Latest & greatest articles for screening

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Top results for screening

161. Early syphilis: screen and treat to prevent transmission

Early syphilis: screen and treat to prevent transmission Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Early syphilis: screen and treat to prevent transmission'', 1 March 2018 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Early syphilis: screen and treat to prevent transmission Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Early syphilis: screen and treat to prevent transmission (...) Syphilis is sometimes hard to identify, and so it is important to screen and treat the sexual partners of infected persons to prevent transmission. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a treponema bacterium. During the year following the onset of infection, syphilis, which is contagious, is said to be early and comprises several clinical stages: primary syphilis (development of a chancre, not always visible depending on its location); secondary syphilis (skin rash); and early latent

Prescrire2018

162. Effect of Dysphagia Screening Strategies on Clinical Outcomes After Stroke: A Systematic Review for the 2018 Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke

Effect of Dysphagia Screening Strategies on Clinical Outcomes After Stroke: A Systematic Review for the 2018 Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke 29367332 2018 03 16 2018 03 16 1524-4628 49 3 2018 03 Stroke Stroke Effect of Dysphagia Screening Strategies on Clinical Outcomes After Stroke: A Systematic Review for the 2018 Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke. e123-e128 10.1161/STR.0000000000000159 Dysphagia screening (...) protocols have been recommended to identify patients at risk for aspiration. The American Heart Association convened an evidence review committee to systematically review evidence for the effectiveness of dysphagia screening protocols to reduce the risk of pneumonia, death, or dependency after stroke. The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched on November 1, 2016, to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing dysphagia screening protocols or quality interventions

EvidenceUpdates2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

163. Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defects.

Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defects. BACKGROUND: Health outcomes are improved when newborn babies with critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) are detected before acute cardiovascular collapse. The main screening tests used to identify these babies include prenatal ultrasonography and postnatal clinical examination; however, even though both of these methods are available, a significant proportion of babies are still missed. Routine pulse oximetry has been reported (...) as an additional screening test that can potentially improve detection of CCHD. OBJECTIVES: • To determine the diagnostic accuracy of pulse oximetry as a screening method for detection of CCHD in asymptomatic newborn infants• To assess potential sources of heterogeneity, including:○ characteristics of the population: inclusion or exclusion of antenatally detected congenital heart defects;○ timing of testing: < 24 hours versus ≥ 24 hours after birth;○ site of testing: right hand and foot (pre-ductal and post

Cochrane2018

164. Comparison of the Accuracy of Papanicolaou Test Cytology, Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid, and Visual Inspection With Lugol Iodine in Screening for Cervical Neoplasia in Southeast Nigeria

Comparison of the Accuracy of Papanicolaou Test Cytology, Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid, and Visual Inspection With Lugol Iodine in Screening for Cervical Neoplasia in Southeast Nigeria ');//--> ');//--> Search in: Menu Captcha ASCO Family of Sites Journals Publications Education Other Sites 2318 Mill Road, Suite 800, Alexandria, VA 22314 © 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology |

Journal of global oncology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

165. Impact of Cancer Awareness Drive on Generating Awareness of and Improving Screening for Cervical Cancer: A Study Among Schoolteachers in India

Impact of Cancer Awareness Drive on Generating Awareness of and Improving Screening for Cervical Cancer: A Study Among Schoolteachers in India ');//--> ');//--> Search in: Menu Captcha ASCO Family of Sites Journals Publications Education Other Sites 2318 Mill Road, Suite 800, Alexandria, VA 22314 © 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology |

Journal of global oncology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

166. Motivators and barriers to mammography screening uptake by female health-care workers in primary health-care centres: a cross-sectional study.

Motivators and barriers to mammography screening uptake by female health-care workers in primary health-care centres: a cross-sectional study. BACKGROUND: Mammography screening is an effective tool for early detection and management of breast cancer. Female health-care workers' awareness of breast cancer screening is important because their beliefs and behaviours could influence other women. The aim of this study was to assess mammography screening uptake by female health-care workers (...) 40 years. Those who performed mammography for a suspected mass or other breast abnormalities were excluded. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on demographic characteristics, knowledge about mammography screening, the extent and regularity of mammography screening, and motivators and barriers influencing their mammography screening uptake. The rate of mammography screening uptake was calculated. χ 2 test and t tests were used to assess screening motivators and barriers

Lancet2018

167. The overestimation and the inappropriate promotion of the benefits of mammographic screening in breast cancer research and interventions in the Gaza Strip.

The overestimation and the inappropriate promotion of the benefits of mammographic screening in breast cancer research and interventions in the Gaza Strip. BACKGROUND: There has been extensive debate about whether mammographic screening has done more good than harm. Recent reviews showed that women who undergo mammographic screening are more likely to have a tumour that was an overdiagnosis and therefore would not cause them problems. In the Gaza Strip, a strong forum of people advocate (...) an increase in mammographic screening, and the aim of this study was to establish the evidence for this view. METHODS: Research papers that have focused on breast screening in the Gaza Strip or elsewhere in the occupied Palestinian territory were reviewed. Published educational material, including brochures, booklets, and short videos on mammographic screening, were also reviewed. A thematic analysis was done to document the opinions of authors on the effect of mammography. FINDINGS: 11 studies and 20

Lancet2018

168. Screening for Ovarian Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.

Screening for Ovarian Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Importance: With approximately 14 000 deaths per year, ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer death among US women and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer. More than 95% of ovarian cancer deaths occur among women 45 years and older. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for ovarian cancer. Evidence Review (...) : The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women not known to be at high risk for ovarian cancer (ie, high risk includes women with certain hereditary cancer syndromes that increase their risk for ovarian cancer). Outcomes of interest included ovarian cancer mortality, quality of life, false-positive rate, surgery and surgical complication rates, and psychological effects of screening. Findings: The USPSTF found adequate evidence

JAMA2018

169. Understanding Men’s Perceptions of Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer Screening in Kampala, Uganda

Understanding Men’s Perceptions of Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer Screening in Kampala, Uganda ');//--> ');//--> Search in: Menu Captcha ASCO Family of Sites Journals Publications Education Other Sites 2318 Mill Road, Suite 800, Alexandria, VA 22314 © 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology |

Journal of global oncology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

170. Torsion bottle, a very simple, reliable, and cheap tool for a basic scoliosis screening

Torsion bottle, a very simple, reliable, and cheap tool for a basic scoliosis screening RESEARCH Open Access Torsion bottle, a very simple, reliable, and cheap tool for a basic scoliosis screening Michele Romano * and Matteo Mastrantonio Abstract Background: One of the reasons that make scoliosis a disease that scares so much the parents is its specific characteristic of being difficult to detect on its onset. The aim of this paper is to check the possible usefulness of a simple tool (...) (the torsion bottle) that has been developed with the aim to offer an instrument for home use by parents but also for screening purposes in the low-income countries. Methods: Study design: retrospective analysis to evaluate intra-operator reliability of the tools and inter-operator repeatability using the torsion bottle. For the first and the second part of the study, 35 subjects were measured. The goal of the first experiment was to evaluate the reliability of the torsion bottle to identify all

Scoliosis and spinal disorders2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

171. Interventions to improve the uptake of cervical cancer screening among lower socioeconomic groups: A systematic review

Interventions to improve the uptake of cervical cancer screening among lower socioeconomic groups: A systematic review 29203349 2018 01 12 1096-0260 2017 Dec 02 Preventive medicine Prev Med Interventions to improve the uptake of cervical cancer screening among lower socioeconomic groups: A systematic review. S0091-7435(17)30460-7 10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.11.019 Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide. Screening can reduce both the incidence and mortality of the disease (...) but is often not utilized by lower socioeconomic groups. A systematic review, including studies of interventions to improve breast and cervical cancer screening uptake, up to 2006, found targeted interventions could be effective. A formal update has been conducted on the effectiveness of interventions to improve the uptake of cervical cancer screening among lower socioeconomic groups. A systematic computerized literature search was undertaken in June 2016 for relevant papers published since 2006. Data

EvidenceUpdates2018

172. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening]

[Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic (...) record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Cologne: Institut fuer Qualitaet und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG). IQWiG-Berichte

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

173. Provision of information about newborn screening antenatally: a sequential exploratory mixed-methods project

Provision of information about newborn screening antenatally: a sequential exploratory mixed-methods project Provision of information about newborn screening antenatally: a sequential exploratory mixed-methods project Provision of information about newborn screening antenatally: a sequential exploratory mixed-methods project Ulph F, Wright S, Dharni N, Payne K, Bennett R, Roberts S, Walshe K & Lavender T Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment (...) from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Ulph F, Wright S, Dharni N, Payne K, Bennett R, Roberts S, Walshe K & Lavender T. Provision of information about newborn screening antenatally: a sequential exploratory mixed-methods project. Health Technology Assessment 2017; 21(55) Authors' objectives To collate all possible modes of prescreening communication and consent for newborn (neonatal) screening (NBS); examine midwives

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2018

174. FSRH and RCOG issue call for urgent action to increase cervical screening attendance rates

FSRH and RCOG issue call for urgent action to increase cervical screening attendance rates FSRH and RCOG issue call for urgent action to increase cervical screening attendance rates - Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare Privacy notice This site makes use of cookies . If you continue we'll assume you are happy to receive them. FSRH and RCOG issue call for urgent action to increase cervical screening attendance rates FSRH and RCOG issue call for urgent action to increase cervical (...) screening attendance rates Posted 22 January 2018 Site tools Date: 22 Jan 2018 Type: FSRH News and Announcements Cervical screening offers the best protection against developing cervical cancer, yet attendance rates are now at the lowest in 20 years FSRH and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists are concerned about the reported drop in cervical screening rates for the year 2016-17 in England. show that there has been a decrease in attendance from 75.7% in 2011 to 72% for women aged 25

Faculty of Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare2018

175. Brief Psychological Screening Questions Can be Useful for Ruling Out Psychological Conditions in Patients With Chronic Pain

Brief Psychological Screening Questions Can be Useful for Ruling Out Psychological Conditions in Patients With Chronic Pain 28542025 2018 01 04 1536-5409 34 2 2018 Feb The Clinical journal of pain Clin J Pain Brief Psychological Screening Questions Can be Useful for Ruling Out Psychological Conditions in Patients With Chronic Pain. 113-121 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000514 Psychological symptoms are highly prevalent in chronic pain patients. Timely and accurate identification may enable (...) individualized treatment and improve outcomes. The aims of this study were to (1) investigate the concurrent validity of brief psychological screening questions assessing anxiety, fear of movement, stress, pain catastrophization, and depression in chronic pain patients, and (2) to determine screening question cut-points at which the likely probability of having these psychological states was <10%. Responses to 1-item or 2-item screening questions within each of these 5 psychological constructs were compared

EvidenceUpdates2018

176. Does blood pressure screening benefit children?

Does blood pressure screening benefit children? Does blood pressure screening benefit children? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Does blood pressure screening benefit children? View/ Open Date 2012-07 Format Metadata Abstract Screening may not show benefits in childhood but could pay off for adults

Clinical Inquiries2018

177. DEXA screening: are we doing too much?

DEXA screening: are we doing too much? DEXA screening: are we doing too much? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics DEXA screening: are we doing too much? View/ Open Date 2012-09 Format Metadata Abstract Reconsider the intervals at which you recommend rescreening for osteoporosis; for postmenopausal women

Clinical Inquiries2018

178. Clinical oral dryness score: evaluation of a new screening method for oral dryness

Clinical oral dryness score: evaluation of a new screening method for oral dryness Vol.:(0123456789) 1 3 Odontology (2018) 106:439–444 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-018-0339-4 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Clinical oral dryness score: evaluation of a new screening method for oral dryness Derk H. Jan Jager 1,2 · Casper P . Bots 3 · Tim Forouzanfar 1 · Henk S. Brand 1,4 Received: 9 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published online: 22 January 2018 © The Author(s) 2018. This article is an open (...) access publication Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the association of the clinical oral dryness score (CODS) with salivary flow rates, xerostomia inventory (XI), and bother index (BI). 147 patients were screened using CODS, which determined 10 features of oral dryness. Each feature contributed 1 point, and the total score varied from 0 to 10. Unstimulated (UWS), chewing-stim- ulated (CH-SWS) and acid-stimulated (A-SWS) whole salivary flows and the XI and BI were measured

Odontology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

179. N1-benzenesulfonyl-2-pyrazoline hybrids in neurological disorders: Syntheses, biological screening and computational studies

N1-benzenesulfonyl-2-pyrazoline hybrids in neurological disorders: Syntheses, biological screening and computational studies 29743852 2018 11 14 1611-2156 17 2018 EXCLI journal EXCLI J N1-benzenesulfonyl-2-pyrazoline hybrids in neurological disorders: Syntheses, biological screening and computational studies. 126-148 10.17179/excli2017-871 A novel series of 1,3,5-trisubstituted-2-pyrazolines (5a-5t ) was prepared via Claisen Schmidt condensation, followed by heterocyclization with hydrazine

EXCLI journal2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

180. Elimination of Cost Sharing for Screening Mammography in Medicare Advantage Plans.

Elimination of Cost Sharing for Screening Mammography in Medicare Advantage Plans. BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) required most insurers and the Medicare program to eliminate cost sharing for screening mammography. METHODS: We conducted a difference-in-differences study of biennial screening mammography among 15,085 women 65 to 74 years of age in 24 Medicare Advantage plans that eliminated cost sharing to provide full coverage for screening mammography, as compared with 52,035 women (...) in 48 matched control plans that had and maintained full coverage. RESULTS: In plans that eliminated cost sharing, adjusted rates of biennial screening mammography increased from 59.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 54.9 to 65.0) in the 2-year period before cost-sharing elimination to 65.4% (95% CI, 61.8 to 69.0) in the 2-year period thereafter. In control plans, the rates of biennial mammography were 73.1% (95% CI, 69.2 to 77.0) and 72.8% (95% CI, 69.7 to 76.0) during the same periods, yielding

NEJM2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro