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Latest & greatest articles for physiotherapy
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on physiotherapy or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Effectiveness of corticosteroid injections versus physiotherapy for treatment of painful stiff shoulder in primary care: randomised trial. 9804720 1998 12 14 1998 12 14 2014 06 17 0959-8138 317 7168 1998 Nov 07 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Effectiveness of corticosteroid injections versus physiotherapy for treatment of painful stiff shoulder in primary care: randomised trial. 1292-6 To compare the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections with physiotherapy for the treatment of painful (...) stiff shoulder. Randomised trial. 40 general practices. 109 patients consulting general practitioners for shoulder pain were enrolled in the trial. Patients were randomly allocated to 6 weeks of treatment either with corticosteroid injections (53) or physiotherapy (56). Outcome assessments were carried out 3, 7, 13, 26, and 52 weeks after randomisation; some of the assessments were done by an observer blind to treatment allocation. Primary outcome measures were the success of treatment as measured
Physiotherapy for patients with soft tissue shoulder disorders: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials Physiotherapy for patients with soft tissue shoulder disorders: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials Physiotherapy for patients with soft tissue shoulder disorders: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials van der Heijden G J, van der Windt D A, de Winter A F Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of physiotherapy for patients with soft tissue shoulder (...) disorders. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1995, and EMBASE from 1984 to 1995, using a predefined search strategy. In addition, citations were tracked for studies published before 1996. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Studies were included if they met five criteria: (1) patients had shoulder pain at inclusion; (2) treatments were allocated by a random procedure; (3) at least one of the treatments included physiotherapy; (4) success rate, pain, mobility
Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain: six-month follow-up Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain: six-month follow-up Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain: six-month follow-up Skargren E I, Oberg B E, Carlsson P G, Gade M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) for inclusion in the study sample, a total of 38% were found to be ineligible. Another 146 patients refused to participate in the study before randomisation. Initially, 411 patients were randomly assigned to either the chiropractor group (n=219) or to the physiotherapy group (n=192); after exclusion of those who withdrew after randomisation, 323 patients participated in the trial, 179 in the chiropractor group with a mean (SD) age of 41.4 (11.6) years and 144 in the physiotherapy group with a mean (SD) age
Comparison of physiotherapy, manipulation, and corticosteroid injection for treating shoulder complaints in general practice: randomised, single blind study. 9158469 1997 06 09 1997 06 09 2013 11 21 0959-8138 314 7090 1997 May 03 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Comparison of physiotherapy, manipulation, and corticosteroid injection for treating shoulder complaints in general practice: randomised, single blind study. 1320-5 To compare the efficacy of physiotherapy, manipulation (...) , and corticosteroid injection for treating patients with shoulder complaints in general practice. Randomised, single blind study. Seven general practices in the Netherlands. 198 patients with shoulder complaints, of whom 172 were divided, on the basis of physical examination, into two diagnostic groups: a shoulder girdle group (n = 58) and a synovial group (n = 114). Patients in the shoulder girdle group were randomised to manipulation or physiotherapy, and patients in the synovial group were randomised
Physiotherapy after stroke: more is better? Physiotherapy after stroke: more is better? Physiotherapy after stroke: more is better? Langhorne P, Wagenaar R, Partridge C Authors' objectives To determine whether more intensive physiotherapy produces greater benefit in reducing disability after stroke. Searching Searches were made, up to February 1995, of MEDLINE (using an expanded strategy), the Ottawa Stroke Trials Registry of 21 core neurology and stroke journals, the bibliographies of relevant (...) articles and reviews and the proceedings of recent conferences in stroke, neurology and geriatric medicine. Published and unpublished studies were sought. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of physiotherapy after stroke were included. Excluded were trials comparing organisationally-different stroke services and trials comparing different physiotherapy techniques. Specific interventions included in the review Interventions
Randomised clinical trial of manipulative therapy and physiotherapy for persistent back and neck complaints: results of one year follow up. 1532760 1992 05 13 1992 05 13 2011 11 17 0959-8138 304 6827 1992 Mar 07 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Randomised clinical trial of manipulative therapy and physiotherapy for persistent back and neck complaints: results of one year follow up. 601-5 To compare the effectiveness of manipulative therapy, physiotherapy, treatment by the general practitioner (...) , and placebo therapy in patients with persistent non-specific back and neck complaints. Randomised clinical trial. Primary health care in the Netherlands. 256 patients with non-specific back and neck complaints of at least six weeks' duration who had not received physiotherapy or manipulative therapy in the past two years. At the discretion of the manipulative therapists, physiotherapists, and general practitioners. Physiotherapy consisted of exercises, massage, and physical therapy (heat, electrotherapy
Physiotherapy intervention late after stroke and mobility. 1559090 1992 05 13 1992 05 13 2010 09 07 0959-8138 304 6827 1992 Mar 07 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Physiotherapy intervention late after stroke and mobility. 609-13 To determine whether the intervention of a physiotherapist improved mobility in patients seen more than one year after stroke. Randomised crossover trial comparing two groups offered intervention by a physiotherapist, one immediately after entry into the trial (...) the Barthel activities of daily living index and the Frenchay activities index. Measures of manual dexterity, depression, and anxiety were used as controls. 94 patients entered the trial and 49 were randomised to immediate and 45 to delayed physiotherapy; 89 were compared at the crossover point. At randomisation the two groups were comparable. At three months the group given early therapy showed an improvement in gait speed whereas the untreated group had declined (differences of -3.9 v 6.4 s to walk 10 m
Incentive spirometry versus routine chest physiotherapy for prevention of pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery. 1678039 1991 09 12 1991 09 12 2015 06 16 0140-6736 337 8747 1991 Apr 20 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Incentive spirometry versus routine chest physiotherapy for prevention of pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery. 953-6 We entered 876 patients into a clinical trial aimed at preventing pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery. Patients either received (...) conventional chest physiotherapy or were encouraged to perform maximal inspiratory manoeuvres for 5 min during each hour while awake, using an incentive spirometer. The incidence of pulmonary complications did not differ significantly between the groups: incentive spirometry 68 of 431 (15.8%, 95% CI 14.0-17.6%), and chest physiotherapy 68 of 445 (15.3%, CI 13.6-17.0%). Nor was there a difference between the groups in the incidence of positive clinical signs, pyrexia, abnormal chest radiographs, pathogens
Cost-effectiveness study of outpatient physiotherapy after medial meniscectomy Cost-effectiveness study of outpatient physiotherapy after medial meniscectomy Cost-effectiveness study of outpatient physiotherapy after medial meniscectomy Forster D P, Frost C E Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical (...) assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Outpatient physiotherapy. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Men aged 16-45 years. Setting The study was carried out in the United Kingdom. Dates to which data relate Price related to 1976. Source of effectiveness data Single study. Study sample It is unknown whether there is evidence that the study sample is representative of the clinical study question
Multicentre trial of physiotherapy in the management of sciatic symptoms. 6112444 1981 07 20 1981 07 20 2015 06 16 0140-6736 1 8229 1981 May 16 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Multicentre trial of physiotherapy in the management of sciatic symptoms. 1065-8 Four treatments for sciatic symptoms--traction, exercises, manipulation, and corset--were assessed in a randomised controlled trial in 322 outpatients. The design was factorial. There were thus sixteen treatment groups, enabling a comparison (...) was statistically significant on one of the scales used to measure progress. There was a significant increase in symptomatic improvement with increasing numbers of treatments used in combination. This was complemented by a clear tendency for those who had received fewer types of treatment during the trial to have further treatment in the ensuing three months. There were no beneficial effects of treatment detectable at four or sixteen months. In the short-term, active physiotherapy with several treatments
Efficacy of chest physiotherapy and intermittent positive-pressure breathing in the resolution of pneumonia. 355879 1978 10 25 1978 10 25 2007 11 15 0028-4793 299 12 1978 Sep 21 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Efficacy of chest physiotherapy and intermittent positive-pressure breathing in the resolution of pneumonia. 624-7 We undertook a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of chest physiotherapy and intermittent positive-pressure breathing in the treatment (...) of pneumonia. The diagnosis of pneumonia required a compatible clinical history and x-ray confirmation. A total of 54 patients were assigned to treatment and control groups and were similar in age, smoking history, underlying lung disease and prior antibiotic treatment. Antibiotic therapy, guided by Gram stain and sputum and blood cultures, was similar in both groups. Chest physiotherapy, consisting of postural drainage, percussion and vibration, was given concurrently with intermittent positive-pressure