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Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Residents: A Randomized Controlled Trial 29256091 2017 12 19 1525-1497 2017 Dec 18 Journal of general internal medicine J Gen Intern Med Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Residents: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 10.1007/s11606-017-4249-x Burnout is highly prevalent in residents. No randomized controlled trials have been conducted measuring the effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on burnout in residents. To determine the effectiveness
Post-traumatic stress disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search Post-traumatic stress disorder Last reviewed: August 2018 Last updated: January 2018 Summary Disorder that may develop (either immediately or delayed) following exposure to a stressful event or situation of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature. According to DSM-5, it is characterised by 4 (...) , and an assessment of risk: this can be facilitated by the use of screening questionnaires and a clinical interview schedule. Trauma-focused psychological treatments are the most effective treatment. Pharmacotherapy may be used in patients who do not respond to, cannot tolerate, do not want, or do not have access to psychological therapies. Definition Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop following exposure to 1 or more traumatic events such as deliberate acts of interpersonal violence, severe
Incidence and demographical characteristics of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder due to motor vehicle accidents 29527273 2018 11 14 1985-207X 12 3 2017 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia Malays Fam Physician Incidence and demographical characteristics of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder due to motor vehicle accidents. 2-7 Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are daily occurrences in Malaysia but the extent to which (...) victims are psychologically affected is not well known. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and demographic characteristics of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to MVAs at a university hospital in Malaysia. Patients presenting to the emergency department from August to October 2014 due to MVA-related injuries were recruited. After a period of at least one month, they were followed-up and screened using the validated Malay Post Traumatic Stress
Molecular mechanisms underlying stress response and adaptation MINI REVIEW Molecular mechanisms underlying stress response and adaptation Shuang Sun & Jun Zhou Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Resistance Biology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, China Keywords Adaptation; gene regulation; immunity; stress; tolerance. Correspondence Shuang Sun, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Resistance Biology, Institute (...) of Biomedical Sciences, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China. Tel: +86 531 8618 2516 Fax: +86 531 8618 2518 Email: email@example.com Received: 11 November 2017; Accepted: 19 November 2017. doi: 10.1111/1759-7714.12579 Thoracic Cancer 9 (2018) 218–227 Abstract Environmental stresses are ubiquitous and unavoidable to all living things. Organisms respond and adapt to stresses through de?ned regulatory mechanisms that drive changes in gene expression, organismal
Coping strategies of nursing students for dealing with stress in clinical setting: A qualitative study Electronic Physician (ISSN: 2008-5842) http://www.ephysician.ir December 2017, Volume: 9, Issue: 12, Pages: 6120-6128, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19082/6120 Corresponding author: Assistant Professor Dr. Esmat Nouhi, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. Tel: +98.3431325219, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Received: April 21, 2017, Accepted: August 20, 2017, Published: December 2017 (...) of nursing students for dealing with stress in clinical setting: A qualitative study Foozieh Rafati 1 , Esmat Nouhi 2 , Sakineh Sabzevari 2 , Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri 3 1 Ph.D. of Nursing, Faculty Member, Nursing and Midwifery School, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran 2 Ph.D. of Nursing Education, Associate Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Physiology Research Center, Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran 3 Ph.D. of Nursing Education
Comparison of umbilical artery Doppler and non-stress test in assessment of fetal well-being in gestational diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study Electronic Physician (ISSN: 2008-5842) http://www.ephysician.ir December 2017, Volume: 9, Issue: 12, Pages: 6087-6093, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19082/6087 Corresponding author: Assistant Professor Dr. Mitra Eftekhariyazdi, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran. Tel (...) , provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made. Page 6087 Comparison of umbilical artery Doppler and non-stress test in assessment of fetal well-being in gestational diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study Shirin Niromanesh 1 , Mahboobeh shirazi 1,2 , Mitra Eftekhariyazdi 3 , Forough Mortazavi 4 1 Perinatologist, Professor, Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Women Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Patient safety culture and job stress among nurses in Mazandaran, Iran Electronic Physician (ISSN: 2008-5842) http://www.ephysician.ir December 2017, Volume: 9, Issue: 12, Pages: 6010-6016, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19082/6010 Corresponding author: Mohammad Tir, Health Services Management Department, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blv, Qazvin, Iran. Tel: +98.9113912806, Fax: +98.2833345862, E-mail: email@example.com Received: March 19, 2017, Accepted (...) are made. Page 6010 Patient safety culture and job stress among nurses in Mazandaran, Iran Saeed Asefzadeh 1 , Rohollah Kalhor 2 , Mohammad Tir 3 1 Ph.D. in Health Services Management, Professor, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran 2 Ph.D. in Health Services Management, Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran 3 M.Sc. Student in Health Services Management, Department of Health Services
Being stressed outside the parkâ€”conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia Volume 5 ? 2017 10.1093/conphys/cox067 Research article Being stressed outside the park—conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia Louis Hunninck 1, * , Iris H. Ringstad 1 , Craig R. Jackson 2 ,RoelMay 2 , Frode Fossøy 1,2 , Kenneth Uiseb 3 , Werner Killian 3 , Rupert Palme 4 and Eivin Røskaft 1 1 Norwegian University of Science and Technology—NTNU, Department of Biology (...) of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential to a?ect elephants’ ?tness. In Namibia, anthropogenic disturbances are increasing due to increasing human population size and development, particularly near protected areas, such as national parks. In this study, we investigated elephant stress levels in relation to their land use, speci?cally
â€˜We lost because of his drunkennessâ€™: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context of daily life stress in marriages and intimate relationships in rural Sri Lanka 1 Sørensen JB, et al. BMJ Glob Health 2017;2:e000462. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000462 Abstr Act Introduction Harmful alcohol use has been found to cause detriment to the consumers and those around them. Research carried out in Sri Lanka has described the socioeconomic consequences to families owing to alcohol (...) ‘We lost because of his drunkenness’: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context of daily life stress in marriages and intimate relationships in rural Sri Lanka Jane Brandt Sørensen, 1 Thilini Agampodi, 2 Birgitte Refslund Sørensen, 3 Sisira Siribaddana, 4 Flemming Konradsen, 1 Thilde Rheinländer 1 Research To cite: Sørensen JB, Agampodi T, Sørensen BR, et al. ‘We lost because of his drunkenness’: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context
A crossâ€sectional study of stress and its sources among health professional students at Makerere University, Uganda 70 | Nursing Open. 2018;5:70–76. wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/nop2 Received: 17 December 2016 | Accepted: 21 October 2017 DOI: 10.1002/nop2.113 RESEARCH ARTICLE A cross- sectional study of stress and its sources among health professional students at Makerere University, Uganda Sharon Bright Amanya | Joyce Nakitende | Tom Denis Ngabirano Department of Nursing, College of Health (...) Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda Correspondence Sharon Bright Amanya, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract Aim: To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health pro- fessional students at Makerere University. Design: This was a descriptive cross- sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection. Methods: The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health
Cytochrome b5 protects photoreceptors from light stress-induced lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration ARTICLE OPEN Cytochrome b5 protects photoreceptors from light stress- induced lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration Xinping Chen 1,5 , Hana Hall 1 , Jeffrey P. Simpson 1 , Walter D. Leon-Salas 2 , Donald F. Ready 3 and Vikki M. Weake 1,4 Lipid peroxides are generated by oxidative stress in cells, and contribute to ageing and neurodegenerative disease. The eye is at special risk (...) for lipid peroxidation because photoreceptors possess ampli?ed sensory membranes rich in peroxidation-susceptible polyunsaturated fatty acids. Light-induced lipid peroxidation in the retina contributes to retinal degeneration, and lipid peroxidation has been implicated in the progression of age-associated ocular diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here, we show that exposing Drosophila melanogaster to strong blue light induces oxidative stress including lipid peroxidationthat
Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain 28742756 2017 11 21 1528-1159 42 20 2017 Oct 15 Spine Spine Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain. 1511-1520 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002344 Economic evaluation alongside a randomized trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness (...) -based stress reduction (MBSR) versus usual care alone (UC) for chronic low back pain (CLBP). To determine 1-year cost-effectiveness of CBT and MBSR compared to 33 UC. CLBP is expensive in terms of healthcare costs and lost productivity. Mind-body interventions have been found effective for back pain, but their cost-effectiveness is unexplored. A total of 342 adults in an integrated healthcare system with CLBP were randomized to receive MBSR (n = 116), CBT (n = 113), or UC (n = 113). CBT and MBSR
Enteral nutrition as stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled exploratory study PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?
Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study Lars R. Nissen, Karen-Inge Karstoft, Mia S. Vedtofte, Anni B.S. Nielsen, Merete Osler, Erik L. Mortensen, Gunhild T . Christensen and Søren B. Andersen Background Studies of the association between pre-deployment cognitive ability and post-deployment (...) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have shown mixed results. Aims To study the influence of pre-deployment cognitive ability on PTSD symptoms 6–8 months post-deployment in a large population while controlling for pre-deployment education and deployment-related variables. Method Study linking prospective pre-deployment conscription board data with post-deployment self-reported data in 9695 Danish Army personnel deployed to different war zones in 1997–2013. The association between pre-deployment cognitive ability and post
Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide 29725640 2018 11 14 2468-0249 3 2 2018 Mar Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide. 364-373 10.1016/j.ekir.2017.10.016 A recent study suggested that orally dosed ferric citrate hydrate (FC) corrects renal anemia in patients on hemodialysis (HD), suggesting biological differences (...) significant decreases in thioredoxin (antioxidant) in FO, whereas no changes were found in FC. Oral FC differs from i.v. FO in areas such as less NTBI generation and less induction of oxidative stress. The result indicates potential clinical benefits of oral FC in terms of iron supplementation for renal anemia in HD patients. Nakayama Masaaki M Research Division of Chronic Kidney Disease and Dialysis Treatment, Tohoku University, Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan. Core Center of Advanced