Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

21. Occupational stress among nurses and pre-hospital emergency staff: application of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) method

Occupational stress among nurses and pre-hospital emergency staff: application of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) method 30233280 2018 11 14 1611-2156 17 2018 EXCLI journal EXCLI J Occupational stress among nurses and pre-hospital emergency staff: application of fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) method. 808-824 10.17179/excli2018-1505 Healthcare professionals, especially nurses and pre-hospital emergency (PHE) staff, are influenced by many stressors due to their responsibility (...) to provide comfort as well as care and treatment of patients. The aim of the present study was to identify and rank the occupational stressors in nurses and PHE staff using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) method. In this cross-sectional study, occupational stress factors in nurses and PHE staffs were identified and ranked by 30 experts, using FAHP method. Occupational stress factors were collected by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Job Stress Questionnaires as well as a literature review

EXCLI journal2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

22. Surgery for women with pelvic organ prolapse with or without stress urinary incontinence.

Surgery for women with pelvic organ prolapse with or without stress urinary incontinence. BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is common in women and is frequently associated with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In many cases however, SUI is present only with the prolapse reduced (occult SUI) or may develop after surgical treatment for prolapse (de novo SUI). OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact on postoperative bladder function of surgery for symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (...) with or without concomitant or delayed two-stage continence procedures to treat or prevent stress urinary incontinence. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register, which contains trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE-In-Process, ClinicalTrials.gov, WHO ICTRP, handsearching journals and conference proceedings (searched 11 November 2017) and reference lists of relevant articles. We also contacted researchers

Cochrane2018

23. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for family carers of people with dementia.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction for family carers of people with dementia. BACKGROUND: Caring for people with dementia is highly challenging, and family carers are recognised as being at increased risk of physical and mental ill-health. Most current interventions have limited success in reducing stress among carers of people with dementia. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) draws on a range of practices and may be a promising approach to helping carers of people with dementia (...) . OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of MBSR in reducing the stress of family carers of people with dementia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched ALOIS - the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group's Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (all years to Issue 9 of 12, 2017), MEDLINE (Ovid SP 1950 to September 2017), Embase (Ovid SP 1974 to Sepetmber 2017), Web of Science (ISI Web of Science 1945 to September 2017), PsycINFO (Ovid SP 1806 to September 2017

Cochrane2018

24. Stress

Stress Top results for stress - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing (...) the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for stress The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory

Trip Latest and Greatest2018

25. Individual Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Using Mantram Repetition: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Individual Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Using Mantram Repetition: A Randomized Clinical Trial 29921143 2018 06 20 1535-7228 2018 Jun 20 The American journal of psychiatry Am J Psychiatry Individual Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Using Mantram Repetition: A Randomized Clinical Trial. appiajp201817060611 10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17060611 Previous studies suggest that group "mantram" (sacred word) repetition therapy, a non-trauma-focused complementary therapy (...) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), may be an effective treatment for veterans. The authors compared individually delivered mantram repetition therapy and another non-trauma-focused treatment for PTSD. The study was a two-site, open-allocation, blinded-assessment randomized trial involving 173 veterans diagnosed with military-related PTSD from two Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics (January 2012 to March 2014). The mantram group (N=89) learned skills for silent mantram repetition, slowing thoughts

EvidenceUpdates2018

26. In vivo imaging of inflammation and oxidative stress in a nonhuman primate model of cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration

In vivo imaging of inflammation and oxidative stress in a nonhuman primate model of cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration 30038956 2018 11 14 2373-8057 4 2018 NPJ Parkinson's disease NPJ Parkinsons Dis In vivo imaging of inflammation and oxidative stress in a nonhuman primate model of cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration. 22 10.1038/s41531-018-0057-1 Loss of cardiac postganglionic sympathetic innervation is a characteristic pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). It progresses over time (...) independently of motor symptoms and is not responsive to typical anti-parkinsonian therapies. Cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration can be mimicked in animals using systemic dosing of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). As in PD, 6-OHDA-induced neuronal loss is associated with increased inflammation and oxidative stress. To assess the feasibility of detecting changes over time in cardiac catecholaminergic innervation, inflammation, and oxidative stress, myocardial positron emission tomography

NPJ Parkinson's disease2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

27. How an Environment of Stress and Social Risk Shapes Student Engagement With Social Media as Potential Digital Learning Platforms: Qualitative Study

How an Environment of Stress and Social Risk Shapes Student Engagement With Social Media as Potential Digital Learning Platforms: Qualitative Study 30006324 2018 11 14 2369-3762 4 2 2018 Jul 13 JMIR medical education JMIR Med Educ How an Environment of Stress and Social Risk Shapes Student Engagement With Social Media as Potential Digital Learning Platforms: Qualitative Study. e10069 10.2196/10069 Social media has been increasingly used as a learning tool in medical education. Specifically (...) , uncertain group norms, the desire to present an ideal self, and academic competition. These inhibitors led to student stress when managing their social media accounts, discouraged them from actively engaging on social media, and prevented the full exploitation of social media as an effective learning tool. This study identified important drivers and inhibitors for students to engage with social media platforms as learning tools. Although social media supported students to manage their relationships

JMIR medical education2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

28. Association of stressful life events and psychological problems profile: Results from a large-scale cross-sectional study among Iranian industrial employees using Bayesian quantile structural equation model

Association of stressful life events and psychological problems profile: Results from a large-scale cross-sectional study among Iranian industrial employees using Bayesian quantile structural equation model 30108466 2018 11 14 1611-2156 17 2018 EXCLI journal EXCLI J Association of stressful life events and psychological problems profile: Results from a large-scale cross-sectional study among Iranian industrial employees using Bayesian quantile structural equation model. 620-633 10.17179 (...) /excli2018-1051 Objectives : The current study aimed at evaluating the major domains of stressful life events and their association with psychological problems profile in a large sample of Iranian industrial manufacturing employees. Methods : In a cross-sectional study, 3,063 participants were randomly selected from 16,000 employees working in a big industrial company in Isfahan, Iran. Three common psychological problems i.e. depression, anxiety and psychological distress were evaluated using Persian

EXCLI journal2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

29. A novel cardiac output response to stress test developed to improve diagnosis and monitoring of heart failure in primary care

A novel cardiac output response to stress test developed to improve diagnosis and monitoring of heart failure in primary care 29943902 2018 12 12 2055-5822 5 4 2018 08 ESC heart failure ESC Heart Fail A novel cardiac output response to stress test developed to improve diagnosis and monitoring of heart failure in primary care. 703-712 10.1002/ehf2.12302 Primary care physicians lack access to an objective cardiac function test. This study for the first time describes a novel cardiac output (...) response to stress (CORS) test developed to improve diagnosis and monitoring of heart failure in primary care and investigates its reproducibility. Prospective observational study recruited 32 consecutive primary care patients (age, 63 ± 9 years; female, n = 18). Cardiac output was measured continuously using the bioreactance method in supine and standing positions and during two 3 min stages of a step-exercise protocol (10 and 15 steps per minute) using a 15 cm height bench. The CORS test

ESC heart failure2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

30. Shear Stress Regulation of Endothelium: A Double-edged Sword

Shear Stress Regulation of Endothelium: A Double-edged Sword 29984197 2018 11 14 2450-131X 6 2 2018 Jun Journal of translational internal medicine J Transl Int Med Shear Stress Regulation of Endothelium: A Double-edged Sword. 58-61 10.2478/jtim-2018-0019 Bai Liang L Cardiovascular Research Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi Province, China. Shyy John Y-J JY PhD Cardiovascular Research Center, School of Basic Medical

Journal of translational internal medicine2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

31. The 5-HTTLPR genotype, early life adversity and cortisol responsivity to psychosocial stress in women

The 5-HTTLPR genotype, early life adversity and cortisol responsivity to psychosocial stress in women 29988976 2018 11 14 2056-4724 4 4 2018 Jul BJPsych open BJPsych Open The 5-HTTLPR genotype, early life adversity and cortisol responsivity to psychosocial stress in women. 180-185 10.1192/bjo.2018.23 The serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has previously been associated with hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis function. Moreover, it has been suggested (...) that this association is moderated by an interaction with stressful life experiences. To investigate the moderation of cortisol response to psychosocial stress by 5-HTTLPR genotype, either directly or through an interaction with early life stress. A total of 151 women, 85 of which had personality psychopathology, performed the Trier Social Stress Test while cortisol responsivity was assessed. The results demonstrate a main effect of genotype on cortisol responsivity. Women carrying two copies of the long version

BJPsych open2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

32. Association of Stress-Related Disorders With Subsequent Autoimmune Disease.

Association of Stress-Related Disorders With Subsequent Autoimmune Disease. Importance: Psychiatric reactions to life stressors are common in the general population and may result in immune dysfunction. Whether such reactions contribute to the risk of autoimmune disease remains unclear. Objective: To determine whether there is an association between stress-related disorders and subsequent autoimmune disease. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population- and sibling-matched retrospective cohort (...) study conducted in Sweden from January 1, 1981, to December 31, 2013. The cohort included 106 464 exposed patients with stress-related disorders, with 1 064 640 matched unexposed persons and 126 652 full siblings of these patients. Exposures: Diagnosis of stress-related disorders, ie, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress reaction, adjustment disorder, and other stress reactions. Main Outcomes and Measures: Stress-related disorder and autoimmune diseases were identified through the National

JAMA2018

33. The Role of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Acute Oxalate Nephropathy Associated With Ethylene Glycol Intoxication

The Role of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Acute Oxalate Nephropathy Associated With Ethylene Glycol Intoxication 30197989 2018 11 14 2468-0249 3 5 2018 Sep Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep The Role of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Acute Oxalate Nephropathy Associated With Ethylene Glycol Intoxication. 1217-1221 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.05.005 Wilson Gregory J GJ Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. School

Kidney international reports2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

34. Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update

Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update PATIENT-CENTERED OUTCOMES RESEARCH INSTITUTE In partnership with Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update MAY 2018Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 207 Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update Prepared for: Agency (...) With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review Update. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 207. (Prepared by the RTI International-University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2015-00011-I for AHRQ and PCORI.) AHRQ Publication No. 18-EHC011-EF. PCORI Publication No. 2018-SR-01. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2018. Posted final reports are located on the Effective Health Care Program search page. DOI: https://doi.org

Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)2018

35. Early Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Survivors of Critical Illness: A Qualitative Systematic Review

Early Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Survivors of Critical Illness: A Qualitative Systematic Review 29794546 2018 05 25 1530-0293 2018 May 22 Critical care medicine Crit. Care Med. Early Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Survivors of Critical Illness: A Qualitative Systematic Review. 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003222 Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of critical illness is of public health importance (...) , as it is common and reduces patient quality of life. The objective of this systematic review was to collate the world's literature on interventions aimed at preventing posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of critical illness. We performed a search of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and clinical trials registry platforms, with no restriction to language using a comprehensive strategy. Study inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) adult human subjects, 2) patients treated in an ICU setting, 3

EvidenceUpdates2018

36. Blood Pressure and Renal Responses to Orthostatic Stress Before and After Radiofrequency Renal Denervation in Patients with Resistant Hypertension

Blood Pressure and Renal Responses to Orthostatic Stress Before and After Radiofrequency Renal Denervation in Patients with Resistant Hypertension 29876358 2018 11 14 2297-055X 5 2018 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine Front Cardiovasc Med Blood Pressure and Renal Responses to Orthostatic Stress Before and After Radiofrequency Renal Denervation in Patients with Resistant Hypertension. 42 10.3389/fcvm.2018.00042 In patients with resistant hypertension, renal denervation (RDN) studies have (...) mainly focused their outcomes on blood pressure (BP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of RDN on neurohormonal profiles, renal hemodynamics and sodium excretion in a resting state and during stress induced by lower body negative pressure (LBNP). This was a single center prospective observational study. Norepinephrine, plasma renin activity (PRA), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF) and sodium excretion were measured in unstimulated conditions (rest

Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

37. The Crosstalk of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress Pathways with NF-κB: Complex Mechanisms Relevant for Cancer, Inflammation and Infection

The Crosstalk of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress Pathways with NF-κB: Complex Mechanisms Relevant for Cancer, Inflammation and Infection 29772680 2018 11 14 2227-9059 6 2 2018 May 16 Biomedicines Biomedicines The Crosstalk of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress Pathways with NF-κB: Complex Mechanisms Relevant for Cancer, Inflammation and Infection. E58 10.3390/biomedicines6020058 Stressful conditions occuring during cancer, inflammation or infection activate adaptive responses (...) results from genetic experiments and chemical activators of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that suggest a link to the cytosolic inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB)α degradation pathway. These data show that the UPR affects this major control point of NF-κB activation through several mechanisms. Taken together, available evidence indicates that the UPR and NF-κB interact at multiple levels. This crosstalk provides ample opportunities to fine-tune cellular stress responses and could also be exploited

Biomedicines2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

38. Evaluation of oxidative stress indices after exposure to malathion and protective effects of ascorbic acid in ovarian tissue of adult female rats

Evaluation of oxidative stress indices after exposure to malathion and protective effects of ascorbic acid in ovarian tissue of adult female rats 29997763 2018 11 14 2008-5842 10 5 2018 May Electronic physician Electron Physician Evaluation of oxidative stress indices after exposure to malathion and protective effects of ascorbic acid in ovarian tissue of adult female rats. 6789-6795 10.19082/6789 Malathion is one of organophosphate pesticides that is extensively used in farming and crops (...) to control pests. Malathion induces oxidative stress in the various tissues such as the reproductive system. To determine the effects of malathion on malondialdehyde (MDA) level and glutathione (GSH) content in female rat ovary tissue as well as to assess the protective role of Ascorbic Acid. This study was carried out at the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology (School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran) in 2015. In this experimental study, 30 adult, female, Wistar rats

Electronic physician2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

39. Dobutamine stress-induced ischemic right ventricular dysfunction in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease

Dobutamine stress-induced ischemic right ventricular dysfunction in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease 29997761 2018 11 14 2008-5842 10 5 2018 May Electronic physician Electron Physician Dobutamine stress-induced ischemic right ventricular dysfunction in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease. 6775-6780 10.19082/6775 Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is a non-invasive technique to detect coronary artery diseases (CAD). There are limited studies on evaluation (...) of the right ventricular function by stress echocardiography. The appropriate evaluation of RV function and early diagnosis of its failure can help to improve outcomes for the patients undergoing cardiac surgery. To determine right ventricular dysfunction in patients with three-vessel CAD by using DSE. This cross-sectional study was among 13 patients who were candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) referred to Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran; from September 2015 to May 2016. After a physical

Electronic physician2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

40. Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Modified Pectoral Block on Postoperative Pain and Stress Response in Patient Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy

Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Modified Pectoral Block on Postoperative Pain and Stress Response in Patient Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy 29565951 2018 03 22 2150-1149 21 2 2018 Mar Pain physician Pain Physician Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Modified Pectoral Block on Postoperative Pain and Stress Response in Patient Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy. E87-E96 The most common surgical procedure for breast cancer is the modified radical mastectomy (MRM (...) ), but it is associated with significant postoperative pain. Regional anesthesia can reduce the stress response associated with surgical trauma. Our aim is to explore the efficacy of 1 µg/kg dexmedetomedine added to an ultrasound (US)-modified pectoral (Pecs) block on postoperative pain and stress response in patients undergoing MRM. A randomized, double-blind, prospective study. An academic medical center. Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-II (18-60 years old

EvidenceUpdates2018