Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

101. Physical therapy for Bell s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). (PubMed)

Physical therapy for Bell s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) is commonly treated by physical therapy services with various therapeutic strategies and devices. There are many questions about their efficacy and effectiveness.To evaluate the efficacy of physical therapies on the outcome of Bell's palsy.We searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group Trials Register (February 2008), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane (...) Library, Issue 4, 2007), MEDLINE (January 1966 to February 2008), EMBASE (January 1980 to February 2008), LILACS (January 1982 to February 2008), PEDro (from 1929 to February 2008), and CINAHL (January 1982 to February 2008).We selected randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials involving any physical therapy. We included participants of any age with a diagnosis of Bell's palsy and all degrees of severity. The outcome measures were: incomplete recovery six months after randomisation, motor

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2008 Cochrane

102. Comparison of 3 physical therapy modalities for acute pain in lumbar disc herniation measured by clinical evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging (PubMed)

Comparison of 3 physical therapy modalities for acute pain in lumbar disc herniation measured by clinical evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging This study measures and compares the outcome of traction, ultrasound, and low-power laser (LPL) therapies by using magnetic resonance imaging and clinical parameters in patients presenting with acute leg pain and low back pain caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH).A total of 60 patients were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into 1 of 3 (...) groups equally according to the therapies applied, either with traction, ultrasound, or LPL. Treatment consisted of 15 sessions over a period of 3 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging examinations were done before and immediately after the treatment. Physical examination of the lumbar spine, severity of pain, functional disability by Roland Disability Questionnaire, and Modified Oswestry Disability Questionnaire were assessed at baseline, immediately after, and at 1 and 3 months after treatment.There

2008 EvidenceUpdates

103. Physical therapy interventions for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: an overview of systematic reviews. (PubMed)

Physical therapy interventions for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: an overview of systematic reviews. Patients with osteoarthritis of the knee are commonly treated by physical therapists. Practice should be informed by updated evidence from systematic reviews. The purpose of this article is to summarize the evidence from systematic reviews on the effectiveness of physical therapy for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Systematic reviews published between 2000 and 2007 were identified (...) by a comprehensive literature search. We graded the quality of evidence across reviews for each comparison and outcome. Twenty-three systematic reviews on physical therapy interventions for patients with knee osteoarthritis were included. There is high-quality evidence that exercise and weight reduction reduce pain and improve physical function in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. There is moderate-quality evidence that acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and low-level laser therapy

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2008 EvidenceUpdates

104. Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions

Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions Mental wellbeing in o Mental wellbeing in ov ver 65s: er 65s: occupational ther occupational therap apy and ph y and physical ysical activity interv activity interventions entions Public health guideline Published: 22 October 2008 nice.org.uk/guidance/ph16 © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our (...) of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions (PH16) © NICE 2018. All rights

2008 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

105. Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis

Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Kohia M, Brackle J, Byrd K, Jennings A, Murray W, Wilfong E CRD summary The authors concluded that none of the numerous physical treatments for lateral epicondylitis was shown to be the most effective. Further research was required. The authors’ conclusions appeared to reflect limited (...) findings from diverse studies, but incomplete reporting of review methods and insufficient results data made it difficult to assess the reliability of the authors’ recommendations. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). Searching PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library and Hooked on Evidence databases were searched from 1994 to 2006 for full-text peer-reviewed studies published in English. Search terms were reported

2008 DARE.

106. WITHDRAWN: Physical therapies for prevention of urinary and faecal incontinence in adults. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Physical therapies for prevention of urinary and faecal incontinence in adults. Physical therapies, particularly pelvic floor muscle training, have been recommended for prevention of incontinence associated with childbearing, and prostate surgery.To assess the effectiveness of physical therapies in preventing incontinence in adults.The Cochrane Incontinence Group trials register was searched to September 2001. Trials were also sought from the Reference Lists of relevant articles (...) and from experts in the field.Randomised and quasi-randomised trials in adults without incontinence symptoms that compared a physical therapy with no treatment, or any other treatment to prevent incontinence.Two reviewers independently assessed eligibility, trial quality and extracted data. Data were processed as described in the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook.Two trials in men (155 men) and 13 trials in women (4661 women) were included. As most trials recruited regardless of continence status

2007 Cochrane

107. Cognitive behavioural therapy for men who physically abuse their female partner. (PubMed)

Cognitive behavioural therapy for men who physically abuse their female partner. In national surveys between 10 % and 34 % of women have reported being physically assaulted by an intimate male partner. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or programmes with elements of CBT are frequently used treatments for physically abusive men. Participants either enroll voluntarily or are obliged to participate in CBT by means of a court order. CBT not only seeks to change behaviour using established (...) Québec was handsearched from 1976 to 2003 and reference lists of articles. We also contacted field experts and the authors of included studies.Randomised controlled trials (including cluster-randomised and quasi-randomised trials) of cognitive behavioural therapy with men who physically abuse their partners and reporting effects on continued violence.Two review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. We contacted study authors for additional information.Six trials, all from

2007 Cochrane

108. Cost-effectiveness of physical therapy and general practitioner care for sciatica

Cost-effectiveness of physical therapy and general practitioner care for sciatica Cost-effectiveness of physical therapy and general practitioner care for sciatica Cost-effectiveness of physical therapy and general practitioner care for sciatica Luijsterburg PA, Lamers LM, Verhagen AP, Ostelo RW, van den Hoogen HJ, Peul WC, Avezaat CJ, Koes BW Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief (...) summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary The study objective was to assess the cost-effectiveness of physical therapy and general practitioner (GP) care for patients with an acute lumbosacral radicular syndrome. The authors concluded that treatment with physical therapy and GP care was not cost-effective when compared to treatment with GP care alone. Reporting and methodology

2007 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

109. Efficacy of percutaneous vertebral augmentation and use of physical therapy intervention following vertebral compression fractures in older adults: a systematic review

Efficacy of percutaneous vertebral augmentation and use of physical therapy intervention following vertebral compression fractures in older adults: a systematic review Efficacy of percutaneous vertebral augmentation and use of physical therapy intervention following vertebral compression fractures in older adults: a systematic review Efficacy of percutaneous vertebral augmentation and use of physical therapy intervention following vertebral compression fractures in older adults: a systematic (...) review Cahoj P A, Cook J L, Robinson B S CRD summary This review evaluated the effectiveness of percutaneous vertebral augmentation and/or physical therapy for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures. The authors reported that percutaneous vertebral augmentation appeared to be an effective treatment for vertebral compression fractures, but the limited evidence means the conclusions should be considered provisional. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous vertebral

2007 DARE.

110. Aquatic physical therapy for low back pain: what are the outcomes?

Aquatic physical therapy for low back pain: what are the outcomes? Aquatic physical therapy for low back pain: what are the outcomes? Aquatic physical therapy for low back pain: what are the outcomes? Barone D, Gangaway J M CRD summary This review concluded that aquatic physical therapy is effective in improving pain and a range of other outcomes inpatients with low back pain. However, the majority of the evidence was non-randomised, no validity assessment was conducted, and the review process (...) was poorly reported. It is therefore difficult to determine the reliability of the conclusions. Authors' objectives To assess the evidence for aquatic physical therapy (APT) for orthopaedic low back pain (LBP). Searching PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, Hooked on Evidence and the Cochrane Library were searched. The aquatic therapy bibliography (APTA) was also searched and references were cross-checked. The search terms were reported but not the search dates. Only studies published in peer-reviewed journals were

2007 DARE.

111. Evidence-based treatment of aquatic physical therapy in the rehabilitation of upper-extremity orthopedic injuries

Evidence-based treatment of aquatic physical therapy in the rehabilitation of upper-extremity orthopedic injuries Evidence-based treatment of aquatic physical therapy in the rehabilitation of upper-extremity orthopedic injuries Evidence-based treatment of aquatic physical therapy in the rehabilitation of upper-extremity orthopedic injuries Watts K E, Gangaway J M CRD summary This review aimed to identify the evidence on treating orthopaedic upper-extremity injuries with aquatic therapy (...) , and to specify any particularly useful techniques based on experimental studies. The authors concluded that there is some scientific evidence to support aquatic physical therapy as an intervention, but further research is needed. This was a poorly reported review and the conclusions should be treated with caution. Authors' objectives To identify the evidence on treating orthopaedic upper-extremity (UE) injuries with aquatic therapy, and to specify any particularly useful techniques based on experimental

2007 DARE.

112. Impact of physical therapy for Parkinson's disease: a critical review of the literature

Impact of physical therapy for Parkinson's disease: a critical review of the literature Impact of physical therapy for Parkinson's disease: a critical review of the literature Impact of physical therapy for Parkinson's disease: a critical review of the literature Kwakkel G, de Goede C J, van Wegen E E CRD summary This review assessed the impact of physical therapy on patients with Parkinson's Disease and concluded that the tasks included in the interventions were not generalisable. Further (...) research was required. Studies were of limited quality and were diverse. The authors' appeared to take these factors into consideration and their conclusions are likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To assess the impact of physical therapy on patients with Parkinson's disease. Searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, PEDro, EMBASE and DocOnline were searched up to August 2007 for articles in English, German and Dutch

2007 DARE.

113. The efficacy of problem solving therapy in reducing mental and physical health problems: a meta-analysis

The efficacy of problem solving therapy in reducing mental and physical health problems: a meta-analysis The efficacy of problem solving therapy in reducing mental and physical health problems: a meta-analysis The efficacy of problem solving therapy in reducing mental and physical health problems: a meta-analysis Malouff J M, Thorsteinsson E B, Schutte N S CRD summary This review assessed the efficacy of problem-solving therapy (PST) in helping individuals to overcome any type of health problem (...) did not state any implications for practice. Research: The authors stated that further outcome studies of interpersonal cognitive PST are required, to enable a meta-analysis of this form of PST. Bibliographic details Malouff J M, Thorsteinsson E B, Schutte N S. The efficacy of problem solving therapy in reducing mental and physical health problems: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review 2007; 27(1): 46-57 PubMedID DOI Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Depressive

2007 DARE.

114. Biofeedback as an adjunct to physical therapy for recovery after stroke

Biofeedback as an adjunct to physical therapy for recovery after stroke Biofeedback as an adjunct to physical therapy for recovery after stroke Biofeedback as an adjunct to physical therapy for recovery after stroke Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Biofeedback as an adjunct to physical therapy for recovery after stroke. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc

2007 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

115. Treatment of low back pain by acupressure and physical therapy: randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Treatment of low back pain by acupressure and physical therapy: randomised controlled trial. To evaluate the effectiveness of acupressure in terms of disability, pain scores, and functional status.Randomised controlled trial.Orthopaedic clinic in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.129 patients with chronic low back pain.Acupressure or physical therapy for one month.Self administered Chinese versions of standard outcome measures for low back pain (primary outcome: Roland and Morris disability questionnaire (...) ) at baseline, after treatment, and at six month follow-up.The mean total Roland and Morris disability questionnaire score after treatment was significantly lower in the acupressure group than in the physical therapy group regardless of the difference in absolute score (- 3.8, 95% confidence interval - 5.7 to - 1.9) or mean change from the baseline (- 4.64, - 6.39 to - 2.89). Acupressure conferred an 89% (95% confidence interval 61% to 97%) reduction in significant disability compared with physical therapy

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2006 BMJ

116. Effectiveness of physical therapy for Achilles tendinopathy: an evidence based review of eccentric exercises

Effectiveness of physical therapy for Achilles tendinopathy: an evidence based review of eccentric exercises Effectiveness of physical therapy for Achilles tendinopathy: an evidence based review of eccentric exercises Effectiveness of physical therapy for Achilles tendinopathy: an evidence based review of eccentric exercises Satyendra L, Byl N CRD summary This review assessed the effectiveness of eccentric exercise training for patients with Achilles tendinopathy. The authors concluded (...) in the review. Specific interventions included in the review Studies that assessed eccentric exercise training, a physical therapy intervention, were eligible for inclusion. The patients in the included studies were given eccentric exercises, eccentric overload, eccentric/concentric stretching, or eccentric exercises and a splint for 12 weeks' duration. The control interventions, where present, were rest/surgery, exercise without pain, night splint and concentric exercises. Participants included

2006 DARE.

117. Cognitive-behavioural therapy modestly reduces post-traumatic stress symptoms resulting from physical injury

Cognitive-behavioural therapy modestly reduces post-traumatic stress symptoms resulting from physical injury Cognitive-behavioural therapy modestly reduces post-traumatic stress symptoms resulting from physical injury | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Cognitive-behavioural therapy modestly reduces post-traumatic stress symptoms resulting from physical injury Article Text Therapeutics Cognitive-behavioural therapy modestly

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2005 Evidence-Based Mental Health

118. A critical review of literature regarding the effectiveness of physical therapy management of hip fracture in elderly persons

A critical review of literature regarding the effectiveness of physical therapy management of hip fracture in elderly persons A critical review of literature regarding the effectiveness of physical therapy management of hip fracture in elderly persons A critical review of literature regarding the effectiveness of physical therapy management of hip fracture in elderly persons Toussant E M, Kohia M CRD summary This review assessed the effectiveness of physical therapy for the treatment of hip (...) fractures in elderly persons. The authors make several recommendations both for clinical practice and further research. However, these should be regarded with caution as many are based on conflicting evidence from poorer quality studies which lack statistical power. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of physical therapy for the treatment of hip fractures in elderly persons. Searching PubMed, ProQuest and EBSCO were searched using the specified search terms. The authors implied that other

2005 DARE.

119. Physical therapies for reducing and controlling lymphoedema of the limbs. (PubMed)

Physical therapies for reducing and controlling lymphoedema of the limbs. Lymphoedema is the accumulation of excess fluid in the body caused by obstruction of the lymphatic drainage mechanisms. Management involves decongesting the reduced lymphatic pathways in order to reduce the size of the limb. There is a great deal of debate as to which components of a physical treatment programme are the most crucial.To assess the effect of physical treatment programmes on: volume, shape, condition (...) that tested physical therapies with a follow-up period of at least six months.Two blinded reviewers independently assessed trial quality and extracted data . Meta-analysis was not performed due to the poor quality of the trials.Only three studies involving 150 randomised patients were included. Since none studied the same intervention it was not possible to combine the data. One crossover study of manual lymph drainage (MLD) followed by self-administered massage versus no treatment, concluded

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2004 Cochrane

120. The impact of physical therapy on functional outcomes after stroke: what's the evidence?

The impact of physical therapy on functional outcomes after stroke: what's the evidence? The impact of physical therapy on functional outcomes after stroke: what's the evidence? The impact of physical therapy on functional outcomes after stroke: what's the evidence? Van Peppen R P, Kwakkel G, Wood-Dauphinee S, Hendriks H J, Van der Wees Ph J, Dekker J CRD summary This review assessed the effects of physical therapy interventions for improving functional outcomes after stroke. The authors (...) concluded that there were small to large effect sizes for task-orientated exercise training, particularly intensive training applied early after stroke. An assessment of the evidence was difficult, owing to the multiplicity of outcome measures and the lack of defined control treatments. Authors' objectives To assess the effects of physical therapy interventions focused on improving functional outcomes after stroke. Searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, the Cochrane CENTRAL Register, the Cochrane Database

2004 DARE.