Latest & greatest articles for traumatic brain injury

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Top results for traumatic brain injury

41. Effects of Timing and Intensity of Neurorehabilitation on Functional Outcome After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Effects of Timing and Intensity of Neurorehabilitation on Functional Outcome After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis To systematically review evidence on the effects of timing and intensity of neurorehabilitation on the functional recovery of patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and aggregate the available evidence using meta-analytic methods.PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Database.Electronic databases were searched for prospective

2018 EvidenceUpdates

42. Early, specialist vocational rehabilitation to facilitate return to work after traumatic brain injury: the FRESH feasibility RCT

Early, specialist vocational rehabilitation to facilitate return to work after traumatic brain injury: the FRESH feasibility RCT Early, specialist vocational rehabilitation to facilitate return to work after traumatic brain injury: the FRESH feasibility RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website (...) Anglia, Norwich, UK 4 Centre for Trauma Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK 5 Academic Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK 6 Community Head Injury Service, Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Aylesbury, UK 7 Department of Physiotherapy, University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain 8 Lancashire Teaching Hospitals Trust, Preston, UK 9 Health Sciences Research Centre, University of Salford, Salford, UK * Corresponding author Email

2018 NIHR HTA programme

43. Revisited: A Systematic Review of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Adult Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Revisited: A Systematic Review of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Adult Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury Therapeutic hypothermia has been of topical interest for many years and with the publication of two international, multicenter randomized controlled trials, the evidence base now needs updating. The aim of this systematic review of randomized controlled trials is to assess the efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia in adult traumatic brain injury focusing on mortality, poor outcomes (...) , and new pneumonia.The following databases were searched from January 1, 2011, to January 26, 2018: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, MEDLINE, PubMed, and EMBASE.Only foreign articles published in the English language were included. Only articles that were randomized controlled trials investigating adult traumatic brain injury sustained following an acute, closed head injury were included. Two authors independently assessed at each stage.Quality was assessed using the Cochrane

2018 EvidenceUpdates

44. Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls (PubMed)

Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls Unintentional falls cause a substantial proportion of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with building falls carrying particularly high risk for morbidity and mortality. The cohort of children sustaining building fall-related TBI has not been well-examined. We sought to characterize children hospitalized with building fall-related TBIs and evaluate if specific factors distinguished these children (...) by International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification, Ninth revision (ICD9-CM) diagnosis codes. Urban versus non-urban status was determined using PHIS-assigned Rural-Urban Commuting Area codes. Injury severity (i.e. Injury Severity Score (ISS) and head Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score) were calculated. Head AIS scores were dichotomized into minor/moderate (1-2) and serious/severe (3-6) for analysis. Frequencies, descriptive statistics, Chi-square analysis, and Mann-Whitney U analysis

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2018 Injury epidemiology

45. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or PTSD

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or PTSD Management Briefs eBrief-no143 -- Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for TBI and PTSD Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no143 -- Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for TBI and PTSD Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 143 » Issue 143 April 2018 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence (...) Synthesis Program. Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or PTSD Following certain types of injuries, our bodies may demand more oxygen than is available in the normal air we breathe to supply our cells with the fuel necessary for healing processes (i.e., metabolism, cellular growth and repair). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is designed to increase the supply of oxygen to our blood and tissues. In normal air, the oxygen level is only around 21%; HBOT delivers 100

2018 Veterans Affairs - R&D

46. Unpicking the Gordian knot: a systems approach to traumatic brain injury care in low-income and middle-income countries (PubMed)

Unpicking the Gordian knot: a systems approach to traumatic brain injury care in low-income and middle-income countries 29607105 2018 11 14 2059-7908 3 2 2018 BMJ global health BMJ Glob Health Unpicking the Gordian knot: a systems approach to traumatic brain injury care in low-income and middle-income countries. e000768 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000768 Bashford Tom T 0000-0003-0228-9779 NIHR Global Health Research Group for Neurotrauma, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. Engineering Design Centre

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2018 BMJ global health

47. The association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review protocol.

The association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review protocol. The question of this review is: What is the association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity in children?

2018 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

48. Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Health Services Research & Development Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post (...) on the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or their cooccurrence. Findings from this evidence brief will be used to inform considerations of clinical use of HBOT in Veterans with TBI and/or PTSD. Key Questions KQ1: What are the potential benefits of HBOT for the treatment of TBI and/or PTSD? KQ2: What are the potential risks of using HBOT for the treatment of TBI and/or PTSD? KQ3: Do the benefits or risks of HBOT

2018 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

49. Therapeutic hypothermia for intacranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury

Therapeutic hypothermia for intacranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury Health Policy Advisory Committee on Technology Technology Brief Therapeutic hypothermia for intracranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury December 2016 © State of Queensland (Queensland Department of Health) 2016 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 3.0 Australia licence. In essence, you are free to copy and communicate the work in its current (...) Committee (HPC). AHMAC supports HealthPACT through funding. This Brief was prepared by Benjamin Ellery and Jacqueline Parsons from Adelaide Health Technology Assessment, University of Adelaide.Hypothermia for intracranial hypertension: December 2016 i Summary of findings A body of high-level but inconsistent evidence was identified on the topic of therapeutic hypothermia for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to standard normothermic care. Older evidence (pre-2009) in a relatively

2018 COAG Health Council - Horizon Scanning Technology Briefs

50. Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI (...) ) Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Rationale: Cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) is a treatment approach used for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) that focuses on improving cognitive impairments on attention, memory and learning, affect and expression, problem solving, and executive function. Technology Description: CRT is most often used as part of a comprehensive, multidisciplinary program that also involves traditional speech and language therapy

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

51. Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Phase-II: A Phase II Randomized Trial

Brain Oxygen Optimization in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Phase-II: A Phase II Randomized Trial PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2018 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

52. Clinical Utility of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 in the Assessment of Major Depression After Broad-Spectrum Traumatic Brain Injury

Clinical Utility of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 in the Assessment of Major Depression After Broad-Spectrum Traumatic Brain Injury To determine the predictive validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) when screening for symptoms of depression after traumatic brain injury.Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months.Regional rehabilitation facility.Persons (N=137) with mild to severe traumatic brain injury who (...) treatment was the most consistent predictor of PHQ-9 elevations as well as final diagnoses of major depression.The PHQ-9 has adequate clinical utility as a screening instrument for depression in outpatients with traumatic brain injury. Elevations on this instrument cannot, however, be automatically attributed to neuropathology, especially not in the context of premorbid psychiatric dysfunction. Clinicians should conduct more thorough follow-up assessment in those with highly elevated PHQ-9

2018 EvidenceUpdates

53. Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute

Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute - Differential diagnosis of symptoms | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: November 2018 Important updates 20 Nov 2018 CDC recommends use of validated clinical decision rules to help decide need for imaging in children with concussion Large numbers of children present (...) with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI, concussion) each year, prompting the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to produce a new guideline based on a systematic review of the evidence on diagnosis, prognosis, and management. Lumba-Brown A, Yeates KO, Sarmiento K, et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline on the diagnosis and management of mild traumatic brain injury among children. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Sep 4 [Epub ahead of print]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed

2018 BMJ Best Practice

54. Fitness training for cardiorespiratory conditioning after traumatic brain injury. (PubMed)

Fitness training for cardiorespiratory conditioning after traumatic brain injury. Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (cardiorespiratory deconditioning) is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fitness training may be implemented to address this impairment.The primary objective of this updated review was to evaluate whether fitness training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people who have sustained a TBI. The secondary objectives were to evaluate whether fitness training (...) may be guided by pre-exercise screening checklists to ensure the person with traumatic brain injury is safe to exercise, and set training parameters using guidelines established by the American College of Sports Medicine for people who have suffered a brain injury.

2017 Cochrane

55. Elevation of the head during intensive care management in people with severe traumatic brain injury. (PubMed)

Elevation of the head during intensive care management in people with severe traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem and a fundamental cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The burden of TBI disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries. Intracranial hypertension is the most frequent cause of death and disability in brain-injured people. Special interventions in the intensive care unit are required to minimise factors (...) contributing to secondary brain injury after trauma. Therapeutic positioning of the head (different degrees of head-of-bed elevation (HBE)) has been proposed as a low cost and simple way of preventing secondary brain injury in these people. The aim of this review is to evaluate the evidence related to the clinical effects of different backrest positions of the head on important clinical outcomes or, if unavailable, relevant surrogate outcomes.To assess the clinical and physiological effects of HBE during

2017 Cochrane

56. Efficacy and harms of pharmacological interventions for neurobehavioral symptoms in post traumatic amnesia after traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol.

Efficacy and harms of pharmacological interventions for neurobehavioral symptoms in post traumatic amnesia after traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness and harms of pharmacotherapy as compared to all types of comparators for the management of neurobehavioral symptoms in post-traumatic amnesia in adults aged 16 years and over who have sustained a traumatic (...) brain injury. This review forms part of a larger project which aims to gather the evidence for the pharmacological treatment of neurobehavioral symptoms post traumatic brain injury as a prelude to the development of a clinical guideline.

2017 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

57. Interventions for managing skeletal muscle spasticity following traumatic brain injury. (PubMed)

Interventions for managing skeletal muscle spasticity following traumatic brain injury. Skeletal muscle spasticity is a major physical complication resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to muscle contracture, joint stiffness, reduced range of movement, broken skin and pain. Treatments for spasticity include a range of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, often used in combination. Management of spasticity following TBI varies from other clinical (...) populations because of the added complexity of behavioural and cognitive issues associated with TBI.To assess the effects of interventions for managing skeletal muscle spasticity in people with TBI.In June 2017, we searched key databases including the Cochrane Injuries Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid) and others, in addition to clinical trials registries and the reference lists of included studies.We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cross-over RCTs

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2017 Cochrane

58. Functional Outcome After Intracranial Pressure Monitoring for Children With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

Functional Outcome After Intracranial Pressure Monitoring for Children With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

59. Hypothermia for traumatic brain injury. (PubMed)

Hypothermia for traumatic brain injury. Hypothermia has been used in the treatment of brain injury for many years. Encouraging results from small trials and laboratory studies led to renewed interest in the area and some larger trials.To determine the effect of mild hypothermia for traumatic brain injury (TBI) on mortality, long-term functional outcomes and complications.We ran and incorporated studies from database searches to 21 March 2016. We searched the Cochrane Injuries Group's

2017 Cochrane

60. Safety and effectiveness of pharmacotherapy for depression in adults who have sustained a traumatic brain injury: a systematic review protocol. (PubMed)

Safety and effectiveness of pharmacotherapy for depression in adults who have sustained a traumatic brain injury: a systematic review protocol. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the current evidence on the effectiveness and harms of pharmacotherapy in the management of depression in adults who have sustained a traumatic brain injury.

2017 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports