Latest & greatest articles for pregnancy

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Top results for pregnancy

2021. Effect of calcium supplementation on pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Effect of calcium supplementation on pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Effect of calcium supplementation on pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Effect of calcium supplementation on pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Bucher H C, Guyatt G H, Cook R J, Hatala R, Cook D J, Lang J D, Hunt D L Authors' objectives (...) To review the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on blood-pressure, pre-eclampsia and adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Searching MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from 1966 to 1994 using the Cochrane Collaboration strategy and the keywords 'calcium' and 'hypertension' or 'blood pressure'. Citation searches of frequently identified articles were performed on SciSearch. Authors of eligible trials were contacted to ensure accuracy, completeness of data, and to identify unpublished trials

1996 DARE.

2022. The cost-effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus screening in pregnancy

The cost-effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus screening in pregnancy The cost-effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus screening in pregnancy The cost-effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus screening in pregnancy Ecker J L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology HIV screening in pregnancy. Type of intervention Primary prevention; screening. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Hypothetical cohort of women entering prenatal care before 34 weeks' gestation. This gestational age was the cut-off used to exclude subjects from the recent trial of zidovudine in pregnancy conducted by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Setting Antenatal clinic of a University hospital

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2023. Should obstetricians see women with normal pregnancies? A multicentre randomised controlled trial of routine antenatal care by general practitioners and midwives compared with shared care led by obstetricians. (PubMed)

Should obstetricians see women with normal pregnancies? A multicentre randomised controlled trial of routine antenatal care by general practitioners and midwives compared with shared care led by obstetricians. To compare routine antenatal care provided by general practitioners and midwives with obstetrician led shared care.Multicentre randomised controlled trial.51 general practices linked to nine Scottish maternity hospitals.1765 women at low risk of antenatal complications.Routine antenatal (...) admissions (27% (222/834) v 32% (266/840), P<0.05), non-attendances (7% (57) v 11% (89), P<0.01) and daycare (12% (102) v 7% (139), P<0.05) but more were referred (49% (406) v 36% (305), P<0.0001). Rates of antenatal diagnoses did not differ except that fewer women in the general practitioner and midwife group had hypertensive disorders (pregnancy induced hypertension, 5% (37) v 8% (70), P<0.01) and fewer had labour induced (18% (149) v 24% (201), P<0.01). Few failures to comply with the care protocol

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1996 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high

2024. Antioxidant nutrients in pregnancy: a systematic review of the literature

Antioxidant nutrients in pregnancy: a systematic review of the literature Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1996 DARE.

2025. Cost-effectiveness of one-stage ultrasound screening in pregnancy: a report from the Helsinki ultrasound trial

Cost-effectiveness of one-stage ultrasound screening in pregnancy: a report from the Helsinki ultrasound trial Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2026. The safety of nitrofurantoin during the first trimester of pregnancy: meta-analysis

The safety of nitrofurantoin during the first trimester of pregnancy: meta-analysis The safety of nitrofurantoin during the first trimester of pregnancy: meta-analysis The safety of nitrofurantoin during the first trimester of pregnancy: meta-analysis Ben-David S, Einarson T, Ben-David Y, Nulman I, Pastuszak A, Koren G Authors' objectives To evaluate the safety of nitrofurantoin (NF) ingested during early pregnancy. Searching MEDLINE was searched using the following keywords: 'nitrofurantoin (...) ', 'fetal abnormality', 'fetal anomaly', 'malformations', 'teratogenicity' and 'pregnancy'. Standard textbooks were checked for any additional references. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Cohort and case-control studies (with a control group not receiving NF) were included. Specific interventions included in the review NF given as an antibiotic treatment during pregnancy. Participants included in the review Pregnant women were included. Outcomes assessed in the review

1995 DARE.

2027. Contraception and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis

Contraception and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis Contraception and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis Contraception and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis Mol B W, Ankum W M, Bossuyt P M, Van der Veen F Authors' objectives To explore the association between contraceptive methods and the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1978 to 1994 for publications in English, French, German or Dutch using the keywords 'ectopic pregnancy (...) studies: cases were women with confirmed ectopic pregnancy. Controls for current contraceptive use had to be defined as non-pregnant or pregnant women. Controls for past contraceptive use were recently delivered women. Cohort studies: a cohort of women exposed to a contraceptive was compared with a cohort of non-exposed controls. Outcomes assessed in the review The risk of ectopic pregnancy was assessed. How were decisions on the relevance of primary studies made? The authors do not state how

1995 DARE.

2028. Cost-benefit analysis of screening for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy

Cost-benefit analysis of screening for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy Cost-benefit analysis of screening for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy Cost-benefit analysis of screening for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy Lappalainen M, Sintonen H, Koskiniemi M, Hedman K, Hiilesmaa V, Ammala P, Teramo K, Koskela P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results (...) and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Screening and health education versus a health education without screening option, for primary toxoplasma infections during pregnancy. Type of intervention Screening; treatment; primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Pregnant women. Setting The practice setting was the primary care sector. The economic study was conducted

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2029. Screening and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria of pregnancy to prevent pyelonephritis: a cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis

Screening and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria of pregnancy to prevent pyelonephritis: a cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis Screening and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria of pregnancy to prevent pyelonephritis: a cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis Screening and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria of pregnancy to prevent pyelonephritis: a cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis Rouse D J, Andrews W W, Goldenberg R L, Owen J Record Status This is a critical (...) ; dipstick sensitivity and specificity; ASB treatment costs; urine culture costs; dipstick costs; pyelonephritis costs. Estimated benefits used in the economic analysis Compared with no screening, the dipstick strategy prevented 7 cases per 1000 pregnancies, whilst the culture strategy prevented 12. Cost results Total pyelonephritis costs were: $57652 (no screening); $40257 (dipstick); $27832 (culture). Screening and treatment costs of asymptomatic bacteriuria were $1968 (dipstick) and $19269 (culture

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2030. Cost-effectiveness of induction of labour versus serial antenatal monitoring in the Canadian Multicentre Postterm Pregnancy Trial

Cost-effectiveness of induction of labour versus serial antenatal monitoring in the Canadian Multicentre Postterm Pregnancy Trial Cost-effectiveness of induction of labour versus serial antenatal monitoring in the Canadian Multicentre Postterm Pregnancy Trial Cost-effectiveness of induction of labour versus serial antenatal monitoring in the Canadian Multicentre Postterm Pregnancy Trial Goeree R, Hannah M, Hewson S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Induction of labour versus serial antenatal monitoring in women with postterm pregnancies. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Pregnant women with uncomplicated pregnancies after 41 weeks or more

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2031. Continuity of care by a midwife team versus routine care during pregnancy and birth: a randomised trial

Continuity of care by a midwife team versus routine care during pregnancy and birth: a randomised trial Continuity of care by a midwife team versus routine care during pregnancy and birth: a randomised trial Continuity of care by a midwife team versus routine care during pregnancy and birth: a randomised trial Rowley M J, Hensley M J, Brinsmead M W, Wlodarczyk J H Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract (...) contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Continuous care during pregnancy and birth from a team of midwives was compared with routine care from a variety of midwives and doctors. Type of intervention Antenatal care and intrapartum care. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Women attending the antenatal clinic of a tertiary

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2032. Fetal heart screening in low-risk pregnancies

Fetal heart screening in low-risk pregnancies Fetal heart screening in low-risk pregnancies Fetal heart screening in low-risk pregnancies Rustico M A, Benettoni A, D'Ottavio G, Maieron A, Fischer-Tamaro I, Conoscenti G, Meir Y, Montesano M, Cattaneo A, Mandruzzato G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical (...) assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Fetal heart screening in low-risk pregnancies. Type of intervention Screening. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised pregnant women who presented none of the risk features that are indications for fetal echocardiography. Setting Community and hospital. The economic study was conducted in Trieste, Italy. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness and resource

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2033. A cost-effectiveness study of a randomised trial of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy

A cost-effectiveness study of a randomised trial of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy A cost-effectiveness study of a randomised trial of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy A cost-effectiveness study of a randomised trial of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy Gray D T, Thorburn J, Lundorff P, Strandell A, Lindblom B Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Therapeutic laparoscopy versus open laparotomy for the treatment of laparoscopically diagnosed ectopic pregnancy. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Women with ectopic pregnancies, stratified by age and a risk-scoring system. Setting University

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2034. Home visits during pregnancy: consequences on pregnancy outcome, use of health services, and women's situations

Home visits during pregnancy: consequences on pregnancy outcome, use of health services, and women's situations Home visits during pregnancy: consequences on pregnancy outcome, use of health services, and women's situations Home visits during pregnancy: consequences on pregnancy outcome, use of health services, and women's situations Blondel B, Breart G Authors' objectives To examine whether home visits improve pregnancy outcome in women at high risk or with pregnancy complications. Searching (...) The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database was searched and personal contacts used to identify studies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Specific interventions included in the review Two types of home visit were examined: those offering emotional support, and those providing medical care at home. Participants included in the review Women at high risk of pre-term or low-birth weight delivery, and women with pregnancy

1995 DARE.

2035. IUD use and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis of case-control studies

IUD use and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis of case-control studies IUD use and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis of case-control studies IUD use and the risk of ectopic pregnancy: a meta-analysis of case-control studies Xiong X, Buekens P, Wollast E Authors' objectives To clarify some existing controversies about the relationship between intra-uterine contraceptive (IUD) use and the risk of ectopic pregnancy, and to determine the pooled risk of ectopic pregnancy (...) -control studies which fulfilled the following criteria: controlled epidemiological study on ectopic pregnancy; presented original data; current or past IUD use, or both, were defined as exposures; presented as a full paper; odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), standard errors or p values were reported, or could be derived from the data; and the study was published in English, French or Chinese. The data were obtained from 1935 to 1990. Specific interventions included in the review

1995 DARE.

2036. In-vitro fertilization pregnancies and perinatal health in Finland 1991-1993

In-vitro fertilization pregnancies and perinatal health in Finland 1991-1993 In-vitro fertilization pregnancies and perinatal health in Finland 1991-1993 In-vitro fertilization pregnancies and perinatal health in Finland 1991-1993 Gissler M, Silverio M M, Hemminki E Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical (...) assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology In-vitro fertilization (IVF). Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Pregnancies resulting in newborn babies. Setting Primary care. The economic study was carried out in Finland. Dates to which data relate The recorded data for costs and effectiveness were from 1991-1993, and prices were from the same years. Source of effectiveness data Effectiveness data were

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

2037. A cost-effectiveness study of a randomised trial of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy. (PubMed)

A cost-effectiveness study of a randomised trial of laparoscopy versus laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy. We compared the cost-effectiveness of therapeutic laparoscopy and open laparotomy for treatment of laparoscopically diagnosed ectopic pregnancy. Clinical outcomes of ectopic pregnancy treatment were based on results of a randomised trial done between 1987 and 1989 at Sahlgrenska University Hospital (Göteborg, Sweden). We estimated costs for inpatient and follow-up care of ectopic pregnancy

1995 Lancet Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2038. The effect of zinc supplementation on pregnancy outcome. (PubMed)

The effect of zinc supplementation on pregnancy outcome. To evaluate whether zinc supplementation during pregnancy is associated with an increase in birth weight.A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial.Outpatient clinic and delivery service at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.Five hundred eighty medically indigent but otherwise healthy African-American pregnant women with plasma zinc levels below the median at enrollment in prenatal care, randomized at 19 weeks' gestational (...) cm, P = .02) than infants in the placebo group. In women with a body mass index less than 26 kg/m2, zinc supplementation was associated with a 248-g higher infant birth weight (P = .005) and a 0.7-cm larger infant head circumference (P = .007). Plasma zinc concentrations were significantly higher in the zinc supplement group.Daily zinc supplementation in women with relatively low plasma zinc concentrations in early pregnancy is associated with greater infant birth weights and head circumferences

1995 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

2039. Routine ultrasound scanning in pregnancy. (PubMed)

Routine ultrasound scanning in pregnancy. 8251789 1994 01 12 2018 11 13 0959-8138 307 6911 1993 Oct 23 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Routine ultrasound scanning in pregnancy. 1064 Salvesen K K eng Comment Letter Meta-Analysis England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1993 Aug 28;307(6903):559 8280221 BMJ. 1993 Jul 3;307(6895):13-7 8343659 Female Humans Pregnancy Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic Ultrasonography, Prenatal 1993 10 23 1993 10 23 0 1 1993 10 23 0 0 ppublish 8251789 PMC1679279

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1994 BMJ

2040. A cost-benefit analysis of smoking cessation programs during the first trimester of pregnancy for the prevention of low birthweight

A cost-benefit analysis of smoking cessation programs during the first trimester of pregnancy for the prevention of low birthweight A cost-benefit analysis of smoking cessation programs during the first trimester of pregnancy for the prevention of low birthweight A cost-benefit analysis of smoking cessation programs during the first trimester of pregnancy for the prevention of low birthweight Hueston W J, Mainous A G, Farrell J B Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) in the first three months of pregnancy who participated in the 1988 National Health Interview Survey. Setting Primary care. The economic study was based in USA. Dates to which data relate Prices related to 1989. Effectiveness and resource dates were not specified. Source of effectiveness data Synthesis of various cessation programme reports. Modelling A decision tree was used to estimate costs. Outcomes assessed in the review Smoking cessation and birthweight. Study designs and other criteria for inclusion

1994 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.