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Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy
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Yoga, PhysicalTherapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Yoga is effective for mild to moderate chronic low back pain (cLBP), but its comparative effectiveness with physicaltherapy (PT) is unknown. Moreover, little is known about yoga's effectiveness in underserved patients with more severe functional disability and pain.To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP.12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized noninferiority trial and subsequent
A Randomized Controlled Trial of Screening, Risk Modification and PhysicalTherapy to Prevent Falls among the Elderly Recently Discharged from the Emergency Department to the Community: the Steps to Avoid Falls in the Elderly Study. To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial, tailored program of physicaltherapy to reduce the occurrence of falls among a heterogeneous group of high-risk elderly Singaporeans recently discharged from the emergency department (ED).Randomized controlled (...) trial.Communities.Adults (N=354) aged ≥65 years who were seen in the ED for a fall or fall-related injuries and discharged home.The intervention primarily consisted of a tailored program of physicaltherapy focused on progressive training in strength, balance, and gait for a period of 3 months. Participants in the intervention group also received screening and follow-up for vision, polypharmacy, and environmental hazards. Participants in the control group received usual care prescribed by a physician and educational
Effectiveness of physicaltherapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Effectiveness of physicaltherapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Effectiveness of physicaltherapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Kohia M, Brackle J, Byrd K, Jennings A, Murray W, Wilfong E CRD summary The authors concluded that none of the numerous physical treatments for lateral epicondylitis was shown to be the most effective. Further research was required. The authors’ conclusions appeared to reflect limited (...) findings from diverse studies, but incomplete reporting of review methods and insufficient results data made it difficult to assess the reliability of the authors’ recommendations. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of physicaltherapy interventions for lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). Searching PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library and Hooked on Evidence databases were searched from 1994 to 2006 for full-text peer-reviewed studies published in English. Search terms were reported
PhysicalTherapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines PhysicalTherapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need PhysicalTherapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines PhysicalTherapy Treatments for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Guidelines Published on: November 10, 2016 Project Number: RC0822-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary (...) with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of physicaltherapy interventions for chronic non-cancer pain in adult patients? Key Message Eleven evidence-based guidelines included recommendations about the use of physicaltherapy interventions for the management of chronic, non-cancer pain. Overall, guidelines supported the use of physical and exercise therapy, manual therapy (i.e. spinal manipulation therapy and mobilization techniques
Are manual therapies, passive physical modalities, or acupuncture effective for the management of patients with whiplash-associated disorders or neck pain and associated disorders? An update of the Bone and Joint Decade Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Ass In 2008, the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders (Neck Pain Task Force) found limited evidence on the effectiveness of manual therapies, passive physical modalities, or acupuncture (...) for the management of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) or neck pain and associated disorders (NAD).This review aimed to update the findings of the Neck Pain Task Force, which examined the effectiveness of manual therapies, passive physical modalities, and acupuncture for the management of WAD or NAD.This is a systematic review and best evidence synthesis.The sample includes randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, and case-control studies comparing manual therapies, passive physical modalities
Shoulder revolution: towards a new evaluation approach. A systematic review of diagnostic accuracy of physical tests and the efficacy of manual therapy in the management of shoulder impingement and related disorders Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) . No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data
Breathing & Mild Physical Exercise Therapy for Asthma Breathing & Mild Physical Exercise Therapy for Asthma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Breathing & Mild Physical Exercise Therapy (...) individualized exercise module to be recommended as a part of therapy for people with asthma, which could possibly reduce the dosage as well as frequency of taking medicine that they need. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Asthma Other: Exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description: Asthmatics particularly obese have major constraints impeding regular physical activity and exercise. Indeed, the few studies that have resorted to the option of exercise in asthmatic patients also recognized
Effectiveness of manual physicaltherapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Effectiveness of manual physicaltherapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Effectiveness of manual physicaltherapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Camarinos J, Marinko L CRD summary The review evaluated the effectiveness of manual therapy for painful shoulder conditions and concluded that the results demonstrated improved mobility and a trend for improved pain (...) in English; search terms were reported. Five relevant journals and bibliographies of obtained studies were searched. Study selection Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of manual physicaltherapy (from a physical therapist) given only to the glenohumeral joint for shoulder pain in adults (18 to 80 years) were eligible. Studies had to report at least one of the outcomes active or passive range of motion, a shoulder-specific functional outcome, quality of life and pain. Participants with cervical
Effect of Early Surgery vs PhysicalTherapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Despite recent studies suggesting arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) is not more effective than physicaltherapy (PT), the procedure is still frequently performed in patients with meniscal tears.To assess whether PT is noninferior to APM for improving patient-reported knee function in patients with meniscal tears.Noninferiority, multicenter (...) to APM (n = 159) or a predefined PT protocol (n = 162). The PT protocol consisted of 16 sessions of exercise therapy over 8 weeks focused on coordination and closed kinetic chain strength exercises.The primary outcome was change in patient-reported knee function on the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (range, 0 to 100; from worse to best) from baseline over a 24-month follow-up period. The noninferiority margin was defined as a difference between treatment groups of 8
The role of family-centered therapy when used with physical or occupational therapy in children with congenital or acquired disorders The role of family-centered therapy when used with physical or occupational therapy in children with congenital or acquired disorders The role of family-centered therapy when used with physical or occupational therapy in children with congenital or acquired disorders Baker T, Haines S, Yost J, DiClaudio S, Braun C, Holt S CRD summary The authors suggested (...) with congenital or acquired disorders, when provided with physical or occupational therapy. Searching PubMed, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, Academic Search Premier, SPORTDiscus, and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection were searched, for studies published in English. The earliest content was from 1965; the date on which the searches were conducted was not reported. Search terms were reported. Study selection Studies of any design that evaluated the effects of family-centred therapy, for children
Dog-Assisted Therapies and Activities in Rehabilitation of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Physical and Mental Disabilities The aim of the present study was to evaluate dog-assisted therapies and activities in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy and physical and mental disabilities who have difficulties in benefiting from well-being and health-improving services. This descriptive-explanatory study was conducted in disabled children of various ages between 2008 and 2011 (...) by an experienced team in a private training and rehabilitation center in Antalya (Turkey). In this study, five study groups were formed among the children with physical and mental disabilities. During the therapy studies, three dogs were used. For each therapy group, the goals for the children and therapist were defined, and the activities were determined according to these goals. The entire study process was followed using audio-records and photographs of patients. The expected targets were reached in all
Two-year outcomes after arthroscopic surgery compared to physicaltherapy for femoracetabular impingement: A protocol for a randomized clinical trial. As the prevalence of hip pathology in the younger athletic population rises, the medical community continues to investigate effective intervention options. Femoracetabular impingement is the morphologically abnormal articulation of the femoral head against the acetabulum, and often implicated in pre-arthritic hip conditions of musculoskeletal (...) arthroscopy, Group II = physicaltherapy). Group I will undergo hip arthroscopy with or without labral repair. Group II will follow an impairment based physicaltherapy program consisting of 2 sessions per week for 6 weeks. The primary outcome will be the Hip Outcome Score and secondary measures will include the International Hip Outcome Tool and the Global Rating of Change. Measures will be taken at baseline, 6 months, 1 and 2 years. Hip-related healthcare utilization between both groups will also
Additional Effects of a PhysicalTherapy Protocol on Headache Frequency, Pressure Pain Threshold, and Improvement Perception in Patients With Migraine and Associated Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial To evaluate the additional effect provided by physicaltherapy in migraine treatment.Randomized controlled trial.Tertiary university-based hospital.Among the 300 patients approached, 50 women (age range, 18-55y) diagnosed with migraine were randomized into 2 groups: a control group (n=25 (...) ) and a physiotherapy plus medication group (n=25) (N=50).Both groups received medication for migraine treatment. Additionally, physiotherapy plus medication patients received 8 sessions of physicaltherapy over 4 weeks, comprised mainly of manual therapy and stretching maneuvers lasting 50 minutes.A blinded examiner assessed the clinical outcomes of headache frequency, intensity, and self-perception of global change and physical outcomes of pressure pain threshold and cervical range of motion. Data were recorded
Physical fitness exercise versus cognitive behavior therapy on reducing the depressive symptoms among community-dwelling elderly adults: A randomized controlled trial Depression is a major health problem for community-dwelling elderly adults. Since limited resources are available to decrease the high prevalence of depressive symptoms among the elderly adults, improved support for them can be provided if we can determine which intervention is superior in ridding depressive symptoms.To compare (...) the effectiveness of the physical fitness exercise program and the cognitive behavior therapy program on primary (depressive symptoms) and secondary outcomes (6-min walk distance, quality of life, and social support) for community-dwelling elderly adults with depressive symptoms.A prospective randomized control trial was conducted in three communities in northern Taiwan.The elderly adults in the three communities were invited to participate by mail, phone calls, and posters. There were a total of 57
Effectiveness of physicaltherapy for Achilles tendinopathy: an evidence based review of eccentric exercises Effectiveness of physicaltherapy for Achilles tendinopathy: an evidence based review of eccentric exercises Effectiveness of physicaltherapy for Achilles tendinopathy: an evidence based review of eccentric exercises Satyendra L, Byl N CRD summary This review assessed the effectiveness of eccentric exercise training for patients with Achilles tendinopathy. The authors concluded (...) in the review. Specific interventions included in the review Studies that assessed eccentric exercise training, a physicaltherapy intervention, were eligible for inclusion. The patients in the included studies were given eccentric exercises, eccentric overload, eccentric/concentric stretching, or eccentric exercises and a splint for 12 weeks' duration. The control interventions, where present, were rest/surgery, exercise without pain, night splint and concentric exercises. Participants included
Myofascial techniques have no additional beneficial effects to a standard physicaltherapy programme for upper limb pain after breast cancer surgery: a randomized controlled trial To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physicaltherapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery.Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups.University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients (...) with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer.All participants received a standard physicaltherapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months. The intervention group received additionally eight sessions of myofascial therapy from two up to four months after surgery. The control group received eight sessions of a placebo intervention, including static hand placements at the upper body region.The primary outcome was prevalence rate of upper limb pain. Additionally, pain intensity
Manual PhysicalTherapy versus Surgery for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: a Randomized Parallel-Group Trial. This randomized clinical trial investigated the effectiveness of surgery compared with physicaltherapy consisting of manual therapies including desensitization maneuvers in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The setting was a public hospital and 2 physicaltherapy practices in Madrid, Spain. One hundred twenty women with CTS were enrolled between February 2013 and January 2014, with 1-year follow (...) -up completed in January 2015. Interventions consisted of 3 sessions of manual therapies including desensitization maneuvers of the central nervous system (physicaltherapy group, n = 60) or decompression/release of the carpal tunnel (surgical group, n = 60). The primary outcome was pain intensity (mean pain and the worst pain), and secondary outcomes included functional status and symptoms severity subscales of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire and the self-perceived improvement. They were
A PhysicalTherapy Program Versus Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement: Randomized Clinical Trial A PhysicalTherapy Program Versus Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement: Randomized Clinical Trial - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please (...) remove one or more studies before adding more. A PhysicalTherapy Program Versus Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement: Randomized Clinical Trial The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01993615 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : November 25, 2013 Last Update Posted : December 20