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Latest & greatest articles for prednisolone
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Prednisolone Versus Dexamethasone for Croup: a Randomized Controlled Trial The use of either prednisolone or low-dose dexamethasone in the treatment of childhood croup lacks a rigorous evidence base despite widespread use. In this study, we compare dexamethasone at 0.6 mg/kg with both low-dose dexamethasone at 0.15 mg/kg and prednisolone at 1 mg/kg.Prospective, double-blind, noninferiority randomized controlled trial based in 1 tertiary pediatric emergency department and 1 urban district (...) emergency department in Perth, Western Australia. Inclusions were age >6 months, maximum weight 20 kg, contactable by telephone, and English-speaking caregivers. Exclusion criteria were known prednisolone or dexamethasone allergy, immunosuppressive disease or treatment, steroid therapy or enrollment in the study within the previous 14 days, and a high clinical suspicion of an alternative diagnosis. A total of 1252 participants were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive dexamethasone (0.6 mg/kg; n
Long term tapering versus standard prednisolone treatment for first episode of childhood nephrotic syndrome: phase III randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation. To determine whether extending initial prednisolone treatment from eight to 16 weeks in children with idiopathic steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome improves the pattern of disease relapse.Double blind, parallel group, phase III randomised placebo controlled trial, including a cost effectiveness analysis.125 UK National (...) Health Service district general hospitals and tertiary paediatric nephrology centres.237 children aged 1-14 years with a first episode of steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome.Children were randomised to receive an extended 16 week course of prednisolone (total dose 3150 mg/m2) or a standard eight week course of prednisolone (total dose 2240 mg/m2). The drug was supplied as 5 mg tablets alongside matching placebo so that participants in both groups received the same number of tablets at any time point
Addition of radium-223 to abiraterone acetate and prednisone or prednisolone in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer and bone metastases (ERA 223): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial Abiraterone acetate plus prednisone or prednisolone improves progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Radium-223 improves overall survival and delays the onset of symptomatic skeletal events in patients (...) with castration-resistant prostate cancer and bone metastases. We assessed concurrent treatment with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone or prednisolone and radium-223 in such patients.We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial at 165 oncology and urology centres in 19 countries. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older, and had histologically confirmed, progressive, chemotherapy-naive, asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and bone metastases
HYDROCORTANCYL (prednisolone), glucocorticoid Haute Autorité de Santé - HYDROCORTANCYL (prednisolone), glucocorticoïde Développer la qualité dans le champ sanitaire, social et médico-social Recherche Évaluation & Recommandation La HAS Accréditation & Certification Outils, Guides & Méthodes Agenda Avis sur les Médicaments HYDROCORTANCYL (prednisolone), glucocorticoïde Substance active (DCI) prednisolone RHUMATOLOGIE - Mise au point Nature de la demande Réévaluation SMR Avis de la CT du 09
Prednisolone Top results for prednisolone - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for prednisolone The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms
A Randomized Trial of Itraconazole vs Prednisolone in Acute-Stage Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis Complicating Asthma Whether itraconazole monotherapy is effective in the acute stage of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) remains unknown. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of itraconazole and prednisolone monotherapy in ABPA.Treatment-naive subjects with ABPA complicating asthma (January 2012 to December 2013) were randomized to receive either oral (...) itraconazole or prednisolone for 4 months. The study was not blinded. The primary outcomes were proportion of subjects exhibiting a composite response after 6 weeks, percent decline in IgE after treatment, and numbers of subjects experiencing exacerbation. The secondary outcomes included the time to first exacerbation, change in lung function, and treatment-related adverse effects.A total of 131 subjects (prednisolone group, n = 63; itraconazole group, n = 68) were included in the study. The number
Prostate cancer medicine Xofigo must not be used with Zytiga and prednisone/prednisolone Prostate cancer medicine Xofigo must not be used with Zytiga and prednisone/prednisolone | European Medicines Agency Search Search Menu Prostate cancer medicine Xofigo must not be used with Zytiga and prednisone/prednisolone Press release 09/03/2018 Ongoing clinical study shows an increased risk of death and fractures with the combination The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has recommended contraindicating (...) the use of the prostate cancer medicine Xofigo (radium-223 dichloride) with Zytiga (abiraterone acetate) and prednisone/prednisolone, due to an increased risk of death and fractures with this combination. EMA's ( ) has reviewed the preliminary data from an ongoing clinical study in metastatic prostate cancer patients. In this study 34.7% of patients treated with Xofigo, Zytiga and prednisone/prednisolone have died so far, compared with 28.2% of patients given placebo, Zytiga and prednisone
Effect of Oral Prednisolone on Symptom Duration and Severity in Nonasthmatic Adults With Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Acute lower respiratory tract infection is common and often treated inappropriately in primary care with antibiotics. Corticosteroids are increasingly used but without sufficient evidence.To assess the effects of oral corticosteroids for acute lower respiratory tract infection in adults without asthma.Multicenter, placebo-controlled (...) , randomized trial (July 2013 to final follow-up October 2014) conducted in 54 family practices in England among 401 adults with acute cough and at least 1 lower respiratory tract symptom not requiring immediate antibiotic treatment and with no history of chronic pulmonary disease or use of asthma medication in the past 5 years.Two 20-mg prednisolone tablets (n = 199) or matched placebo (n = 202) once daily for 5 days.The primary outcomes were duration of moderately bad or worse cough (0 to 28 days
Association Between Alendronate Use and Hip Fracture Risk in Older Patients Using Oral Prednisolone. Oral glucocorticoid treatment increases fracture risk, and evidence is lacking regarding the efficacy of alendronate to protect against hip fracture in older patients using glucocorticoids.To investigate whether alendronate treatment in older patients using oral prednisolone is associated with decreased hip fracture risk and adverse effects.Retrospective cohort study using a national database (N (...) = 433 195) of patients aged 65 years or older undergoing a health evaluation (baseline) at Swedish health care facilities; 1802 patients who were prescribed alendronate after at least 3 months of oral prednisolone treatment (≥5 mg/d) were identified. Propensity score matching was used to select 1802 patients without alendronate use from 6076 patients taking prednisolone with the same dose and treatment time criteria. Follow-up occurred between January 2008 and December 2014.Alendronate vs no alendronate
In Patients With Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis, Prednisolone Increases Susceptibility to Infection and Infection-Related Mortality, and Is Associated With High Circulating Levels of Bacterial DNA Infections are common in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH), but little information is available on how to predict their development or their effects on patients. Prednisolone is advocated for treatment of SAH, but can increase susceptibility to infection. We compared the effects of infection (...) on clinical outcomes of patients treated with and without prednisolone, and identified risk factors for development of infection in SAH.We analyzed data from 1092 patients enrolled in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of treatment with prednisolone (40 mg daily) or pentoxifylline (400 mg 3 times each day) in patients with SAH. The 2 × 2 factorial design led to 547 patients receiving prednisolone; 546 were treated with pentoxifylline. The trial was conducted in the United
Doxycycline versus prednisolone as an initial treatment strategy for bullous pemphigoid: a pragmatic, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial. Bullous pemphigoid is a blistering skin disorder with increased mortality. We tested whether a strategy of starting treatment with doxycycline gives acceptable short-term blister control while conferring long-term safety advantages over starting treatment with oral corticosteroids.We did a pragmatic, multicentre, parallel-group randomised controlled (...) trial of adults with bullous pemphigoid (three or more blisters at two or more sites and linear basement membrane IgG or C3). Participants were randomly assigned to doxycycline (200 mg per day) or prednisolone (0·5 mg/kg per day) using random permuted blocks of randomly varying size, and stratified by baseline severity (3-9, 10-30, and >30 blisters for mild, moderate, and severe disease, respectively). Localised adjuvant potent topical corticosteroids (<30 g per week) were permitted during weeks 1-3
2017LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Oral Prednisolone in the Treatment of Acute Gout: A Pragmatic, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized Trial. Two recent double-blind, randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) showed that oral steroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have similar analgesic effectiveness for management of gout, but the trials had small sample sizes and other methodological limitations.To compare the effectiveness and safety of oral prednisolone versus oral indomethacin in patients presenting to emergency (...) departments (EDs) with acute gout.Multicenter, double-blind, randomized equivalence trial. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1 ratio) to receive either indomethacin or prednisolone. (ISRCTN registry number: ISRCTN45724113).Four EDs in Hong Kong.416 patients aged 18 years or older.Analgesic effectiveness was defined as changes in pain (at rest or with activity) greater than 13 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale. Outcomes were measured during the first 2 hours in the ED and from days 1 to 14.376 patients
In children under 7 years of age does the administration of Dexamethasone result in better outcomes for Croup than the administration of Prednisolone? Getting Evidence into Clinical Practice: General Practice Nurse Evidence Based Practice (CAT Group) Date: July 2016 CAT Lead: Vicky Shone and John Edwards Date CAT completed: July 2016 Email:email@example.com Date CAT to be reviewed: July 2018 Specific Question: In children under 7 years of age does the administration of Dexamethasone result (...) in better outcomes for Croup than the administration of Prednisolone? Clinical bottom line Dexamethasone is not statistically or clinically superior to Prednisolone in reducing Croup symptom scores at 6 hours after admission but is superior to Prednisolone at reducing the risk of re-consultation for the same episode of Croup. Dependent on consultation patterns, and whether multiple doses can be used from the same bottle of Dexamethasone, there may also be cost savings associated with a switch
Pentoxifylline vs. Prednisolone: A Comparison of Efficacy in the Treatment of Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis in Adult Patients "Pentoxifylline vs. Prednisolone: A Comparison of Efficacy in the Treat" by Ashley A. Hilliker < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-13-2016 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies First Advisor Professor Sommers Rights . Abstract Background: Alcoholic hepatitis is a chronic, inflammatory liver disease (...) that is on the rise in the United States. Traditionally, the progression of severe alcoholic hepatitis has been slowed with a 28-day course of prednisolone. However, since corticosteroids such as prednisolone have been associated with increased risk of infection and multiple unpleasant side effects, newer research is aimed at using pentoxifylline (PTX) as an alternative treatment. PTX has been shown to have a better safety profile than prednisolone, but its effectiveness in the treatment of severe alcoholic
Efficacy of short-term prednisolone treatment in patients with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia In patients with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP), dramatic improvements are seen in response to corticosteroid therapy; however, relapse is common after treatment has ceased. The optimal duration of corticosteroid therapy remains unclear. In a randomised, open-label, parallel group study, eligible patients with CEP received oral prednisolone for either 3 months (3-month group) or 6 months (6-month (...) group), followed by 2 years observation. All patients were treated with an initial dose of prednisolone of 0.5 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1), which was then tapered and discontinued at either 3 or 6 months. The primary end-point was relapse during the follow-up period. In the final analysis, there were 23 patients in the 3-month group and 21 patients in the 6-month group. All patients showed a good response to prednisolone treatment. There were 12 (52.1%) relapses in the 3-month group and 13 (61.9%) relapses
Prednisolone or pentoxifylline for alcoholic hepatitis. Alcoholic hepatitis is a clinical syndrome characterized by jaundice and liver impairment that occurs in patients with a history of heavy and prolonged alcohol use. The short-term mortality among patients with severe disease exceeds 30%. Prednisolone and pentoxifylline are both recommended for the treatment of severe alcoholic hepatitis, but uncertainty about their benefit persists.We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial (...) with a 2-by-2 factorial design to evaluate the effect of treatment with prednisolone or pentoxifylline. The primary end point was mortality at 28 days. Secondary end points included death or liver transplantation at 90 days and at 1 year. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of alcoholic hepatitis and severe disease were randomly assigned to one of four groups: a group that received a pentoxifylline-matched placebo and a prednisolone-matched placebo, a group that received prednisolone
Cholorambucil versus Cholorambucil Plus Prednisolone as First-Line Therapy of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in West of Iran Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has been the most common type of leukemia in adults worldwide, and then more common in the elderly, markedly more common in patients over the age of 65 years.Seventy patients with CLL have referred to Clinic of Hematology-Oncology, Kermanshah, Iran, between Jan 2000 and Jun 2014. We have analyzed age, sex, survival, kind of chemotherapy (...) and type of response in all of the patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Survival curves of complete response patients have compared with partial response, by log-rank test using the Prism 5 GraphPad Software for the five-year period with two years follow up.The mean age of patients was 61.57±8.88 years that 55.7% were males. Between the 70 patients, 40 patients (57.1%) have started treatment with chlorambucil and 30 patients (42.9%) with chlorambucil plus prednisolone. Among the forty patients
Is Dexamethasone as Effective as Prednisone or Prednisolone in the Management of Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations? Systematic Review Snapshot TAKE-HOME MESSAGE The use of 1 to 2 doses of dexamethasone for acute pediatric asthma exacerbation does not appear to increase the frequency of unscheduled return visits compared with a 5-day course of prednisone or prednisolone. Is Dexamethasone as Effective as Prednisone or Prednisolone in the Management of Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations? EBEM (...) . 2 Although treatment with broncho- dilators is typically used to reverse acute bronchoconstriction, cortico- steroids are also a mainstay of therapy aimed at reducing in- ?ammation and mucous plugging. 3 Traditionally, corticosteroids have been prescribed as a 5-day course of either oral prednisone or predniso- lone; the goal of this systematic re- view was to determine whether a Table. Pooled RR of relapse* for dexamethasone versus prednisone/prednisolone at various intervals. Rate of Relapse
Efficacy of immunoglobulin plus prednisolone for prevention of coronary artery abnormalities in severe Kawasaki disease (RAISE study): a randomised, open-label, blinded-endpoints trial PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?