Latest & greatest articles for physiotherapy

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Top results for physiotherapy

161. Effectiveness of physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology for people with Huntington's disease: a systematic review

Effectiveness of physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology for people with Huntington's disease: a systematic review Effectiveness of physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology for people with Huntington's disease: a systematic review Effectiveness of physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology for people with Huntington's disease: a systematic review Bilney B, Morris M E, Perry A CRD summary This review assessed physiotherapy, occupational therapy (...) and speech pathology treatments for patients with Huntington's disease. The authors concluded that there is insufficient evidence to make strong recommendations in this area. These conclusions are likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech pathology treatments in patients with Huntington's disease (HD). Searching CINAHL (1982 to 2001), EMBASE (1984 to 2001), MEDLINE (1966 to 2001), the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register

DARE.2003

162. Does functional electrical stimulation prevent shoulder subluxation in hemiplegic stroke patients compared to conventional physiotherapy and occupational therapy?

Does functional electrical stimulation prevent shoulder subluxation in hemiplegic stroke patients compared to conventional physiotherapy and occupational therapy?

Occupational Therapy CATs2003

163. Evidence based clinical guidelines for the physiotherapy management of adults with lower limb prostheses

Evidence based clinical guidelines for the physiotherapy management of adults with lower limb prostheses Evidence Based Clinical Guidelines for the Physiotherapy Management of Adults with Lower Limb Prostheses Produced by Penny Broomhead Diana Dawes Carolyn Hale Amanda Lambert Di Quinlivan Robert Shepherd 1 British Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Amputation Rehabilitation 2003 Foreword It is with great pleasure that I read these clinical guidelines and not without a great deal (...) without clinical reason, just a fad. Whereas these guidelines provide a stable, scientific platform from which we can develop by ensuring we must apply rational reasoning. So congratulations to all involved and also to the reader who will gain an insight into physiotherapy practice for lower limb amputees. The labour of love is however never really finished when professional practice is the issue, re-examination, evaluation and new techniques will all demand the same commitment from professionals

Publication 10832003

164. Cost effectiveness of physiotherapy, manual therapy, and general practitioner care for neck pain: economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial.

Cost effectiveness of physiotherapy, manual therapy, and general practitioner care for neck pain: economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial. 12714472 2003 04 25 2003 05 09 2014 06 11 1756-1833 326 7395 2003 Apr 26 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Cost effectiveness of physiotherapy, manual therapy, and general practitioner care for neck pain: economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial. 911 To evaluate the cost effectiveness of physiotherapy, manual therapy (...) , and care by a general practitioner for patients with neck pain. Economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial. Primary care. 183 patients with neck pain for at least two weeks recruited by 42 general practitioners and randomly allocated to manual therapy (n=60, spinal mobilisation), physiotherapy (n=59, mainly exercise), or general practitioner care (n=64, counselling, education, and drugs). Clinical outcomes were perceived recovery, intensity of pain, functional disability, and quality

BMJ2003 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

165. Physiotherapy treatment approaches for the recovery of postural control and lower limb function following stroke.

Physiotherapy treatment approaches for the recovery of postural control and lower limb function following stroke. BACKGROUND: There are a number of different approaches to physiotherapy treatment following stroke. Central to these are approaches based on 'neurophysiological' principles, 'motor learning' principles and 'orthopaedic' principles. OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a difference in the recovery of postural control and lower limb function in patients with stroke if physiotherapy (...) -1999) and contacted experts and researchers with an interest in stroke. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies - randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials. Participants - adults with a clinical diagnosis of stroke. Interventions - physiotherapy treatment approaches aimed at promoting the recovery of postural control and lower limb function. Outcomes - measures of disability, motor impairment or participation. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two independent reviewers categorised the identified trials

Cochrane2003

166. Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain.

Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of shoulder disorders has been reported to range from seven to 36% of the population (Lundberg 1969) accounting for 1.2% of all General Practitioner encounters in Australia (Bridges Webb 1992). Substantial disability and significant morbidity can result from shoulder disorders. While many treatments have been employed in the treatment of shoulder disorders, few have been proven in randomised controlled trials (...) . Physiotherapy is often the first line of management for shoulder pain and to date its efficacy has not been established. This review is one in a series of reviews of varying interventions for shoulder disorders, updated from an earlier Cochrane review of all interventions for shoulder disorder. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of physiotherapy interventions for disorders resulting in pain, stiffness and/or disability of the shoulder. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Clinical Trials

Cochrane2003

167. Can early extubation and intensive physiotherapy decrease length of stay of acute quadriplegic patients in intensive care: a retrospective case control study

Can early extubation and intensive physiotherapy decrease length of stay of acute quadriplegic patients in intensive care: a retrospective case control study Can early extubation and intensive physiotherapy decrease length of stay of acute quadriplegic patients in intensive care: a retrospective case control study Can early extubation and intensive physiotherapy decrease length of stay of acute quadriplegic patients in intensive care: a retrospective case control study Berney S, Stockton K (...) , Berlowitz D, Denehy L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of extubation and intensive physiotherapy, including an overnight on-call service, rather than tracheotomy, for preventing respiratory complications in acute

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2002

168. Outpatient physiotherapy services for low back pain

Outpatient physiotherapy services for low back pain Outpatient physiotherapy services for low back pain Outpatient physiotherapy services for low back pain Fischbacher C Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Fischbacher C. Outpatient physiotherapy services for low back pain. London: Bazian Ltd (Editors), Wessex Institute for Health Research (...) and Development, University of Southampton 2002: 8 Authors' objectives This study aims to assess the effects of an outpatient physiotherapy service versus no service or other forms of treatment on pain, functional limitation and activities of daily living in people with acute or chronic non-specific lower back pain. Authors' conclusions We found no evidence about the effectiveness of an outpatient physiotherapy service without regard for the particular treatment method used. Outpatient physiotherapy includes

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2002

169. Chest physiotherapy for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia

Chest physiotherapy for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2002

170. Physiotherapy for patients with mobility problems more than 1 year after stroke: a randomised controlled trial.

Physiotherapy for patients with mobility problems more than 1 year after stroke: a randomised controlled trial. 11812553 2002 01 28 2002 02 14 2016 11 24 0140-6736 359 9302 2002 Jan 19 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Physiotherapy for patients with mobility problems more than 1 year after stroke: a randomised controlled trial. 199-203 Community physiotherapy is often prescribed for stroke patients with long-term mobility problems. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of this treatment (...) in patients who had mobility problems 1 year after stroke. We screened 359 patients older than 50 years for a single-masked, randomised controlled trial to assess the effects of community physiotherapy. Assessments were made at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 months in 170 eligible patients assigned treatment or no intervention. The primary outcome measure was mobility measured by the Rivermead mobility index. Secondary outcome measures were gait speed, number of falls, daily activity (Barthel index scores), social

Lancet2002

171. Corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy for lateral epicondylitis: a randomised controlled trial.

Corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy for lateral epicondylitis: a randomised controlled trial. 11879861 2002 03 06 2002 03 22 2015 06 16 0140-6736 359 9307 2002 Feb 23 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy for lateral epicondylitis: a randomised controlled trial. 657-62 Lateral epicondylitis is generally treated with corticosteroid injections or physiotherapy. Dutch clinical guidelines recommend a wait (...) -and-see policy. We compared the efficacy of these approaches. Patients with lateral epicondylitis of at least 6 weeks' duration were recruited by family doctors. We randomly allocated eligible patients to 6 weeks of treatment with corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy. Outcome measures included general improvement, severity of the main complaint, pain, elbow disability, and patient satisfaction. Severity of elbow complaints, grip strength, and pressure pain threshold were

Lancet2002

172. Chest physiotherapy for preventing morbidity in babies being extubated from mechanical ventilation.

Chest physiotherapy for preventing morbidity in babies being extubated from mechanical ventilation. BACKGROUND: Chest physiotherapy has been used to clear secretions and help lung ventilation in newborns who have needed mechanical ventilation for respiratory problems. However concerns about the safety of some forms of chest physiotherapy have been expressed. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of active chest physiotherapy on babies being extubated from mechanical ventilation for neonatal (...) trials utilising random or quasi-random patient allocation, in which active chest physiotherapy was compared with non-active techniques (eg positioning and suction alone) or no intervention in the periextubation period. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Assessment of methodological quality and extraction of data for each included trial was undertaken independently by the authors. Data were extracted for the primary outcomes of postextubation lobar collapse, use of reintubation, duration of oxygen therapy

Cochrane2002

173. Controlled randomised crossover trial of the effects of physiotherapy on mobility in chronic multiple sclerosis

Controlled randomised crossover trial of the effects of physiotherapy on mobility in chronic multiple sclerosis Controlled randomised crossover trial of the effects of physiotherapy on mobility in chronic multiple sclerosis Controlled randomised crossover trial of the effects of physiotherapy on mobility in chronic multiple sclerosis Wiles C M, Newcombe R G, Fuller K J, Shaw S, Furnival-Doran J, Pickersgill T P, Morgan A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of physiotherapy, administered either at home or as outpatient therapy, for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and problems with walking. Patients received physiotherapy sessions of 45 minutes twice a week, either at home (focusing more

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2001

174. Clinical guidelines for the physiotherapy management of females aged 16-65 with stress urinary incontinence

Clinical guidelines for the physiotherapy management of females aged 16-65 with stress urinary incontinence CP S THE CHARTERED SOCIETY OF PHYSIOTHERAPY Clinical guidelines for the physiotherapy management of females aged 16–65 years with stress urinary incontinence This document should be referenced as follows: Laycock J, Standley A, Crothers E, Naylor D, Frank M, Garside S, Kiely E, Knight S, Pearson A. (2001) Clinical Guidelines for the Physiotherapy Management of Females aged 16–65 (...) with Stress Urinary Incontinence. Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, London. This clinical guideline was endorsed by the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy in January 2001. The endorsement process has included review by relevant external experts as well as peer review. The rigour of the appraisal process can assure users of the guideline that the recommendations for practice are based on a systematic process of identifying the best available evidence, at the time of endorsement. Review date: 2004

Publication 10832001

175. Effect of levodopa in combination with physiotherapy on functional motor recovery after stroke: a prospective, randomised, double-blind study.

Effect of levodopa in combination with physiotherapy on functional motor recovery after stroke: a prospective, randomised, double-blind study. 11564483 2001 09 20 2001 10 04 2016 11 24 0140-6736 358 9284 2001 Sep 08 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Effect of levodopa in combination with physiotherapy on functional motor recovery after stroke: a prospective, randomised, double-blind study. 787-90 Functional disability is generally caused by hemiplegia after stroke. Physiotherapy used (...) to be the only way of improving motor function in such patients. However, administration of amphetamines in addition to exercise improves motor recovery in animals, probably by increasing the concentration of norepinephrine in the central nervous system. Our aim was to ascertain whether levodopa could enhance the efficacy of physiotherapy after hemiplegia. We did a prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study in which we enrolled 53 primary stroke patients. For the first 3 weeks patients

Lancet2001

176. Physiotherapy interventions for ankylosing spondylitis.

Physiotherapy interventions for ankylosing spondylitis. BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic rheumatic disease. Due to the consequences of the disease, physiotherapy is regarded to be an important part of the treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to summarise the available scientific evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in the management of AS. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group Trial register, Cochrane Controlled Trials (...) Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Pedro up to February 2000 for all relevant publications, limited to English and Scandinavian languages. The reference lists of relevant articles were checked and the authors of included articles were contacted. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised and quasi randomised studies where the participants were patients with AS, classified by the New York criteria, and where at least one of the comparison groups received some kind of physiotherapy. The main outcomes

Cochrane2001

177. Physiotherapy for patients with Parkinson's Disease: a comparison of techniques.

Physiotherapy for patients with Parkinson's Disease: a comparison of techniques. BACKGROUND: Despite optimal medical and surgical therapies for Parkinson's disease, patients develop progressive disability. The role of the physiotherapist is to maximise functional ability and minimise secondary complications through movement rehabilitation within a context of education and support for the whole person. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and effectiveness of physiotherapy with placebo (...) and the method of randomisation and concealment of allocation was good in only four trials. These methodological problems could potentially lead to bias from a number of sources. Although ten of the trials claimed a positive effect from physiotherapy, few outcomes measured were statistically significant. Walking velocity was measured in four trials and increased significantly in two of them. Stride length was the only other outcome measured in more than one trial, it was significantly improved in two trials

Cochrane2001

178. A comparison of physiotherapy techniques for patients with Parkinson's disease.

A comparison of physiotherapy techniques for patients with Parkinson's disease. BACKGROUND: Despite optimal medical and surgical therapies for Parkinson's disease, patients develop progressive disability. The role of the physiotherapist is to maximise functional ability and minimise secondary complications through movement rehabilitation within a context of education and support for the whole person. What form of physiotherapy is most effective in the treatment of Parkinson's disease remains (...) unclear. OBJECTIVES: 1. To compare the efficacy and effectiveness of novel physiotherapy techniques versus 'standard' physiotherapy in patients with Parkinson's disease. Standard physiotherapy is defined as the type of therapy that the physiotherapist would usually use to treat Parkinson's disease. 2. To compare the efficacy and effectiveness of one physiotherapy technique versus a second form of physiotherapy. SEARCH STRATEGY: Relevant trials were identified by electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE

Cochrane2001

179. Chest physiotherapy compared to no chest physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis.

Chest physiotherapy compared to no chest physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis. BACKGROUND: Chest physiotherapy is widely used in patients with cystic fibrosis in order to clear mucus from the airways. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and acceptability of chest physiotherapy compared to no treatment or spontaneous cough alone to improve mucus clearance in cystic fibrosis. SEARCH STRATEGY: Relevant trials are identified in the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group (...) . Date of the most recent search of the Group's specialised register: November 1999. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised or quasi-randomised clinical trials in which a form of chest physiotherapy (airway clearance technique) were taken for consideration in patients with cystic fibrosis compared with either no physiotherapy treatment or spontaneous cough alone. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: There were no randomised controlled trials or cross over trials eligible for inclusion in the review. MAIN RESULTS

Cochrane2000

180. Chest physiotherapy for preventing morbidity in babies being extubated from mechanical ventilation.

Chest physiotherapy for preventing morbidity in babies being extubated from mechanical ventilation. BACKGROUND: This section is under preparation and will be included in the next issue. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of active chest physiotherapy on babies being extubated from mechanical ventilation for neonatal respiratory failure. SEARCH STRATEGY: The standard search strategy for the Neonatal Review Group was used as outlined in the Cochrane Handbook in the Cochrane Library. SELECTION (...) CRITERIA: All trials utilising random or quasi-random patient allocation, in which active chest physiotherapy was compared with non-active techniques (eg positioning and suction alone) or no intervention in the periextubation period. The methodological quality of each trial was assessed by two independent authors. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were extracted independently by two authors. The data were analysed from 3 trials. Subgroup analysis was performed on different treatment frequencies. MAIN

Cochrane2000