Latest & greatest articles for prostate cancer screening

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Top results for prostate cancer screening

61. Prostate Cancer Screening: Where Do We Stand Now?

Prostate Cancer Screening: Where Do We Stand Now? Prostate Cancer Screening: Where Do We Stand Now? | Clinical Correlations Prostate Cancer Screening: Where Do We Stand Now? December 9, 2009 Annery Garcia Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in western men and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men in the U.S. 1 In 2007 approximately 218,890 men were diagnosed with prostate cancer, and it is expected that one out of six men will receive the diagnosis (...) are at increased risk of prostate cancer. A diet high in fat has also been found to increase the risk of prostate cancer. 3 Currently, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force finds the evidence insufficient to recommend for or against prostate cancer screening in men younger than 75 years old. 4 It recommends against prostate cancer screening in men 75 years or older. 4 Screening for prostate cancer includes a digital rectal exam (DRE) and measuring blood levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). PSA is a

Clinical Correlations2009

62. Rethinking screening for breast cancer and prostate cancer.

Rethinking screening for breast cancer and prostate cancer. After 20 years of screening for breast and prostate cancer, several observations can be made. First, the incidence of these cancers increased after the introduction of screening but has never returned to prescreening levels. Second, the increase in the relative fraction of early stage cancers has increased. Third, the incidence of regional cancers has not decreased at a commensurate rate. One possible explanation is that screening may (...) be increasing the burden of low-risk cancers without significantly reducing the burden of more aggressively growing cancers and therefore not resulting in the anticipated reduction in cancer mortality. To reduce morbidity and mortality from prostate cancer and breast cancer, new approaches for screening, early detection, and prevention for both diseases should be considered.

JAMA2009

63. Periodic screening with prostate-specific antigen testing reduced mortality from prostate cancer

Periodic screening with prostate-specific antigen testing reduced mortality from prostate cancer Periodic screening with prostate-specific antigen testing reduced mortality from prostate cancer | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search (...) for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Periodic screening with prostate-specific antigen testing reduced mortality from prostate cancer Article Text Therapeutics Periodic screening with prostate-specific antigen testing reduced mortality from prostate cancer Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. STUDY DESIGN Design

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2009

64. Annual screening for prostate cancer did not reduce mortality from prostate cancer

Annual screening for prostate cancer did not reduce mortality from prostate cancer Annual screening for prostate cancer did not reduce mortality from prostate cancerAnnual screening for prostate cancer did not reduce mortality from prostate cancer | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your (...) user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Annual screening for prostate cancer did not reduce mortality from prostate cancerAnnual screening for prostate cancer did not reduce mortality from prostate cancer Article Text Therapeutics Annual screening for prostate cancer did not reduce mortality from

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2009

65. Mortality results from a randomized prostate-cancer screening trial.

Mortality results from a randomized prostate-cancer screening trial. 19297565 2009 03 26 2009 03 31 2016 12 15 1533-4406 360 13 2009 Mar 26 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Mortality results from a randomized prostate-cancer screening trial. 1310-9 10.1056/NEJMoa0810696 The effect of screening with prostate-specific-antigen (PSA) testing and digital rectal examination on the rate of death from prostate cancer is unknown. This is the first report from the Prostate, Lung (...) , Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial on prostate-cancer mortality. From 1993 through 2001, we randomly assigned 76,693 men at 10 U.S. study centers to receive either annual screening (38,343 subjects) or usual care as the control (38,350 subjects). Men in the screening group were offered annual PSA testing for 6 years and digital rectal examination for 4 years. The subjects and health care providers received the results and decided on the type of follow-up evaluation. Usual care

NEJM2009 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

66. Screening and prostate-cancer mortality in a randomized European study.

Screening and prostate-cancer mortality in a randomized European study. 19297566 2009 03 26 2009 03 31 2016 11 25 1533-4406 360 13 2009 Mar 26 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Screening and prostate-cancer mortality in a randomized European study. 1320-8 10.1056/NEJMoa0810084 The European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer was initiated in the early 1990s to evaluate the effect of screening with prostate-specific-antigen (PSA) testing on death rates from (...) prostate cancer. We identified 182,000 men between the ages of 50 and 74 years through registries in seven European countries for inclusion in our study. The men were randomly assigned to a group that was offered PSA screening at an average of once every 4 years or to a control group that did not receive such screening. The predefined core age group for this study included 162,243 men between the ages of 55 and 69 years. The primary outcome was the rate of death from prostate cancer. Mortality follow

NEJM2009

67. Screening for prostate cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement.

Screening for prostate cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. DESCRIPTION: Update of the 2002 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation statement about screening for prostate cancer. METHODS: The USPSTF evaluated randomized, controlled trials of the benefits of prostate cancer screening; cohort and cross-sectional studies of the psychological harms of false-positive prostate-specific antigen test results; and evidence on the natural history (...) of prostate-specific antigen-detected prostate cancer to address previously identified gaps in the evidence from the 2002 USPSTF recommendation. RECOMMENDATIONS: Current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for prostate cancer in men younger than age 75 years (I statement). Do not screen for prostate cancer in men age 75 years or older (Grade D recommendation).

Annals of Internal Medicine2008

68. Benefits and harms of prostate-specific antigen screening for prostate cancer: an evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

Benefits and harms of prostate-specific antigen screening for prostate cancer: an evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in men in the United States, and prostate cancer screening has increased in recent years. In 2002, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concluded that evidence was insufficient to recommend for or against screening for prostate cancer with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing. PURPOSE (...) : To examine new evidence on benefits and harms of screening asymptomatic men for prostate cancer with PSA. DATA SOURCES: English-language articles identified in PubMed and the Cochrane Library (search dates, January 2002 to July 2007), reference lists of retrieved articles, and expert suggestions. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized, controlled trials and meta-analyses of PSA screening and cross-sectional and cohort studies of screening harms and of the natural history of screening-detected cancer were selected

Annals of Internal Medicine2008

69. Screening for prostate cancer in U.S. men: ACPM position statement on preventive practice.

Screening for prostate cancer in U.S. men: ACPM position statement on preventive practice. Screening for prostate cancer in U.S. men: ACPM position statement on preventive practice. | National Guideline Clearinghouse Search Sign In Username or Email * Password * Remember Me Don't have an account? Guideline Summary NGC:006394 This guideline summary has been withdrawn from NGC. Please update your bookmarks. View all withdrawn summaries in the . About NGC Guideline Summaries NGC's guidelines

American College of Preventive Medicine2008

70. Review: evidence from 2 low quality screening studies does not show a reduction in death from prostate cancer

Review: evidence from 2 low quality screening studies does not show a reduction in death from prostate cancer Review: evidence from 2 low quality screening studies does not show a reduction in death from prostate cancer | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search (...) for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: evidence from 2 low quality screening studies does not show a reduction in death from prostate cancer Article Text Therapeutics Review: evidence from 2 low quality screening studies does not show a reduction in death from prostate cancer Free Michael J Barry , MD Statistics from Altmetric.com

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2008

71. Benefits and harms of prostate-specific cancer screening: an evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Benefits and harms of prostate-specific cancer screening: an evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Benefits and harms of prostate-specific cancer screening: an evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Benefits and harms of prostate-specific cancer screening: an evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Lin K, Lipsitz R, Miller T, Janakiraman S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from (...) a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Lin K, Lipsitz R, Miller T, Janakiraman S. Benefits and harms of prostate-specific cancer screening: an evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Evidence Synthesis No 63. 2008 Authors' objectives To examine new evidence of benefits and harms of screening asymptomatic men for prostate cancer with PSA testing

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2008

72. Prostate cancer screening strategies with re-screening interval determined by individual baseline prostate-specific antigen values are cost-effective

Prostate cancer screening strategies with re-screening interval determined by individual baseline prostate-specific antigen values are cost-effective Prostate cancer screening strategies with re-screening interval determined by individual baseline prostate-specific antigen values are cost-effective Prostate cancer screening strategies with re-screening interval determined by individual baseline prostate-specific antigen values are cost-effective Kobayashi T, Goto R, Ito K, Mitsumori K Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of personalised re-screening strategies for prostate cancer. Strategies were based on individual baseline levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2007

73. Viewpoint: limiting prostate cancer screening.

Viewpoint: limiting prostate cancer screening. Prostate cancer screening is controversial, and major professional associations offer differing screening guidelines. The author addresses 3 key issues about prostate cancer screening: 1) the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) criteria to recommend a prostate biopsy, 2) the appropriate age to start screening, and 3) the appropriate age to stop screening. The author argues, on the basis of evidence published since 2000, that data supporting (...) the efficacy of PSA screening remain unconvincing. The author recommends that screening should not be expanded to include average-risk men younger than age 50 years or older than age 75 years and that a PSA threshold below 4.0 ng/mL should not be used to trigger biopsy referral.

Annals of Internal Medicine2006

74. Viewpoint: expanding prostate cancer screening.

Viewpoint: expanding prostate cancer screening. Prostate cancer screening is controversial, and major professional associations offer differing screening guidelines. The authors address 3 key issues about prostate cancer screening: 1) the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) criteria to recommend a prostate biopsy, 2) the appropriate age to start screening, and 3) the appropriate age to stop screening. The authors argue, on the basis of evidence published since 2000, that data supporting (...) the efficacy of PSA screening are convincing. They recommend screening for risk assessment for average-risk men beginning at age 40 years, screening selected healthy men older than age 70 years, and lowering the PSA threshold for considering biopsy to 2.5 ng/mL for all men.

Annals of Internal Medicine2006

75. Should mass screening for prostate cancer be introduced at the national level?

Should mass screening for prostate cancer be introduced at the national level? WHO/Europe | Should mass screening for prostate cancer be introduced at the national level? Français Deutsch Pусский S search Databases Interactive atlases Evidence resources European health report Our flagship report maps health trends, charts progress towards achieving health goals and provides an advance base for health policy Resources Social media Events Organization Governance Partners Networks Jobs (...) and internships Should mass screening for prostate cancer be introduced at the national level? Should mass screening for prostate cancer be introduced at the national level? Download Summary The issue Prostate cancer is a major cause of death among men, with over 56,000 deaths in the European Union in 1998. There are no obvious preventive strategies, therefore screening has been considered to reduce the number of deaths. Opportunistic screening is widely carried out but there are no known national programmes

WHO Health Evidence Network2004

76. Effect of verification bias on screening for prostate cancer by measurement of prostate-specific antigen.

Effect of verification bias on screening for prostate cancer by measurement of prostate-specific antigen. BACKGROUND: The sensitivity and specificity of a screening test are biased when disease status is not verified in all subjects and when the likelihood of confirmation depends on the test result itself. We assessed the screening characteristics of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) measurement after correction for verification bias. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2001, 6691 men underwent PSA (...) -based screening for prostate cancer. Of these men, 705 (11 percent) subsequently underwent biopsy of the prostate. Under the assumption that the chance of undergoing a biopsy depends only on the PSA-test result and other observed clinical variables, we used a mathematical model to estimate adjusted receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: Adjusting for verification bias significantly increased the area under the ROC curve (i.e., the overall diagnostic performance) of the PSA test, as

NEJM2003

77. Screening for prostate cancer.

Screening for prostate cancer. Epidemiologically, screening is justified by the importance of the disease and the lack of prospects for primary prevention, but evidence from natural history is unhelpful since men are more likely to die with, rather than from, prostate cancer. The available screening tests do not always detect men whose lesions could result in future morbidity or mortality. Evidence is limited for the benefits of treatment for localised cancers detected through screening (...) , whereas the evidence for harm is clear. Observational evidence for the effect of population screening programmes is mixed, with no clear association between intensity of screening and reduced prostate cancer mortality. Screening for prostate cancer cannot be justified in low-risk populations, but the balance of benefit and harm will be more favourable after risk stratification. Prostate cancer screening can be justified only in research programmes designed to assess its effectiveness and help identify

Lancet2003

78. Screening men for prostate and colorectal cancer in the United States: does practice reflect the evidence?

Screening men for prostate and colorectal cancer in the United States: does practice reflect the evidence? CONTEXT: The debate about the efficacy of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer has received substantial attention in the medical literature and the media, but the extent to which men are actually screened is unknown. If practice were evidence-based, PSA screening would be less common among men than colorectal cancer screening, a preventive service of broad (...) acceptance and proven efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalences of PSA and colorectal cancer screening among US men. DESIGN, SETTING, AND POPULATION: The 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, an annual population-based telephone survey of US adults conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was used to gather data on a representative sample of men aged 40 years or older from all 50 states and the District of Columbia (n = 49 315). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportions

JAMA2003

79. Screening for prostate, breast and colorectal cancer in renal transplant recipients

Screening for prostate, breast and colorectal cancer in renal transplant recipients Screening for prostate, breast and colorectal cancer in renal transplant recipients Screening for prostate, breast and colorectal cancer in renal transplant recipients Kiberd B A, Keough-Ryan T, Clase C M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The paper examines the cost-effectiveness of specific screening for prostate, breast and colorectal cancer for patients who have received a renal transplant. Breast cancer screening comprised a mammogram every 18 months. Prostate cancer screening involved an annual digital rectal examination and a prostate specific antigen assay. The screening programme for colorectal cancer required a faecal

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2003

80. Screening for prostate cancer: an update of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

Screening for prostate cancer: an update of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. BACKGROUND: In U.S. men, prostate cancer is the most common noncutaneous cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death. Screening for prostate cancer is controversial. PURPOSE: To examine for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force the evidence of benefits and harms of screening and earlier treatment. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library, experts, and bibliographies of reviews (...) prostate cancer mortality. Some screening tests can detect prostate cancer at an earlier stage than clinical detection. One study provides good evidence that radical prostatectomy reduces disease-specific mortality for men with localized prostate cancer detected clinically. No study has examined the additional benefit of earlier treatment after detection by screening. Men with a life expectancy of fewer than 10 years are unlikely to benefit from screening even under favorable assumptions. Each

Annals of Internal Medicine2002