Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

81. Patterns of authorship on community health workers in low-and-middle-income countries: an analysis of publications (2012–2016) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patterns of authorship on community health workers in low-and-middle-income countries: an analysis of publications (2012–2016) Studies of authorship provide a barometer of local research capacity and ownership of research, considered key to defining appropriate research priorities, developing contextualised responses to health problems and ensuring that research informs policy and practice. This paper reports on an analysis of patterns of research authorship of the now substantial literature (...) on community health workers (CHWs) in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) for the 5-year period: 2012-2016.A search of five databases identified a total of 649 indexed publications reporting on CHWs in LMICs and meeting the inclusion criteria. The country, region and income classification of studies, affiliations (country, organisation) of lead (first) and last authors, proportions of all authors locally affiliated, programme area (eg, maternal child health) and funding source were extracted.The 649

2018 BMJ global health

82. Local authority public health prescribed activity call for evidence

Local authority public health prescribed activity call for evidence Local authority public health prescribed activity call for evidence | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Local authority public health prescribed activity call for evidence: The King's Fund response This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Authors David Buck responds (...) on behalf of The King's Fund to the Department of Health and Social Care's local authority public health prescribed activity call for evidence. Comments Add your comment Your name Email (your email will not be made public) Your job/role Organisation Comment Post comment You may also be interested in Quick links Connect with us Latest Tweet Weekly Update newsletter Subscribe for a weekly round-up of our latest news and content Sign up Footer © The King's Fund 2019 Registered charity: 1126980

2018 The King's Fund

83. Public health interventions may offer society a return on investment of £14 for each £1 spent

Public health interventions may offer society a return on investment of £14 for each £1 spent Public health interventions may offer society a return on investment of £14 for each £1 spent Discover Portal Discover Portal Public health interventions may offer society a return on investment of £14 for each £1 spent Published on 18 July 2017 doi: Each £1 invested in public health interventions could offer an average return on investment to the wider health and social care economy of £14 (...) return, within 18 months. These findings apply to high-income countries. There are some limitations to the data, as a variety of calculation techniques were used and the quality of the included studies varied. However, these are unlikely to alter the direction or approximate size of these effects. The study shows how cost-effective public health interventions can be and should inspire future research into how to better implement what is already known. Share your views on the research. Why

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

84. Anthropology in public health emergencies: what is anthropology good for? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Anthropology in public health emergencies: what is anthropology good for? Recent outbreaks of Ebola virus disease (2013-2016) and Zika virus (2015-2016) bring renewed recognition of the need to understand social pathways of disease transmission and barriers to care. Social scientists, anthropologists in particular, have been recognised as important players in disease outbreak response because of their ability to assess social, economic and political factors in local contexts. However (...) , in emergency public health response, as with any interdisciplinary setting, different professions may disagree over methods, ethics and the nature of evidence itself. A disease outbreak is no place to begin to negotiate disciplinary differences. Given increasing demand for anthropologists to work alongside epidemiologists, clinicians and public health professionals in health crises, this paper gives a basic introduction to anthropological methods and seeks to bridge the gap in disciplinary expectations

2018 BMJ global health

85. Extensive use of monosodium glutamate: A threat to public health? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Extensive use of monosodium glutamate: A threat to public health? 29743864 2018 11 14 1611-2156 17 2018 EXCLI journal EXCLI J Extensive use of monosodium glutamate: A threat to public health? 273-278 10.17179/excli2018-1092 Niaz Kamal K Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Bioscience and Agri-Food and Environmental Technology, University of Teramo-64100, Italy. Zaplatic Elizabeta E Faculty of Bioscience and Agri-Food and Environmental Technology, University of Teramo-64100

2018 EXCLI journal

86. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and subsequent risk of total and site specific cancers in Japanese population: large case-cohort study within Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study cohort. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and subsequent risk of total and site specific cancers in Japanese population: large case-cohort study within Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study cohort. To evaluate the association between pre-diagnostic circulating vitamin D concentration and the subsequent risk of overall and site specific cancer in a large cohort study.Nested case-cohort study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study cohort.Nine public health

2018 BMJ

87. Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies. A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice

Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies. A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice Communicating risk in public health emergencies A WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practiceCommunicating risk in public health emergencies A WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practiceCommunicating risk in public health emergencies: a WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practice ISBN (...) be the binding and authentic edition”. Any mediation relating to disputes arising under the licence shall be conducted in accordance with the medi- ation rules of the World Intellectual Property Organization. Suggested citation. Communicating risk in public health emergencies: a WHO guideline for emergency risk com- munication (ERC) policy and practice. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY -NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP) data. CIP data are available at http://apps.who.int

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

88. Integrating a public health and human rights approach into mental health services for Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integrating a public health and human rights approach into mental health services for Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health (...) issues.The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society. Services are provided in terms of preventative public health at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Data reported here are from 2014-16.For primary prevention, our services include advocacy, public awareness, and media campaigns aimed at raising awareness about and preventing common mental disorders and behavioural difficulties in children. 35 878 people are estimated to have benefited

2018 Lancet

89. Patient and public involvement in reducing health and care research waste Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patient and public involvement in reducing health and care research waste As much as 85 % of health research is believed to be wasted because it is not published or reported, the design is poor or does not consider what is already known in the topic area. Although a great deal of work has been done in the UK to reduce research waste, the role of patients and the public has not been discussed.This paper describes a survey, on the role of patients in reducing research waste, which was carried out (...) of patients and the public has not been considered.Main A small survey was undertaken, as part of a larger programme of work on reducing health and care waste, to understand the role of patients in reducing research waste. The study showed that patients are interested in this issue particularly in relation to the prioritisation of research and patient and public involvement.Conclusions Patients undertake key roles in the research process including co-applicancy, project management, or as co-researchers

2018 Research involvement and engagement

90. Health Implications of Climate Change: a Review of the Literature About the Perception of the Public and Health Professionals Full Text available with Trip Pro

Health Implications of Climate Change: a Review of the Literature About the Perception of the Public and Health Professionals Through a systematic search of English language peer-reviewed studies, we assess how health professionals and the public, worldwide, perceive the health implications of climate change.Among health professionals, perception that climate change is harming health appears to be high, although self-assessed knowledge is low, and perceived need to learn more is high. Among (...) the public, few North Americans can list any health impacts of climate change, or who is at risk, but appear to view climate change as harmful to health. Among vulnerable publics in Asia and Africa, awareness of increasing health harms due to specific changing climatic conditions is high. Americans across the political and climate change opinion spectra appear receptive to information about the health aspects of climate change, although findings are mixed. Health professionals feel the need to learn more

2018 Current environmental health reports

91. A Web-Based Course on Public Health Principles in Disaster and Medical Humanitarian Response: Survey Among Students and Faculty Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Web-Based Course on Public Health Principles in Disaster and Medical Humanitarian Response: Survey Among Students and Faculty Web-based public health courses are becoming increasingly popular. "Public Health Principles in Disaster and Medical Humanitarian Response" is a unique Web-based course in Hong Kong. This course aimed to fill a public health training gap by reaching out to postgraduates who are unable to access face-to-face learning.The aim of this paper was to use a structured

2018 JMIR medical education

92. [Jurisdictions on the reimbursement of new medical technologies by public health insurance: A systematic review]. Full Text available with Trip Pro

[Jurisdictions on the reimbursement of new medical technologies by public health insurance: A systematic review]. In Germany reimbursement for new medical technologies is often enforced before a social court. It is likely that these judicial decisions also affect the sickness funds' decisions on requests for reimbursement and thus patient access to new technologies in general.The aim of this study was to identify the technologies that have repeatedly generated court actions and whether

2018 Zeitschrift fur Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualitat im Gesundheitswesen

93. Perceptions of the quality of generic medicines: implications for trust in public services within the local health system in Tumkur, India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perceptions of the quality of generic medicines: implications for trust in public services within the local health system in Tumkur, India Generic medicines are an important policy option to reduce out-of-pocket expenditure on medicines. However, negative perceptions of their quality affect utilisation and raise issues of confidence and trust in medicines and health services. The aim of the study was to test the quality of generic and branded medicines and explain negative perceptions towards (...) generic medicines.The study was part of a larger study on access to medicines. Information on various quality parameters was collected for branded medicines and branded and unbranded generic versions of the same medicines from government and private pharmacies in Karnataka in Southern India. To assess perceptions related to quality and drivers of preferred point of care (public vs private), focus group discussions were conducted with diabetes and hypertension patients, health workers and private

2018 BMJ global health

94. Systematic review on the public health effectiveness of whole-genome sequencing for surveillance of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

Systematic review on the public health effectiveness of whole-genome sequencing for surveillance of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean

2018 PROSPERO

95. Public health programmes to promote mental health in young people: a systematic integrative review of the global literature

Public health programmes to promote mental health in young people: a systematic integrative review of the global literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) of administration, frequency of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication

2018 PROSPERO

96. Recipient involvement in the building of public health interventions in geriatric institutions: a review of the literature

Recipient involvement in the building of public health interventions in geriatric institutions: a review of the literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) of administration, frequency of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication

2018 PROSPERO

97. Digital health interventions for public health literacy in the global south

Digital health interventions for public health literacy in the global south Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect (...) of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data

2018 PROSPERO

98. Economic models and techniques in the evaluating of green and blue spaces as a means of improving public health: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Economic models and techniques in the evaluating of green and blue spaces as a means of improving public health: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean

2018 PROSPERO

99. Assessing health outcomes of hospital based violence intervention programmes for children and young adults under the age of 24 years old compared to care as usual: a sytematic review. A public health approach to youth violence

Assessing health outcomes of hospital based violence intervention programmes for children and young adults under the age of 24 years old compared to care as usual: a sytematic review. A public health approach to youth violence Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number

2018 PROSPERO

100. Implementation strategies for public involvement in health research: a systematized review

Implementation strategies for public involvement in health research: a systematized review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address (...) of administration, route of administration, vehicle. ">Data to be extracted: intervention of interest Example: Serum creatinine; continuous; umol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL). ">Data to be extracted: primary outcome(s) Example: Blood urea nitrogen; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data

2018 PROSPERO