Latest & greatest articles for traumatic brain injury

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Top results for traumatic brain injury

181. Traumatic brain injury increases the risk of psychiatric illness

Traumatic brain injury increases the risk of psychiatric illness Traumatic brain injury increases the risk of psychiatric illness | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username (...) and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Traumatic brain injury increases the risk of psychiatric illness Article Text Aetiology Traumatic brain injury increases the risk of psychiatric illness Free Anthony Feinstein , MPhil, PhD, FRCPC Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Fann JR, Burington B, Leonetti A, et al . Psychiatric illness following traumatic brain injury

Evidence-Based Mental Health2005

182. Corticosteroids for acute traumatic brain injury.

Corticosteroids for acute traumatic brain injury. BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability. Corticosteroids have been widely used in treating people with traumatic brain injury. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effectiveness and safety of corticosteroids in the treatment of acute traumatic brain injury. SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and specialised database searches. Additional hand searching and contact with trialists (...) . Date of the most recent search October 2004. SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomised controlled trials of corticosteroid use in acute traumatic brain injury with adequate or unclear allocation concealment. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Quality of allocation concealment was scored. Data on numbers of participants randomised, numbers lost to follow up, length of follow up, case fatality rates, disablement, infections and gastrointestinal bleeds were extracted independently and checked. MAIN RESULTS: We

Cochrane2005

183. A systematic review of treatments for mild traumatic brain injury

A systematic review of treatments for mild traumatic brain injury A systematic review of treatments for mild traumatic brain injury A systematic review of treatments for mild traumatic brain injury Comper P, Bisschop S M, Carnide N, Tricco A CRD summary This review assessed interventions for mild traumatic brain injury in adults. The authors concluded that there were few rigorous studies available, but there is evidence for the effectiveness of patient education interventions. This was a well (...) -conducted review and the cautious conclusion is likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in adults. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, EBM Reviews (including the Cochrane Library), PsycINFO and CINAHL (from 1982) were searched from 1980 to 2003; the search terms were reported. Sixteen relevant journals were handsearched, references of potentially relevant articles were checked, and a linked search for papers

DARE.2005

184. Cerebral microdialysis as a tool for neuromonitoring following traumatic brain injury

Cerebral microdialysis as a tool for neuromonitoring following traumatic brain injury Cerebral microdialysis as a tool for neuromonitoring following traumatic brain injury Cerebral microdialysis as a tool for neuromonitoring following traumatic brain injury Dendukuri N, Brophy J Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Dendukuri N (...) , Brophy J. Cerebral microdialysis as a tool for neuromonitoring following traumatic brain injury. Technology Assessment Unit of the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC). Report #21. 2005 Authors' objectives The purpose of this report is to summarize current literature on the efficacy and safety of cerebral microdialysis (CMD) - a method for sampling biochemical markers of secondary brain damage from cerebral interstitial tissue fluid, among traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. Authors' conclusions

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2005

185. Acute secondary adrenal insufficiency after traumatic brain injury: A prospective study.

Acute secondary adrenal insufficiency after traumatic brain injury: A prospective study. PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2005

187. Prehospital hypertonic saline resuscitation of patients with hypotension and severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial

Prehospital hypertonic saline resuscitation of patients with hypotension and severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2004

188. Prehospital hypertonic saline resuscitation of patients with hypotension and severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial.

Prehospital hypertonic saline resuscitation of patients with hypotension and severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial. 15026402 2004 03 17 2004 03 22 2016 10 17 1538-3598 291 11 2004 Mar 17 JAMA JAMA Prehospital hypertonic saline resuscitation of patients with hypotension and severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial. 1350-7 Prehospital hypertonic saline (HTS) resuscitation of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may increase survival but whether HTS (...) Ringer's lactate AIM IM JAMA. 2004 Mar 17;291(11):1382-4 15026406 JAMA. 2004 Jun 23;291(24):2944; author reply 2944-5 15213203 JAMA. 2004 Jun 23;291(24):2943-4; author reply 2944-5 15213202 Adult Brain Injuries complications therapy Double-Blind Method Emergency Medical Services Female Fluid Therapy Glasgow Coma Scale Glasgow Outcome Scale Humans Hypotension etiology therapy Isotonic Solutions therapeutic use Male Resuscitation Saline Solution, Hypertonic therapeutic use Treatment Outcome 2004 3 18 5 0

JAMA2004

189. Excitatory amino acid inhibitors for traumatic brain injury.

Excitatory amino acid inhibitors for traumatic brain injury. BACKGROUND: Glutamate is the principal excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. Injury to the brain can cause an ionic imbalance in cerebral tissue, creating an excitotoxic cascade involving glutamate and other excitatory amino acids, that leads to neuronal death in the tissue surrounding the original injury site. Research has centred around inhibiting this increase in excitatory amino acid during injury either pre- or post (...) -synaptically. Animal studies appeared promising, but as yet, those results have not been repeated in human clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To assess systematically the efficacy of excitatory amino acid inhibitors on improving patient outcome following traumatic brain injury. SEARCH STRATEGY: Online searches of the databases; CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, IDdb3, and Science Citation Index. Online searches of clinical trial registers. General online searches of the Internet. Authors of published works

Cochrane2004

190. A population-based study of inflicted traumatic brain injury in young children.

A population-based study of inflicted traumatic brain injury in young children. CONTEXT: Physical abuse is a leading cause of serious head injury and death in children aged 2 years or younger. The incidence of inflicted traumatic brain injury (TBI) in US children is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of serious or fatal inflicted TBI in a defined US population of approximately 230 000 children aged 2 years or younger. DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS: All North Carolina children aged 2 (...) or younger. RESULTS: A total of 152 cases of serious or fatal TBI were identified, with 80 (53%) incurring inflicted TBI. The incidence of inflicted traumatic brain injury in the first 2 years of life was 17.0 (95% confidence interval [CI], 13.3-20.7) per 100 000 person-years. Infants had a higher incidence than children in the second year of life (29.7 [95% CI, 22.9-36.7] vs 3.8 [95% CI, 1.3-6.4] per 100 000 person-years). Boys had a higher incidence than girls (21.0 [95% CI, 15.1-26.6] vs 13.0 [95% CI

JAMA2003

191. Mild traumatic brain injury: review of the literature and a look at the WCB of BC data

Mild traumatic brain injury: review of the literature and a look at the WCB of BC data Mild traumatic brain injury: review of the literature and a look at the WCB of BC data Mild traumatic brain injury: review of the literature and a look at the WCB of BC data WCB Evidence Based Practice Group Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation WCB Evidence (...) Based Practice Group. Mild traumatic brain injury: review of the literature and a look at the WCB of BC data. Richmond, BC: WorkSafe BC 2003: 96 Authors' objectives The purpose of this paper is: to obtain published systematic reviews on mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) (diagnostic criteria, assessment and treatment of MTBI) in the absence of any practical high quality systematic reviews, to obtain the highest quality or grades of evidence review of MTBI to form the medical portion of a more comprehensive MTBI

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2003

192. Practice parameter: antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology

Practice parameter: antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology Practice parameter: antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology Practice parameter: antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy (...) of Neurology Chang B S, Lowenstein D H CRD summary This review assessed the effectiveness of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for preventing seizures following severe traumatic brain injury. The authors concluded that prophylaxis with phenytoin reduces risk of early seizures but AED prophylaxis is not effective for late seizures. The authors pooled studies without providing enough information to judge whether this was appropriate. Hence the conclusions should be viewed with caution. Authors' objectives

DARE.2003

193. Prolonged therapeutic hypothermia after traumatic brain injury in adults: a systematic review

Prolonged therapeutic hypothermia after traumatic brain injury in adults: a systematic review Prolonged therapeutic hypothermia after traumatic brain injury in adults: a systematic review Prolonged therapeutic hypothermia after traumatic brain injury in adults: a systematic review McIntyre L A, Fergusson D A, Hebert P C, Moher D, Hutchison J S CRD summary This well conducted review evaluated the use of therapeutic hypothermia as a neuroprotective strategy after severe traumatic brain injury (...) in adults. Although therapeutic hypothermia might reduce the risks of death and poor neurological outcome, the authors' stated that there was insufficient evidence to recommend its routine use in clinical practice. The authors' were appropriately cautious in their conclusions. Authors' objectives To investigate the effects of depth, duration and rate of rewarming after discontinuation of hypothermia on mortality and neurological outcome in adults following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Searching A range

DARE.2003

194. Jugular venous oxygen saturation or arteriovenous difference of lactate content and outcome in children with severe traumatic brain injury

Jugular venous oxygen saturation or arteriovenous difference of lactate content and outcome in children with severe traumatic brain injury PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2003

195. Prolonged Therapeutic Hypothermia After Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults: A Systematic Review

Prolonged Therapeutic Hypothermia After Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults: A Systematic Review PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2003

196. Hypothermia in the management of traumatic brain injury. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hypothermia in the management of traumatic brain injury. A systematic review and meta-analysis. PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2003

197. Antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury

Antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury Practice parameter: Antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury | Neurology Advertisement Search for this keyword Main menu User menu Search Search for this keyword The most widely read and highly cited peer-reviewed neurology journal Share January 14, 2003 ; 60 (1) Special Article Practice parameter: Antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee (...) of the American Academy of Neurology Bernard S. Chang and Daniel H. Lowenstein First published January 14, 2003, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1212/01.WNL.0000031432.05543.14 Bernard S. Chang Daniel H. Lowenstein Practice parameter: Antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in severe traumatic brain injury Bernard S. Chang , Daniel H. Lowenstein Neurology Jan 2003, 60 (1) 10-16; DOI: 10.1212/01.WNL.0000031432.05543.14 Citation Manager Formats Downloads 38230 Share Abstract Objective: To review the evidence regarding

American Academy of Neurology2003

198. Calcium channel blockers for acute traumatic brain injury.

Calcium channel blockers for acute traumatic brain injury. BACKGROUND: Acute traumatic brain injury is a major cause of death and disability. Calcium channel blockers (calcium antagonists) have been used in an attempt to prevent cerebral vasospasm after injury, maintain blood flow to the brain, and so prevent further damage. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the effects of calcium channel blockers in patients with acute traumatic brain injury, and in a subgroup of brain injury patients with traumatic (...) subarachnoid haemorrhage. SEARCH STRATEGY: Handsearching and electronic searching for randomised controlled trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials in patients with all levels of severity of clinically diagnosed acute traumatic brain injury. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently assessed the identified studies for eligibility and extracted data from each study. Summary odds ratios were calculated using the Mantel-Haenszel method. MAIN RESULTS: Six RCTs were identified as eligible

Cochrane2003

199. Noradrenergic agonists for acute traumatic brain injury.

Noradrenergic agonists for acute traumatic brain injury. BACKGROUND: Although there have been considerable gains in understanding the cascade of events that lead to secondary injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI), efforts to translate this understanding into new therapeutic, so-called neuroprotective, approaches have so far proven disappointing. Animal models suggest an alternative strategy: agents enhancing monoaminergic transmission, particularly amphetamines, have been shown to promote (...) motor recovery from focal brain injury and it has been suggested that this might represent a complementary means of therapeutic intervention in the later post-injury phase. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the evidence that amphetamines improve final outcome after traumatic brain injury. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register and the Cochrane Injuries Group's Specialised Register of Controlled Trials. Researchers and authors of published

Cochrane2003

200. Mannitol for acute traumatic brain injury.

Mannitol for acute traumatic brain injury. BACKGROUND: Mannitol is sometimes dramatically effective in reversing acute brain swelling, but its effectiveness in the on-going management of severe head injury remains open to question. There is evidence that, in prolonged dosage, mannitol may pass from the blood into the brain, where it might cause reverse osmotic shifts that increase intracranial pressure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different mannitol therapy regimens, of mannitol (...) compared to other intracranial pressure (ICP) lowering agents, and to quantify the effectiveness of mannitol administration given at other stages following acute traumatic brain injury. SEARCH STRATEGY: The review drew on the search strategy for the Injuries Group as a whole. We checked reference lists of trials and review articles, and contacted authors of trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised trials of mannitol, in patients with acute traumatic brain injury of any severity. The comparison group

Cochrane2003