Latest & greatest articles for public health

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on public health or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on public health and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

What is Trip?

Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.

Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.

As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.

For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via jon.brassey@tripdatabase.com

Top results for public health

282. A systematic review of the clinical, public health and cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests for the detection and identification of bacterial intestinal pathogens in faeces and food

A systematic review of the clinical, public health and cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests for the detection and identification of bacterial intestinal pathogens in faeces and food A systematic review of the clinical, public health and cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests for the detection and identification of bacterial intestinal pathogens in faeces and food A systematic review of the clinical, public health and cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests for the detection (...) and identification of bacterial intestinal pathogens in faeces and food Abubakar I, Irvine L, Aldus CF, Wyatt GM, Fordham R, Schelenz S, et al Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Abubakar I, Irvine L, Aldus CF, Wyatt GM, Fordham R, Schelenz S, et al. A systematic review of the clinical, public health and cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2007

283. Protecting the Health of the Public -- Institute of Medicine Recommendations on Drug Safety.

Protecting the Health of the Public -- Institute of Medicine Recommendations on Drug Safety. Protecting the health of the public--Institute of Medicine recommendations on drug safety. - PubMed - NCBI Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. Search database Search term Search Result Filters Format Summary Summary (text) Abstract Abstract (text) MEDLINE XML PMID List Apply Choose Destination File Clipboard Collections E-mail Order My Bibliography Citation manager Format Create (...) File 1 selected item: 17030843 Format MeSH and Other Data E-mail Subject Additional text E-mail Add to Clipboard Add to Collections Order articles Add to My Bibliography Generate a file for use with external citation management software. Create File 2006 Oct 26;355(17):1753-5. Epub 2006 Oct 9. Protecting the health of the public--Institute of Medicine recommendations on drug safety. 1 , . 1 Cardiovascular Health Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. Comment

NEJM2006

284. Obstetric vesicovaginal fistula as an international public-health problem.

Obstetric vesicovaginal fistula as an international public-health problem. Vesicovaginal fistula is a devastating injury in which an abnormal opening forms between a woman's bladder and vagina, resulting in urinary incontinence. This condition is rare in developed countries, but in developing countries it is a common complication of childbirth resulting from prolonged obstructed labour. Estimates suggest that at least 3 million women in poor countries have unrepaired vesicovaginal fistulas (...) , and that 30 000-130 000 new cases develop each year in Africa alone. The general public and the world medical community remain largely unaware of this problem. In this article I review the pathophysiology of vesicovaginal fistula in obstructed labour and describe the effect of this condition on the lives of women in developing countries. Policy recommendations to combat this problem include enhancing public awareness, raising the priority of women's reproductive health for developing countries and aid

Lancet2006

285. Emergence and resurgence of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a public-health threat.

Emergence and resurgence of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a public-health threat. Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive bacterium that colonises the skin and is present in the anterior nares in about 25-30% of healthy people. Dependent on its intrinsic virulence or the ability of the host to contain its opportunistic behaviour, S aureus can cause a range of diseases in man. The bacterium readily acquires resistance against all classes of antibiotics by one of two distinct

Lancet2006

286. The WHO public-health approach to antiretroviral treatment against HIV in resource-limited settings.

The WHO public-health approach to antiretroviral treatment against HIV in resource-limited settings. WHO has proposed a public-health approach to antiretroviral therapy (ART) to enable scaling-up access to treatment for HIV-positive people in developing countries, recognising that the western model of specialist physician management and advanced laboratory monitoring is not feasible in resource-poor settings. In this approach, standardised simplified treatment protocols and decentralised (...) service delivery enable treatment to be delivered to large numbers of HIV-positive adults and children through the public and private sector. Simplified tools and approaches to clinical decision-making, centred on the "four Ss"--when to: start drug treatment; substitute for toxicity; switch after treatment failure; and stop--enable lower level health-care workers to deliver care. Simple limited formularies have driven large-scale production of fixed-dose combinations for first-line treatment

Lancet2006

287. Effect of a US National Institutes of Health programme of clinical trials on public health and costs.

Effect of a US National Institutes of Health programme of clinical trials on public health and costs. BACKGROUND: Few attempts have been made to estimate the public return on investment in medical research. The total costs and benefits to society of a clinical trial, the final step in testing an intervention, can be estimated by evaluating the effect of trial results on medical care and health. METHODS: All phase III randomised trials funded by the US National Institute of Neurological (...) Disorders and Stroke before Jan 1, 2000, were included. Pertinent publications on use, cost to society, and health effects for each studied intervention were identified by systematic review, supplemented with data from other public and proprietary sources. Regardless of whether a trial was positive or negative, information on use of tested therapies was integrated with published per-use data on costs and health effect (converted to 2004 US dollars) to generate 10-year projections for the US population

Lancet2006

288. Folic acid: a public-health challenge.

Folic acid: a public-health challenge. Despite worldwide public-health campaigns recommending periconceptional daily supplementation of synthetic folic acid to reduce the risk of neural tube defects, many women are not following these recommendations. At the same time, in most European countries no decline in defects has been recorded in recent years. Vulnerable groups are those with a low standard of education, young people, and women with unplanned pregnancies. Furthermore, in most countries (...) additional health benefits are not yet scientifically proven in clinical trials, in part because of feared health risks, and because of the issue of freedom of choice. Thus, additional creative public-health approaches need to be developed to prevent neural tube defects and improve the folate status of the general population.

Lancet2006

289. Do urban regeneration programmes improve public health and reduce health inequalities: a synthesis of the evidence from UK policy and practice (1980-2004)

Do urban regeneration programmes improve public health and reduce health inequalities: a synthesis of the evidence from UK policy and practice (1980-2004) Do urban regeneration programmes improve public health and reduce health inequalities: a synthesis of the evidence from UK policy and practice (1980-2004) Do urban regeneration programmes improve public health and reduce health inequalities: a synthesis of the evidence from UK policy and practice (1980-2004) Thomson H, Atkinson R, Petticrew M (...) , Kearns A. Do urban regeneration programmes improve public health and reduce health inequalities: a synthesis of the evidence from UK policy and practice (1980-2004) Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2006; 60(2): 108-115 PubMedID DOI Additional Data URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adolescent; Adult; Female; Great Britain; Health Policy; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Program Evaluation; Socioeconomic Factors; Urban Health; Urban Renewal /standards AccessionNumber

DARE.2006

291. Public consultation on proposals for change to health care professional regulation

Public consultation on proposals for change to health care professional regulation Public consultation on proposals for change to health care professional regulation | The King's Fund Fill 1 Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Public consultation on proposals for change to health care professional regulation: Consultation response This content relates to the following topics (...) : Share this content This paper responds to a report prepared by the Chief Medical Officer for England, Sir Liam Donaldson, on medical regulation, 'Good Doctors, Safer Patients ' and the review by the Department of Health on the regulation of non-medical health care professions. Overall, these reports have identified the central issues that must be resolved and have presented a mass of evidence and argument bearing on them. However, we believe more needs to be done to ensure there is a consistent

The King's Fund2006

292. Clinical decision making during public health emergencies: ethical considerations.

Clinical decision making during public health emergencies: ethical considerations. Recent public health emergencies involving anthrax, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and shortages of influenza vaccine have dramatized the need for restrictive public health measures such as quarantine, isolation, and rationing. Front-line physicians will face ethical dilemmas during public health emergencies when patients disagree with these measures. Patients might request interventions (...) that are not recommended or for which they are not eligible, or they might object to intrusive or restrictive measures. The physician's primary responsibility in such emergencies is to the public rather than to the individual patient. In public health emergencies, physicians need to address the patient's needs and concerns, recognize their changed roles, and work closely with public health officials. Physicians can still work on behalf of patients by advocating for changes in policies and exceptions when warranted

Annals of Internal Medicine2005

293. Public attitudes and perceptions about health-related research.

Public attitudes and perceptions about health-related research. Health-related research in the United States is funded by US citizens, either as taxpayers or as consumers. Public support is critical to the success of the research enterprise, and it is essential for stakeholders in research to pay attention to the public's views about the investment level in research and the nature of its conduct, as well as to understand the public's level of awareness and opinions about research to improve (...) health. This article reviews key results from surveys concerning public attitudes and perceptions toward health-related research. Collectively, these data demonstrate that Americans rate research as a high national priority, and they strongly support greater investment by public and private funders.

JAMA2005

294. Effectiveness of home visitation by public-health nurses in prevention of the recurrence of child physical abuse and neglect: a randomised controlled trial.

Effectiveness of home visitation by public-health nurses in prevention of the recurrence of child physical abuse and neglect: a randomised controlled trial. 15910951 2005 05 24 2005 09 06 2015 06 16 1474-547X 365 9473 2005 May 21-27 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Effectiveness of home visitation by public-health nurses in prevention of the recurrence of child physical abuse and neglect: a randomised controlled trial. 1786-93 Recurrence of child maltreatment is a major problem, yet little (...) IM Lancet. 2005 May 21-27;365(9473):1750-2 15910937 Evid Based Nurs. 2006 Jan;9(1):13 16437792 Adolescent Child Child Abuse prevention & control Child Behavior Child, Preschool Community Health Nursing Family Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Male Parenting Parents education Primary Prevention Recurrence Vulnerable Populations 2005 5 25 9 0 2005 9 7 9 0 2005 5 25 9 0 ppublish 15910951 S0140-6736(05)66388-X 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66388-X

Lancet2005

295. Genetic Testing assessment framework in the Andalusian Public Health System - guidelines

Genetic Testing assessment framework in the Andalusian Public Health System - guidelines Genetic Testing assessment framework in the Andalusian Public Health System - guidelines Genetic Testing assessment framework in the Andalusian Public Health System - guidelines Marquez Calderon S, Briones Perez de la Blanca E Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made (...) for the HTA database. Citation Marquez Calderon S, Briones Perez de la Blanca E. Genetic Testing assessment framework in the Andalusian Public Health System - guidelines. Seville: Andalusian Agency for Health Technology Assessment (AETSA). Report 2/2006. 2005 Authors' objectives The primary objective of this assessment framework is to propose the main dimensions and criteria that must be taken into account when deciding the incorporation of new genetic tests into the services portfolio of the Andalusian

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2005

296. A maternity hospital-based infant car-restraint loan scheme: public health and economic evaluation of an intervention for the reduction of road traffic injuries

A maternity hospital-based infant car-restraint loan scheme: public health and economic evaluation of an intervention for the reduction of road traffic injuries A maternity hospital-based infant car-restraint loan scheme: public health and economic evaluation of an intervention for the reduction of road traffic injuries A maternity hospital-based infant car-restraint loan scheme: public health and economic evaluation of an intervention for the reduction of road traffic injuries Kedikoglou S (...) Kedikoglou S, Belechri M, Dedoukou X, Spyridopoulos T, Alexe D M, Pappa E, Stamou A, Petridou E. A maternity hospital-based infant car-restraint loan scheme: public health and economic evaluation of an intervention for the reduction of road traffic injuries. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2005; 33(1): 42-49 PubMedID DOI Other publications of related interest Ekman R, Welander G, Svanstrom BL, et al. Long-term effects of legislation and local promotion of child restraint use in motor

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2005

297. Report on the consultative meeting on TRIPS and public health, Amman, Jordan, 8-11 December, 2003

Report on the consultative meeting on TRIPS and public health, Amman, Jordan, 8-11 December, 2003 WHO IRIS: Report on the consultative meeting on TRIPS and public health, Amman, Jordan, 8-11 December, 2003 Browse Related links Files in This Item: File Description Size Format 296.73 kB Adobe PDF Title: Report on the consultative meeting on TRIPS and public health, Amman, Jordan, 8-11 December, 2003 Authors: Issue Date: 2005 Publisher: World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Eastern (...) Mediterranean Place of publication: Cairo Language: English Description: 67 p. Subject: Gov't Doc #: WHO-EM/PHP/033/E URI: Appears in Collections: Items in WHO IRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. |

WHO2005

298. Public Views on Choices in Health and Health Care

Public Views on Choices in Health and Health Care Public Views on Choices in Health and Health Care | The King's Fund Fill 1 Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Public Views on Choices in Health and Health Care: A qualitative study This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Authors Rebecca Rosen Natasha Curry Dominique Florin Publication details ISBN (...) 978 1 85717 495 3 Pages 33 Extending patient choice is central to the government's reform of the NHS. Patients will be offered a choice of hospitals for planned operations from December 2005 and will soon be offered choice in other areas of health care. This paper presents the key findings from ten focus groups held to explore public views about choice in health and health care, and aims particularly to describe attitudes to choice among people living with a long-term condition. It concludes

The King's Fund2005

299. Public health measures to control the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome during the outbreak in Toronto.

Public health measures to control the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome during the outbreak in Toronto. BACKGROUND: Toronto was the site of North America's largest outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). An understanding of the patterns of transmission and the effects on public health in relation to control measures that were taken will help health officials prepare for any future outbreaks. METHODS: We analyzed SARS case, quarantine, and hotline records (...) in relation to control measures. The two phases of the outbreak were compared. RESULTS: Toronto Public Health investigated 2132 potential cases of SARS, identified 23,103 contacts of SARS patients as requiring quarantine, and logged 316,615 calls on its SARS hotline. In Toronto, 225 residents met the case definition of SARS, and all but 3 travel-related cases were linked to the index patient, from Hong Kong. SARS spread to 11 (58 percent) of Toronto's acute care hospitals. Unrecognized SARS among in

NEJM2004

300. Health-care system frailties and public health control of communicable disease on the European Union's new eastern border.

Health-care system frailties and public health control of communicable disease on the European Union's new eastern border. In May, 2004, the border of the European Union (EU) will shift eastward such that the new frontier will be made up by Ukraine, Belarus, and a considerably longer Russian border. Here, we discuss three issues: first, the factors that have contributed to the growth of communicable disease in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus; second, how public health systems have responded (...) to these challenges; and third, the implications for the EU as a whole. Since the break-up of the Soviet Union, Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus have witnessed substantial political, social, and economic changes. These events have been reflected in changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases, including tuberculosis and HIV (ie, HIV-1). Moreover, public health systems, rooted in Soviet traditions, are struggling to respond effectively to the challenges of resurgent infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis

Lancet2004