Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

81. Physical therapy for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). (PubMed)

Physical therapy for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) is commonly treated by various physical therapy strategies and devices, but there are many questions about their efficacy.To evaluate physical therapies for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial palsy).We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2011), MEDLINE (January 1966 to February 2011 (...) ), EMBASE (January 1946 to February 2011), LILACS (January 1982 to February 2011), PEDro (from 1929 to February 2011), and CINAHL (January 1982 to February 2011). We included searches in clinical trials register databases until February 2011.We selected randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials involving any physical therapy. We included participants of any age with a diagnosis of Bell's palsy and all degrees of severity. The outcome measures were: incomplete recovery six months after

2011 Cochrane

82. Pediatric physical therapy in infancy: from nightmare to dream? A two-arm randomized trial (PubMed)

Pediatric physical therapy in infancy: from nightmare to dream? A two-arm randomized trial Systematic reviews have suggested that early intervention by means of specific motor training programs and general developmental programs in which parents learn how to promote infant development may be the most promising ways to promote infant motor and cognitive development of infants with or at high risk for developmental motor disorders.The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects (...) of a recently developed pediatric physical therapy intervention program ("Coping With and Caring for Infants With Special Needs" [COPCA]) on the development of infants at high risk for developmental disorders using a combined approach of a 2-arm randomized trial and process evaluation.The study was conducted at the University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands.Forty-six infants at high risk for developmental disorders were randomly assigned to receive COPCA (a family-centered program) (n=21

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2011 EvidenceUpdates

83. Extra physical therapy reduces patient length of stay and improves functional outcomes and quality of life in people with acute or subacute conditions: a systematic review (PubMed)

Extra physical therapy reduces patient length of stay and improves functional outcomes and quality of life in people with acute or subacute conditions: a systematic review To investigate whether extra physical therapy intervention reduces length of stay and improves patient outcomes in people with acute or subacute conditions.Electronic databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, AMED, PEDro, PubMed, and EMBASE were searched from the earliest date possible through May 2010. Additional trials were identified (...) by scanning reference lists and citation tracking.Randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of extra physical therapy on patient outcomes were included for review. Two reviewers independently applied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and any disagreements were discussed until consensus could be reached. Searching identified 2826 potentially relevant articles, of which 16 randomized controlled trials with 1699 participants met inclusion criteria.Data were extracted using a predefined data

2011 EvidenceUpdates

84. WITHDRAWN: Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis. Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy is a form of chest physical therapy including chest percussion and postural drainage to remove lung secretions. These are applied commonly to patients with both acute and chronic airway diseases. Despite controversies in the literature regarding its efficacy, it remains in use in a variety of clinical settings. The various forms (...) of this therapy are labour intensive and need to be evaluated.The objective of this review was to assess the effects of bronchial hygiene physical therapy in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis.We searched the Cochrane Airways Group trials register and reference lists of articles up to January 2007. We also wrote to study authors.Randomised trials in which postural drainage, chest percussion, vibration, chest shaking, directed coughing or forced exhalation technique

2011 Cochrane

85. A pilot study examining the effectiveness of physical therapy as an adjunct to selective nerve root block in the treatment of lumbar radicular pain from disk herniation: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

A pilot study examining the effectiveness of physical therapy as an adjunct to selective nerve root block in the treatment of lumbar radicular pain from disk herniation: a randomized controlled trial Therapeutic selective nerve root blocks (SNRBs) are a common intervention for patients with sciatica. Patients often are referred to physical therapy after SNRBs, although the effectiveness of this intervention sequence has not been investigated.This study was a preliminary investigation (...) of the effectiveness of SNRBs, with or without subsequent physical therapy, in people with low back pain and sciatica.This investigation was a pilot randomized controlled clinical trial.The settings were spine specialty and physical therapy clinics.Forty-four participants (64% men; mean age=38.5 years, SD=11.6 years) with low back pain, with clinical and imaging findings consistent with lumbar disk herniation, and scheduled to receive SNRBs participated in the study. They were randomly assigned to receive either 4

2011 EvidenceUpdates

86. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Men Who Physically Abuse Their Female Partner: A Systematic Review

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Men Who Physically Abuse Their Female Partner: A Systematic Review 404 - The Campbell Collaboration Media Centre Blog Newsletter Sign Up ARCHIE login Menu to return to the home page. What were you looking for? To report a broken link, please send an email to . Remember to include the URL (web page address) that you used, or tell us about the content you were looking for. Thank you. Useful links News and Jobs In order to provide you with the best online

2011 Campbell Collaboration

87. [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine]

[Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Krankengymnastik/Heilgymnastik in der physikalischen Medizin [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik / Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Krankengymnastik/Heilgymnastik in der physikalischen Medizin [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik / Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from (...) a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment. Krankengymnastik/Heilgymnastik in der physikalischen Medizin. [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik / Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Vienna: Ludwig Boltzmann Institut fuer Health Technology Assessment (LBIHTA). Rapid Systematischer Review. 2011 Final publication URL Additional data URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

88. [Training therapy in physical medicine ? Systematic Review]

[Training therapy in physical medicine ? Systematic Review] Trainingstherapie in der physikalischen Medizin [Training therapy in physical medicine – Systematic Review] Trainingstherapie in der physikalischen Medizin [Training therapy in physical medicine – Systematic Review] Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment (...) has been made for the HTA database. Citation Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment. Trainingstherapie in der physikalischen Medizin. [Training therapy in physical medicine – Systematic Review] Vienna: Ludwig Boltzmann Institut fuer Health Technology Assessment (LBIHTA). Decision Support Document 51. 2011 Final publication URL Additional data URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Exercise Therapy; Humans; Physical Therapy Modalities Language Published

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

89. Cancer-related fatigue and rehabilitation: a randomized controlled multicenter trial comparing physical training combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy with physical training only and with no intervention (PubMed)

Cancer-related fatigue and rehabilitation: a randomized controlled multicenter trial comparing physical training combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy with physical training only and with no intervention Research suggests that cancer rehabilitation reduces fatigue in survivors of cancer. To date, it is unclear what type of rehabilitation is most beneficial.This randomized controlled trial compared the effect on cancer-related fatigue of physical training combined with cognitive behavioral (...) therapy with physical training alone and with no intervention.In this multicenter randomized controlled trial, 147 survivors of cancer were randomly assigned to a group that received physical training combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy (PT+CBT group, n=76) or to a group that received physical training alone (PT group, n=71). In addition, a nonintervention control group (WLC group) consisting of 62 survivors of cancer who were on the waiting lists of rehabilitation centers elsewhere

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2010 EvidenceUpdates

90. The effects of `on-call/out of hours` physical therapy in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

The effects of `on-call/out of hours` physical therapy in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled trial To assess the effectiveness of an on-call physical therapy programme in the management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.Randomized controlled trial.Secondary care level, rural hospital.Thirty-eight patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Regular physical therapy and on-call (...) physical therapy was given to two groups of patients with 19 in each arm. On-call physical therapy included providing respiratory physical therapy as required by the patient out of business hours.Peak expiratory flow rate, sustained maximal inspiration, six-minute walk distance and rating of perceived exertion post six-minute walk test.In the group receiving on-call physical therapy, peak expiratory flow rate and six-minute walk test showed a significant difference (52.1 L/min and 98.16 m, respectively

2010 EvidenceUpdates

91. Comparison of the effectiveness of three manual physical therapy techniques in a subgroup of patients with low back pain who satisfy a clinical prediction rule: a randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

Comparison of the effectiveness of three manual physical therapy techniques in a subgroup of patients with low back pain who satisfy a clinical prediction rule: a randomized clinical trial Randomized clinical trial.The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to examine the generalizability of 3 different manual therapy techniques in a patient population with low back pain that satisfy a clinical prediction rule (CPR).Recently a CPR that identifies patients with LBP who are likely (...) to respond rapidly and dramatically to thrust manipulation has been developed and validated. The generalizability of the CPR requires further investigation.A total of 112 patients were enrolled in the trial and provided demographic information and completed a number of self-report questionnaires including the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ) and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) at baseline, 1-week, 4-weeks, and 6-months. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 1 of the 3 manual therapy

2009 EvidenceUpdates

92. Manual physical therapy and exercise versus electrophysical agents and exercise in the management of plantar heel pain: a multicenter randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

Manual physical therapy and exercise versus electrophysical agents and exercise in the management of plantar heel pain: a multicenter randomized clinical trial Randomized clinical trial.To compare the effectiveness of 2 different conservative management approaches in the treatment of plantar heel pain.There is insufficient evidence to establish the optimal physical therapy management strategies for patients with heel pain, and little evidence of long-term effects.Patients with a primary report (...) of plantar heel pain underwent a standard evaluation and completed a number of patient self-report questionnaires, including the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM), and the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). Patients were randomly assigned to be treated with either an electrophysical agents and exercise (EPAX) or a manual physical therapy and exercise (MTEX) approach. Outcomes of interest were captured at baseline and at 4-week and 6-month follow-ups

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2009 EvidenceUpdates

93. Effectiveness of physical therapy and epidural steroid injections in lumbar spinal stenosis (PubMed)

Effectiveness of physical therapy and epidural steroid injections in lumbar spinal stenosis Randomized single-blind controlled trial.We aimed to compare the effects of epidural steroid injections and physical therapy program on pain and function in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).LSS is one of the most common degenerative spinal disorders among elderly population. Initial treatment of this disabling painful condition is usually conservative including analgesics, nonsteroidal anti (...) -inflammatory drugs, exercise, physical therapy, or epidural steroid injections. Owing to lack of sufficient data concerning the effectiveness of conservative treatment in LSS, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of epidural steroid injections and physical therapy program in a randomized controlled manner.A total of 29 patients diagnosed as LSS were randomized into 3 groups. Group 1 (n = 10) received an inpatient physical therapy program for 2 weeks, group 2 (n = 10) received epidural steroid injections

2009 EvidenceUpdates

94. Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomised controlled trial. Long-term complications of critical illness include intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness and neuropsychiatric disease. Immobilisation secondary to sedation might potentiate these problems. We assessed the efficacy of combining daily interruption of sedation with physical and occupational therapy on functional outcomes in patients receiving mechanical ventilation (...) in intensive care.Sedated adults (>/=18 years of age) in the ICU who had been on mechanical ventilation for less than 72 h, were expected to continue for at least 24 h, and who met criteria for baseline functional independence were eligible for enrolment in this randomised controlled trial at two university hospitals. We randomly assigned 104 patients by computer-generated, permuted block randomisation to early exercise and mobilisation (physical and occupational therapy) during periods of daily

2009 Lancet

95. Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review

Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Camarinos J, Marinko L CRD summary The review evaluated the effectiveness of manual therapy for painful shoulder conditions and concluded that the results demonstrated improved mobility and a trend for improved pain (...) in English; search terms were reported. Five relevant journals and bibliographies of obtained studies were searched. Study selection Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of manual physical therapy (from a physical therapist) given only to the glenohumeral joint for shoulder pain in adults (18 to 80 years) were eligible. Studies had to report at least one of the outcomes active or passive range of motion, a shoulder-specific functional outcome, quality of life and pain. Participants with cervical

2009 DARE.

96. A randomized trial of behavioral physical therapy interventions for acute and sub-acute low back pain (PubMed)

A randomized trial of behavioral physical therapy interventions for acute and sub-acute low back pain Psychological factors consistent with fear-avoidance models are associated with the development of chronic low back pain (LBP). As a result, graded activity (GA) and graded exposure (GX) have been suggested as behavioral treatment options. This clinical trial compared the effectiveness of treatment-based classification (TBC) physical therapy alone to TBC augmented with GA or GX for patients (...) with acute and sub-acute LBP. Our primary hypothesis was that GX would be most effective for those with elevated pain-related fear. In total, 108 patients enrolled in this clinical trial and were randomly assigned to receive TBC, GA, or GX. Outcomes were assessed by a blinded evaluator at 4 weeks and by mail at 6 months. The primary outcomes for this trial were disability and pain intensity, and the secondary outcomes were fear-avoidance beliefs, pain catastrophizing, and physical impairment. There were

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2008 EvidenceUpdates

97. The effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise for mechanical neck pain: a randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

The effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise for mechanical neck pain: a randomized clinical trial Randomized clinical trial.To assess the effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise (MTE) for mechanical neck pain with or without unilateral upper extremity (UE) symptoms, as compared to a minimal intervention (MIN) approach.Mounting evidence supports the use of manual therapy and exercise for mechanical neck pain, but no studies have directly assessed its effectiveness (...) for UE symptoms.A total of 94 patients referred to 3 physical therapy clinics with a primary complaint of mechanical neck pain, with or without unilateral UE symptoms, were randomized to receive MTE or a MIN approach of advice, motion exercise, and subtherapeutic ultrasound. Primary outcomes were the neck disability index, cervical and UE pain visual analog scales (VAS), and patient-perceived global rating of change assessed at 3-, 6-, and 52-weeks. Secondary measures included treatment success rates

2008 EvidenceUpdates

98. Isolated lumbar extensor strengthening versus regular physical therapy in an army working population with nonacute low back pain: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Isolated lumbar extensor strengthening versus regular physical therapy in an army working population with nonacute low back pain: a randomized controlled trial To evaluate the effectiveness of specific lumbar extensor training compared with regular physical therapy (PT) in workers with nonspecific nonacute low back pain (LBP).A multicenter randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up.PT department in (military primary care) health centers.Predominantly male soldiers (N=129) with 4 weeks (...) or more of low back complaints who were referred by the health center's general practitioner for PT (mean age, 35.9+/-10.8 y; range, 20-56 y), of whom 127 randomized participants were included in the analyses. One patient withdrew because of adverse effects during treatment.Participants were assigned to 1 of 2 treatment programs: (1) a 10-week device-supported isolated lumbar extension training, twice a week, or (2) regular PT, mainly consisting of exercise therapy and aerobic activities.Functional

2008 EvidenceUpdates

99. Physical therapy treatment of back complaints on children and adolescents (PubMed)

Physical therapy treatment of back complaints on children and adolescents A randomized controlled trial was performed.To evaluate how 2 different treatment options affect perception of health, pain, and physical functioning over time among children and adolescents with low back pain (LBP).LBP among children and adolescents has increased. The literature shows that children with LBP also suffer from this condition as adults. Thus, it is important to prevent and treat LBP in children (...) and adolescents.Forty-five children and adolescents were consecutively randomized into one of 2 treatment groups and were studied for 12 weeks. Group 1 was given individualized physical therapy and exercise and a standardized self-training program and back education. Group 2 was given self-training program and back education but no individualized therapy. The children and adolescents were tested before and after the treatment period. Child Health Questionnaire Child Form 87, Roland & Morris Disability Questionnaire

2008 EvidenceUpdates

100. Effect of pediatric physical therapy on deformational plagiocephaly in children with positional preference: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Effect of pediatric physical therapy on deformational plagiocephaly in children with positional preference: a randomized controlled trial To study the effect of pediatric physical therapy on positional preference and deformational plagiocephaly.Randomized controlled trial.Bernhoven Hospital, Veghel, the Netherlands.Of 380 infants referred to the examiners at age 7 weeks, 68 (17.9%) met criteria for positional preference, and 65 (17.1%) were enrolled and followed up at ages 6 and 12 (...) months.Infants with positional preference were randomly assigned to receive either physical therapy (n = 33) or usual care (n = 32).The primary outcome was severe deformational plagiocephaly assessed by plagiocephalometry. The secondary outcomes were positional preference, motor development, and cervical passive range of motion.Both groups were comparable at baseline. In the intervention group, the risk for severe deformational plagiocephaly was reduced by 46% at age 6 months (relative risk, 0.54; 95

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2008 EvidenceUpdates