Latest & greatest articles for screening

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on screening or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on screening and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

What is Trip?

Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.

Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.

As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.

For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via jon.brassey@tripdatabase.com

Top results for screening

101. Child vision screening

Child vision screening Service specification - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Service specification Updated 24 April 2019 Contents © Crown copyright 2019 This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email (...) : . Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/child-vision-screening/service-specification 1. Purpose 1.1 Purpose of the specification This service specification for the child vision screening programme outlines the service and quality expected by the commissioning body, currently the local authority, for the population for whom

2019 Public Health England

102. Contact tracing versus facility-based screening for active TB case finding in rural South Africa: A pragmatic cluster-randomized trial (Kharitode TB) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Contact tracing versus facility-based screening for active TB case finding in rural South Africa: A pragmatic cluster-randomized trial (Kharitode TB) There is a dearth of comparative effectiveness research examining the implementation of different strategies for active tuberculosis (TB) case finding, particularly in rural settings, which represent 60% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa.We conducted a pragmatic, cluster-randomized comparative effectiveness trial of two TB case finding (...) strategies (facility-based screening and contact tracing) in 56 public primary care clinics in two largely rural districts of Limpopo Province, South Africa. In the facility-based screening arm, sputum Xpert MTB/RIF was performed on all patients presenting (for any reason) with TB symptoms to 28 study clinics, and no contact tracing was performed. In the contact-tracing arm, contacts of patients with active TB were identified (via household tracing in 14 clinics and using small monetary incentives

2019 EvidenceUpdates

103. Newborn Screening and the Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Newborn Screening and the Role of the Obstetrician-Gynecologist ACOGCOMMITTEEOPINION Number 778 (Replaces Committee Opinion No. 616, January 2015) Committee on Genetics This Committee Opinion was developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Committee on Genetics in collaboration with committee members Britton Rink, MD, and Stephanie Dukhovny, MD. Newborn Screening and the Role of the Obstetrician– Gynecologist ABSTRACT: Newborn screening is the largest genetic screening (...) program in the United States, with approximately 4 million infants screened annually. Newborn screening is a mandatory state-based public health program that provides all newborns in the United States with testing and necessary follow-up health care for a variety of medical conditions. The goal of this public health program is to decrease morbidity and mortality by screening for disorders in which early intervention will improve neonatal and long-term health outcomes. The program’s functions

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

104. Cervical screening: acceptable HPV tests

Cervical screening: acceptable HPV tests Cervical screening: acceptable HPV tests - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Cervical screening: acceptable HPV tests Updated 18 June 2019 Contents © Crown copyright 2019 This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit or write to the Information Policy Team (...) , The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: . Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/cervical-screening-acceptable-hpv-tests/cervical-screening-acceptable-hpv-tests 1. Introduction The following high risk human papillomavirus ( has published the contract prices for test kits in an NHS Framework. Only test kits detailed

2019 Public Health England

105. How Providing Cervical Cancer Screening Results via Cell Phone Affects Patient Follow-Up Rates in Western Kenya. Full Text available with Trip Pro

How Providing Cervical Cancer Screening Results via Cell Phone Affects Patient Follow-Up Rates in Western Kenya. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is being more widely used in simplified cervical cancer screening protocols in low-resource settings. One challenge to successful implementation is the multiple visits necessary to provide results and follow-up. mHealth strategies may reduce visit burden by providing information through text message.As part of a cluster-randomized trial to compare (...) HPV testing in clinics and community health campaigns in western Kenya, we carried out a mixed-methods study to assess women's preferences and experiences with different strategies to receive their results. Women could opt to receive their HPV results via text message, cell phone call, home visit, or return clinic visit. We examined overall receipt of results, follow-up rates, and acceptability by notification method.Among the 4,947 women who underwent HPV-based cervical cancer screening, 1,596

2019 Journal of global oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

106. Sickle cell and thalassaemia screening: newborn outcomes system

Sickle cell and thalassaemia screening: newborn outcomes system SCT newborn outcomes system: overview - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance SCT newborn outcomes system: overview Published 19 March 2019 Contents © Crown copyright 2019 This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit or write (...) to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: . Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/sickle-cell-and-thalassaemia-screening-newborn-outcomes-system/sct-newborn-outcomes-system-overview System overview The sickle cell and thalassaemia ( . team in Public Health England ( ( Is this page useful? Thank you

2019 Public Health England

107. Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening: ultrasound equipment guidelines

Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening: ultrasound equipment guidelines Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening: ultrasound equipment quality assurance guidelines - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening: ultrasound equipment quality assurance guidelines Updated 22 March 2019 Contents © Crown copyright 2019 This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open (...) Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: . Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-screening-ultrasound-equipment-guidance/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-screening-ultrasound

2019 Public Health England

108. Breast screening: Planmed Clarity 3D DBT system

Breast screening: Planmed Clarity 3D DBT system NHS Breast Screening Programme Equipment Report Technical evaluation of Planmed Clarity 3D digital breast tomosynthesis system March 2019 Technical evaluation of Planmed Clarity 3D tomosynthesis system 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships (...) /PublicHealthEngland About PHE screening Screening identifies apparently healthy people who may be at increased risk of a disease or condition, enabling earlier treatment or informed decisions. National population screening programmes are implemented in the NHS on the advice of the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC), which makes independent, evidence-based recommendations to ministers in the 4 UK countries. PHE advises the government and the NHS so England has safe, high quality screening programmes

2019 Public Health England

109. Breast screening: Hologic 3Dimensions DBT system

Breast screening: Hologic 3Dimensions DBT system NHS Breast Screening Programme Equipment Report Technical evaluation of Hologic 3Dimensions digital breast tomosynthesis system March 2019 Technical evaluation of Hologic 3Dimensions digital breast tomosynthesis system 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy (...) : www.facebook.com/PublicHealthEngland About PHE screening Screening identifies apparently healthy people who may be at increased risk of a disease or condition, enabling earlier treatment or informed decisions. National population screening programmes are implemented in the NHS on the advice of the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC), which makes independent, evidence-based recommendations to ministers in the 4 UK countries. PHE advises the government and the NHS so England has safe, high quality screening

2019 Public Health England

110. Breast screening: Planmed Clarity digital mammography in 2D mode

Breast screening: Planmed Clarity digital mammography in 2D mode NHS Breast Screening Programme Equipment Report Technical Evaluation of Planmed Clarity digital mammography system in 2D mode March 2019Technical evaluation of Planmed Clarity digital mammography system in 2D mode 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence (...) : @PHE_uk Facebook: www.facebook.com/PublicHealthEngland About PHE screening Screening identifies apparently healthy people who may be at increased risk of a disease or condition, enabling earlier treatment or informed decisions. National population screening programmes are implemented in the NHS on the advice of the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC), which makes independent, evidence-based recommendations to ministers in the 4 UK countries. PHE advises the government and the NHS so England has

2019 Public Health England

111. Breast screening: Hologic 3D digital mammography system in 2D mode

Breast screening: Hologic 3D digital mammography system in 2D mode NHS Breast Screening Programme Equipment Report Technical Evaluation of Hologic 3Dimensions digital mammography system in 2D mode March 2019Technical evaluation Hologic 3Dimensions digital mammography system in 2D mode 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge (...) Twitter: @PHE_uk Facebook: www.facebook.com/PublicHealthEngland About PHE screening Screening identifies apparently healthy people who may be at increased risk of a disease or condition, enabling earlier treatment or informed decisions. National population screening programmes are implemented in the NHS on the advice of the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC), which makes independent, evidence-based recommendations to ministers in the 4 UK countries. PHE advises the government and the NHS so

2019 Public Health England

112. Breast screening: Hologic Affirm Prone Biopsy System

Breast screening: Hologic Affirm Prone Biopsy System NHS Breast Screening Programme Equipment Report Practical Evaluation of the Hologic ® Affirm Prone Biopsy System March 2019 Practical Evaluation of the Hologic Affirm Prone Biopsy System 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships and the delivery (...) /PublicHealthEngland About PHE screening Screening identifies apparently healthy people who may be at increased risk of a disease or condition, enabling earlier treatment or informed decisions. National population screening programmes are implemented in the NHS on the advice of the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC), which makes independent, evidence-based recommendations to ministers in the 4 UK countries. PHE advises the government and the NHS so England has safe, high quality screening programmes

2019 Public Health England

113. Frequency of Screening for Weaning From Mechanical Ventilation: Two Contemporaneous Proof-of-Principle Randomized Controlled Trials (Abstract)

Frequency of Screening for Weaning From Mechanical Ventilation: Two Contemporaneous Proof-of-Principle Randomized Controlled Trials It is unknown whether more frequent screening of invasively ventilated patients, identifies patients earlier for a spontaneous breathing trial, and shortens the duration of ventilation. We assessed the feasibility of conducting a large trial to evaluate screening frequency in critically ill adults in the North American context.We conducted two contemporaneous (...) , multicenter, pilot, randomized controlled trials (the LibeRation from MEchanicaL VEntilAtion and ScrEening Frequency [RELEASE] and Screening Elderly PatieNts For InclusiOn in a Weaning [SENIOR] trials) to address concerns regarding the potential for higher enrollment, fewer adverse events, and better outcomes in younger patients.Ten and 11 ICUs in Canada, respectively.Parallel trials of younger (RELEASE < 65 yr) and older (SENIOR ≥ 65 yr) critically ill adults invasively ventilated for at least 24

2019 EvidenceUpdates

114. Glucose screening in pregnancy and future risk of cardiovascular disease in women: a retrospective, population-based cohort study (Abstract)

Glucose screening in pregnancy and future risk of cardiovascular disease in women: a retrospective, population-based cohort study In studies to date, gestational diabetes has consistently been associated with an increased future risk of cardiovascular disease, irrespective of the antepartum screening protocol or diagnostic criteria by which gestational diabetes is diagnosed. We reasoned that the resultant heterogeneity in the severity of dysglycaemia in women with gestational diabetes suggests (...) that the relationship between gestational glycaemia and subsequent cardiovascular disease probably extends into the non-diagnostic range. Thus, we hypothesised that glucose screening in pregnancy would identify future risk of cardiovascular disease in women who did not have gestational diabetes.We did a population-based cohort study using information from health-care administrative databases from the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care of Ontario (Canada). We identified all women in Ontario who had a 50 g oral

2019 EvidenceUpdates

115. Is Routine Urinary Screening Indicated Prior To Elective Total Joint Arthroplasty? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (Abstract)

Is Routine Urinary Screening Indicated Prior To Elective Total Joint Arthroplasty? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication after total joint arthroplasty, and prevention is of great importance. The genitourinary tract is a potential source of bacterial seeding and one that can be easily managed. Despite little supportive evidence, routine urine screening and subsequent treatment before elective surgery in patients without symptoms has (...) abnormal urinalysis or bacteriuria and/or information on whether ASB patients were preoperatively treated with antibiotics or not to be included in the analysis.Six-hundred sixty-three papers were screened, and 10 papers were ultimately included (28,588 patients). Results show an increased risk of developing PJI among ASB patients (odds ratio = 3.64, 95% confidence interval = 1.40-9.42). However, most PJI microorganisms are unrelated to those previously found in the urine and preoperative antibiotic

2019 EvidenceUpdates

116. 2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation Guideline for the Screening, Monitoring, and Treatment of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis-Associated Uveitis Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation Guideline for the Screening, Monitoring, and Treatment of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis-Associated Uveitis To develop recommendations for the screening, monitoring, and treatment of uveitis in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).Pediatric rheumatologists, ophthalmologists with expertise in uveitis, patient representatives, and methodologists generated key clinical questions to be addressed by this guideline (...) . This was followed by a systematic literature review and rating of the available evidence according to the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) methodology. A group consensus process was used to compose the final recommendations and grade their strength as conditional or strong.Due to a lack of literature with good quality of evidence, recommendations were formulated on the basis of available evidence and a consensus expert opinion. Regular ophthalmic screening of children

2019 EvidenceUpdates

117. A Novel Icterometer for Hyperbilirubinemia Screening in Low-Resource Settings Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Novel Icterometer for Hyperbilirubinemia Screening in Low-Resource Settings Severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (>20 mg/dL) affects ∼1 million infants annually. Improved jaundice screening in low-income countries is needed to prevent bilirubin encephalopathy and mortality.The Bili-ruler is an icterometer for the assessment of neonatal jaundice that was designed by using advanced digital color processing. A total of 790 newborns were enrolled in a validation study at Brigham and Women's (...) was high; 97% of scores by independent readers fell within 1 score of one another (N = 88).The Bili-ruler is a low-cost, noninvasive tool with high diagnostic accuracy for neonatal jaundice screening. This device may be used to improve referrals from community or peripheral health centers to higher-level facilities with capacity for bilirubin testing and/or phototherapy.Copyright © 2019 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

118. Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Childhood and Pregnancy: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Childhood and Pregnancy: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Elevated blood lead level is associated with serious, often irreversible, health consequences.To synthesize evidence on the effects of screening, testing, and treatment for elevated blood lead level in pregnant women and children aged 5 years and younger in the primary care setting to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force.Cochrane (...) CENTRAL and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (through June 2018) and Ovid MEDLINE (1946 to June 2018); surveillance through December 5, 2018.English-language trials and observational studies of screening for and treating elevated lead levels in asymptomatic children and pregnant women.Independent critical appraisal and data abstraction by 2 reviewers using predefined criteria.Elevated blood lead level, morbidity, mortality, clinical prediction tools, test accuracy, adverse events.A total of 24

2019 JAMA

119. Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children and Pregnant Women: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screening for Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children and Pregnant Women: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Elevated blood lead levels in children are associated with neurologic effects such as behavioral and learning problems, lower IQ, hyperactivity, hearing problems, and impaired growth. In pregnant women, lead exposure can impair organ systems such as the hematopoietic, hepatic, renal, and nervous systems, and increase the risk of preeclampsia and adverse perinatal (...) outcomes. Many of the adverse health effects of lead exposure are irreversible.To update the 2006 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for elevated blood lead levels in children and pregnant women.The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for and treatment of elevated blood lead levels. In this update, an elevated blood lead level was defined according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference level of 5 μg/dL.The USPSTF

2019 JAMA

120. Screening hysteroscopy in subfertile women and women undergoing assisted reproduction. (Abstract)

Screening hysteroscopy in subfertile women and women undergoing assisted reproduction. Screening hysteroscopy in infertile women with unexplained infertility, or prior to intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF) may reveal intrauterine pathology that may not be detected by routine transvaginal ultrasound. Hysteroscopy, whether purely diagnostic or operative may improve reproductive outcomes.To assess the effectiveness and safety of screening hysteroscopy in subfertile (...) women undergoing evaluation for infertility, and subfertile women undergoing IUI or IVF.We searched the Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL CRSO, MEDLINE, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (September 2018). We searched reference lists of relevant articles and handsearched relevant conference proceedings.Randomised controlled trials comparing screening hysteroscopy versus no intervention

2019 Cochrane