Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

101. Cardiorespiratory physical therapy for patients with acute medical conditions: qualitative systematic review

Cardiorespiratory physical therapy for patients with acute medical conditions: qualitative systematic review Cardiorespiratory physical therapy for patients with acute medical conditions: qualitative systematic review Cardiorespiratory physical therapy for patients with acute medical conditions: qualitative systematic review Crowe J, Brooks D, Kelsey C J, Lacy J B, Parsons J, Solway S CRD summary The authors concluded that the evidence was sparse, weak and difficult to interpret. The authors (...) ' conclusions reflect the paucity of the evidence presented but the implications for practice may be overstated due to the quality and quantity of the underlying evidence. Authors' objectives To evaluate the evidence for cardiorespiratory physical therapy techniques in the management of patients with acute medical conditions. Searching MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched to February 2002 and EMBASE was searched to August 2002; search terms were reported. The Cochrane Library was searched (dates not reported

2003 DARE.

102. Physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain: a systematic review

Physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain: a systematic review Physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain: a systematic review Physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain: a systematic review Stuge B, Hilde G, Vollestad N CRD summary This review found insufficient evidence on the effects of physical therapies for the prevention or treatment of back pain or pelvic pain related to pregnancy. The authors' conclusions are appropriate (...) given the evidence presented in the review. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of physical therapy for the prevention or treatment of low back pain and pelvic pain related to pregnancy. Searching MEDLINE (1966 to 2000), EMBASE (1980 to 2000), CINAHL (1982 to 2000), SPORT (1975 to 2000) and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (Issue 3, 2000) were searched; the search terms were reported. Additional studies were sought through reference lists of retrieved papers and by contacting

2003 DARE.

103. Physical therapies for prevention of urinary and faecal incontinence in adults. (PubMed)

Physical therapies for prevention of urinary and faecal incontinence in adults. BACKGROUND: Physical therapies, particularly pelvic floor muscle training, have been recommended for prevention of incontinence associated with childbearing, and prostate surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of physical therapies in preventing incontinence in adults. SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Incontinence Group trials register was searched to September 2001. Trials were also sought from the Reference (...) Lists of relevant articles and from experts in the field. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised and quasi-randomised trials in adults without incontinence symptoms that compared a physical therapy with no treatment, or any other treatment to prevent incontinence. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers independently assessed eligibility, trial quality and extracted data. Data were processed as described in the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook. MAIN RESULTS: Two trials in men (155 men) and 13 trials

2002 Cochrane

104. The use of low level laser therapy in wound care in Alberta, Canada: results of a survey of physical therapists involved in rehabilitation, long term care and home care

The use of low level laser therapy in wound care in Alberta, Canada: results of a survey of physical therapists involved in rehabilitation, long term care and home care The use of low level laser therapy in wound care in Alberta, Canada: results of a survey of physical therapists involved in rehabilitation, long term care and home care The use of low level laser therapy in wound care in Alberta, Canada: results of a survey of physical therapists involved in rehabilitation, long term care (...) and home care Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research, Institute of Health Economics Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research, Institute of Health Economics. The use of low level laser therapy in wound care in Alberta, Canada: results of a survey of physical therapists involved

2001 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

105. A clinical practice guideline on peri-operative cardiorespiratory physical therapy

A clinical practice guideline on peri-operative cardiorespiratory physical therapy A clinical practice guideline on peri-operative cardiorespiratory physical therapy A clinical practice guideline on peri-operative cardiorespiratory physical therapy Brooks D, Crowe J, Kelsey C J, Lacy J B, Parsons J, Solway S Authors' objectives To evaluate cardiorespiratory physical therapy (CPT) in the management of patients after thoracic, cardiac and abdominal surgery. Searching CINAHL (from 1982 to August (...) Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), including crossover trials, were eligible. Studies using quasi-random allocation were not included. Studies without data and statistical analyses were excluded. The authors also excluded studies that they judged to have had significant methodological and/or statistical problems. Specific interventions included in the review Studies of CPT for surgery were eligible, specifically studies of pre-operative physical therapy

2001 DARE.

106. The effects of physical therapy in Parkinson's disease: a research synthesis

The effects of physical therapy in Parkinson's disease: a research synthesis The effects of physical therapy in Parkinson's disease: a research synthesis The effects of physical therapy in Parkinson's disease: a research synthesis de Goede C J, Keus S H, Kwakkel G, Wagenaar R C Authors' objectives To assess the effect of physical therapy (PT) on neurological signs, activities of daily living (ADL) and walking ability in patients with Parkinson's disease. Searching MEDLINE, CINAHL (...) to have been randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Specific interventions included in the review Studies of PT were eligible for inclusion. The PT intervention in the included studies comprised one or more of the following elements: physical exercises, sensory-enhanced PT, PT exercises, occupational therapy, education, skills training, behavioural treatment, speech therapy, mobility training, and rhythmic auditory stimulation. The control intervention in the included studies comprised one or more

2001 DARE.

107. Efficacy of physical therapy methods and exercise after a breast cancer operation: a systematic review

Efficacy of physical therapy methods and exercise after a breast cancer operation: a systematic review Efficacy of physical therapy methods and exercise after a breast cancer operation: a systematic review Efficacy of physical therapy methods and exercise after a breast cancer operation: a systematic review Karki A, Simonen R, Malkia E, Selfe J Authors' objectives To evaluate the effects of: (1) different therapy methods on upper limb oedema of breast cancer patients; (2) early versus delayed (...) introduction of shoulder exercise after breast cancer surgery; and (3) exercise therapy and aerobic exercise among breast cancer patients. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Scandinavian database ArbSpriSwe were searched from 1980 to 1999 for English- and Scandinavian-language papers. Search terms such as 'breast cancer', 'breast neoplasm', 'physical therapy', 'physiotherapy', 'rehabilitation', 'exercise', 'lymphedema', 'late symptoms', 'quality of life' and 'physical activity', were included. Reference

2001 DARE.

108. Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis. (PubMed)

Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis. BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy is a form of chest physical therapy including chest percussion and postural drainage to remove lung secretions. These are applied commonly to patients with both acute and chronic airway diseases. Despite controversies in the literature regarding its efficacy, it remains in use in a variety of clinical settings. The various forms (...) of this therapy are labour intensive and need to be evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the effects of bronchial hygiene physical therapy in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Airways Group trials register and reference lists of articles up to July 1997. We also wrote to study authors. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised trials in which postural drainage, chest percussion, vibration, chest shaking, directed

2000 Cochrane

109. A systematic overview of the effectiveness of physical therapy intervention on soft tissue neck injury following trauma

A systematic overview of the effectiveness of physical therapy intervention on soft tissue neck injury following trauma A systematic overview of the effectiveness of physical therapy intervention on soft tissue neck injury following trauma A systematic overview of the effectiveness of physical therapy intervention on soft tissue neck injury following trauma Magee D J, Oborn-Barrett E, Turner S, Fenning N Authors' objectives To assess the evidence concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy (...) 1985 to 1997. The keywords used were 'physical therapy', 'intervention', 'whiplash', 'cervical strain', 'neck', 'pain' and 'treatment'. The authors also reviewed the reference lists of the identified articles. Four key journals were handsearched back one year. These included Spine, Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy, Manual Therapy, and Journal of Manipulative Therapeutics. Relevant references (going back to 1980) from each paper were also reviewed. Study selection Study designs

2000 DARE.

110. Adjuvant physical therapy versus occupational therapy in patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy/complex regional pain syndrome type I

Adjuvant physical therapy versus occupational therapy in patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy/complex regional pain syndrome type I Adjuvant physical therapy versus occupational therapy in patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy/complex regional pain syndrome type I Adjuvant physical therapy versus occupational therapy in patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy/complex regional pain syndrome type I Oerlemans H M, Oostendorp R A, de Boo T, van der Laan L, Severens J L, Goris J (...) A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Three approaches were compared for the treatment of patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD): physical therapy, occupational therapy and social work. RSD is also called complex

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

111. Cost-effectiveness analysis of adjuvant physical or occupational therapy for patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy

Cost-effectiveness analysis of adjuvant physical or occupational therapy for patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy Cost-effectiveness analysis of adjuvant physical or occupational therapy for patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy Cost-effectiveness analysis of adjuvant physical or occupational therapy for patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy Severens J L, Oerlemans H M, Weegels A J, van't Hof M A, Oostendorp R A, Goris R J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Adjuvant physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) alongside medical treatment in the treatment of patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD). Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

112. A comparison of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, and provision of an educational booklet for the treatment of patients with low back pain. (PubMed)

A comparison of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, and provision of an educational booklet for the treatment of patients with low back pain. 9761803 1998 10 08 1998 10 08 2007 11 15 0028-4793 339 15 1998 Oct 08 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. A comparison of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, and provision of an educational booklet for the treatment of patients with low back pain. 1021-9 There are few data on the relative effectiveness and costs (...) of treatments for low back pain. We randomly assigned 321 adults with low back pain that persisted for seven days after a primary care visit to the McKenzie method of physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, or a minimal intervention (provision of an educational booklet). Patients with sciatica were excluded. Physical therapy or chiropractic manipulation was provided for one month (the number of visits was determined by the practitioner but was limited to a maximum of nine); patients were followed

1998 NEJM

113. Long-term transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) use: impact on medication utilization and physical therapy costs

Long-term transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) use: impact on medication utilization and physical therapy costs Long-term transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) use: impact on medication utilization and physical therapy costs Long-term transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) use: impact on medication utilization and physical therapy costs Chabal C, Fishbain D A, Weaver M, Heine L W Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) , with social activity was 2.79, and with pain relief was 2.47 (p<0.001). Positive vales show decreased pain interference and increased pain relief. The mean change (reduction) in medications was: narcotic/analgesic, -0.277 (p<0.001); tranquillisers, -0.021 (p<0.05); muscle relaxants, -0.043 (p<0.01); nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), -0.088 (p=0.003); steroids, -0.016 (p=0.014). The percentage of mean change in other therapies was: physical therapy/occupational therapy (PT/OT), -55.8

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

114. Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting

Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting Outcomes of enhanced physical and occupational therapy service in a nursing home setting Przybylski B R, Dumont E D, Watkins M E, Warren S A, Beaulne A P, Lier D A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) services for the rehabilitation of elderly nursing-home residents. Type of intervention Rehabilitation. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Residents of a nursing home. The average age of the intervention group was 83 years (range: 62 - 97) and of the control group

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

115. The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery

The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery The effect of physical therapy on respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery Johnson D, Kelm C, Thomson D, Burbridge B, Mayers I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) , the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Physical therapy for the prevention of respiratory complications following cardiac valve surgery. Type of intervention Primary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population All patients scheduled for cardiac valve surgery. Setting Hospital. The economic study was performed in Canada. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

116. Cognitive behavioural therapy for medically unexplained physical symptoms: a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Cognitive behavioural therapy for medically unexplained physical symptoms: a randomised controlled trial. 7496281 1996 01 18 1996 01 18 2013 09 22 0959-8138 311 7016 1995 Nov 18 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Cognitive behavioural therapy for medically unexplained physical symptoms: a randomised controlled trial. 1328-32 To examine the additional effect of cognitive behavioural therapy for patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms in comparison with optimised medical care (...) maintained. Cognitive behavioural therapy seems to be a feasible and effective treatment in general medical patients with unexplained physical symptoms. Speckens A E AE Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Leiden, Netherlands. van Hemert A M AM Spinhoven P P Hawton K E KE Bolk J H JH Rooijmans H G HG eng Clinical Trial Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England BMJ 8900488 0959-535X AIM IM Br J Psychiatry. 1967 Jan;113(494):89-93 6029373 Med Care. 1981

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1995 BMJ

117. Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis

Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis Efficacy of electromyographic biofeedback compared with conventional physical therapy for upper-extremity function in patients (...) following stroke: a research overview and meta-analysis Moreland J, Thomson M A Authors' objectives To examine the efficacy of electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback compared to conventional physical therapy, for improving upper-extremity function in patients following a stroke. Searching MEDLINE was searched with the keywords 'electromyography', biofeedback' and 'cerebrovascular disorders'; CINAHL with the keywords 'biofeedback' and 'cerebrovascular accident'; and Dissertation Abstracts International

1994 DARE.

118. Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis

Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis Evaluation of the literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis Boyd S, Brooks D, Agnew-Coughlin J, Ashwell J Authors' objectives To critically and objectively (...) appraise the evidence that supports or refutes the use of various physical therapy modalities in the management of children with cystic fibrosis. Searching MEDLINE and Cumulated Index Medicus were searched from 1969 to 1992; no search strategy was provided. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Studies were assessed on four inclusion criteria: (1) an adequately large sample size; (2) a methodology that was reproducible and had face validity; (3) sufficient length

1994 DARE.

119. The effects of physical therapy on cerebral palsy. A controlled trial in infants with spastic diplegia. (PubMed)

The effects of physical therapy on cerebral palsy. A controlled trial in infants with spastic diplegia. 3280999 1988 04 26 1988 04 26 2007 11 15 0028-4793 318 13 1988 Mar 31 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. The effects of physical therapy on cerebral palsy. A controlled trial in infants with spastic diplegia. 803-8 Legislatively mandated programs for early intervention on behalf of handicapped infants often stipulate the inclusion of physical therapy as a major component (...) of treatment for cerebral palsy. To evaluate the effects of physical therapy, we randomly assigned 48 infants (12 to 19 months of age) with mild to severe spastic diplegia to receive either 12 months of physical therapy (Group A) or 6 months of physical therapy preceded by 6 months of infant stimulation (Group B). The infant-stimulation program included motor, sensory, language, and cognitive activities of increasing complexity. Masked outcome assessment was performed after both 6 and 12 months of therapy

1988 NEJM