Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

1. Internet-based cognitive and behavioural therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults.

Internet-based cognitive and behavioural therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults. BACKGROUND: Therapist-delivered trauma-focused psychological therapies are an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These have become the accepted first-line treatments for the disorder. Despite the established evidence-base for these therapies, they are not always widely available or accessible. Many barriers limit treatment uptake, such as the limited number (...) of qualified therapists to deliver the interventions, cost, and compliance issues, such as time off work, childcare, and transportation, associated with the need to attend weekly appointments. Delivering cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) on the Internet is an effective and acceptable alternative to therapist-delivered treatments for anxiety and depression. However, fewer Internet-based therapies have been developed and evaluated for PTSD, and uncertainty surrounds the efficacy of Internet-based cognitive

Cochrane2018

2. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for menopausal symptoms after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (PURSUE study): a randomised controlled trial

Mindfulness-based stress reduction for menopausal symptoms after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (PURSUE study): a randomised controlled trial 30222235 2018 10 24 1471-0528 2018 Sep 17 BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology BJOG Mindfulness-based stress reduction for menopausal symptoms after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (PURSUE study): a randomised controlled trial. 10.1111/1471-0528.15471 To assess the short- and long-term effects of mindfulness-based stress (...) groups, respectively; at 12 months, the corresponding values were 3.6 (95% CI 3.1-4.0) and 3.9 (95% CI 3.5-4.4). No significant differences were found between the MBSR and CAU groups in the other scores. Mindfulness-based stress reduction was effective at improving quality of life in the short- and long-term for patients with menopausal symptoms after RRSO; however, it was not associated with an improvement in sexual functioning or distress. Mindfulness improves menopause-related quality

EvidenceUpdates2018

3. Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder P Post-tr ost-traumatic stress disorder aumatic stress disorder NICE guideline Published: 5 December 2018 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng116 © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement (...) . Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Post-traumatic stress disorder (NG116) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 54Contents Contents Overview 5 Who is it for? 5 Recommendations 6 1.1 Recognition

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines2018

4. Factors related to stress fracture after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

Factors related to stress fracture after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty 30416975 2018 12 21 2214-6873 15 2019 Jan Asia-Pacific journal of sports medicine, arthroscopy, rehabilitation and technology Asia Pac J Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Technol Factors related to stress fracture after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. 1-5 10.1016/j.asmart.2018.10.001 Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a low-invasive knee surgery that enables early recovery. Stress fracture of the medial tibial (...) plateau (MTP) is a complication of UKA that prolongs treatment once it has occurred. We investigated factors affecting its occurrence. The study subjects were 167 patients who underwent fixed-bearing UKA between 2009 and 2016 (45 men and 122 women of mean age 77 years, including 134 with osteoarthritis of the knee and 33 with spontaneous osteonecrosis). We measured bone mineral density, installation angle of the tibial component, and leg alignment in those patients who developed stress fracture within

Asia-Pacific journal of sports medicine, arthroscopy, rehabilitation and technology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

5. Chloroplast proteome analysis of Nicotiana tabacum overexpressing TERF1 under drought stress condition

Chloroplast proteome analysis of Nicotiana tabacum overexpressing TERF1 under drought stress condition 30374844 2018 11 14 1817-406X 59 1 2018 Oct 29 Botanical studies Bot Stud Chloroplast proteome analysis of Nicotiana tabacum overexpressing TERF1 under drought stress condition. 26 10.1186/s40529-018-0239-5 Chloroplast is indispensable for plant response to environmental stresses, growth and development, whose function is regulated by different plant hormones. The chloroplast proteome (...) is encoded by chloroplast genome and nuclear genome, which play essential roles in plant photosynthesis, metabolism and other biological processes. Ethylene response factors (ERFs) are key transcription factors in activating the ethylene signaling pathway and plant response to abiotic stress. But we know little about how ethylene regulates plastid function under drought stress condition. In this study we utilized tobacco overexpressing tomato ethylene responsive factor 1 (TERF1), an ERF transcription

Botanical studies2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

6. The effect of capture and handling stress in Lophius americanus in the scallop dredge fishery

The effect of capture and handling stress in Lophius americanus in the scallop dredge fishery 30397478 2018 11 14 2051-1434 6 1 2018 Conservation physiology Conserv Physiol The effect of capture and handling stress in Lophius americanus in the scallop dredge fishery. coy058 10.1093/conphys/coy058 Capture and handling stress studies are considered a primary research priority, particularly for species and fisheries where discard rates are high, and/or for overfished stocks and species of concern (...) . Lophius americanus , a commercially valuable finfish in New England, constitutes the second highest bycatch species within the sea scallop dredge fishery. Despite its commercial importance, no data exists on the capture and handling stress of monkfish for any gear type. Given these shortcomings, our goals were to evaluate the stress response of monkfish captured in scallop dredge gear by evaluating physical, behavioural and physiological responses to scallop fishing practices. While 80% of monkfish

Conservation physiology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

7. Long-term Rate of Mesh Sling Removal Following Midurethral Mesh Sling Insertion Among Women With Stress Urinary Incontinence.

Long-term Rate of Mesh Sling Removal Following Midurethral Mesh Sling Insertion Among Women With Stress Urinary Incontinence. Importance: There is concern about outcomes of midurethral mesh sling insertion for women with stress urinary incontinence. However, there is little evidence on long-term outcomes. Objective: To examine long-term mesh removal and reoperation rates in women who had a midurethral mesh sling insertion for stress urinary incontinence. Design, Setting, and Participants (...) : This population-based retrospective cohort study included 95 057 women aged 18 years or older who had a first-ever midurethral mesh sling insertion for stress urinary incontinence in the National Health Service hospitals in England between April 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015. Women were followed up until April 1, 2016. Exposures: Patient and hospital factors and retropubic or transobturator mesh sling insertions. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the risk of midurethral mesh sling removal

JAMA2018

8. Noncommunicable disease-attributable medical expenditures, household financial stress and impoverishment in Bangladesh

Noncommunicable disease-attributable medical expenditures, household financial stress and impoverishment in Bangladesh 30417068 2018 12 07 2352-8273 6 2018 Dec SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Noncommunicable disease-attributable medical expenditures, household financial stress and impoverishment in Bangladesh. 252-258 10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.10.001 Treatment of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low-income countries can entail large out-of-pocket (OOP) medical expenditures, which can (...) increase the likelihood of household impoverishment and perpetuate the poverty cycle. This paper studies the implications of NCDs on household medical expenditure, household financial stress (e.g. selling assets or borrowing for treatment financing), catastrophic OOP expenditure, and impoverishment in Bangladesh. We used self-reported health status and household expenditure survey data from 12,240 households in Bangladesh. NCD-afflicted households were defined by presence of at least one

SSM - population health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

9. The effect of the stress hormone cortisol on the metatranscriptome of the oral microbiome

The effect of the stress hormone cortisol on the metatranscriptome of the oral microbiome 30345066 2018 11 14 2055-5008 4 2018 NPJ biofilms and microbiomes NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes The effect of the stress hormone cortisol on the metatranscriptome of the oral microbiome. 25 10.1038/s41522-018-0068-z Imbalances of the microbiome, also referred to as microbial dysbiosis, could lead to a series of different diseases. One factor that has been shown to lead to dysbiosis of the microbiome is exposure (...) microbiota is involved in stressor-induced immunomodulation, but other biological effects are not yet known. Here we present the impact that cortisol had on the community-wide transcriptome of the oral community. We used a metatranscriptomic approach to obtain first insights into the metabolic changes induced by this stress hormone as well as which members of the oral microbiome respond to the presence of cortisol in the environment. Our findings show that the stress hormone cortisol directly induces

NPJ biofilms and microbiomes2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

10. The Effects of a Life Stress Emotional Awareness and Expression Interview for Women with Chronic Urogenital Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

The Effects of a Life Stress Emotional Awareness and Expression Interview for Women with Chronic Urogenital Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial 30252113 2018 09 25 1526-4637 2018 Sep 24 Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.) Pain Med The Effects of a Life Stress Emotional Awareness and Expression Interview for Women with Chronic Urogenital Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 10.1093/pm/pny182 Women with chronic urogenital pain (CUP) conditions have elevated rates of lifetime trauma, relational stress (...) , and emotional conflicts, but directly assessing and treating psychological stress is rarely done in women's health care settings. We developed and tested the effects on patients' somatic and psychological symptoms of a life stress interview that encourages disclosure about stressors and uses experiential techniques to increase awareness of links between stress, emotions, and symptoms. In this randomized trial, women with CUP recruited at a multidisciplinary women's urology center received either a single 90

EvidenceUpdates2018

11. Urinary stress incontinence and other maternal outcomes 2 years after caesarean or vaginal birth for twin pregnancy: a multicentre randomised trial

Urinary stress incontinence and other maternal outcomes 2 years after caesarean or vaginal birth for twin pregnancy: a multicentre randomised trial 30007113 2018 09 03 1471-0528 2018 Jul 14 BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology BJOG Urinary stress incontinence and other maternal outcomes 2 years after caesarean or vaginal birth for twin pregnancy: a multicentre randomised trial. 10.1111/1471-0528.15407 Does planned caesarean compared with planned vaginal birth lower (...) the risk of problematic urinary stress, faecal, or flatal incontinence? Women between 32 0/7 and 38 6/7 weeks of gestation with a twin pregnancy were randomised to planned caesarean or planned vaginal birth. The trial took place at 106 centres in 25 countries. A total of 2305 of the 2804 women enrolled in the study completed questionnaires at 2 years (82.2% follow-up): 1155 in the planned caesarean group and 1150 in the planned vaginal birth group. A structured self-administered questionnaire completed

EvidenceUpdates2018

12. Integrating physiological stress into the movement ecology of migratory ungulates: a spatial analysis with mule deer

Integrating physiological stress into the movement ecology of migratory ungulates: a spatial analysis with mule deer 30279991 2018 11 14 2051-1434 6 1 2018 Conservation physiology Conserv Physiol Integrating physiological stress into the movement ecology of migratory ungulates: a spatial analysis with mule deer. coy054 10.1093/conphys/coy054 Rapid climate and human land-use change may limit the ability of long-distance migratory herbivores to optimally track or 'surf' high-quality forage during (...) spring green-up. Understanding how anthropogenic and environmental stressors influence migratory movements is of critical importance because of their potential to cause a mismatch between the timing of animal movements and the emergence of high-quality forage. We measured stress hormones (fecal glucocorticoid metabolites; FGMs) to test hypotheses about the effects of high-quality forage tracking, human land-use and use of stopover sites on the physiological state of individuals along a migratory

Conservation physiology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

13. Recombinant Newcastle disease virus expressing human IFN‐λ1 (rL‐hIFN‐λ1)‐induced apoptosis of A549 cells is connected to endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways

Recombinant Newcastle disease virus expressing human IFN‐λ1 (rL‐hIFN‐λ1)‐induced apoptosis of A549 cells is connected to endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways 30246439 2018 12 07 1759-7714 9 11 2018 Nov Thoracic cancer Thorac Cancer Recombinant Newcastle disease virus expressing human IFN-λ1 (rL-hIFN-λ1)-induced apoptosis of A549 cells is connected to endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways. 1437-1452 10.1111/1759-7714.12857 IFN-λs are a kind of cytokine with anti-tumor (...) , immunomodulatory, and anti-proliferative activity. Recent studies have shown that the recombinant Newcastle disease virus expresses human IFN-λ1 (rL-hIFN-λ1), which plays a role in gastric cancer cell apoptosis. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) induces autophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. In this study, we explored the relationship between ERS and rL-hIFN-λ1-induced apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and its underlying mechanism. First, we investigated the effect of rL-hIFN-λ1 on cellular

Thoracic cancer2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

14. Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Post-traumatic stress disorder Last reviewed: August 2018 Last updated: September 2018 Summary Disorder that may develop (either immediately or delayed) following exposure to a stressful event or situation of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature. According to DSM-5, it is characterised by 4 (...) , and an assessment of risk: this can be facilitated by the use of screening questionnaires and a clinical interview schedule. Trauma-focused psychological treatments are the most effective treatment. Pharmacotherapy may be used in patients who do not respond to, cannot tolerate, do not want, or do not have access to psychological therapies. Definition Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop following exposure to 1 or more traumatic events such as deliberate acts of interpersonal violence, severe

BMJ Best Practice2018

15. Dead tired: evaluating the physiological status and survival of neonatal reef sharks under stress

Dead tired: evaluating the physiological status and survival of neonatal reef sharks under stress 30254751 2018 11 14 2051-1434 6 1 2018 Conservation physiology Conserv Physiol Dead tired: evaluating the physiological status and survival of neonatal reef sharks under stress. coy053 10.1093/conphys/coy053 Marine protected areas (MPAs) can protect shark populations from targeted fisheries, but resident shark populations may remain exposed to stressors like capture as bycatch and environmental (...) change. Populations of young sharks that rely on shallow coastal habitats, e.g. as nursery areas, may be at risk of experiencing these stressors. The purpose of this study was to characterize various components of the physiological stress response of neonatal reef sharks following exposure to an exhaustive challenge under relevant environmental conditions. To accomplish this, we monitored markers of the secondary stress response and measured oxygen uptake rates ( M ˙ O 2 ) to compare to laboratory

Conservation physiology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

16. Dicarbonyl Stress and Glyoxalase-1 in Skeletal Muscle: Implications for Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes

Dicarbonyl Stress and Glyoxalase-1 in Skeletal Muscle: Implications for Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes 30250846 2018 11 14 2297-055X 5 2018 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine Front Cardiovasc Med Dicarbonyl Stress and Glyoxalase-1 in Skeletal Muscle: Implications for Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes. 117 10.3389/fcvm.2018.00117 Glyoxalase-1 (GLO1) is a ubiquitously expressed cytosolic protein which plays a role in the natural maintenance of cellular health and is abundantly (...) expressed in human skeletal muscle. A consequence of reduced GLO1 protein expression is cellular dicarbonyl stress, which is elevated in obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Both in vitro and pre-clinical models suggest dicarbonyl stress per se induces insulin resistance and is prevented by GLO1 overexpression, implicating a potential role for GLO1 therapy in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Recent work has identified the therapeutic potential of novel natural agents

Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

17. A modified developmental care bundle reduces pain and stress in preterm infants undergoing examinations for retinopathy of prematurity: A randomised controlled trial

A modified developmental care bundle reduces pain and stress in preterm infants undergoing examinations for retinopathy of prematurity: A randomised controlled trial 30091495 2018 09 04 1365-2702 2018 Aug 09 Journal of clinical nursing J Clin Nurs A modified developmental care bundle reduces pain and stress in preterm infants undergoing examinations for retinopathy of prematurity: A randomised controlled trial. 10.1111/jocn.14645 To determine the comparative efficacy of developmental care (...) versus standard care for reducing pain and stress in preterm infants during examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP examinations are routinely performed in neonatal intensive care units to detect these lesions. Pain scores recorded during and after eye examinations have revealed physiological and behavioural manifestations of pain and stress. A randomised crossover trial was conducted. Fourteen preterm infants were evaluated. The modified developmental care bundle included

EvidenceUpdates2018

18. Efficacy of hypnosis on pain, wound-healing, anxiety, and stress in children with acute burn injuries: a randomized controlled trial

Efficacy of hypnosis on pain, wound-healing, anxiety, and stress in children with acute burn injuries: a randomized controlled trial 29939959 2018 08 16 1872-6623 159 9 2018 Sep Pain Pain Efficacy of hypnosis on pain, wound-healing, anxiety, and stress in children with acute burn injuries: a randomized controlled trial. 1790-1801 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001276 No randomized controlled trial has investigated the efficacy of hypnosis for reducing pain and improving wound-healing in children (...) with burns. This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate whether hypnosis decreases pain, anxiety, and stress and accelerates wound-healing in children undergoing burn wound procedures. Children (4-16 years) with acute burns presenting for their first dressing change were randomly assigned to a Hypnosis Group who received hypnosis plus standard care or a Standard Care Group who received standard pharmacological and nonpharmacological intervention. Repeated measures of pain intensity, anxiety

EvidenceUpdates2018

19. Prolonged exposure therapy and supportive counselling for post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescents: task-shifting randomised controlled trial

Prolonged exposure therapy and supportive counselling for post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescents: task-shifting randomised controlled trial 29991358 2018 07 11 1472-1465 2018 Jul 11 The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science Br J Psychiatry Prolonged exposure therapy and supportive counselling for post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescents: task-shifting randomised controlled trial. 1-8 10.1192/bjp.2018.130 Empirical evidence on the effectiveness of evidence (...) -based treatments for adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in low-resource settings is needed.AimsTo evaluate the comparative effectiveness of prolonged exposure and supportive counselling in adolescents with PTSD. Sixty-three adolescents (13-18 years) with PTSD were randomly assigned to receive either of the interventions comprising 7-14 sessions of treatment (trial registration in the Pan African Clinical Trials Registry: PACTR201511001345372). The primary outcome measure was PTSD symptom

EvidenceUpdates2018

20. Lifetime glucocorticoid profiles in baleen of right whale calves: potential relationships to chronic stress of repeated wounding by Kelp Gulls

Lifetime glucocorticoid profiles in baleen of right whale calves: potential relationships to chronic stress of repeated wounding by Kelp Gulls 30151197 2018 11 14 2051-1434 6 1 2018 Conservation physiology Conserv Physiol Lifetime glucocorticoid profiles in baleen of right whale calves: potential relationships to chronic stress of repeated wounding by Kelp Gulls. coy045 10.1093/conphys/coy045 Baleen tissue accumulates stress hormones (glucocorticoids, GC) as it grows, along with other adrenal (...) patterns of stress physiology. Here we report lifetime profiles of cortisol and corticosterone in baleen of a North Atlantic right whale ('NARW'- Eubalaena glacialis ) calf that died from a vessel strike, as well as four southern right whale ('SRW'- Eubalaena australis ) calves that were found dead with varying severity of chronic wounding from Kelp Gull ( Larus dominicanus ) attacks. In all five calves, prenatally grown baleen exhibited a distinctive profile of elevated glucocorticoids that declined

Conservation physiology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro