Latest & greatest articles for pulmonary embolism

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Top results for pulmonary embolism

161. Enoxaparin followed by once-weekly idrabiotaparinux versus enoxaparin plus warfarin for patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism: a randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, non-inferiority trial. (Abstract)

Enoxaparin followed by once-weekly idrabiotaparinux versus enoxaparin plus warfarin for patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism: a randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, non-inferiority trial. Treatment of pulmonary embolism with low-molecular-weight heparin and vitamin K antagonists, such as warfarin, is not ideal. We aimed to assess non-inferiority of idrabiotaparinux, a reversible longlasting indirect inhibitor of activated factor X, to warfarin in patients with acute symptomatic (...) pulmonary embolism.In our randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, non-inferiority trial, we enrolled adults with objectively documented acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism attending 291 centres in 37 countries. We excluded patients who were pregnant, had active bleeding, kidney failure, or malignant hypertension, or were at high risk of death, bleeding, or adverse reactions to study drugs. We randomly allocated patients to receive 5-10 days' enoxaparin 1·0 mg/kg twice daily followed by subcutaneous

2012 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

162. Risk of pulmonary embolism in patients with autoimmune disorders: a nationwide follow-up study from Sweden. (Abstract)

Risk of pulmonary embolism in patients with autoimmune disorders: a nationwide follow-up study from Sweden. Some autoimmune disorders have been linked to venous thromboembolism. We examined whether there is an association between autoimmune disorders and risk of pulmonary embolism.We followed up all individuals in Sweden without previous hospital admission for venous thromboembolism and with a primary or secondary diagnosis of an autoimmune disorder between Jan 1, 1964, and Dec 31, 2008 (...) , for hospital admission for pulmonary embolism. We obtained data from the MigMed2 database, which has individual-level information about all registered residents of Sweden. The reference population was the total population of Sweden. We calculated standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) for pulmonary embolism, adjusted for individual variables, including age and sex.535,538 individuals were admitted to hospital because of an autoimmune disorder. Overall risk of pulmonary embolism during the first year after

2011 Lancet

163. Multidetector computed tomography for acute pulmonary embolism: diagnosis and risk stratification in a single test Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multidetector computed tomography for acute pulmonary embolism: diagnosis and risk stratification in a single test In patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), right ventricular dysfunction at echocardiography is associated with increased in-hospital mortality. The aims of this study in patients with acute PE were to identify a sensitive and simple criterion for right ventricular dysfunction at multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) using echocardiography as the reference standard

2011 EvidenceUpdates

164. Ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy (using Technegas) versus computed tomography pulmonary angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in hospitalized patients: a review of the clinical and cost-effectiveness

Ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy (using Technegas) versus computed tomography pulmonary angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in hospitalized patients: a review of the clinical and cost-effectiveness Ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy (using Technegas) versus computed tomography pulmonary angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in hospitalized patients: a review of the clinical and cost-effectiveness Ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy (using Technegas) versus (...) computed tomography pulmonary angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in hospitalized patients: a review of the clinical and cost-effectiveness Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. Ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

165. Performance of 4 Clinical Decision Rules in the Diagnostic Management of Acute Pulmonary Embolism: A Prospective Cohort Study. (Abstract)

Performance of 4 Clinical Decision Rules in the Diagnostic Management of Acute Pulmonary Embolism: A Prospective Cohort Study. Several clinical decision rules (CDRs) are available to exclude acute pulmonary embolism (PE), but they have not been directly compared.To directly compare the performance of 4 CDRs (Wells rule, revised Geneva score, simplified Wells rule, and simplified revised Geneva score) in combination with d-dimer testing to exclude PE.Prospective cohort study.7 hospitals

2011 Annals of Internal Medicine

166. Current evidence does not support the use of a negative D-dimer to rule out suspected pulmonary embolism in pregnancy.

Institution: Manchester Royal Infirmary Date Submitted: 27th October 2004 Date Completed: 9th March 2011 Last Modified: 10th March 2011 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [a clinically well pregnant patient with a suspected Pulmonary Embolism] is [a negative D-dimer sensitive enough] to [exclude Pulmonary Embolism] Clinical Scenario A patient attends the emergency department (ED) with atraumatic pleuritic chest pain. She is 12 weeks pregnant with no other medical history. A junior doctor has (...) Current evidence does not support the use of a negative D-dimer to rule out suspected pulmonary embolism in pregnancy. BestBets: Current evidence does not support the use of a negative D-dimer to rule out suspected pulmonary embolism in pregnancy. Current evidence does not support the use of a negative D-dimer to rule out suspected pulmonary embolism in pregnancy. Report By: Sivanthi Sivanadarajah - Speciality Trainee in Emergency Medicine Search checked by Daniel Horner - Research Fellow

2011 BestBETS

167. Cost-effectiveness of lower extremity compression ultrasound in emergency department patients with a high risk of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism

Cost-effectiveness of lower extremity compression ultrasound in emergency department patients with a high risk of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism Cost-effectiveness of lower extremity compression ultrasound in emergency department patients with a high risk of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism Cost-effectiveness of lower extremity compression ultrasound in emergency department patients with a high risk of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism Ward MJ, Sodickson A, Diercks (...) angiogram for patients with suspected pulmonary embolism in the emergency department. The selective strategy was less expensive and more beneficial than universal CT, for patients with a high pre-test probability of pulmonary embolism. The cost-effectiveness framework was conventional, but the sources of clinical evidence were not extensively described. The authors’ conclusions seem robust. Type of economic evaluation Cost-utility analysis Study objective This study examined the cost-effectiveness

2011 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

168. The shock index and the simplified PESI for identification of low-risk patients with acute pulmonary embolism Full Text available with Trip Pro

The shock index and the simplified PESI for identification of low-risk patients with acute pulmonary embolism We compared the test characteristics of the shock index (SI) and the simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI) for predicting 30-day outcomes in a cohort of 1,206 patients with objectively confirmed pulmonary embolism (PE). The primary outcome of the study was all-cause mortality. The secondary outcome was nonfatal symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE

2011 EvidenceUpdates

169. Quality Improvement Guidelines for the Performance of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for the Prevention of Pulmonary Embolism

Quality Improvement Guidelines for the Performance of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for the Prevention of Pulmonary Embolism STANDARDS OF PRACTICE Quality Improvement Guidelines for the Performance of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for the Prevention of Pulmonary Embolism Drew M. Caplin, MD, Boris Nikolic, MD, MBA, Sanjeeva P. Kalva, MD, Suvranu Ganguli, MD, Wael E.A. Saad, MD, and Darryl A. Zuckerman, MD, for the Society of Interventional Radiology Standards of Practice Committee (...) ABBREVIATIONS DVT deep vein thrombosis, IVC inferior vena cava, PE pulmonary embolism PREAMBLE The membership of the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) Stan- dards of Practice Committee represents experts in a broad spectrum of interventional procedures from both the private and academic sectors of medicine. Generally Standards of Practice Committee members dedicate the vast majority of their professional time to performing interventional procedures; as such they represent a valid broad expert

2011 Society of Interventional Radiology

170. Evaluation of Suspected Pulmonary Embolism In Pregnancy: An Official ATS/STR Clinical Practice Guideline

Evaluation of Suspected Pulmonary Embolism In Pregnancy: An Official ATS/STR Clinical Practice Guideline American Thoracic Society Documents AnOf?cialAmericanThoracicSociety/Societyof ThoracicRadiologyClinicalPracticeGuideline: EvaluationofSuspectedPulmonaryEmbolism InPregnancy Ann N. Leung, Todd M. Bull, Roman Jaeschke, Charles J. Lockwood, Phillip M. Boiselle, Lynne M. Hurwitz, Andra H. James, Laurence B. McCullough, Yusuf Menda, Michael J. Paidas, Henry D. Royal, Victor F. Tapson, Helen T (...) . Winer-Muram, Frank A. Chervenak, Dianna D. Cody, Michael F. McNitt-Gray, Christopher D. Stave, and Brandi D. Tuttle,on behalf of the ATS/STR Committee on Pulmonary Embolism in Pregnancy THIS OFFICIAL CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE OF THE AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY (ATS) AND THESOCIETY OFTHORACIC RADIOLOGY(STR) WAS APPROVED BY THEATS BOARD OF DIRECTORS,MARCH 2011 AND BY THE STR, MAY 2011 THIS CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIEDLINE HAS BEEN FORMALLY ENDORSED BY THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF OBSTETRICIANS ANDGYNECOLOGISTS

2011 American Thoracic Society

171. Cost-effective diagnostic strategies in patients with a high, intermediate, or low clinical probability of pulmonary embolism Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cost-effective diagnostic strategies in patients with a high, intermediate, or low clinical probability of pulmonary embolism Cost-effective diagnostic strategies in patients with a high, intermediate, or low clinical probability of pulmonary embolism Cost-effective diagnostic strategies in patients with a high, intermediate, or low clinical probability of pulmonary embolism Lee JA, Zierler BK, Liu CF, Chapko MK Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study examined the cost-effectiveness of strategies, including rapid quantitative D-dimer assays, lower extremity venous duplex ultrasound, ventilation and perfusion scans, and multislice computed tomography (CT) angiography, to diagnose pulmonary embolism in patients

2011 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

172. Computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism

Computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism Computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism Computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. Directory Publication. 2011 Authors' conclusions Computer-aided detection (CAD) systems utilize computer (...) -based algorithms to identify pulmonary embolism (PE) in radiographic images. CAD systems are used as stand-alone devices or as tools to help radiologists more accurately diagnose patients suspected of PE. Final publication URL The report may be purchased from: Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Algorithms; Pulmonary Artery; Pulmonary Embolism; Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted; Tomography, X-Ray Computed Language Published English Country of organisation United

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

173. Outpatient versus inpatient treatment for patients with acute pulmonary embolism: an international, open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial. (Abstract)

Outpatient versus inpatient treatment for patients with acute pulmonary embolism: an international, open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial. Although practice guidelines recommend outpatient care for selected, haemodynamically stable patients with pulmonary embolism, most treatment is presently inpatient based. We aimed to assess non-inferiority of outpatient care compared with inpatient care.We undertook an open-label, randomised non-inferiority trial at 19 emergency departments (...) in Switzerland, France, Belgium, and the USA. We randomly assigned patients with acute, symptomatic pulmonary embolism and a low risk of death (pulmonary embolism severity index risk classes I or II) with a computer-generated randomisation sequence (blocks of 2-4) in a 1:1 ratio to initial outpatient (ie, discharged from hospital ≤24 h after randomisation) or inpatient treatment with subcutaneous enoxaparin (≥5 days) followed by oral anticoagulation (≥90 days). The primary outcome was symptomatic, recurrent

2011 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

174. Comparing different thrombolytic dosing regimens for treatment of acute pulmonary embolism Full Text available with Trip Pro

of major hemorrhage following fibrinolysis for acute pulmonary embolism. Am J Cardiol. 2006, 97: 127-129. 10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.07.117. Goldhaber SZ, Agnelli G, Levine MN: Reduced dose bolus alteplase vs conventional alteplase infusion for pulmonary embolism thrombolysis. An international multicenter randomized trial. The Bolus Alteplase Pulmonary Embolism Group. Chest. 1994, 106: 718-724. 10.1378/chest.106.3.718. Levine M, Hirsh J, Weitz J, Cruickshank M, Neemeh J, Turpie AG, Gent M: A randomized (...) trial of a single bolus dosage regimen of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in patients with acute pulmonary embolism. Chest. 1990, 98: 1473-1479. 10.1378/chest.98.6.1473. Wang C, Zhai Z, Yang Y, Wu Q, Cheng Z, Liang L, Dai H, Huang K, Lu W, Zhang Z, Cheng X, Shen YH: Efficacy and safety of low dose recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator for the treatment of acute pulmonary thromboembolism: a randomized, multicenter, controlled trial. Chest. 2010, 137: 254-262. 10.1378/chest.09-0765. ©

2010 Critical Care - EBM Journal Club

175. Cost-effectiveness of strategies for diagnosing pulmonary embolism among emergency department patients presenting with undifferentiated symptoms Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cost-effectiveness of strategies for diagnosing pulmonary embolism among emergency department patients presenting with undifferentiated symptoms Symptoms associated with pulmonary embolism can be nonspecific and similar to many competing diagnoses, leading to excessive costly testing and treatment, as well as missed diagnoses. Objective studies are essential for diagnosis. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of different diagnostic strategies in an emergency department (ED) for patients (...) ultrasonography accuracy had to decrease below commonly cited levels in the literature before it was not part of a preferred strategy.When pulmonary embolism is suspected in the ED, use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay D-dimer assay, often at cutoffs higher than those currently in use (for patients in whom deep venous thrombosis is not clinically suspected), followed by compression ultrasonography as appropriate, can reduce costs and improve outcomes.Copyright © 2010 American College of Emergency

2010 EvidenceUpdates

176. Acute pulmonary embolism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute pulmonary embolism. 21067400 2010 11 30 2018 05 09 1533-4406 363 20 2010 11 11 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Acute pulmonary embolism. 1974; author reply 1974-5 10.1056/NEJMc1009061 Lazar Harold L HL Farber Harrison W HW eng Letter Comment United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 AIM IM N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 15;363(3):266-74 20592294 Acute Disease Embolectomy Hemorrhage chemically induced Humans Pulmonary Embolism drug therapy mortality surgery Risk

2010 NEJM

177. Acute pulmonary embolism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute pulmonary embolism. 21067401 2010 11 30 2018 05 09 1533-4406 363 20 2010 11 11 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Acute pulmonary embolism. 1973-4; author reply 1974-5 10.1056/NEJMc1009061 Huber Lars C LC Müller Véronique V eng Letter Comment United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 AIM IM N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 15;363(3):266-74 20592294 Chest Pain etiology Electrocardiography Humans Pulmonary Embolism diagnosis 2010 11 12 6 0 2010 11 12 6 0 2010 12 14 6 0 ppublish

2010 NEJM

178. Acute pulmonary embolism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute pulmonary embolism. 21067402 2010 11 30 2018 05 09 1533-4406 363 20 2010 11 11 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Acute pulmonary embolism. 1973; author reply 1974-5 10.1056/NEJMc1009061 Rosenson Jonathan J eng Letter Comment United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 0 Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products 0 fibrin fragment D AIM IM N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 15;363(3):266-74 20592294 False Positive Reactions Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products analysis Humans (...) Pulmonary Embolism diagnosis Tomography, X-Ray Computed adverse effects economics 2010 11 12 6 0 2010 11 12 6 0 2010 12 14 6 0 ppublish 21067402 10.1056/NEJMc1009061 10.1056/NEJMc1009061#SA4

2010 NEJM

179. Acute pulmonary embolism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute pulmonary embolism. 21067403 2010 11 30 2018 05 09 1533-4406 363 20 2010 11 11 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Acute pulmonary embolism. 1973; author reply 1974-5 10.1056/NEJMc1009061 Sfedu Emil P EP Bhatt Anish A Fauth Casey C eng Letter Comment United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 AIM IM N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 15;363(3):266-74 20592294 Humans Perfusion Imaging Pulmonary Embolism diagnosis Recurrence Tomography, X-Ray Computed Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex

2010 NEJM

180. Acute pulmonary embolism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute pulmonary embolism. 21067404 2010 11 30 2018 05 09 1533-4406 363 20 2010 11 11 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Acute pulmonary embolism. 1972-3; author reply 1974-5 10.1056/NEJMc1009061 Roach Paul J PJ Bajc Marika M eng Letter Comment United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 AIM IM N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 15;363(3):266-74 20592294 Humans Perfusion Imaging Pulmonary Embolism diagnosis diagnostic imaging Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon methods Tomography

2010 NEJM