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Latest & greatest articles for prednisone
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Risk of persistent growth impairment after alternate-day prednisone treatment in children with cystic fibrosis. It is uncertain whether the growth impairment that occurs in children during long-term treatment with glucocorticoids persists after the medication is discontinued and ultimately affects adult height.We evaluated growth six to seven years after alternate-day treatment with prednisone had been discontinued in 224 children 6 to 14 years of age with cystic fibrosis who had participated (...) in a multicenter trial of this therapy from 1986 through 1991. Of the children, 151 had been randomly assigned to receive prednisone (either 1 or 2 mg per kilogram of body weight) and 73 to receive placebo. We obtained data on growth up to 1997 from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry and standardized the data to sex- and age-specific norms from the National Center for Health Statistics. We used z scores to compare growth patterns among treatment groups.In 1997, 68 percent of the patients were 18
A comparison of inhaled fluticasone and oral prednisone for children with severe acute asthma. Inhaled corticosteroids are effective in the treatment of children with asthma. It is uncertain how inhaled corticosteroids compare with oral corticosteroids in the management of severe acute disease.We performed a double-blind, randomized trial involving 100 children five years of age or older who had severe acute asthma (indicated by a forced expiratory volume in one second [FEV1] that was less than (...) 60 percent of the predicted value) and in whom the results could be evaluated. All were treated with an aggressive bronchodilator regimen and received one dose of either 2 mg of inhaled fluticasone through a metered-dose inhaler with a spacer or 2 mg of oral prednisone per kilogram of body weight. They were assessed hourly for up to four hours.The mean (+/-SD) base-line FEV1 as a percentage of the predicted value was 46.3+/-12.5 in the fluticasone group (51 subjects) and 43.9+/-9.9
Economic evaluation of chemotherapy with mitoxantrone plus prednisone for symptomatic hormone-resistant prostate cancer: based on a Canadian randomized trial with palliative end points Economic evaluation of chemotherapy with mitoxantrone plus prednisone for symptomatic hormone-resistant prostate cancer: based on a Canadian randomized trial with palliative end points Economic evaluation of chemotherapy with mitoxantrone plus prednisone for symptomatic hormone-resistant prostate cancer: based (...) mitoxantrone and prednisone (M+P) was compared to prednisone alone (P) in patients with symptomatic hormone-resistant prostate cancer (HRPC). Type of intervention Palliative care. Economic study type Cost-utility analysis. Study population The study population comprised patients with symptomatic HRPC and pain. No further inclusion or exclusion criteria were reported. Setting The setting was tertiary care. The economic study was carried out in Canada. Dates to which data relate The dates during which
Cost-utility analysis of melphalan plus prednisone with or without interferon-alpha2b in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results from a randomised controlled trial Cost-utility analysis of melphalan plus prednisone with or without interferon-alpha2b in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results from a randomised controlled trial Cost-utility analysis of melphalan plus prednisone with or without interferon-alpha2b in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results from a randomised controlled trial (...) Nord E, Wisloff F, Hjorth M, Westin J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Melphalan plus prednisone with interferon-Alpha2b (MP-IFN) in patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma. Type of intervention Treatment
A trial of three regimens for primary amyloidosis: colchicine alone, melphalan and prednisone, and melphalan, prednisone, and colchicine. Primary systemic amyloidosis is an uncommon disease characterized by the accumulation in vital organs of a fibrillar protein consisting of monoclonal light chains.We treated 220 patients with biopsy-proved amyloidosis. The patients were randomly assigned to receive colchicine (72 patients), melphalan and prednisone (77), or melphalan, prednisone (...) , and colchicine (71). They were stratified according to their chief clinical manifestations: renal disease (105 patients), cardiac involvement (46), peripheral neuropathy (19), or other (50).The median duration of survival after randomization was 8.5 months in the colchicine group, 18 months in the group assigned to melphalan and prednisone, and 17 months in the group assigned to melphalan, prednisone, and colchicine (P<0.001). Among patients who had a reduction in serum or urine monoclonal protein at 12
Prednisone and aspirin in women with autoantibodies and unexplained recurrent fetal loss. Recurrent fetal loss has been well described in women with antiphospholipid antibodies. Such women also often have other autoantibodies commonly found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Treating them with prednisone and aspirin may reduce the risk of fetal loss.We screened 773 nonpregnant women who had the unexplained loss of at least two fetuses for antinuclear, anti-DNA, antilymphocyte (...) , and anticardiolipin antibodies and for the lupus anticoagulant. Of 385 women with at least one autoantibody, 202 who later became pregnant were randomly assigned in equal numbers to receive either prednisone (0.5 to 0.8 mg per kilogram of body weight per day) and aspirin (100 mg per day) or placebo for the duration of the pregnancy. The women were stratified according to age (18 to 34 years or 35 to 39 years) and the week of gestation at which the previous fetal losses had occurred (< or = 12 or > 12 weeks
Randomized, prospective trial of cyclosporine monotherapy versus azathioprine-prednisone from three months after renal transplantation Randomized, prospective trial of cyclosporine monotherapy versus azathioprine-prednisone from three months after renal transplantation Randomized, prospective trial of cyclosporine monotherapy versus azathioprine-prednisone from three months after renal transplantation Hilbrands L B, Hoitsma A J, Koene K A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using cyclosporine monotherapy (CsA) or a combination of azathioprine (Aza) and prednisone (Pred) in patients receiving CsA and Pred during the first 3 months after renal transplantation. Type of intervention Secondary prevention and treatment
Multicentre prospective randomised trial of fludarabine versus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (CAP) for treatment of advanced-stage chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. The French Cooperative Group on CLL. Fludarabine seems to be a promising treatment for patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). We compared fludarabine therapy with the combination of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (CAP) for treatment of CLL in a randomised, multicentre prospective (...) trial.Patients older than 18 years of age were entered into the study if they presented with previously untreated B-cell lineage CLL (B-CLL) of Binet stages B or C or relapsed B-CLL pretreated with chorambucil or similar non-anthracycline-containing regimens. Patients were randomly assigned to either fludarabine (25 mg/m2 per day on days 1-5) or CAP (cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2 per day and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 per day on day 1, and prednisone 40 mg/m2 per day on days 1-5), both given for six courses.Of 196
Randomised trial of intravenous immunoglobulin G, intravenous anti-D, and oral prednisone in childhood acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura. The most serious complication of childhood acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), intracranial haemorrhage, occurs in about 1% of children with platelet counts below 20 x 10(9)/L. We conducted a randomised study to explore three treatment options in this high-risk group. 146 children (> 6 months and < 18 years old) with typical acute ITP (...) and platelet counts of 20 x 10(9)/L or lower were randomised to receive high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIgG) 1 g/kg on 2 consecutive days (n = 34), 0.8 g/kg once (n = 35), intravenous anti-D 25 micrograms/kg on 2 consecutive days (n = 38), or oral prednisone 4 mg/kg per day with tapering and discontinuation of prednisone by day 21 (n = 39). The rate of response as reflected by the number of days with platelet counts at 20 x 10(9)/L or lower and the time taken to achieve a platelet count 50 x 10(9
Randomized double-blind trial of prednisone versus radiotherapy in Graves' ophthalmopathy. Corticosteroids are usually given for management of Graves' ophthalmopathy, but they have many and serious side-effects. By comparison, retrobulbar irradiation is well tolerated, although its efficacy has been evaluated only in uncontrolled studies. Therefore, we did a double-blind randomised trial, in which 28 patients with moderately severe Graves' ophthalmopathy were treated with a 3-month course (...) of oral prednisone and sham irradiation, and 28 received retrobulbar irradiation (20 Gy) and placebo capsules. Therapeutic outcome, assessed twenty-four weeks after the start of treatment, was determined by the change in the highest NOSPECS class. A successful outcome was observed in 14 prednisone-treated and in 13 irradiated patients. Responders to treatment (but not nonresponders) in both groups showed improvements in total and subjective eye score and a decrease in eye-muscle volume. Response
1993LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Cyclosporine, methotrexate, and prednisone compared with cyclosporine and prednisone for prophylaxis of acute graft-versus-host disease. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation remains a serious problem. In a clinical trial, we tested the combination of cyclosporine and prednisone with and without methotrexate for the prevention of GVHD.One hundred fifty patients with either acute leukemia in first complete remission, chronic myelogenous leukemia (...) in first chronic phase, or lymphoblastic lymphoma in first complete remission were enrolled in the study. All the patients were given fractionated total-body irradiation (1320 cGy) and etoposide (60 mg per kilogram of body weight) in preparation for transplantation, and received bone marrow from genotypically histocompatible donors. To prevent GVHD, they were randomly assigned to prophylactic treatment with either cyclosporine, methotrexate, and prednisone or cyclosporine and prednisone without
Effect of a short course of prednisone in the prevention of early relapse after the emergency room treatment of acute asthma. Relapse after the treatment of acute asthma in the emergency room is common (occurring in 25 to 30 percent of cases) and is not accurately predicted by any available measurements. We studied the usefulness of prednisone in reducing this high rate of relapse.One hundred twenty-two patients treated in the emergency room for acute exacerbations of asthma were assigned (...) in a randomized, double-blind fashion to receive at discharge either prednisone for eight days (the dose being tapered from 40 to 0 mg per day) or matching placebo. Ninety-three were subsequently discharged from the emergency room and participated in the trial. On days 1, 7, and 14 after discharge, the patients were assessed during home visits with spirometry and diary-card review; they were contacted by telephone on day 21. Relapse was defined as an unscheduled medical visit occasioned by the patient's
Prevention of acute graft rejection by the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol in renal-transplant recipients treated with cyclosporine and prednisone. Prostaglandins of the E series have been shown to have immunosuppressive properties. To study the effects of the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol on renal function and graft rejection after transplantation, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 77 renal-allograft recipients. The subjects received misoprostol (...) (200 micrograms four times daily by mouth; n = 38) or placebo (n = 39) for the first 12 weeks after transplantation, in addition to standard immunosuppression with cyclosporine and prednisone. They were then observed for an additional four weeks after the drug or placebo was discontinued. Treatment with misoprostol was associated with a significant improvement in renal function as judged by the mean (+/- SEM) serum creatinine concentration (128 +/- 7 vs. 158 +/- 11 mumol per liter after 12 weeks; P
A randomized, controlled trial of interferon alfa-2b alone and after prednisone withdrawal for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. The Hepatitis Interventional Therapy Group. Chronic hepatitis B is a common and often progressive liver disorder for which there is no accepted therapy. To assess the efficacy of treatment with interferon, we randomly assigned patients with chronic hepatitis B to one of the following regimens: prednisone for 6 weeks followed by 5 million units of recombinant (...) interferon alfa-2b daily for 16 weeks; placebo followed by 5 million units of interferon daily for 16 weeks; placebo followed by 1 million units of interferon daily for 16 weeks; or observation with no treatment.Hepatitis B e antigen and hepatitis B viral DNA disappeared from serum significantly more often in the patients given prednisone plus interferon (16 of 44 patients, or 36 percent) or 5 million units of interferon alone (15 of 41; 37 percent) than in the untreated controls (3 of 43; 7 percent; P
Randomized, double-blind six-month trial of prednisone in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. We performed a randomized, double-blind, controlled six-month trial of prednisone in 103 boys with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (age, 5 to 15 years). The patients were assigned to one of three regimens: prednisone, 0.75 mg per kilogram of body weight per day (n = 33); prednisone, 1.5 mg per kilogram per day (n = 34); or placebo (n = 36). The groups were initially comparable in all measures of muscle (...) function. Both prednisone groups had significant improvement of similar degree in the summary scores of muscle strength and function. Improvement began as early as one month and peaked by three months. At six months the high-dose prednisone group, as compared with the placebo group, had improvement in the time needed to rise from a supine to a standing position (3.4 vs. 6.2 seconds), to walk 9 m (7.0 vs. 9.7 seconds), and to climb four stairs (4.0 vs. 7.1 seconds), in lifting a weight (2.1 vs. 1.2 kg
A randomized controlled trial of prednisone in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. We conducted a prospective randomized study in which patients with biopsy-confirmed idiopathic membranous nephropathy were assigned to receive either a six-month course of prednisone given on alternate days (45 mg per square meter of body-surface area; n = 81) or no specific treatment (n = 77). The mean duration of follow-up was 48 months. Patients in the prednisone group (median age, 46 years (...) ) entered with a mean disease duration of 15 months, a median creatinine clearance of 1.2 ml per second per 1.73 m2 (range, 0.25 to 2.6), and a median rate of urinary protein excretion of 6.8 g per day (0.3 to 26). The annual change in the corrected creatinine clearance at six months did not differ between the prednisone group and the control group (0.10 vs. 0.06 ml per second; P = 0.8), or at the last follow-up evaluation (-0.07 vs. -0.02 ml per second; P = 0.2; 95 percent confidence interval
A prospective, randomized, controlled trial of prednisone for dilated cardiomyopathy. Although prednisone has been used to treat patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, its efficacy has not been rigorously studied. We therefore randomly assigned 102 patients to either treatment with prednisone (60 mg per day) or a control group. At three months, improvement, defined prospectively as an increase in the ejection fraction of greater than or equal to 5 percentage points, was observed in 53 (...) percent of the patients receiving prednisone and 27 percent of the controls (P = 0.005). The mean (+/- SE) ejection fraction increased 4.3 +/- 1.5 percentage points (from 17.9 +/- 1.0 to 22.2 +/- 1.6 percent) in the prednisone group, as compared with 2.1 +/- 0.8 percentage points (from 17.1 +/- 1.1 to 19.3 +/- 1.4 percent) in the control group (P = 0.054). All patients were categorized prospectively in two separately randomized subgroups. "Reactive" patients (n = 60) were those who had fibroblastic (n
Prednisone and cyclosporine in the treatment of severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. It is uncertain what is the most appropriate medical therapy for patients with severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. Therefore, we carried out a single-blind, randomized clinical trial to compare the efficacy of prednisone with that of cyclosporine in 36 patients who had been euthyroid for at least two months. The two groups, each consisting of 18 patients, were similar in age, sex, and the duration and severity (...) of ophthalmopathy. The initial dose of cyclosporine was 7.5 mg per kilogram of body weight per day, and that of prednisone was 60 mg per day, which was subsequently tapered to 20 mg per day. During the 12-week treatment period, 11 prednisone-treated and 4 cyclosporine-treated patients responded to therapy (61 percent vs. 22 percent; P = 0.018); response was manifested by decreases in eye-muscle enlargement and proptosis and improved visual acuity and total and subjective eye scores. There were no differences
Short versus standard prednisone therapy for initial treatment of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children. Arbeitsgemeinschaft fÃ¼r PÃ¤diatrische Nephrologie. Two regimens of steroid treatment for the initial attack of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children were compared in a controlled multicentre study. Short-course prednisone therapy consisted of 60 mg/m2 per 24 h until proteinuria had disappeared for 3 days, followed by 40 mg/m2 per 48 h until complete remission had occurred (...) . The standard prednisone therapy was 60 mg/m2 per 24 h for 4 weeks, followed by 40 mg/m2 per 48 h for 4 weeks. 61 children with a first attack of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome were allocated at random to these groups. Urinary remission in the short-course group was achieved after 14 days of daily prednisone, and complete remission after an additional 16 days of alternate day prednisone. The cumulative rate of patients with sustained remissions after two years was significantly lower after the short course
Immunosuppression with azathioprine and prednisone in recent-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We randomly assigned 46 patients (mean age, 11.7 years; range, 4.5 to 32.8) with newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus within two weeks of beginning insulin to receive either corticosteroids for 10 weeks plus daily azathioprine for one year or no immunosuppressive therapy. Half the 20 immunosuppressed patients completing the one-year trial had satisfactory metabolic outcomes (...) , and lymphopenia (less than 1800 lymphocytes per cubic millimeter) resulting from immunosuppression. The side effects of azathioprine included vomiting in one patient and mild hair loss in several others. Prednisone use resulted in a transient cushingoid appearance, weight gain, and hyperglycemia. The growth rate remained normal in all patients. We conclude that early immunosuppression with short-term use of corticosteroids plus daily azathioprine can improve metabolic control in some patients with insulin