Latest & greatest articles for ptsd

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Top results for ptsd

81. PTSD Among People Living with HIV/AIDS

health outcomes for people with HIV and a history of trauma, the health care systems need effective tools, treatments and interventions that recognize and reduce traumatic stress and other mental health problems.(5) What We Found Prevalence In this review, we look specifically at the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among people living with HIV. Despite a thorough search of the literature, we were unable to find any estimates of the prevalence of posttraumatic mental illness among (...) -Home Messages A high proportion of men and women with HIV have experienced psychological trauma.(2;5;8) Although there are no estimates of the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in people living with HIV in Ontario or Canada, in the US estimates range from a low of 10% to a high of 74%.(3-10) Women appear to have particularly high rates of abuse and trauma.(1;2;5;8) Traumatic stress is associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes, including poor adherence to medication

2014 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

82. Post-traumatic stress disorder: remembering and recovering

cause great psychological distress which may result in lasting mental health problems. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common of these and in the last 25 years there has been a lot of work to develop effective ways to prevent and treat it. People with PTSD experience heightened arousal (such as sleep disturbances and being easily startled) and intense fear, reliving the trauma they’ve been through, and avoiding reminders of it. Sandra’s story Sandra enjoying time with her (...) Post-traumatic stress disorder: remembering and recovering Post-traumatic stress disorder: remembering and recovering - Evidently Cochrane Search and hit Go By November 11, 2014 // Today we remember the Fallen. In the stillness of the eleventh hour today, in this year one hundred years on from the start of the First World War, many of us will have in our minds the extraordinary image of the ceramic poppies ‘planted’ in the Tower of London”s moat and the words of Binyon’s poem, , published

2014 Evidently Cochrane

83. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Adults with PTSD, GAD, or Depression

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Adults with PTSD, GAD, or Depression TITLE: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Adults with PTSD, GAD, or Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 31 October 2014 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and depression are psychiatric disorders that interfere with daily-life activities. 1-3 In Canada, the prevalence of PTSD (...) with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), or depression Intervention Transcranial magnetic stimulation Comparator No active treatment Standard therapy Outcomes Clinical effectiveness and benefit Guidelines Study Designs Health technology assessment (HTA), systematic review, meta- analysis, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), evidence-based guidelines Exclusion Criteria Primary research articles were excluded if they were cited in a corresponding systematic review

2014 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

84. Neuro-Linguistic Programming for the Treatment of Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, General Anxiety Disorder, or Depression

Neuro-Linguistic Programming for the Treatment of Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, General Anxiety Disorder, or Depression TITLE: Neuro-Linguistic Programming for the Treatment of Adults with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, General Anxiety Disorder, or Depression: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 3 November 2014 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), and major depression disorder (MDD) are common (...) REFERENCES 1. Statistics Canada. Section B - anxiety disorders. Part 6 - post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) [Internet]. In: Health state descriptions for Canadians. Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada; 2013 [cited 2014 Oct 8]. Available from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-619- m/2012004/sections/sectionb-eng.htm. 2. Statistics Canada. Section B - anxiety disorders. Part 4 - generalized anxiety disorder [Internet]. In: Health state descriptions for Canadians. Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada; 2013 [cited

2014 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

85. Evidence-based pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder

for PTSD Check for GAD Predominant symptom focus intermittent panic/anxiety attacks and avoidance Uncontrollable worry about several areas Some uncued/ spontaneous Fear of social scrutiny Discrete object/ situation Obsessions + compulsions Trauma history and flashbacks? Yes No Figure 1. Suggested scheme for exploring a suspected anxiety disorder. GAD: generalised anxiety disorder; OCD: obsessive-compulsive disorder; PTSD: post-traumatic stress disorder. Table 2. Principal clinical features (...) Evidence-based pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder Journal of Psychopharmacology 1 –37 © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/0269881114525674 jop.sagepub.com 1. Introduction The British Association for Psychopharmacology (BAP; www. bap.org.uk) aims to advance education and research in the sci- ence and practice of psychopharmacology by arranging scientific

2014 British Association for Psychopharmacology

86. The emotional freedom technique for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, or anxiety: clinical evidence

The emotional freedom technique for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, or anxiety: clinical evidence The emotional freedom technique for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, or anxiety: clinical evidence The emotional freedom technique for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, or anxiety: clinical evidence CADTH Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA (...) . No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation CADTH. The emotional freedom technique for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, or anxiety: clinical evidence. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). Rapid Response - Summary of Abstracts. 2013 Authors' conclusions Three randomized controlled trials and three non-randomized studies were identified regarding the emotional freedom technique for the treatment

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

87. Seeking Safety for PTSD with Substance Use Disorder

Seeking Safety for PTSD with Substance Use Disorder Seeking Safety for PTSD with Substance Use Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology Description Seeking Safety is a present-focused therapy to help people attain safety from trauma/PTSD and substance abuse. The treatment is available as a book, providing both client handouts and guidance for clinicians. The treatment was designed for flexible use. It has been conducted in group and individual format; for women, men, and mixed-gender; using (...) to counteract the loss of ideals in both PTSD and substance abuse 4) Four content areas: cognitive, behavioral, interpersonal, case management 5) Attention to clinician processes (helping clinicians work on countertransference, self-care, and other issues) Key References (in reverse chronological order) Zlotnick C, Johnson J, Najavits LM. (2009). Randomized controlled pilot study of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a sample of incarcerated women with substance use disorder and PTSD. Behavior Therapy, 40, 325

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

88. Psychological Debriefing for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Psychological Debriefing for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Psychological Debriefing for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology Description Psychological debriefing is a formal version of providing emotional and psychological support immediately following a traumatic event; the goal of psychological debriefing is to prevent the development of post-traumatic stress disorder and other negative sequelae. Most psychological debriefing interventions involve a single session (...) a traumatic event. Psychological debriefing is not the same as brief cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) administered for acute stress disorder, which is delivered approximately 2 weeks following a trauma, and lasts for four to five sessions; brief CBT appears to have strong research support (cf., Bryant, Sackville, Dangh, Moulds, & Guthrie, 1999; Foa, Hearst-Ikeda, & Perry, 1995). Key References (in reverse chronological order) McNally, R., Bryant, R.A., Ehlers, A. (2003). Does early psychological

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

89. Prolonged Exposure for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Prolonged Exposure for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology Treatment: Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder : Treatment pending re-evaluation Very strong: High-quality evidence that treatment improves symptoms and functional outcomes at post-treatment and follow-up; little risk of harm; requires reasonable amount of resources; effective in non-research settings Strong: Moderate (...) in Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Brief Summary Basic premise : repeated exposure to trauma-related thoughts, feelings, and situations can help reduce the power they have to cause distress Essence of therapy : Prolonged Exposure Therapy consists of imaginal exposures, which involve recounting the traumatic memory and processing the revisiting experience, as well as in vivo exposures in which the client repeatedly confronts trauma-related stimuli that were safe but previously

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

90. Present-Centered Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Present-Centered Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Present-Centered Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology for the treatment of PTSD. Description Present-Centered Therapy is a non-trauma focused treatment for PTSD. The primary mechanisms of change from a present centered perspective are grounded in (a) altering present maladaptive relation patterns/behaviors, (b) providing psycho-education regarding the impact of trauma on the client’s life, and (c (...) Controlled Trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy, 3(1) 84-93. McDonagh, A., McHugo, G., Sengupta, A., Demment, C., Schnurr, P., Friedman, M., Ford, M., Mueser, K., Fournier, D., Descamps, M. (2005). Randomized Trial of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adult Female Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 515-524. Schnurr, P., Friedman, M., Foy, D., Shea, T., Hsieh, F., Lavori, P., Glynn

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

91. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology for the treatment of PTSD. Description Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing, or EMDR, pairs eye movements with cognitive processing of the traumatic memories. The initial phases of EMDR involve affect management techniques, such as relaxation. During the processing stage of therapy, the patient (...) . (2000). Science and pseudoscience in the development of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: Implications for clinical psychology. Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 945-971. Key References (in reverse chronological order) Devilly, G.J. and Spence, S.H. (1999). The relative efficacy and treatment distress of EMDR and a cognitive behavioral trauma treatment protocol in the amelioration of post traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 13, 131-157. Rothbaum, B. O. (1997

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

92. Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology Treatment: Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder : Treatment pending re-evaluation Very strong: High-quality evidence that treatment improves symptoms and functional outcomes at post-treatment and follow-up; little risk of harm; requires reasonable amount of resources; effective in non-research settings Strong (...) in Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Brief Summary Basic premise : changing the content of cognitions about a trauma can impact emotional and behavioral responses to the trauma Essence of therapy : Cognitive Processing Therapy, or CPT, is a cognitive therapy that focuses initially on the question of why the trauma occurred and then the effects of the trauma on the clients’ beliefs about themselves, others, and the world through the use of progressive worksheets. Length

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

93. Stress Inoculation Training for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Stress Inoculation Training for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Stress Inoculation Training for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Society of Clinical Psychology Description Stress Inoculation Training involves teaching coping skills to manage stress and anxiety. This may include training in deep muscle relaxation, cognitive restructuring, breathing exercises, assertiveness skills, thought stopping, role playing, and guided self-dialogue. Stress Inoculation Training is often used in conjunction (...) with other therapy techniques, such as cognitive behavioral therapies. Key References (in reverse chronological order) Foa, E. B., Dancu, C. V., Hembree, E. A., Jaycox, L. H., Meadows, E. A., & Street, G. P. (1999). A comparison of exposure therapy, stress inoculation training, and their combination for reducing posttraumatic stress disorder in female assault victims. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 194-200. Foa, E.B., Rothbaum, B.O., Riggs, D.,& Murdock, T. (1991). Treatment of post

2014 Society of Clinical Psychology

94. Children exposed to trauma should be screened for symptoms of PTSD Full Text available with Trip Pro

on this topic? Children exposed to traumatic events are at increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, the true prevalence of PTSD in non-referred children has been difficult to estimate because of variance in sampling and assessment methods across existing studies of at-risk children and adolescents. What does this paper add? This is the first study to estimate the prevalence of PTSD in children and adolescents. It does so using a meta-analysis of 72 published studies that employ DSM (...) -IV PTSD criteria and structured diagnostic interviews to assess PTSD in trauma-exposed, non-referred children and adolescents. The observed PTSD prevalence of 16% is consistent with prevalence estimates obtained for PTSD in adults from large-scale epidemiological studies employing DSM criteria and structured diagnostic interviews. Similar to research on adults, girls and those exposed to interpersonal trauma had the highest risk for PTSD following traumatic exposure. Limitations The findings

2014 Evidence-Based Mental Health

95. Extending the evidence base for prolonged exposure: significant effectiveness noted with sexual abuse-related PTSD in adolescent girls

in adolescent girls Article Text Psychological interventions Extending the evidence base for prolonged exposure: significant effectiveness noted with sexual abuse-related PTSD in adolescent girls Shannon Dorsey , Julie Harrison Statistics from Altmetric.com What is already known on this topic? Children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events, such as sexual abuse and rape, are at risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies of trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT (...) Extending the evidence base for prolonged exposure: significant effectiveness noted with sexual abuse-related PTSD in adolescent girls Extending the evidence base for prolonged exposure: significant effectiveness noted with sexual abuse-related PTSD in adolescent girls | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies

2014 Evidence-Based Mental Health

96. Over 60% of US adolescents have experienced a potentially traumatic event, almost 8% of whom have associated PTSD

Over 60% of US adolescents have experienced a potentially traumatic event, almost 8% of whom have associated PTSD Statistics from Altmetric.com Question Question: What proportion of adolescents have been exposed to potentially traumatic events, and to what extent does this correlate with prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder? Population: 6483 adolescents (aged 13–17 years) and their parents. Of these adolescents, 879 were members of households participating in the National Comorbidity Survey (...) of mental health disorders using a long-form self-administered questionnaire. Outcomes: Lifetime exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and DSM-IV post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The CIDI was used to assess 19 PTEs that qualified for the DSM-IV A1 criterion: 9 types of interpersonal violence; 5 types of accident; 3 types of witnessing and network events (such as unexpected death of a loved one); and 2 open-ended questions about PTEs not … Request Permissions If you wish to reuse any

2014 Evidence-Based Mental Health

97. Review: psychotherapy, somatic therapy and pharmacotherapy are all more effective than control for the treatment of PTSD

Pharmacological interventions Review: psychotherapy, somatic therapy and pharmacotherapy are all more effective than control for the treatment of PTSD Statistics from Altmetric.com Question Question: What is the efficacy of different treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)? Outcomes: Change in PTSD symptoms as measured by the individual trials. When available, preference was given to assessments made using the clinician-administered PTSD Scale or PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview version (...) and Statistic Manual-confirmed diagnosis of PTSD. Studies were grouped into top-level treatment categories (psychotherapy, somatic therapy and pharmacotherapy) then further subdivided, allowing authors to compare effects across and within therapy categories. Effect sizes were calculated for the between-group difference in pretreatment and post-treatment score changes using Hedges g correction for small sample sizes. Effect sizes were pooled … Request Permissions If you wish to reuse any or all

2014 Evidence-Based Mental Health

98. Neuro-linguistic programming for the treatment of adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, general anxiety disorder, or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines

Neuro-linguistic programming for the treatment of adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, general anxiety disorder, or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines Neuro-linguistic programming for the treatment of adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, general anxiety disorder, or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines Neuro-linguistic programming for the treatment of adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, general anxiety disorder (...) , or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). Neuro-linguistic programming for the treatment of adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, general anxiety

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

99. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines

; additional systematic reviews and meta-analyses for the use of TMS for treating depression have also reported benefits. Five guideline documents include recommendations regarding the use of TMS in practice, but are variable between organizations. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Anxiety; Anxiety Disorders; Combat Disorders; Depression; Depressive Disorder; Panic Disorder; Postpartum; Shell Shock; Transcranial Magnetic Stimulations Language Published English (...) Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of adults with PTSD, GAD, or depression: a review of clinical effectiveness and guidelines Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH) Record

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

100. Virtual reality exposure therapy for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder: a review of the clinical effectiveness

of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation CADTH. Virtual reality exposure therapy for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder: a review of the clinical effectiveness. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). Rapid Response. 2014 Authors' conclusions Limited evidence from a systematic review and a randomized controlled trial suggest that virtual reality exposure therapy may be as effective as other types of exposure therapy for PTSD. Final (...) publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Combat Disorders; Computer Simulation; Humans; Military Personnel; Military Psychiatry; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic; Therapy, Computer-Assisted; Treatment Outcome; User-Computer Interface; Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy Language Published English Country of organisation Canada Province or state Ontario English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.