Latest & greatest articles for public health

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on public health and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Top results for public health

61. Knowledge translation for public health in low- and middle- income countries: a critical interpretive synthesis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge translation for public health in low- and middle- income countries: a critical interpretive synthesis Effective knowledge translation allows the optimisation of access to and utilisation of research knowledge in order to inform and enhance public health policy and practice. In low- and middle- income countries, there are substantial complexities that affect the way in which research can be utilised for public health action. This review attempts to draw out concepts in the literature (...) that contribute to defining some of the complexities and contextual factors that influence knowledge translation for public health in low- and middle- income countries.A Critical Interpretive Synthesis was undertaken, a method of analysis which allows a critical review of a wide range of heterogeneous evidence, through incorporating systematic review methods with qualitative enquiry techniques. A search for peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2016 on the topic of knowledge translation for public

2018 Global health research and policy

62. Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review Expert-consensus guidelines have been developed for how members of the public should assist a person with a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.This review aimed to examine the range of guidelines that have been developed and how these have been implemented in practice.A narrative review was carried out based on a systematic search for literature on the development or implementation (...) of the guidelines.The Delphi method has been used to develop a wide range of guidelines for English-speaking countries, Asian countries and a number of other cultural groups. The primary implementation has been through informing the content of training courses.Further work is needed on guidelines for low- and middle-income countries.A.F.J. is an unpaid member of the Board of Mental Health First Aid International (trading as Mental Health First Aid Australia), which is a not-for-profit organisation.

2018 BJPsych open

63. Building the case for embedding global health security into universal health coverage: a proposal for a unified health system that includes public health. (Abstract)

Building the case for embedding global health security into universal health coverage: a proposal for a unified health system that includes public health. In the wake of the recent west African Ebola epidemic, there is global consensus on the need for strong health systems; however, agreement is less apparent on effective mechanisms for establishing and maintaining these systems, particularly in resource-constrained settings and in the presence of multiple and sustained stresses (eg, conflict (...) , famine, climate change, and globalisation). The construction of the International Health Regulations (2005) guidelines and the WHO health systems framework, has resulted in the separation of public health functions and health-care services, which are interdependent in actuality and must be integrated to ensure a continuous, unbroken national health system. By analysing efforts to strengthen health systems towards attaining universal health coverage and investments to improve global health security

2018 Lancet

64. Credibility of subgroup analyses by socioeconomic status in public health intervention evaluations: An underappreciated problem? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Credibility of subgroup analyses by socioeconomic status in public health intervention evaluations: An underappreciated problem? There is increasing interest amongst researchers and policy makers in identifying the effect of public health interventions on health inequalities by socioeconomic status (SES). This issue is typically addressed in evaluation studies through subgroup analyses, where researchers test whether the effect of an intervention differs according to the socioeconomic status (...) of participants. The credibility of such analyses is therefore crucial when making judgements about how an intervention is likely to affect health inequalities, although this issue appears to be rarely considered within public health. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the credibility of subgroup analyses in published evaluations of public health interventions. An established set of 10 credibility criteria for subgroup analyses was applied to a purposively sampled set of 21 evaluation studies

2018 SSM - population health

65. Collaborative governance of public health in low- and middle-income countries: lessons from research in public administration Full Text available with Trip Pro

Collaborative governance of public health in low- and middle-income countries: lessons from research in public administration Multisectoral governance, one of many terms used to describe collaborative, cross-boundary approaches to solving complex public problems, is being applied broadly in several policy arenas, most notably in environmental and natural resource management, but increasingly in public health in multiple settings and scales around the globe. This paper explores how to transfer (...) knowledge about collaborative governance to challenging public health settings found in low-income and moderate-income countries (LMICs). This paper presents a general background on collaborative governance, summarises some relevant empirical findings on the performance of collaborative governance and lays out some of the challenges and considerations for thinking about improving collaborative public health governance in LMICs.

2018 BMJ global health

66. Public attitudes towards mobile health in Singapore: a cross-sectional study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Public attitudes towards mobile health in Singapore: a cross-sectional study Smartphone-mediated mobile health (mHealth) may assist patients with medication adherence, and disease monitoring. This study aimed to describe awareness and usage of, and attitudes towards, mHealth among the public in Singapore who own a smartphone. It also aimed to identify factors that influenced the above in the study population.An online cross-sectional survey was administered via convenience sampling in November (...) could help improve their health, but only 13.1% were willing to pay for it. Being employed (OR 3.71) was associated with higher mHealth usage, adjusted for baseline smartphone usage. Participants living in non-subsidized housing were more keen to try (OR 3.18), and willing to pay (OR 3.36) for mHealth.Participants generally held positive attitudes towards mHealth, although usage was low. Lack of willingness to pay, and socioeconomic factors, are potential barriers to the widespread adoption

2018 mHealth

67. Evaluation of a digital health resource providing physiotherapy information for postnatal women in a tertiary public hospital in Australia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of a digital health resource providing physiotherapy information for postnatal women in a tertiary public hospital in Australia Pregnancy and childbirth have a profound and lasting effect on the female body. Reduced length of postnatal hospital stay has impacted the ability of physiotherapy staff to provide early intervention and education on postnatal recovery and rehabilitation. A novel method of providing physiotherapy education to postnatal women was implemented in an attempt (...) to meet consumer needs in the changing hospital environment. A digital health resource was developed and evaluated to determine consumer satisfaction and access.Postnatal women admitted to the postnatal ward were invited to participate in a survey of the digital health resource during a 17-day recruitment period. A participant information sheet was provided to the patient and a signed consent form collected from those willing to participate. Online surveys were emailed to women at approximately 2

2018 mHealth

68. Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya Integration of HIV/AIDS with reproductive health (RH) services can increase the uptake and efficiency of services, but gaps in knowledge remain about the practice of integration, particularly how provision can be expanded and performance enhanced. We assessed the extent and nature of service integration in public sector facilities in four districts in Kenya.Between (...) , particularly within antenatal, FP and HIV counselling services, but a need for sustained systems and health worker support over time.NCT01694862.

2018 BMJ global health

69. Building the case for housing policy: Understanding public beliefs about housing affordability as a key social determinant of health Full Text available with Trip Pro

Building the case for housing policy: Understanding public beliefs about housing affordability as a key social determinant of health The current housing crisis in the U.S. requires the consideration and promotion of policies that improve the circumstances of severe housing cost burdens. Building public awareness of the health impacts associated with housing affordability may be a key prerequisite for policy change.Quantitative and qualitative data from a national survey were used to investigate (...) public understandings about housing affordability as a key driver of health. Quantitative and qualitative findings were integrated to test whether any relationships existed between respondents' considerations and concerns about housing affordability and their perceptions about housing affordability as a social determinant of health.These data support four key findings. First, understandings of the relationship between affordable housing and health are partisan and income-based driven

2018 SSM - population health

70. Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health: A Rapid Review

Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health: A Rapid Review Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health A Rapid Review Julie Richardson, Analyst, Research and Policy Nancy Ramuscak, Program Manager Sondra Davis, Analyst, Research and Policy Teresa Ho, Advisor July 2018 i Table of Contents Key Messages 1 Executive Summary 2 1 Issue 4 2 Context 4 3 Literature Review Question 5 4 Literature Search 5 5 Relevance Assessment 6 6 Results of the Search 7 7 Critical (...) collection methods may include surveys, interviews, focus groups, community forums and observation. 2 Executive Summary Issue and Context End-to-End Public Health Practice (E2EPHP) is a strategic priority at Region of Peel- Public Health (ROP-PH) to ensure that public health decisions support population-level health outcomes. Community assessment is included in the E2EPHP model as one way to define a public health problem. Currently, ROP-PH lacks a consistent and rigorous approach to conduct community

2018 Peel Health Library

71. The effect of public health-oriented drug law reform on HIV incidence in people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: an epidemic modelling study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of public health-oriented drug law reform on HIV incidence in people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: an epidemic modelling study As countries embark on public health-oriented drug law reform, health impact evaluations are needed. In 2012, Mexico mandated the narcomenudeo reform, which depenalised the possession of small amounts of drugs and instituted drug treatment instead of incarceration. We investigated the past and future effect of this drug law reform on HIV incidence

2018 The Lancet. Public health

72. Participatory Modeling of Climate Change Impacts on Public Health in Long Beach, California: Discussion from a Workshop Hosted by the RAND Frederick S. Pardee Center for Longer Range Global Policy and the Future Human Condition Full Text available with Trip Pro

Participatory Modeling of Climate Change Impacts on Public Health in Long Beach, California: Discussion from a Workshop Hosted by the RAND Frederick S. Pardee Center for Longer Range Global Policy and the Future Human Condition Participatory modeling aims to incorporate stakeholders into the process of developing models for the purpose of eliciting information, appropriately reflecting stakeholder interests and concerns, and improving stakeholder understanding, and acceptance of the analysis (...) . Participatory modeling, using causal loop diagramming (CLD), was used to explore the impact of climate change on public health in Long Beach, California. CLD, commonly used in participatory modeling, provided useful information to serve as the basis for a quantitative system dynamics model to protect the citizens of Long Beach, and potentially other cities or regions affected by climate change. Diverse stakeholders constructed CLDs depicting the impacts of climate change on public health in Long Beach

2018 Rand health quarterly

73. Improving Disaster Resilience Among Older Adults: Insights from Public Health Departments and Aging-in-Place Efforts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Improving Disaster Resilience Among Older Adults: Insights from Public Health Departments and Aging-in-Place Efforts This study uses interview data collected from public health departments and aging-in-place efforts-specifically, from coordinators of age-friendly communities and village executive directors-to explore how current aging-in-place efforts can be harnessed to strengthen the disaster resilience of older adults and which existing programs or new collaborations among public health (...) departments and these organizations show promise for improving disaster resilience for older populations. Interviews with stakeholders revealed that most age-friendly communities and senior villages did not place a high priority on promoting disaster preparedness. While most public health departments conducted or took the lead on disaster preparedness and resilience activities, they were not necessarily tailored to older adults. Aligning and extending public health departments' current preparedness

2018 Rand health quarterly

74. Public health

Public health Top results for public health - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for public health The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

75. Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings

Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings SCIENTIFIC ADVICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settingsECDC AND EMCDDA SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settings ii This guidance (...) Monarca for his input on research limitations in prison settings. The authors would also like to thank Margherita Errico (Italy) and Eamonn O’Moore (United Kingdom) for their contributions to the case studies presented in this guidance. Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings. Stockholm and Lisbon: ECDC and EMCDDA; 2018

2018 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

76. VA mobile apps for PTSD and related problems: public health resources for veterans and those who care for them Full Text available with Trip Pro

VA mobile apps for PTSD and related problems: public health resources for veterans and those who care for them Many public health agencies, including the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), have identified the use of mobile technologies as an essential part of a larger strategy to address major public health challenges. The VA's National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD), in collaboration with VA's Office of Mental Health and Suicide Prevention and the Defense Health Agency inside the U.S (...) ). There is growing evidence for the efficacy of several of these apps for reducing PTSD and other symptoms, and studies of providers demonstrate that the apps are engaging, easy-to-use, and provide a relative advantage to traditional care without apps. While publicly available apps do not collect or share personal data, VA has created research-enabled versions of many of its mental health apps to enable ongoing product enhancement and continuous measurement of the value of these tools to veterans and frontline

2018 mHealth

77. Public health air pollution impacts of pathway options to meet the 2050 UK Climate Change Act target: a modelling study

Public health air pollution impacts of pathway options to meet the 2050 UK Climate Change Act target: a modelling study Public health air pollution impacts of pathway options to meet the 2050 UK Climate Change Act target: a modelling study Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find (...) the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} The project has delivered a sophisticated tool to enable for the first time the explicit calculation of public health impacts from air pollution arising from future energy strategies in the UK {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , & . Martin L Williams 1, * , Sean Beevers 1 , Nutthida Kitwiroon 1 , David Dajnak 1 , Heather Walton 1, 2 , Melissa C Lott 3 , Steve Pye 4 , Daniela Fecht

2018 NIHR HTA programme

78. Using patient and public involvement to improve the research design and funding application for a project aimed at fostering a more collaborative approach to the NHS health check: the CaVIAR project (better Care Via Improved Access to Records) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using patient and public involvement to improve the research design and funding application for a project aimed at fostering a more collaborative approach to the NHS health check: the CaVIAR project (better Care Via Improved Access to Records) Following an initial NHS Health Check appointment, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) suggest patients with QRISK2 scores of ≥10% should be offered advice on lifestyle and the risks and benefits of starting a statin. NICE (...) recommend GPs should ascertain patients' pre-existing knowledge of cardiovascular disease risk, explore health beliefs, assess readiness to change, offer support, and engage family members. Condensing this complex discussion into a short consultation may result in inadequate patient understanding of the benefits of preventive measures. An alternative approach is needed. We propose a digital adjunct giving patients the opportunity to interact with their health check results from home before returning

2018 Research involvement and engagement

79. Delivery of public health services by community health workers (CHWs) in primary health care settings in China: a systematic review (1996–2016) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Delivery of public health services by community health workers (CHWs) in primary health care settings in China: a systematic review (1996–2016) Community Health Workers (CHWs) have been widely used in response to the shortage of skilled health workers especially in resource limited areas. China has a long history of involving CHWs in public health intervention project. CHWs in China called village doctors who have both treatment and public health responsibilities. This systematic review aimed (...) to identify the types of public health services provided by CHWs and summarized potential barriers and facilitating factors in the delivery of these services.We searched studies published in Chinese or English, on Medline, PubMed, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and CNKI for public health services delivered by CHWs in China, during 1996-2016. The role of CHWs, training for CHWs, challenges, and facilitating factors were extracted from reviewed studies.Guided by National Basic Public Health Service Standards

2018 Global health research and policy

80. Six hours of task-oriented training optimizes walking competency post stroke: a randomized controlled trial in the public health-care system of South Africa (Abstract)

Six hours of task-oriented training optimizes walking competency post stroke: a randomized controlled trial in the public health-care system of South Africa To evaluate a minimal dose intervention of six 1-hour sessions of task-oriented circuit gait training including a caregiver over a 12-week period to persons post stroke in the South African public health sector.Stratified, single blinded, randomized controlled trial with three intervention groups.Persons post stroke ( n = 144, mean age 50

2018 EvidenceUpdates