Latest & greatest articles for surgery

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Top results for surgery

1. Video Review of Baseline Performance on Global Ratings in a Double-Blind Placebo Surgery Trial. (PubMed)

Video Review of Baseline Performance on Global Ratings in a Double-Blind Placebo Surgery Trial. A randomized controlled double-blind sham surgery trial was conducted to determine the effectiveness of implantation of human embryonic dopamine neurons into the putamen of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). The present analyses determined whether patients viewing a video of them performing motor activities off medications at baseline would affect self-ratings 12 months later (...) on the Global Rating Scale (GRS).To examine changes in GRS scores pre- and post-video review for the total sample; to examine differences in scores between actual implant and sham groups, as well as perceived groups pre- and post-video review; to examine differences among four subgroups of patients based on actual and perceived treatment (i.e., actual implant/perceived implant).Forty participants were recruited and randomly assigned to receive either neural implantation or sham surgery. The primary outcome

2019 Movement disorders clinical practice Controlled trial quality: predicted high

2. Surgery for pectus deformity

Surgery for pectus deformity NHS England » Surgery for pectus deformity (all ages) Search Search Menu Surgery for pectus deformity (all ages) Document first published: 22 February 2019 Page updated: 22 February 2019 Topic: Publication type: , NHS England will not routinely commission surgery for pectus deformity in accordance with the criteria outlined in this document. In creating this policy NHS England has reviewed this clinical condition and the options for its treatment. It has considered

2019 NHS England

3. Influence of delay on breast cancer surgery outcome

Influence of delay on breast cancer surgery outcome Influence of delay on breast cancer surgery outcome We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Influence of delay on breast cancer surgery outcome Share: Reading time approx. 5 minutes In Sweden as well as worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis in women, and surgery (...) is the primary treatment for curative care. As the time between diagnosis and surgery can vary substantially, it is essential to know if wait time for operative procedures may influence surgery outcomes. Question What systematic reviews are there on surgical wait time and medical outcomes in breast cancer patients? Identified literature No relevant systematic reviews with low/medium risk of bias were found. SBU Enquiry Service consists of systematic literature searches to highlight studies that can address

2019 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

4. Postoperative adhesions in gynecologic surgery: a committee opinion

Postoperative adhesions in gynecologic surgery: a committee opinion Postoperative adhesions in gynecologic surgery: a committee opinion Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine in collaboration with the Society of Reproductive Surgeons American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Postoperativeadhesionsareanaturalconsequenceofsurgicaltissuetraumaandhealingandmayresultininfertility,pain,andbowel (...) obstruction.Adherencetomicrosurgicalprinciplesandminimallyinvasivesurgerymayhelptodecreasepostoperativeadhesions.Some surgicalbarriershavebeendemonstratedtobeeffectiveforreducingpostoperativeadhesions,butthereisnosubstantialevidencethat their use improves fertility, decreases pain, or reduces the incidence of postoperative bowel obstruction. This document replaces the document, ‘‘Pathogenesis, consequences, andcontrol of peritoneal adhesions in gynecologic surgery: a committee opinion,’’ last pub- lished in 2013. (Fertil Steril 2019;112:458–63.2019 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.) Discuss: You

2019 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

5. Intermittent bolus versus continuous infusion popliteal sciatic nerve block following major foot and ankle surgery: a prospective randomized comparison

Intermittent bolus versus continuous infusion popliteal sciatic nerve block following major foot and ankle surgery: a prospective randomized comparison Foot and ankle surgery is associated with severe pain that can be reduced with continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block. We tested the hypothesis that programmed intermittent bolus (PIB) delivery of local anesthetic provides superior analgesia to a continuous infusion (CI) regimen.60 patients undergoing major foot and ankle surgery were

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Perioperative Gabapentin in Pediatric Thoracic Surgery Patients-Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 4 Trial

Perioperative Gabapentin in Pediatric Thoracic Surgery Patients-Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 4 Trial To determine whether the use of perioperative gabapentin reduces postoperative pain and anxiety, decreases ropivacaine consumption and side effects, and improves patient satisfaction.Randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 4 trial.Participants, care providers, investigators, data analysts.Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Rabka Zdrój Branch (...) significant difference in median pain scores (numerical rating scale < 1/10) or incidence of adverse side effects between the gabapentin group (N = 20) and the placebo group (N = 20). Postoperative anxiety scores were significantly lower than before surgery in the gabapentin group (6 [4-8] vs 7 [6-8.5], P < 0.01) and remained unchanged in the placebo group (6 [5-6.5] vs 6 [5-7], P = 0.07). Gabapentin-treated patients received a lower number of doses of ondansetron when compared with the placebo group (6

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. The Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Preemptive Ropivacaine Infiltration on Postoperative Pain After Lumbar Fusion Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

The Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Preemptive Ropivacaine Infiltration on Postoperative Pain After Lumbar Fusion Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial A prospective and controlled study of dexmedetomidine added to preemptive ropivacaine infiltration in lumbar fusion surgery.Assessment of dexmedetomidine added to preemptive ropivacaine infiltration for the relief of postoperative pain after lumbar fusion surgery.Single local anesthetic preemptive wound infiltration for the relief (...) of postoperative pain does not translate into major or consistent clinical benefits after lumbar fusion surgery. Dexmedetomidine added to local anesthetics prolonged the duration of blockade and enhanced the analgesic in peripheral nerve block. The effect of dexmedetomidine added to preemptive ropivacaine infiltration in lumbar fusion surgery for the relief of postoperative pain has yet not been studied.Fifty-seven patients with elective posterior lumbar fusion were randomly divided into two groups. Five

2019 EvidenceUpdates

8. Analgesic and Respiratory Effects of Two Doses of Morphine as an Adjunct to Bupivacaine in Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block in Upper Abdominal Surgery

Analgesic and Respiratory Effects of Two Doses of Morphine as an Adjunct to Bupivacaine in Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block in Upper Abdominal Surgery Opioid receptors are present at the terminals of afferent peripheral nerves; therefore, administration of opioids peripherally might provide a significant analgesic effect.We investigated the analgesic efficacy of 2 different doses of morphine in bilateral subcostal single-injection ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (...) (TAP) block in abdominal surgery.Randomized, controlled, double-blind trial.University hospital.We enrolled 90 patients (aged 18-60 years) who were scheduled for elective upper abdominal surgeries and received TAP block for postoperative analgesia. Patients received 20 mL bupivacaine 0.5% (group B) only or combined with 10 mg morphine (group BM10) or 15 mg morphine (group BM15). Study drugs were diluted with saline solution 0.9% to 40 mL volume and bupivacaine concentration of 0.25% and injected 20

2019 EvidenceUpdates

9. Computer-Assisted Kinematic and Mechanical Axis Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of Bilateral Simultaneous Surgery

Computer-Assisted Kinematic and Mechanical Axis Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of Bilateral Simultaneous Surgery Randomized controlled trials of kinematic alignment (KA) and mechanical alignment (MA) in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have to date demonstrated at least equivalence of KA in terms of clinical outcomes. No trial of bilateral TKA has been conducted so patient preference for one technique over the other is unknown.Forty-one participants

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Single- versus multidose cardioplegia in adult cardiac surgery patients: A meta-analysis

Single- versus multidose cardioplegia in adult cardiac surgery patients: A meta-analysis To compare outcomes of single (intervention group: del Nido [DN], and histamine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate) versus multidose (control group) cardioplegia in the adult cardiac surgery patients.Medical search engines were interrogated to identify relevant randomized controlled trials and propensity-score matched cohorts. Meta-analysis was conducted for primary (in-hospital/30-day mortality) and secondary (...) (ischemic and cardiopulmonary bypass [CPB] times, reperfusion fibrillation, peak of cardiac enzymes, myocardial infarction) endpoints. Subgroup analyses were conducted for study design and type of intervention, and meta-regression for primary outcome included type of surgery and left ventricular ejection fraction as moderators.Ten randomized controlled trials and 13 propensity-score matched cohorts were included, reporting on 5516 patients. Estimates are expressed as (parameter value [OR, odds ratio; MD

2019 EvidenceUpdates

11. Effectiveness of a Question Prompt List Intervention for Older Patients Considering Major Surgery: A Multisite Randomized Clinical Trial

Effectiveness of a Question Prompt List Intervention for Older Patients Considering Major Surgery: A Multisite Randomized Clinical Trial Poor preoperative communication can have serious consequences, including unwanted treatment and postoperative conflict.To compare the effectiveness of a question prompt list (QPL) intervention vs usual care on patient engagement and well-being among older patients considering major surgery.This randomized clinical trial used a stepped-wedge design to randomly (...) assign patients to a QPL intervention (n = 223) or usual care (n = 223) based on the timing of their visit with 1 of 40 surgeons at 5 US study sites. Patients were 60 years or older with at least 1 comorbidity and an oncologic or vascular (cardiac, neurosurgical, or peripheral vascular) problem that could be treated with major surgery. Family members were also enrolled (n = 263). The study dates were June 2016 to November 2018. Data analysis was by intent-to-treat.A brochure of 11 questions to ask

2019 EvidenceUpdates

12. Self-Removal of a Urinary Catheter After Urogynecologic Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Self-Removal of a Urinary Catheter After Urogynecologic Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial To evaluate whether self-discontinuation of a transurethral catheter is noninferior to office discontinuation in patients requiring indwelling catheterization for postoperative urinary retention after pelvic reconstructive surgery.In this randomized noninferiority trial, patients with postoperative urinary retention after pelvic reconstructive surgery were assigned to self-discontinuation or office (...) discontinuation of their catheter 1 week after surgery. The primary outcome was a noninferiority comparison of postoperative urinary retention at 1 week. Self-discontinuation patients were instructed on home catheter removal on postoperative day 7. Office discontinuation patients underwent a standard voiding trial on postoperative day 6-8. Postoperative urinary retention at 1 week was defined as continued catheterization on postoperative day 6-8. Secondary outcomes included urinary tract infections (UTI

2019 EvidenceUpdates

13. Prophylactic Postoperative Measures to Minimize Surgical Site Infections in Spine Surgery: Systematic Review and Evidence Summary

Prophylactic Postoperative Measures to Minimize Surgical Site Infections in Spine Surgery: Systematic Review and Evidence Summary There are three phases in prophylaxis of surgical site infections (SSI): preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative. There is lack of consensus and paucity of evidence with SSI prophylaxis in the postoperative period.To systematically evaluate the literature, and provide evidence-based summaries on postoperative measures for SSI prophylaxis in spine (...) approach.Forty-one studies (nine RCT, 32 cohort studies) were included. In the setting of preincisional antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) administration, use of postoperative AMP for SSI reduction has not been found to reduce rate of SSI in lumbosacral spine surgery. Prolonged administration of AMP for more than 48 hours postoperatively does not seem to reduce the rate of SSI in decompression-only or lumbar spine fusion surgery. Utilization of wound drainage systems in lumbosacral spine and adolescent

2019 EvidenceUpdates

14. Is routine nasogastric decompression after hepatic surgery necessary? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Is routine nasogastric decompression after hepatic surgery necessary? A systematic review and meta-analysis Currently the nasogastric tube (NGT) is routinely inserted in clinical after abdominal surgery for decompression in China, yet the practice varies between regions, the role of NGT for the patients after hepatic surgery remains unclear. Therefore, this present meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of NGT placement after hepatic surgery.A systematic review and meta-analysis (...) DATA SOURCES: PUBMED, EMBASE, Science Direct, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Database (until Mar 30, 2019) were systematically searched.Randomized controlled studies (RCTs) comparing the efficacy and safety of NGT and no NGT treatment after hepatic surgery were included. Data were synthesized using a random-effects or fixed effect model according to the heterogeneity. Outcomes were presented as Mantel-Haenszel style odd

2019 EvidenceUpdates

15. Phase II randomized clinical trial of endosonography and PET/CT versus clinical assessment only for follow-up after surgery for upper gastrointestinal cancer (EUFURO study)

Phase II randomized clinical trial of endosonography and PET/CT versus clinical assessment only for follow-up after surgery for upper gastrointestinal cancer (EUFURO study) Upper gastrointestinal malignancies have a poor prognosis. There is no consensus on how patients should be followed after surgery. The authors hypothesized that a structured follow-up programme including endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and [18 F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT would detect cancer recurrences, leading (...) to more patients being eligible for therapy.After surgery with curative intent for adenocarcinomas in the gastro-oesophageal junction, stomach or pancreas, patients were randomized 1 : 1 to standard clinical assessment in the outpatient clinic at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months after operation, or clinical assessment plus imaging including [18 F]FDG PET/CT and EUS. The primary endpoint was number of patients receiving oncological treatment for recurrence. Secondary endpoints were overall and progression

2019 EvidenceUpdates

16. Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation Following Noncardiac Surgery Increases Risk of Stroke

Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation Following Noncardiac Surgery Increases Risk of Stroke New-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation is well recognized to be an adverse prognostic marker in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. Whether postoperative atrial fibrillation confers an increased risk of stroke remains unclear.A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess the risk of stroke after postoperative atrial fibrillation in noncardiac surgery. MEDLINE, Cochrane, and EMBASE (...) databases were searched for articles published up to May 2019 for studies of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery that reported incidence of new atrial fibrillation and stroke. Event rates from individual studies were pooled and risk ratios (RR) were pooled using a random-effects model.Fourteen studies of 3,536,291 patients undergoing noncardiac surgery were included in the quantitative analysis (mean follow-up 1.4 ± 1 year). New atrial fibrillation occurred in 26,046 (0.74%), patients with a higher

2019 EvidenceUpdates

17. The efficacy and safety of continuous versus single-injection popliteal sciatic nerve block in outpatient foot and ankle surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The efficacy and safety of continuous versus single-injection popliteal sciatic nerve block in outpatient foot and ankle surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis Continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block (CPSNB) has been performed in outpatient foot and ankle surgery as a regional anesthesia method to relieve postoperative pain. Its efficacy as well as safety is yet to be established. There are two purposes of this study: (1) to validate the efficacy of CPSNB with regards to better pain (...) parameters were amount of oral analgesics consumed, overall patient satisfaction and need of admission after surgery. A sensitivity analysis was performed to explore the consistency of the results.In comparison with the single-injection group, CPSNB was associated with a lower VAS score at postoperative 24 and 48 h (p < 0.05). There were no neuropathic symptoms or infection events after the nerve block. However, there were several minor complications associated with the pump and catheter system

2019 EvidenceUpdates

18. The Effect of Prolonged Postoperative Antibiotic Administration on the Rate of Infection in Patients Undergoing Posterior Spinal Surgery Requiring a Closed-Suction Drain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

The Effect of Prolonged Postoperative Antibiotic Administration on the Rate of Infection in Patients Undergoing Posterior Spinal Surgery Requiring a Closed-Suction Drain: A Randomized Controlled Trial Closed-suction drains are frequently used following posterior spinal surgery. The optimal timing of antibiotic discontinuation in this population may influence infection risk, but there is a paucity of evidence. The aim of this study was to determine whether postoperative antibiotic administration (...) for 72 hours (24 hours after drain removal as drains were removed on the second postoperative day) decreases the incidence of surgical site infection compared with postoperative antibiotic administration for 24 hours.Patients undergoing posterior thoracolumbar spinal surgery managed with a closed-suction drain were prospectively randomized into 1 of 2 groups of postoperative antibiotic durations: (1) 24 hours, or (2) 24 hours after drain removal (72 hours). Drains were discontinued on the second

2019 EvidenceUpdates

19. Dexamethasone Versus Ketamine in the Interscalene Block in Patients Undergoing Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery: A Randomized Double-Blinded Study. (PubMed)

Dexamethasone Versus Ketamine in the Interscalene Block in Patients Undergoing Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery: A Randomized Double-Blinded Study. Arthroscopic shoulder surgery (ASS) is often followed by severe pain. Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) was used to relieve such pain. The aim of the study was to compare the effect of adding either dexamethasone or ketamine to ISB on time to the fi rst request for analgesia.Sixty patients scheduled for ASS were enrolled in this study. Before

2019 Asian journal of anesthesiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Antithrombotic treatment after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: systematic review and network meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Antithrombotic treatment after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: systematic review and network meta-analysis. To assess the effects of different oral antithrombotic drugs that prevent saphenous vein graft failure in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.Systematic review and network meta-analysis.Medline, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library from inception to 25 January 2019. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: for selecting studies Randomised controlled trials (...) , myocardial infarction, and death among different antithrombotic therapies. The possibility of intransitivity could not be ruled out; however, between-trial heterogeneity and incoherence were low in all included analyses. Sensitivity analysis using per graft data did not change the effect estimates.The results of this network meta-analysis suggest an important absolute benefit of adding ticagrelor or clopidogrel to aspirin to prevent saphenous vein graft failure after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

2019 BMJ