Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

161. A comparison of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, and provision of an educational booklet for the treatment of patients with low back pain. (PubMed)

A comparison of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, and provision of an educational booklet for the treatment of patients with low back pain. There are few data on the relative effectiveness and costs of treatments for low back pain. We randomly assigned 321 adults with low back pain that persisted for seven days after a primary care visit to the McKenzie method of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, or a minimal intervention (provision of an educational booklet). Patients (...) with sciatica were excluded. Physical therapy or chiropractic manipulation was provided for one month (the number of visits was determined by the practitioner but was limited to a maximum of nine); patients were followed for a total of two years. The bothersomeness of symptoms was measured on an 11-point scale, and the level of dysfunction was measured on the 24-point Roland Disability Scale.After adjustment for base-line differences, the chiropractic group had less severe symptoms than the booklet group

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1998 NEJM Controlled trial quality: uncertain

162. The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery

The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery Johnson D, Kelm C, Thomson D, Burbridge B, Mayers I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) , the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Physical therapy for the prevention of respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population All patients scheduled for cardiac valve surgery. Setting Hospital. The economic study was performed in Canada. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

163. Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting

Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting Przybylski B R, Dumont E D, Watkins M E, Warren S A, Beaulne A P, Lier D A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) services for the rehabilitation of elderly nursing-home residents. Type of intervention Rehabilitation. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Residents of a nursing home. The average age of the intervention group was 83 years (range: 62 - 97) and of the control group

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

164. Chest physical therapy management of patients with cystic fibrosis: a meta-analysis

Chest physical therapy management of patients with cystic fibrosis: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1995 DARE.

165. Cognitive behavioural therapy for medically unexplained physical symptoms: a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Cognitive behavioural therapy for medically unexplained physical symptoms: a randomised controlled trial. To examine the additional effect of cognitive behavioural therapy for patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms in comparison with optimised medical care.Randomised controlled trial with follow up assessments six and 12 months after the baseline evaluation.General medical outpatient clinic in a university hospital.An intervention group of 39 patients and a control group of 40 (...) to frequency of the symptoms (0.32; 0.13 to 0.77), limitations in social (0.35; 0.14 to 0.85) and leisure (0.36; 0.14 to 0.93) activities, and illness behaviour (difference -2.5; -4.6 to -0.5). At 12 months of follow up the differences between the groups were largely maintained.Cognitive behavioural therapy seems to be a feasible and effective treatment in general medical patients with unexplained physical symptoms.

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1995 BMJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

166. Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis

Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis Boyd S, Brooks D, Agnew-Coughlin J, Ashwell J Authors' objectives To critically and objectively (...) appraise the evidence that supports or refutes the use of various physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis. Searching MEDLINE and Cumulated Index Medicus were searched from 1969 to 1992; no search strategy was provided. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Studies were assessed on four inclusion criteria: (1) an adequately large sample size; (2) a methodology that was reproducible and had face validity; (3) sufficient length

1994 DARE.

167. Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis

Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients (...) following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis Moreland J, Thomson M A Authors' objectives To examine the efficacy of electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback compared to conventional physical therapy, for improving upper-extremity function in patients following a stroke. Searching MEDLINE was searched with the keywords 'electromyography', biofeedback' and 'cerebrovascular disorders'; CINAHL with the keywords 'biofeedback' and 'cerebrovascular accident'; and Dissertation Abstracts International

1994 DARE.

168. The effects of physical therapy on cerebral palsy. A controlled trial in infants with spastic diplegia. (PubMed)

The effects of physical therapy on cerebral palsy. A controlled trial in infants with spastic diplegia. Legislatively mandated programs for early intervention on behalf of handicapped infants often stipulate the inclusion of physical therapy as a major component of treatment for cerebral palsy. To evaluate the effects of physical therapy, we randomly assigned 48 infants (12 to 19 months of age) with mild to severe spastic diplegia to receive either 12 months of physical therapy (Group A) or 6 (...) months of physical therapy preceded by 6 months of infant stimulation (Group B). The infant-stimulation program included motor, sensory, language, and cognitive activities of increasing complexity. Masked outcome assessment was performed after both 6 and 12 months of therapy to evaluate motor quotient, motor ability, and mental quotient. After six months, the infants in Group A had a lower mean motor quotient than those in Group B (49.1 vs. 58.1, P = 0.02) and were less likely to walk (12 vs. 35

1988 NEJM Controlled trial quality: uncertain