis treatment 6 Standards for addressing HIV infection and comorbidities 10 Standards

2018 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

50. Bacterial Factors That Predict Relapse after Tuberculosis Therapy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bacterial Factors That Predict Relapse after Tuberculosis Therapy. Approximately 5% of patients with drug-susceptible tuberculosis have a relapse after 6 months of first-line therapy, as do approximately 20% of patients after 4 months of short-course therapy. We postulated that by analyzing pretreatment isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis obtained from patients who subsequently had a relapse or were cured, we could determine any correlations between the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC (...) ) of a drug below the standard resistance breakpoint and the relapse risk after treatment.Using data from the Tuberculosis Trials Consortium Study 22 (development cohort), we assessed relapse and cure isolates to determine the MIC values of isoniazid and rifampin that were below the standard resistance breakpoint (0.1 μg per milliliter for isoniazid and 1.0 μg per milliliter for rifampin). We combined this analysis with clinical, radiologic, and laboratory data to generate predictive relapse models, which

2018 NEJM Controlled trial quality: uncertain

51. Drug-resistant tuberculosis: is India ready for the challenge? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Drug-resistant tuberculosis: is India ready for the challenge? 30116597 2018 11 14 2059-7908 3 4 2018 BMJ global health BMJ Glob Health Drug-resistant tuberculosis: is India ready for the challenge? e000971 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000971 Chatterjee Soumya S 0000-0003-3628-3738 Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri, USA. Poonawala Husain H 0000-0003-4334-7226 Department of Immunology, National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (...) , Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Jain Yogesh Y Jan Swasthya Sahyog, Ganiyari, Chhattisgarh, India. eng Journal Article 2018 08 10 England BMJ Glob Health 101685275 2059-7908 epidemiology health policy health systems public health tuberculosis Competing interests: None declared. 2018 05 23 2018 07 01 2018 07 02 2018 8 18 6 0 2018 8 18 6 0 2018 8 18 6 1 epublish 30116597 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000971 bmjgh-2018-000971 PMC6089296 PLoS Med. 2009 Sep;6(9):e1000146 19753109 Nat Genet. 2017 Mar;49(3):395-402 28092681

2018 BMJ global health

52. Research on the value of the T cell spot test for tuberculosis for the diagnosis of lung cancer combined with pulmonary tuberculosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Research on the value of the T cell spot test for tuberculosis for the diagnosis of lung cancer combined with pulmonary tuberculosis This study was conducted to investigate the value of the T cell spot test for tuberculosis (T-SPOT.TB) for the diagnosis of patients with lung cancer combined with pulmonary tuberculosis (LCTB).Thirty-six patients diagnosed with LCTB who received treatment at Shandong Provincial Chest Hospital from September 2014 to 2017 were randomly chosen and enrolled

2018 Thoracic cancer

53. Four Months of Rifampin or Nine Months of Isoniazid for Latent Tuberculosis in Adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Four Months of Rifampin or Nine Months of Isoniazid for Latent Tuberculosis in Adults. A 9-month regimen of isoniazid can prevent active tuberculosis in persons with latent tuberculosis infection. However, the regimen has been associated with poor adherence rates and with toxic effects.In an open-label trial conducted in nine countries, we randomly assigned adults with latent tuberculosis infection to receive treatment with a 4-month regimen of rifampin or a 9-month regimen of isoniazid (...) for the prevention of confirmed active tuberculosis within 28 months after randomization. Noninferiority and potential superiority were assessed. Secondary outcomes included clinically diagnosed active tuberculosis, adverse events of grades 3 to 5, and completion of the treatment regimen. Outcomes were adjudicated by independent review panels.Among the 3443 patients in the rifampin group, confirmed active tuberculosis developed in 4 and clinically diagnosed active tuberculosis developed in 4 during 7732 person

2018 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

54. Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis Top results for tuberculosis - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4 (...) ) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for tuberculosis The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

55. Rapid urine-based screening for tuberculosis in HIV-positive patients admitted to hospital in Africa (STAMP): a pragmatic, multicentre, parallel-group, double-blind, randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rapid urine-based screening for tuberculosis in HIV-positive patients admitted to hospital in Africa (STAMP): a pragmatic, multicentre, parallel-group, double-blind, randomised controlled trial. Current diagnostics for HIV-associated tuberculosis are suboptimal, with missed diagnoses contributing to high hospital mortality and approximately 374 000 annual HIV-positive deaths globally. Urine-based assays have a good diagnostic yield; therefore, we aimed to assess whether urine-based screening (...) in HIV-positive inpatients for tuberculosis improved outcomes.We did a pragmatic, multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial in two hospitals in Malawi and South Africa. We included HIV-positive medical inpatients aged 18 years or more who were not taking tuberculosis treatment. We randomly assigned patients (1:1), using a computer-generated list of random block size stratified by site, to either the standard-of-care or the intervention screening group, irrespective of symptoms

2018 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

56. Post-migration follow-up programme for migrants at increased risk of developing tuberculosis: a cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Post-migration follow-up programme for migrants at increased risk of developing tuberculosis: a cohort study Following pre-migration screening for tuberculosis (TB), migrants who are deemed to be at a high risk of developing TB must attend post-entry follow-up in Australia. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of post-migration TB follow-up in the state of New South Wales to diagnose TB in these high-risk migrants. In this retrospective cohort study, we assessed the risk of TB in migrants who

2018 ERJ open research

57. Prevention of M. tuberculosis Infection with H4:IC31 Vaccine or BCG Revaccination. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevention of M. tuberculosis Infection with H4:IC31 Vaccine or BCG Revaccination. Recent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection confers a predisposition to the development of tuberculosis disease, the leading killer among global infectious diseases. H4:IC31, a candidate subunit vaccine, has shown protection against tuberculosis disease in preclinical models, and observational studies have indicated that primary bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination may offer partial protection against (...) infection.In this phase 2 trial, we randomly assigned 990 adolescents in a high-risk setting who had undergone neonatal BCG vaccination to receive the H4:IC31 vaccine, BCG revaccination, or placebo. All the participants had negative results on testing for M. tuberculosis infection on the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube assay (QFT) and for the human immunodeficiency virus. The primary outcomes were safety and acquisition of M. tuberculosis infection, as defined by initial conversion on QFT that was performed

2018 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

58. Rapid diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis by combined molecular and immunological methods Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rapid diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis by combined molecular and immunological methods Diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) may be delayed until culture results become available.We ascertained the accuracy of a stepwise diagnostic algorithm for the rapid diagnosis of pulmonary TB by GeneXpert from sputum and/or bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) followed by a Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific BAL ELISPOT assay in patients with a suspected diagnosis of pulmonary TB at a clinical referral centre (...) in Germany.Among 166 patients with a presumptive diagnosis of pulmonary TB, 81 cases were confirmed by M. tuberculosis culture from sputum and/or BAL. In 66 out of 81 (81.5%) cases, patients initially had M. tuberculosis detected by GeneXpert from sputum; in addition, six out of 81 (7.4%) cases were diagnosed by GeneXpert on BAL fluid (together 72 out of 81 (88.9%) patients). Out of the remaining nine patients with negative GeneXpert results from sputum and BAL, BAL ELISPOT identified eight patients

2018 EvidenceUpdates

59. Towards the elimination of paediatric tuberculosis in high-income, immigrant-receiving countries: a 25-year conventional and molecular epidemiological case study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Towards the elimination of paediatric tuberculosis in high-income, immigrant-receiving countries: a 25-year conventional and molecular epidemiological case study The epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in high-income countries is increasingly dictated by immigration. The influence of this trend on paediatric TB and TB elimination are not well defined. We undertook a 25-year conventional and molecular epidemiologic study of paediatric TB in Alberta, one of four major immigrant-receiving provinces (...) in Canada. All isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were DNA fingerprinted using standard methodology. Between 1990 and 2014, 176 children aged 0-14 years were diagnosed with TB. Foreign-born children or Canadian-born children of foreign-born parents accounted for an increasingly large proportion of total cases during the study period (from 32.1% to 89.5%). Of the 78 culture-positive cases, 35 (44.9%) had a putative source case identified by conventional epidemiology, with 34 (97.1%) having

2018 ERJ open research

60. F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/ Computed Tomography Findings of Isolated Gastric Tuberculosis mimicking Gastric Cancer and Lymphoma Full Text available with Trip Pro

F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/ Computed Tomography Findings of Isolated Gastric Tuberculosis mimicking Gastric Cancer and Lymphoma Tuberculosis (TB) infection is still a challenging health issue, especially in developing countries. Diagnosing extrapulmonary infections, especially isolated organ involvement, is difficult in most cases even with the radiological, endoscopic, and histopathological examinations done for accurate diagnosis. Here we describe a case of isolated (...) Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Findings of Isolated Gastric Tuberculosis mimicking Gastric Cancer and Lymphoma. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2018;8(1):93-96.

2018 Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology