Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

121. Patient satisfaction with regard to public oral health services in Brazil: a systematic review

Patient satisfaction with regard to public oral health services in Brazil: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address (...) of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data

2018 PROSPERO

122. Recommendations Framework for Drugs for Rare Diseases: A Review of National and International Health Technology Assessment Agencies and Public Payers’ Decision-Making Processes

Recommendations Framework for Drugs for Rare Diseases: A Review of National and International Health Technology Assessment Agencies and Public Payers’ Decision-Making Processes Recommendations Framework for Drugs for Rare Diseases: A Review of National and International Health Technology Assessment Agencies and Public Payers’ Decision-Making Processes | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Recommendations Framework for Drugs for Rare Diseases: A Review of National and International Health (...) Technology Assessment Agencies and Public Payers’ Decision-Making Processes Recommendations Framework for Drugs for Rare Diseases: A Review of National and International Health Technology Assessment Agencies and Public Payers’ Decision-Making Processes Last updated: June 22, 2018 Project Number: ES0326-000 Product Line: Result type: Report The number of drug for rare diseases (DRD) in the pipeline and the number of marketed DRDs are expanding. As such, policy-makers and clinicians have struggled on how

2018 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Environmental Scanning

123. Need for evidence-based early intervention programmes: a public health perspective

Need for evidence-based early intervention programmes: a public health perspective Need for evidence-based early intervention programmes: a public health perspective | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional (...) accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Need for evidence-based early intervention programmes: a public health perspective Article Text Perspective Need for evidence-based early intervention programmes: a public health perspective Sinan Guloksuz , , Jim van Os

2018 Evidence-Based Mental Health

124. The influence of public health messages targeting overweight and obesity on disordered eating behaviours

The influence of public health messages targeting overweight and obesity on disordered eating behaviours Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web (...) of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data

2018 PROSPERO

125. Economic evaluations of public health interventions to promote physical activity and healthy eating habits: a systematic literature review

Economic evaluations of public health interventions to promote physical activity and healthy eating habits: a systematic literature review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne (...) of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio

2018 PROSPERO

126. Economic evaluations of public health interventions to prevent the misuse of alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs and gambling: a systematic literature review

Economic evaluations of public health interventions to prevent the misuse of alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs and gambling: a systematic literature review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean

2018 PROSPERO

127. Economic evaluations of public health interventions to improve mental health and prevent suicidal thoughts and actions: a systematic literature review

Economic evaluations of public health interventions to improve mental health and prevent suicidal thoughts and actions: a systematic literature review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean

2018 PROSPERO

128. A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions to enhance public support for evidence based public health and climate change policies

A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions to enhance public support for evidence based public health and climate change policies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne (...) of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio

2018 PROSPERO

129. Assessment of care in public health services in the view of users: a systematic review

Assessment of care in public health services in the view of users: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing (...) of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data

2018 PROSPERO

130. Patient and public involvement in health literacy interventions: a mapping review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patient and public involvement in health literacy interventions: a mapping review If people can read, understand and act on health information to better their health and reduce illness, they are thought to have "adequate" health literacy. Poor health literacy can mean people are less able to access health care and manage their health. Health literacy tends to worsen as adults get older, and is especially poor in adults age 65 and over. Ideally, health literacy interventions target people before (...) age 65, to establish good skills and habits before people have many health problems associated with ageing. It is also good if researchers consult ordinary people, including patients and the public (PPI) when planning a programme to try to improve health literacy. This may help ensure individual needs are catered for.We therefore looked for studies that described any role of patient or public representatives in the research planning stages. We explored how the representatives contributed to each

2017 Research involvement and engagement

131. Histology and Cytopathology Capacity in the Public Health Sector in Kenya Full Text available with Trip Pro

Histology and Cytopathology Capacity in the Public Health Sector in Kenya Histology and cytopathology services are necessary for cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, the current capacity of Kenya's pathology laboratories is unknown. A national survey was conducted among public sector pathology laboratories to assess their capacity to perform histology, fine-needle aspiration, and bone marrow aspiration.Between April and June 2017, we identified all public hospitals that provide pathology (...) accreditation, but only for clinical pathology services.This study describes the current status of histology and cytopathology capacity in Kenya's public sector hospitals. It provides useful baseline information needed by the Ministry of Health to develop necessary capacity building and referral-strengthening interventions. A high proportion of hospitals are working to achieve accreditation points toward their commitment to providing quality services to the Kenyan public.

2017 Journal of global oncology

132. Transparency about the outcomes of mental health services (IAPT approach): an analysis of public data. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transparency about the outcomes of mental health services (IAPT approach): an analysis of public data. Internationally, the clinical outcomes of routine mental health services are rarely recorded or reported; however, an exception is the English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service, which delivers psychological therapies recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for depression and anxiety disorders to more than 537 000 patients in the UK each (...) year. A session-by-session outcome monitoring system ensures that IAPT obtains symptom scores before and after treatment for 98% of patients. Service outcomes can then be reported, along with contextual information, on public websites.We used publicly available data to identify predictors of variability in clinical performance. Using β regression models, we analysed the outcome data released by National Health Service Digital and Public Health England for the 2014-15 financial year (April 1, 2014

2017 Lancet

133. The future of public health research

The future of public health research The future of public health research Summary report of a workshop held 20-21 July 2017 The Academy of Medical Sciences The Academy of Medical Sciences The Academy of Medical Sciences is the independent body in the UK representing the diversity of medical science. Our mission is to promote medical science and its translation into benefits for society. The Academy’s elected Fellows are the United Kingdom’s leading medical scientists from hospitals, academia (...) , industry and the public service. We work with them to promote excellence, influence policy to improve health and wealth, nurture the next generation of medical researchers, link academia, industry and the NHS, seize international opportunities and encourage dialogue about the medical sciences. Opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily represent the views of all participants at the event, the Academy of Medical Sciences or its Fellows, the NIHR, or the Faculty of Public Health. All web

2017 Academy of Medical Sciences

134. Identifying and Addressing the Public Health Risks of Splash Parks

Identifying and Addressing the Public Health Risks of Splash Parks IDENTIFYING AND ADDRESSING THE PUBLIC HEALTH RISKS OF SPLASH PARKS KEY MESSAGES • Recirculating splash parks have caused several large gastrointestinal outbreaks in recent years. • Outbreaks are typically linked to failure of the chlorination/ filtration systems and/or lack of secondary disinfection, such as ultraviolet light, but may also derive from user behaviour as well as design and operating conditions. • This document (...) . 1,2 Splash parks may take one of two basic designs, which influences the associated public health risks. Non-recirculating or flow-through parks discharge the water directly to waste and present a relatively low risk to their users as the design is based on using fresh potable water (Figure 1a). In contrast, recirculating parks collect water in an underground tank, apply some form of water treatment, and re-use the water again (Figure 1b). This presents an increased risk of contamination

2017 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

135. Association of Public Health Initiatives With Outcomes for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest at Home and in Public Locations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Public Health Initiatives With Outcomes for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest at Home and in Public Locations Little is known about the influence of comprehensive public health initiatives according to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) location, particularly at home, where resuscitation efforts and outcomes have historically been poor.To describe temporal trends in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first-responder defibrillation for OHCAs stratified by home vs (...) public location and their association with survival and neurological outcomes.This observational study reviewed 8269 patients with OHCAs (5602 [67.7%] at home and 2667 [32.3%] in public) for whom resuscitation was attempted using data from the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2014. The setting was 16 counties in North Carolina.Patients were stratified by home vs public OHCA. Public health initiatives to improve bystander and first

2017 JAMA cardiology

136. Civil rights as determinants of public health and racial and ethnic health equity: Health care, education, employment, and housing in the United States Full Text available with Trip Pro

Civil rights as determinants of public health and racial and ethnic health equity: Health care, education, employment, and housing in the United States This essay examines how civil rights and their implementation have affected and continue to affect the health of racial and ethnic minority populations in the United States. Civil rights are characterized as social determinants of health. A brief review of US history indicates that, particularly for Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians (...) be considered a powerful arena for public health theorizing, research, policy, and action.

2017 SSM - population health

137. Predictors and consequences of rural clients’ satisfaction level in the district public-private mixed health system of Bangladesh Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predictors and consequences of rural clients’ satisfaction level in the district public-private mixed health system of Bangladesh We investigated predictors of the rural clients' satisfaction level (CSL), and interlinks between perceived specific service quality (PSSQ), perceived utility value (PUV), CSL, and clients' reactions (CR) towards current and future utilization of providers and facilities in the public-private mixed health system of Bangladesh.A quantitative study using interviewer (...) -administered questionnaire was conducted among 400 rural patients. CSL was measured both directly and indirectly. Clients' opinions of PSSQ relating to healthcare structure and process features were measured for indirectly assessing their satisfaction. PUV and CR were also measured indirectly. 5-point Likert scales were used to measure PSSQ, PUV, CSL and CR. Multiple regression and mediation were the models.Clients' satisfaction was low in both health sectors with significantly lower in the public than

2017 Global health research and policy

138. My Signals - Public health

My Signals - Public health My Signals - Public health collection Search this site or Dissemination Centre My Signals - Public health collection In My Signals , health and social care staff and service users tell us what research is important to them and why they feel others need to know about it. Join the conversation on Twitter and tell us which Signals have interested, excited or surprised you, using #MySignals. You can find out more or read the latest on the . In this collection (...) , ( ), Director of Public Health at Doncaster Council, explains the role of research evidence in public health, and highlights NIHR Signals of particular interest to people working to improve public health. Evidence use in public health Since April 2013, local authorities in England have regained their role in leading the local public health system. Whilst the transfer of public health from the NHS is a key part of this, it is worth remembering that local government was already working to improve social

2017 NIHR Dissemination Centre - Highlights

139. Transport and public health in China: the road to a healthy future. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transport and public health in China: the road to a healthy future. Transportation-related risk factors are a major source of morbidity and mortality in China, where the expansion of road networks and surges in personal vehicle ownership are having profound effects on public health. Road traffic injuries and fatalities have increased alongside increased use of motorised transport in China, and accident injury risk is aggravated by inadequate emergency response systems and trauma care. National (...) air quality standards and emission control technologies are having a positive effect on air quality, but persistent air pollution is increasingly attributable to a growing and outdated vehicle fleet and to famously congested roads. Urban design favours motorised transport, and physical activity and its associated health benefits are hindered by poor urban infrastructure. Transport emissions of greenhouse gases contribute substantially to regional and global climate change, which compound public

2017 Lancet

140. A Public Health Preparedness Logic Model: Assessing Preparedness for Cross-border Threats in the European Region Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Public Health Preparedness Logic Model: Assessing Preparedness for Cross-border Threats in the European Region Improving preparedness in the European region requires a clear understanding of what European Union (EU) member states should be able to do, whether acting internally or in cooperation with each other or the EU and other multilateral organizations. We have developed a preparedness logic model that specifies the aims and objectives of public health preparedness, as well (...) as the response capabilities and preparedness capacities needed to achieve them. The capabilities, which describe the ability to effectively use capacities to identify, characterize, and respond to emergencies, are organized into 5 categories. The first 3 categories-(1) assessment; (2) policy development, adaptation, and implementation; and (3) prevention and treatment services in the health sector-represent what the public health system must accomplish to respond effectively. The fourth and fifth categories

2017 Health security