Latest & greatest articles for traumatic brain injury

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Top results for traumatic brain injury

1. Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia

Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia 4 February 2019 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Health Services Research & Development Service Washington, DC 20420 Prepared by: Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center Portland VA Health Care System Portland, OR Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Authors: Kim Peterson, MS Stephanie Veazie, MPH Donald Bourne, MPH Johanna Anderson, MPH Evidence (...) , Veazie S, Bourne D, Anderson J. Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia. VA ESP Project #09-199; 2019. Posted final reports are located on the ESP search page. This report is based on research conducted by the Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Center located at the Portland VA Health Care System, Portland, OR, funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development. The findings and conclusions in this document are those

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

2. Is traumatic brain injury preventable in amateur boxing competition?

Is traumatic brain injury preventable in amateur boxing competition? Is Traumatic Brain Injury Preventable in Amateur Boxing Competition? – Clinical Correlations Search Is Traumatic Brain Injury Preventable in Amateur Boxing Competition? January 18, 2019 5 min read By Kevin Rezzadeh Peer Reviewed Injuries associated with amateur . 1 While many of the superficial wounds and bone fractures can completely heal, brain damage secondary to boxing has also been well 2 Boxers are at risk for sequelae (...) of traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a consequence of repeated blows to the head. Traumatic brain injury can be classified as acute TBI, commonly known as a concussion, and chronic TBI, sometimes called chronic traumatic encephalitis (CTE). 3 Concussion represents an immediate and transient response of the brain to trauma, 4 while CTE is a . 5 Concussions occur less frequently in amateur boxing than professional boxing. 6 The reduction of concussions in amateur boxing could be attributed to shorter match

2019 Clinical Correlations

3. Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute

Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute - Differential diagnosis of symptoms | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: November 2018 Important updates 20 Nov 2018 CDC recommends use of validated clinical decision rules to help decide need for imaging in children with concussion Large numbers of children present (...) with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI, concussion) each year, prompting the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to produce a new guideline based on a systematic review of the evidence on diagnosis, prognosis, and management. Lumba-Brown A, Yeates KO, Sarmiento K, et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline on the diagnosis and management of mild traumatic brain injury among children. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Sep 4 [Epub ahead of print]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed

2018 BMJ Best Practice

4. Incidence of emergency department presentations for traumatic brain injury in Indigenous and non-Indigenous residents aged 15–64 over the 9-year period 2007–2015 in North Queensland, Australia (PubMed)

Incidence of emergency department presentations for traumatic brain injury in Indigenous and non-Indigenous residents aged 15–64 over the 9-year period 2007–2015 in North Queensland, Australia Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Previous studies have shown that males have a higher incidence than females, and Indigenous populations have a higher rate than non-Indigenous. To date, no study has compared the incidence rate of TBI between Indigenous and non

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2018 Injury epidemiology

5. Effect of Early Sustained Prophylactic Hypothermia on Neurologic Outcomes Among Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: The POLAR Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Early Sustained Prophylactic Hypothermia on Neurologic Outcomes Among Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: The POLAR Randomized Clinical Trial. After severe traumatic brain injury, induction of prophylactic hypothermia has been suggested to be neuroprotective and improve long-term neurologic outcomes.To determine the effectiveness of early prophylactic hypothermia compared with normothermic management of patients after severe traumatic brain injury.The Prophylactic Hypothermia (...) Trial to Lessen Traumatic Brain Injury-Randomized Clinical Trial (POLAR-RCT) was a multicenter randomized trial in 6 countries that recruited 511 patients both out-of-hospital and in emergency departments after severe traumatic brain injury. The first patient was enrolled on December 5, 2010, and the last on November 10, 2017. The final date of follow-up was May 15, 2018.There were 266 patients randomized to the prophylactic hypothermia group and 245 to normothermic management. Prophylactic

2018 JAMA

6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Among Children

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Among Children Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, in children is a rapidly growing public health concern because epidemiologic data indicate a marked increase in the number of emergency department visits for mTBI over the past decade. However, no evidence-based clinical guidelines have been developed to date for diagnosing and managing pediatric mTBI in the United (...) States.To provide a guideline based on a previous systematic review of the literature to obtain and assess evidence toward developing clinical recommendations for health care professionals related to the diagnosis, prognosis, and management/treatment of pediatric mTBI.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Board of Scientific Counselors, a federal advisory committee, established the Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Guideline Workgroup

2018 EvidenceUpdates

7. Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children: A Systematic Review

Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children: A Systematic Review In recent years, there has been an exponential increase in the research guiding pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) clinical management, in large part because of heightened concerns about the consequences of mTBI, also known as concussion, in children. The CDC National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's (NCIPC) Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC), a federal advisory committee, established (...) in the diagnosis and management of pediatric mTBI. A significant body of research exists to identify features that are associated with more serious TBI-associated intracranial injury, delayed recovery from mTBI, and long-term sequelae. However, high-quality studies of treatments meant to improve mTBI outcomes are currently lacking.This systematic review was used to develop an evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of pediatric mTBI. While an increasing amount of research provides

2018 EvidenceUpdates

8. The effects of vestibular rehabilitation on dizziness and balance problems in patients after traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial

The effects of vestibular rehabilitation on dizziness and balance problems in patients after traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial To investigate the effects of group-based vestibular rehabilitation in patients with traumatic brain injury.A single-blind randomized controlled trial.University Hospital (recruitment and baseline assessments) and Metropolitan University (experimental intervention).A total of 65 patients (45 women) with mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury (mean (...) , 95% CI: 1.4-6.0). At the second follow-up, no significant between-group differences were found. No significant between-group differences in the other outcomes were found at the two follow-ups.The intervention appeared to speed up recovery for patients with dizziness and balance problems after traumatic brain injury. However, the benefits had dissipated two months after the end of the intervention.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

9. Association Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Suicide. (PubMed)

Association Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Suicide. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can have serious long-term consequences, including psychiatric disorders. However, few studies have assessed the association between TBI and risk of suicide.To examine the association between TBI and subsequent suicide.Retrospective cohort study using nationwide registers covering 7 418 391 individuals (≥10 years) living in Denmark (1980-2014) with 164 265 624 person-years' follow-up; 567 823 (7.6 (...) %) had a medical contact for TBI. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression adjusted for relevant covariates, including fractures not involving the skull, psychiatric diagnoses, and deliberate self-harm.Medical contacts for TBI recorded in the National Patient Register (1977-2014) as mild TBI (concussion), skull fracture without documented TBI, and severe TBI (head injuries with evidence of structural brain injury).Suicide recorded in the Danish Cause of Death register until December 31, 2014

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2018 JAMA

10. Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury Top results for traumatic brain injury - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 (...) or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for traumatic brain injury The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

11. Diagnostic Accuracy of the Veteran Affairs' Traumatic Brain Injury Screen

Diagnostic Accuracy of the Veteran Affairs' Traumatic Brain Injury Screen To comprehensively estimate the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Clinical Reminder Screen (TCRS).Cross-sectional, prospective, observational study using the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy criteria.Three VA Polytrauma Network Sites.Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom veterans (N=433).TCRS, Comprehensive TBI Evaluation

2018 EvidenceUpdates

12. The Biomarker S100B and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-analysis

The Biomarker S100B and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-analysis The usefulness of S100B has been noted as a biomarker in the management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adults. However, S100B efficacy as a biomarker in children has previously been relatively unclear.A meta-analysis is conducted to assess the prognostic value of S100B in predicting intracerebral lesions in children after mTBI.Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web (...) reference ranges in children with a sampling time <3 hours posttrauma, were 97% (95% CI: 84.2%-99.9%) and 37.5% (95% CI: 28.8%-46.8%), respectively. Only 1 child had a low S100B level and a positive CT scan result without clinically important traumatic brain injury.Only patients undergoing both a CT scan and S100B testing were selected for evaluation.S100B serum analysis as a part of the clinical routine could significantly reduce the number of CT scans performed on children with mTBI. Sampling should

2018 EvidenceUpdates

13. Revisited: A Systematic Review of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Adult Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Revisited: A Systematic Review of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Adult Patients Following Traumatic Brain Injury Therapeutic hypothermia has been of topical interest for many years and with the publication of two international, multicenter randomized controlled trials, the evidence base now needs updating. The aim of this systematic review of randomized controlled trials is to assess the efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia in adult traumatic brain injury focusing on mortality, poor outcomes (...) , and new pneumonia.The following databases were searched from January 1, 2011, to January 26, 2018: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, MEDLINE, PubMed, and EMBASE.Only foreign articles published in the English language were included. Only articles that were randomized controlled trials investigating adult traumatic brain injury sustained following an acute, closed head injury were included. Two authors independently assessed at each stage.Quality was assessed using the Cochrane

2018 EvidenceUpdates

14. Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls (PubMed)

Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls Unintentional falls cause a substantial proportion of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with building falls carrying particularly high risk for morbidity and mortality. The cohort of children sustaining building fall-related TBI has not been well-examined. We sought to characterize children hospitalized with building fall-related TBIs and evaluate if specific factors distinguished these children (...) by International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification, Ninth revision (ICD9-CM) diagnosis codes. Urban versus non-urban status was determined using PHIS-assigned Rural-Urban Commuting Area codes. Injury severity (i.e. Injury Severity Score (ISS) and head Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score) were calculated. Head AIS scores were dichotomized into minor/moderate (1-2) and serious/severe (3-6) for analysis. Frequencies, descriptive statistics, Chi-square analysis, and Mann-Whitney U analysis

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2018 Injury epidemiology

15. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or PTSD

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or PTSD Management Briefs eBrief-no143 -- Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for TBI and PTSD Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no143 -- Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for TBI and PTSD Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 143 » Issue 143 April 2018 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence (...) Synthesis Program. Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or PTSD Following certain types of injuries, our bodies may demand more oxygen than is available in the normal air we breathe to supply our cells with the fuel necessary for healing processes (i.e., metabolism, cellular growth and repair). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is designed to increase the supply of oxygen to our blood and tissues. In normal air, the oxygen level is only around 21%; HBOT delivers 100

2018 Veterans Affairs - R&D

16. Unpicking the Gordian knot: a systems approach to traumatic brain injury care in low-income and middle-income countries (PubMed)

Unpicking the Gordian knot: a systems approach to traumatic brain injury care in low-income and middle-income countries 29607105 2018 11 14 2059-7908 3 2 2018 BMJ global health BMJ Glob Health Unpicking the Gordian knot: a systems approach to traumatic brain injury care in low-income and middle-income countries. e000768 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000768 Bashford Tom T 0000-0003-0228-9779 NIHR Global Health Research Group for Neurotrauma, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. Engineering Design Centre

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2018 BMJ global health

17. The association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review protocol.

The association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review protocol. The question of this review is: What is the association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity in children?

2018 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

18. Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Health Services Research & Development Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post (...) on the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or their cooccurrence. Findings from this evidence brief will be used to inform considerations of clinical use of HBOT in Veterans with TBI and/or PTSD. Key Questions KQ1: What are the potential benefits of HBOT for the treatment of TBI and/or PTSD? KQ2: What are the potential risks of using HBOT for the treatment of TBI and/or PTSD? KQ3: Do the benefits or risks of HBOT

2018 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

19. Therapeutic hypothermia for intacranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury

Therapeutic hypothermia for intacranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury Health Policy Advisory Committee on Technology Technology Brief Therapeutic hypothermia for intracranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury December 2016 © State of Queensland (Queensland Department of Health) 2016 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 3.0 Australia licence. In essence, you are free to copy and communicate the work in its current (...) Committee (HPC). AHMAC supports HealthPACT through funding. This Brief was prepared by Benjamin Ellery and Jacqueline Parsons from Adelaide Health Technology Assessment, University of Adelaide.Hypothermia for intracranial hypertension: December 2016 i Summary of findings A body of high-level but inconsistent evidence was identified on the topic of therapeutic hypothermia for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to standard normothermic care. Older evidence (pre-2009) in a relatively

2018 COAG Health Council - Horizon Scanning Technology Briefs

20. Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Cognitive rehabilitation therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI (...) ) Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Rationale: Cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) is a treatment approach used for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) that focuses on improving cognitive impairments on attention, memory and learning, affect and expression, problem solving, and executive function. Technology Description: CRT is most often used as part of a comprehensive, multidisciplinary program that also involves traditional speech and language therapy

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.