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Latest & greatest articles for pneumonia
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on pneumonia or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Pneumonia Autosynthesis - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button
Summary of the international clinical guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired and ventilator-acquired pneumonia 29977898 2018 11 14 2312-0541 4 2 2018 Apr ERJ open research ERJ Open Res Summary of the international clinical guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired and ventilator-acquired pneumonia. 00028-2018 10.1183/23120541.00028-2018 A summary of the evidence and recommendations made in the ERS/ESICM/ESCMID/ALAT guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired (...) pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia http://ow.ly/S3zA30iZfLa. Torres Antoni A Dept of Pulmonology, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERES Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Niederman Michael S MS Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Chastre Jean J Réanimation Médicale, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France. Ewig Santiago S Thoraxzentrum Ruhrgebiet, Kliniken für Pneumologie und Infektiologie, Herne
Treating nosocomial pneumonia: what's new 29978856 2018 11 14 2312-0541 4 2 2018 Apr ERJ open research ERJ Open Res Treating nosocomial pneumonia: what's new. 00058-2018 10.1183/23120541.00058-2018 A detailed and comprehensive summary of the ERS/ESICM/ESCMID/ALAT guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia, published in ERJ Open Research , will assist clinicians in their tasks http://ow.ly/XC7N30k8Jhu. Frantzeskaki Frantzeska F 2nd Dept
Identification of Pathogenicity-Associated Loci in Klebsiella pneumoniae from Hospitalized Patients 29963640 2018 11 14 2379-5077 3 3 2018 May-Jun mSystems mSystems Identification of Pathogenicity-Associated Loci in Klebsiella pneumoniae from Hospitalized Patients. e00015-18 10.1128/mSystems.00015-18 Despite insights gained through experimental models, the set of bacterial genes important for human infection is unclear for many of our most threatening pathogens. Klebsiella pneumoniae (...) is a leading cause of health care-associated infections (HAIs) and commonly colonizes hospitalized patients, but the factors that determine whether a particular isolate causes disease or remains a colonizer are poorly understood. To identify bacterial genes associated with K. pneumoniae infection, a case-control study was performed comparing infected and asymptomatic colonized patients. Comparative bacterial genomics was combined with a conditional logit model that identified patient factors
Correction: Distribution and determinants of pneumonia diagnosis using integrated management of childhood illness guidelines: a nationally representative study in Malawi 29946490 2018 06 27 2059-7908 3 3 2018 BMJ global health BMJ Glob Health Correction: Distribution and determinants of pneumonia diagnosis using integrated management of childhood illness guidelines: a nationally representative study in Malawi . e000506corr1 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000506corr1 [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136
Effects of pulmonary rehabilitation on daily life physical activity of fibrotic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients 29900176 2018 11 14 2312-0541 4 2 2018 Apr ERJ open research ERJ Open Res Effects of pulmonary rehabilitation on daily life physical activity of fibrotic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients. 00167-2017 10.1183/23120541.00167-2017 Fibrotic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia patients derived benefit from a pulmonary rehabilitation programme in terms of exercise
Proton-Pump Inhibitors and Long-Term Risk of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Older Adults 29676433 2018 04 28 1532-5415 2018 Apr 20 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society J Am Geriatr Soc Proton-Pump Inhibitors and Long-Term Risk of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Older Adults. 10.1111/jgs.15385 To estimate associations between long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and pneumonia incidence in older adults in primary care. Longitudinal analyses of electronic medical records. England (...) PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older in primary care receiving PPIs for 1 year or longer (N=75,050) and age- and sex-matched controls (N=75,050). Net hazard ratios for pneumonia incidence in Year 2 of treatment were estimated using the prior event rate ratio (PERR), which adjusts for pneumonia incidence differences before initiation of treatment. Inverse probability weighted models adjusted for 78 demographic, disease, medication, and healthcare usage measures. During the second year after
Distribution and determinants of pneumonia diagnosis using Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines: a nationally representative study in Malawi 29662688 2018 11 14 2059-7908 3 2 2018 BMJ global health BMJ Glob Health Distribution and determinants of pneumonia diagnosis using Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines: a nationally representative study in Malawi. e000506 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000506 Pneumonia remains the leading cause of child mortality in sub-Saharan (...) Africa. The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy was developed to standardise care in low-income and middle-income countries for major childhood illnesses and can effectively improve healthcare worker performance. Suboptimal clinical evaluation can result in missed diagnoses and excess morbidity and mortality. We estimate the sensitivity of pneumonia diagnosis and investigate its determinants among children in Malawi. Data were obtained from the 2013-2014 Service Provision
Pneumococcal vaccines for people with COPD reduce their chance of catching pneumonia NIHR DC | Signal - Pneumococcal vaccines for people with COPD reduce their chance of catching pneumonia Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover NIHR Signal Pneumococcal vaccines for people with COPD reduce their chance of catching pneumonia Published on 30 May 2017 Pneumococcal vaccines reduce the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in people with moderate to severe (...) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pneumococcal vaccination is currently recommended for people with COPD and other respiratory diseases. However, until now there has been a lack of data whether it actually improves outcomes in these groups. This updated Cochrane review identified 12 trials including 2171 adults with COPD, comparing those who did and did not receive pneumococcal vaccination. One episode of community-acquired pneumonia was prevented for every 21 people vaccinated. There was also evidence that vaccination
New evidence available on corticosteroids added to antibiotics in severe pneumonia NIHR DC | Signal - New evidence available on corticosteroids added to antibiotics in severe pneumonia Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover NIHR Signal New evidence available on corticosteroids added to antibiotics in severe pneumonia Published on 9 November 2015 For adults admitted to hospital with severe pneumonia, this review found that adding corticosteroids to the usual antibiotic treatment (...) may be beneficial. The evidence was less supportive of using corticosteroids in people with less severe pneumonia. Results showed modest benefits in allowing patients to reach a clinically stable recovery and leave hospital an average of one day earlier. Reduced need for artificial breathing support was the main benefit for people with non-severe pneumonia. The review showed that using corticosteroids increased levels of blood sugar. This and other potential adverse events were not well
Contemporary Situation of Community-acquired Pneumonia in China: A Systematic Review 29607301 2018 11 14 2450-131X 6 1 2018 Mar Journal of translational internal medicine J Transl Int Med Contemporary Situation of Community-acquired Pneumonia in China: A Systematic Review. 26-31 10.2478/jtim-2018-0006 The prevalence and microbial pattern reported for Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) differ considerably and contemporary situation remains changing over time. We therefore searched both (...) international and domestic databases for relevant references and pooled incidence of CAP and etiological distribution were estimated separately between children and adults groups. The results showed that CAP remained a major public health issue in China, with a relatively higher incidence than that reported in Western countries. Although pathogens were not detected in nearly half of patients, Mycoplasma pneumoniae remained to be the most frequently detected agent across age groups, the detection yield
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio Relation to Sepsis Severity Scores and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Patients with Community-acquired Pneumonia: A Case Series 29607304 2018 11 14 2450-131X 6 1 2018 Mar Journal of translational internal medicine J Transl Int Med Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio Relation to Sepsis Severity Scores and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Patients with Community-acquired Pneumonia: A Case Series. 43-46 10.2478/jtim-2018-0009 Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as calculated from (...) the white cell differential blood count is considered a promising marker for the prognosis of patients with various diseases, including sepsis. This study was designed to assess the possible use of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in the prediction of survival outcomes in patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). A secondary objective was to compare the prognostic accuracy of NLR with the commonly used severity scores of sepsis SOFA, APACHE II and SAPS II. This was a retrospective study based
Translating Lung Microbiome Profiles into the Next-Generation Diagnostic Gold Standard for Pneumonia: a Clinical Investigatorâ€™s Perspective Translating Lung Microbiome Profiles into the Next-Generation Diagnostic Gold Standard for Pneumonia: a Clinical Investigator’s Perspective | mSystems Main menu User menu Search Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Special Issue Perspective | Clinical Science and Epidemiology Translating Lung Microbiome Profiles into the Next-Generation (...) Diagnostic Gold Standard for Pneumonia: a Clinical Investigator’s Perspective Georgios D. Kitsios Georgios D. Kitsios Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Center for Medicine and the Microbiome, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA DOI: 10.1128/mSystems.00153-17 ABSTRACT Severe bacterial pneumonia is a major global cause
Inflammation-Based Prognostic Score Predicts Postoperative Survival of Patients with Interstitial Pneumonia After Undergoing Lung Cancer Resection 29344688 2018 01 18 1432-2323 2018 Jan 17 World journal of surgery World J Surg Inflammation-Based Prognostic Score Predicts Postoperative Survival of Patients with Interstitial Pneumonia After Undergoing Lung Cancer Resection. 10.1007/s00268-017-4426-4 Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) are associated with an increased risk of lung cancer (...) sublobar resection (p = 0.035), UIP pattern (p = 0.025), and GPS of 1-2 (p = 0.042) as predictive factors associated with OS, while GPS of 1-2 (p = 0.039) was shown to be a predictive factor associated with RFS. Multivariate analysis also revealed pTNM (p < 0.001), usual interstitial pneumonia pattern (p = 0.006), and GPS of 2 (p = 0.003) as predictive factors associated with CSS, while univariate analysis indicated pTNM (p = 0.042), GPS of 1 (p = 0.044), and %DLCO (p = 0.038) as predictive factors
Inpatient management of community-acquired pneumonia at the European Gaza Hospital: a clinical audit. BACKGROUND: Disease severity scores such as CURB-65 are often used to guide the management of patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Early and adequate empirical antibiotic treatment reduces mortality. The aim of this study was to examine the severity assessment and management of patients presenting with community-acquired pneumonia at the European Gaza Hospital in the Gaza Strip (...) and to compare this to the best available evidence. METHODS: Medical records of all patients admitted to the European Gaza Hospital with a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia between Dec 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016, were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical practice was compared with recommendations for severity assessment and the management of community-acquired pneumonia, as reported in guidelines by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and the American Thoracic Society. Ethical
Anesthesia Assistance in Outpatient Colonoscopy and Risk of Aspiration Pneumonia, Bowel Perforation, and Splenic Injury 28865733 2017 12 23 1528-0012 154 1 2018 Jan Gastroenterology Gastroenterology Anesthesia Assistance in Outpatient Colonoscopy and Risk of Aspiration Pneumonia, Bowel Perforation, and Splenic Injury. 77-85.e3 S0016-5085(17)36076-6 10.1053/j.gastro.2017.08.043 The increase in use of anesthesia assistance (AA) to achieve deep sedation with propofol during colonoscopy has (...) significantly increased colonoscopy costs without evidence for increased quality and with possible harm. We investigated the effects of AA on colonoscopy complications, specifically bowel perforation, aspiration pneumonia, and splenic injury. In a population-based cohort study using administrative databases, we studied adults in Ontario, Canada undergoing outpatient colonoscopy from 2005 through 2012. Patient, endoscopist, institution, and procedure factors were derived. The primary outcome was bowel
Prevention of Ventilator-Associated and Early Postoperative Pneumonia Through Tapered Endotracheal Tube Cuffs: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials 29206767 2018 01 16 1530-0293 46 2 2018 Feb Critical care medicine Crit. Care Med. Prevention of Ventilator-Associated and Early Postoperative Pneumonia Through Tapered Endotracheal Tube Cuffs: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. 316-323 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002889 Microaspiration (...) of subglottic secretions is considered a major pathogenic mechanism of hospital-acquired pneumonia, either early postoperative or ventilator-associated pneumonia. Tapered endotracheal tube cuffs have been proposed to provide a better seal of the extraluminal airway, thereby preventing microaspiration and possibly hospital-acquired pneumonia. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the value of endotracheal tubes with tapered cuffs in the prevention of hospital-acquired pneumonia
Game Changer? How Many Days of Antibiotics is Best for Treating Community Acquired Pneumonia? Game Changer? How Many Days of Antibiotics is Best for Treating Community Acquired Pneumonia? | Clinical Correlations Game Changer? How Many Days of Antibiotics is Best for Treating Community Acquired Pneumonia? January 16, 2018 By Calvin Ngai, MD Peer Reviewed A 71-year-old Caucasian woman with hypertension presented with a 2-day history of productive cough and fever. She was living alone and had (...) no history of any recent hospitalizations. On examination, she was alert and oriented but slightly tachypneic; her lungs were clear to auscultation bilaterally. Laboratory tests were significant for a white blood cell count of 18,000 m L with 89% neutrophils. The chest x-ray showed a right lower lobe infiltrate. She was admitted and started on antibiotics for treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP). She improved clinically, and after remaining afebrile for 48 hours, she was discharged on hospital
Pneumonia caused by proton pump inhibitors (PPI) MED CHECK - TIP December 2017 / Vol.3 No.9 · Page 27 -The Informed Prescriber C N o 9 M ED HECK D e ce m b e r 2 0 1 7 WHO downgrades Tamiflu Suvorexant : A hypnotic causing cataplexy Insomnia, Sleep Duration, Harm of hypnotics PPI causes Pneumonia Editorial WHO downgraded oseltamivir (Tamiflu) New Products Hypnotic (sleeping pill), suvorexant (brand name Belsomra) A substance that causes narcolepsy and cataplexy Teriparatide More harm than (...) benefit: Review Insomnia, Optimal Sleep Duration and Harm of Sleeping pills Pneumonia caused by proton pump inhibitors (PPI) (1) meta-analysis (2) Critical appraisal of a study CONTENTS (December 2017, Vol. 3, No. 9 ) 28 29 34 36 40 42 Volume 3 Page 28 · MED CHECK - TIP December 2017/ Vol.3 No.9 WHO downgrades Tamiflu after reviewing evidence WHO (World Health Organization) reviews their model list of essential medicines every two years. In the revision launched in June 2017, oseltamivir (Tamiflu