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Latest & greatest articles for stress
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The Effects of a Life Stress Emotional Awareness and Expression Interview for Women with Chronic Urogenital Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial 30252113 2018 09 25 1526-4637 2018 Sep 24 Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.) Pain Med The Effects of a Life Stress Emotional Awareness and Expression Interview for Women with Chronic Urogenital Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 10.1093/pm/pny182 Women with chronic urogenital pain (CUP) conditions have elevated rates of lifetime trauma, relational stress (...) , and emotional conflicts, but directly assessing and treating psychological stress is rarely done in women's health care settings. We developed and tested the effects on patients' somatic and psychological symptoms of a life stress interview that encourages disclosure about stressors and uses experiential techniques to increase awareness of links between stress, emotions, and symptoms. In this randomized trial, women with CUP recruited at a multidisciplinary women's urology center received either a single 90
Urinary stress incontinence and other maternal outcomes 2 years after caesarean or vaginal birth for twin pregnancy: a multicentre randomised trial 30007113 2018 09 03 1471-0528 2018 Jul 14 BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology BJOG Urinary stress incontinence and other maternal outcomes 2 years after caesarean or vaginal birth for twin pregnancy: a multicentre randomised trial. 10.1111/1471-0528.15407 Does planned caesarean compared with planned vaginal birth lower (...) the risk of problematic urinary stress, faecal, or flatal incontinence? Women between 32 0/7 and 38 6/7 weeks of gestation with a twin pregnancy were randomised to planned caesarean or planned vaginal birth. The trial took place at 106 centres in 25 countries. A total of 2305 of the 2804 women enrolled in the study completed questionnaires at 2 years (82.2% follow-up): 1155 in the planned caesarean group and 1150 in the planned vaginal birth group. A structured self-administered questionnaire completed
Post-traumatic stress disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search Post-traumatic stress disorder Last reviewed: August 2018 Last updated: September 2018 Summary Disorder that may develop (either immediately or delayed) following exposure to a stressful event or situation of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature. According to DSM-5, it is characterised by 4 (...) , and an assessment of risk: this can be facilitated by the use of screening questionnaires and a clinical interview schedule. Trauma-focused psychological treatments are the most effective treatment. Pharmacotherapy may be used in patients who do not respond to, cannot tolerate, do not want, or do not have access to psychological therapies. Definition Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop following exposure to 1 or more traumatic events such as deliberate acts of interpersonal violence, severe
Prolonged exposure therapy and supportive counselling for post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescents: task-shifting randomised controlled trial 29991358 2018 07 11 1472-1465 2018 Jul 11 The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science Br J Psychiatry Prolonged exposure therapy and supportive counselling for post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescents: task-shifting randomised controlled trial. 1-8 10.1192/bjp.2018.130 Empirical evidence on the effectiveness of evidence (...) -based treatments for adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in low-resource settings is needed.AimsTo evaluate the comparative effectiveness of prolonged exposure and supportive counselling in adolescents with PTSD. Sixty-three adolescents (13-18 years) with PTSD were randomly assigned to receive either of the interventions comprising 7-14 sessions of treatment (trial registration in the Pan African Clinical Trials Registry: PACTR201511001345372). The primary outcome measure was PTSD symptom
Efficacy of hypnosis on pain, wound-healing, anxiety, and stress in children with acute burn injuries: a randomized controlled trial 29939959 2018 08 16 1872-6623 159 9 2018 Sep Pain Pain Efficacy of hypnosis on pain, wound-healing, anxiety, and stress in children with acute burn injuries: a randomized controlled trial. 1790-1801 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001276 No randomized controlled trial has investigated the efficacy of hypnosis for reducing pain and improving wound-healing in children (...) with burns. This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate whether hypnosis decreases pain, anxiety, and stress and accelerates wound-healing in children undergoing burn wound procedures. Children (4-16 years) with acute burns presenting for their first dressing change were randomly assigned to a Hypnosis Group who received hypnosis plus standard care or a Standard Care Group who received standard pharmacological and nonpharmacological intervention. Repeated measures of pain intensity, anxiety
A modified developmental care bundle reduces pain and stress in preterm infants undergoing examinations for retinopathy of prematurity: A randomised controlled trial 30091495 2018 09 04 1365-2702 2018 Aug 09 Journal of clinical nursing J Clin Nurs A modified developmental care bundle reduces pain and stress in preterm infants undergoing examinations for retinopathy of prematurity: A randomised controlled trial. 10.1111/jocn.14645 To determine the comparative efficacy of developmental care (...) versus standard care for reducing pain and stress in preterm infants during examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP examinations are routinely performed in neonatal intensive care units to detect these lesions. Pain scores recorded during and after eye examinations have revealed physiological and behavioural manifestations of pain and stress. A randomised crossover trial was conducted. Fourteen preterm infants were evaluated. The modified developmental care bundle included
Surgery for women with pelvic organ prolapse with or without stress urinary incontinence. BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is common in women and is frequently associated with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In many cases however, SUI is present only with the prolapse reduced (occult SUI) or may develop after surgical treatment for prolapse (de novo SUI). OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact on postoperative bladder function of surgery for symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (...) with or without concomitant or delayed two-stage continence procedures to treat or prevent stress urinary incontinence. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register, which contains trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE-In-Process, ClinicalTrials.gov, WHO ICTRP, handsearching journals and conference proceedings (searched 11 November 2017) and reference lists of relevant articles. We also contacted researchers
Mindfulness-based stress reduction for family carers of people with dementia. BACKGROUND: Caring for people with dementia is highly challenging, and family carers are recognised as being at increased risk of physical and mental ill-health. Most current interventions have limited success in reducing stress among carers of people with dementia. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) draws on a range of practices and may be a promising approach to helping carers of people with dementia (...) . OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of MBSR in reducing the stress of family carers of people with dementia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched ALOIS - the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group's Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (all years to Issue 9 of 12, 2017), MEDLINE (Ovid SP 1950 to September 2017), Embase (Ovid SP 1974 to Sepetmber 2017), Web of Science (ISI Web of Science 1945 to September 2017), PsycINFO (Ovid SP 1806 to September 2017
Individual Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Using Mantram Repetition: A Randomized Clinical Trial 29921143 2018 06 20 1535-7228 2018 Jun 20 The American journal of psychiatry Am J Psychiatry Individual Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Using Mantram Repetition: A Randomized Clinical Trial. appiajp201817060611 10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17060611 Previous studies suggest that group "mantram" (sacred word) repetition therapy, a non-trauma-focused complementary therapy (...) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), may be an effective treatment for veterans. The authors compared individually delivered mantram repetition therapy and another non-trauma-focused treatment for PTSD. The study was a two-site, open-allocation, blinded-assessment randomized trial involving 173 veterans diagnosed with military-related PTSD from two Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics (January 2012 to March 2014). The mantram group (N=89) learned skills for silent mantram repetition, slowing thoughts
Stress Top results for stress - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing (...) the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for stress The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory
Association of Stress-Related Disorders With Subsequent Autoimmune Disease. Importance: Psychiatric reactions to life stressors are common in the general population and may result in immune dysfunction. Whether such reactions contribute to the risk of autoimmune disease remains unclear. Objective: To determine whether there is an association between stress-related disorders and subsequent autoimmune disease. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population- and sibling-matched retrospective cohort (...) study conducted in Sweden from January 1, 1981, to December 31, 2013. The cohort included 106 464 exposed patients with stress-related disorders, with 1 064 640 matched unexposed persons and 126 652 full siblings of these patients. Exposures: Diagnosis of stress-related disorders, ie, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress reaction, adjustment disorder, and other stress reactions. Main Outcomes and Measures: Stress-related disorder and autoimmune diseases were identified through the National
Early Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Survivors of Critical Illness: A Qualitative Systematic Review 29794546 2018 05 25 1530-0293 2018 May 22 Critical care medicine Crit. Care Med. Early Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Survivors of Critical Illness: A Qualitative Systematic Review. 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003222 Posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of critical illness is of public health importance (...) , as it is common and reduces patient quality of life. The objective of this systematic review was to collate the world's literature on interventions aimed at preventing posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors of critical illness. We performed a search of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and clinical trials registry platforms, with no restriction to language using a comprehensive strategy. Study inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) adult human subjects, 2) patients treated in an ICU setting, 3
Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Modified Pectoral Block on Postoperative Pain and Stress Response in Patient Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy 29565951 2018 03 22 2150-1149 21 2 2018 Mar Pain physician Pain Physician Effect of Dexmedetomidine Added to Modified Pectoral Block on Postoperative Pain and Stress Response in Patient Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy. E87-E96 The most common surgical procedure for breast cancer is the modified radical mastectomy (MRM (...) ), but it is associated with significant postoperative pain. Regional anesthesia can reduce the stress response associated with surgical trauma. Our aim is to explore the efficacy of 1 µg/kg dexmedetomedine added to an ultrasound (US)-modified pectoral (Pecs) block on postoperative pain and stress response in patients undergoing MRM. A randomized, double-blind, prospective study. An academic medical center. Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-II (18-60 years old
Web-Based Stress Management for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Cancer (STREAM): A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Intervention Study 29369731 2018 04 06 1527-7755 36 8 2018 Mar 10 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology J. Clin. Oncol. Web-Based Stress Management for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Cancer (STREAM): A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Intervention Study. 780-788 10.1200/JCO.2017.74.8491 Purpose Being diagnosed with cancer causes (...) major psychological distress; however, a majority of patients lack psychological support during this critical period. Internet interventions help patients overcome many barriers to seeking face-to-face support and may thus close this gap. We assessed feasibility and efficacy of Web-based stress management (STREAM [Stress-Aktiv-Mindern]) for newly diagnosed patients with cancer. Patients and Methods In a randomized controlled trial, patients with cancer who had started first-line treatment within
A Brief Exposure-Based Treatment vs Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Noninferiority Clinical Trial 29344631 2018 03 10 2168-6238 75 3 2018 Mar 01 JAMA psychiatry JAMA Psychiatry A Brief Exposure-Based Treatment vs Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Noninferiority Clinical Trial. 233-239 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.4249 Written exposure therapy (WET), a 5-session intervention, has been shown to efficaciously (...) treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, this treatment has not yet been directly compared with a first-line PTSD treatment such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT). To determine if WET is noninferior to CPT in patients with PTSD. In this randomized clinical trial conducted at a Veterans Affairs medical facility between February 28, 2013, and November 6, 2016, 126 veteran and nonveteran adults were randomized to either WET or CPT. Inclusion criteria were a primary diagnosis of PTSD and