Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

81. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Men Who Physically Abuse Their Female Partner: A Systematic Review

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Men Who Physically Abuse Their Female Partner: A Systematic Review 404 - The Campbell Collaboration Media Centre Blog Newsletter Sign Up ARCHIE login Menu to return to the home page. What were you looking for? To report a broken link, please send an email to . Remember to include the URL (web page address) that you used, or tell us about the content you were looking for. Thank you. Useful links News and Jobs In order to provide you with the best online

2011 Campbell Collaboration

82. [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine]

[Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Krankengymnastik/Heilgymnastik in der physikalischen Medizin [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik / Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Krankengymnastik/Heilgymnastik in der physikalischen Medizin [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik / Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from (...) a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment. Krankengymnastik/Heilgymnastik in der physikalischen Medizin. [Exercise therapy (Krankengymnastik / Heilgymnastik) in physical medicine] Vienna: Ludwig Boltzmann Institut fuer Health Technology Assessment (LBIHTA). Rapid Systematischer Review. 2011 Final publication URL Additional data URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

83. [Training therapy in physical medicine ? Systematic Review]

[Training therapy in physical medicine ? Systematic Review] Trainingstherapie in der physikalischen Medizin [Training therapy in physical medicine – Systematic Review] Trainingstherapie in der physikalischen Medizin [Training therapy in physical medicine – Systematic Review] Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment (...) has been made for the HTA database. Citation Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment. Trainingstherapie in der physikalischen Medizin. [Training therapy in physical medicine – Systematic Review] Vienna: Ludwig Boltzmann Institut fuer Health Technology Assessment (LBIHTA). Decision Support Document 51. 2011 Final publication URL Additional data URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Exercise Therapy; Humans; Physical Therapy Modalities Language Published

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

84. Cancer-related fatigue and rehabilitation: a randomized controlled multicenter trial comparing physical training combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy with physical training only and with no intervention (PubMed)

Cancer-related fatigue and rehabilitation: a randomized controlled multicenter trial comparing physical training combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy with physical training only and with no intervention Research suggests that cancer rehabilitation reduces fatigue in survivors of cancer. To date, it is unclear what type of rehabilitation is most beneficial.This randomized controlled trial compared the effect on cancer-related fatigue of physical training combined with cognitive behavioral (...) therapy with physical training alone and with no intervention.In this multicenter randomized controlled trial, 147 survivors of cancer were randomly assigned to a group that received physical training combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy (PT+CBT group, n=76) or to a group that received physical training alone (PT group, n=71). In addition, a nonintervention control group (WLC group) consisting of 62 survivors of cancer who were on the waiting lists of rehabilitation centers elsewhere

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2010 EvidenceUpdates

85. The effects of `on-call/out of hours` physical therapy in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

The effects of `on-call/out of hours` physical therapy in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled trial To assess the effectiveness of an on-call physical therapy programme in the management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.Randomized controlled trial.Secondary care level, rural hospital.Thirty-eight patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Regular physical therapy and on-call (...) physical therapy was given to two groups of patients with 19 in each arm. On-call physical therapy included providing respiratory physical therapy as required by the patient out of business hours.Peak expiratory flow rate, sustained maximal inspiration, six-minute walk distance and rating of perceived exertion post six-minute walk test.In the group receiving on-call physical therapy, peak expiratory flow rate and six-minute walk test showed a significant difference (52.1 L/min and 98.16 m, respectively

2010 EvidenceUpdates

86. Comparison of the effectiveness of three manual physical therapy techniques in a subgroup of patients with low back pain who satisfy a clinical prediction rule: a randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

Comparison of the effectiveness of three manual physical therapy techniques in a subgroup of patients with low back pain who satisfy a clinical prediction rule: a randomized clinical trial Randomized clinical trial.The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to examine the generalizability of 3 different manual therapy techniques in a patient population with low back pain that satisfy a clinical prediction rule (CPR).Recently a CPR that identifies patients with LBP who are likely (...) to respond rapidly and dramatically to thrust manipulation has been developed and validated. The generalizability of the CPR requires further investigation.A total of 112 patients were enrolled in the trial and provided demographic information and completed a number of self-report questionnaires including the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ) and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) at baseline, 1-week, 4-weeks, and 6-months. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 1 of the 3 manual therapy

2009 EvidenceUpdates

87. Manual physical therapy and exercise versus electrophysical agents and exercise in the management of plantar heel pain: a multicenter randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

Manual physical therapy and exercise versus electrophysical agents and exercise in the management of plantar heel pain: a multicenter randomized clinical trial Randomized clinical trial.To compare the effectiveness of 2 different conservative management approaches in the treatment of plantar heel pain.There is insufficient evidence to establish the optimal physical therapy management strategies for patients with heel pain, and little evidence of long-term effects.Patients with a primary report (...) of plantar heel pain underwent a standard evaluation and completed a number of patient self-report questionnaires, including the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM), and the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). Patients were randomly assigned to be treated with either an electrophysical agents and exercise (EPAX) or a manual physical therapy and exercise (MTEX) approach. Outcomes of interest were captured at baseline and at 4-week and 6-month follow-ups

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2009 EvidenceUpdates

88. Effectiveness of physical therapy and epidural steroid injections in lumbar spinal stenosis (PubMed)

Effectiveness of physical therapy and epidural steroid injections in lumbar spinal stenosis Randomized single-blind controlled trial.We aimed to compare the effects of epidural steroid injections and physical therapy program on pain and function in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).LSS is one of the most common degenerative spinal disorders among elderly population. Initial treatment of this disabling painful condition is usually conservative including analgesics, nonsteroidal anti (...) -inflammatory drugs, exercise, physical therapy, or epidural steroid injections. Owing to lack of sufficient data concerning the effectiveness of conservative treatment in LSS, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of epidural steroid injections and physical therapy program in a randomized controlled manner.A total of 29 patients diagnosed as LSS were randomized into 3 groups. Group 1 (n = 10) received an inpatient physical therapy program for 2 weeks, group 2 (n = 10) received epidural steroid injections

2009 EvidenceUpdates

89. Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomised controlled trial. Long-term complications of critical illness include intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness and neuropsychiatric disease. Immobilisation secondary to sedation might potentiate these problems. We assessed the efficacy of combining daily interruption of sedation with physical and occupational therapy on functional outcomes in patients receiving mechanical ventilation (...) in intensive care.Sedated adults (>/=18 years of age) in the ICU who had been on mechanical ventilation for less than 72 h, were expected to continue for at least 24 h, and who met criteria for baseline functional independence were eligible for enrolment in this randomised controlled trial at two university hospitals. We randomly assigned 104 patients by computer-generated, permuted block randomisation to early exercise and mobilisation (physical and occupational therapy) during periods of daily

2009 Lancet

90. Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review

Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Effectiveness of manual physical therapy for painful shoulder conditions: a systematic review Camarinos J, Marinko L CRD summary The review evaluated the effectiveness of manual therapy for painful shoulder conditions and concluded that the results demonstrated improved mobility and a trend for improved pain (...) in English; search terms were reported. Five relevant journals and bibliographies of obtained studies were searched. Study selection Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of manual physical therapy (from a physical therapist) given only to the glenohumeral joint for shoulder pain in adults (18 to 80 years) were eligible. Studies had to report at least one of the outcomes active or passive range of motion, a shoulder-specific functional outcome, quality of life and pain. Participants with cervical

2009 DARE.

91. A randomized trial of behavioral physical therapy interventions for acute and sub-acute low back pain (PubMed)

A randomized trial of behavioral physical therapy interventions for acute and sub-acute low back pain Psychological factors consistent with fear-avoidance models are associated with the development of chronic low back pain (LBP). As a result, graded activity (GA) and graded exposure (GX) have been suggested as behavioral treatment options. This clinical trial compared the effectiveness of treatment-based classification (TBC) physical therapy alone to TBC augmented with GA or GX for patients (...) with acute and sub-acute LBP. Our primary hypothesis was that GX would be most effective for those with elevated pain-related fear. In total, 108 patients enrolled in this clinical trial and were randomly assigned to receive TBC, GA, or GX. Outcomes were assessed by a blinded evaluator at 4 weeks and by mail at 6 months. The primary outcomes for this trial were disability and pain intensity, and the secondary outcomes were fear-avoidance beliefs, pain catastrophizing, and physical impairment. There were

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2008 EvidenceUpdates

92. The effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise for mechanical neck pain: a randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

The effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise for mechanical neck pain: a randomized clinical trial Randomized clinical trial.To assess the effectiveness of manual physical therapy and exercise (MTE) for mechanical neck pain with or without unilateral upper extremity (UE) symptoms, as compared to a minimal intervention (MIN) approach.Mounting evidence supports the use of manual therapy and exercise for mechanical neck pain, but no studies have directly assessed its effectiveness (...) for UE symptoms.A total of 94 patients referred to 3 physical therapy clinics with a primary complaint of mechanical neck pain, with or without unilateral UE symptoms, were randomized to receive MTE or a MIN approach of advice, motion exercise, and subtherapeutic ultrasound. Primary outcomes were the neck disability index, cervical and UE pain visual analog scales (VAS), and patient-perceived global rating of change assessed at 3-, 6-, and 52-weeks. Secondary measures included treatment success rates

2008 EvidenceUpdates

93. Isolated lumbar extensor strengthening versus regular physical therapy in an army working population with nonacute low back pain: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Isolated lumbar extensor strengthening versus regular physical therapy in an army working population with nonacute low back pain: a randomized controlled trial To evaluate the effectiveness of specific lumbar extensor training compared with regular physical therapy (PT) in workers with nonspecific nonacute low back pain (LBP).A multicenter randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up.PT department in (military primary care) health centers.Predominantly male soldiers (N=129) with 4 weeks (...) or more of low back complaints who were referred by the health center's general practitioner for PT (mean age, 35.9+/-10.8 y; range, 20-56 y), of whom 127 randomized participants were included in the analyses. One patient withdrew because of adverse effects during treatment.Participants were assigned to 1 of 2 treatment programs: (1) a 10-week device-supported isolated lumbar extension training, twice a week, or (2) regular PT, mainly consisting of exercise therapy and aerobic activities.Functional

2008 EvidenceUpdates

94. Physical therapy treatment of back complaints on children and adolescents (PubMed)

Physical therapy treatment of back complaints on children and adolescents A randomized controlled trial was performed.To evaluate how 2 different treatment options affect perception of health, pain, and physical functioning over time among children and adolescents with low back pain (LBP).LBP among children and adolescents has increased. The literature shows that children with LBP also suffer from this condition as adults. Thus, it is important to prevent and treat LBP in children (...) and adolescents.Forty-five children and adolescents were consecutively randomized into one of 2 treatment groups and were studied for 12 weeks. Group 1 was given individualized physical therapy and exercise and a standardized self-training program and back education. Group 2 was given self-training program and back education but no individualized therapy. The children and adolescents were tested before and after the treatment period. Child Health Questionnaire Child Form 87, Roland & Morris Disability Questionnaire

2008 EvidenceUpdates

95. Effect of pediatric physical therapy on deformational plagiocephaly in children with positional preference: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Effect of pediatric physical therapy on deformational plagiocephaly in children with positional preference: a randomized controlled trial To study the effect of pediatric physical therapy on positional preference and deformational plagiocephaly.Randomized controlled trial.Bernhoven Hospital, Veghel, the Netherlands.Of 380 infants referred to the examiners at age 7 weeks, 68 (17.9%) met criteria for positional preference, and 65 (17.1%) were enrolled and followed up at ages 6 and 12 (...) months.Infants with positional preference were randomly assigned to receive either physical therapy (n = 33) or usual care (n = 32).The primary outcome was severe deformational plagiocephaly assessed by plagiocephalometry. The secondary outcomes were positional preference, motor development, and cervical passive range of motion.Both groups were comparable at baseline. In the intervention group, the risk for severe deformational plagiocephaly was reduced by 46% at age 6 months (relative risk, 0.54; 95

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2008 EvidenceUpdates

96. Physical therapy for Bell s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). (PubMed)

Physical therapy for Bell s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) is commonly treated by physical therapy services with various therapeutic strategies and devices. There are many questions about their efficacy and effectiveness.To evaluate the efficacy of physical therapies on the outcome of Bell's palsy.We searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group Trials Register (February 2008), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane (...) Library, Issue 4, 2007), MEDLINE (January 1966 to February 2008), EMBASE (January 1980 to February 2008), LILACS (January 1982 to February 2008), PEDro (from 1929 to February 2008), and CINAHL (January 1982 to February 2008).We selected randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials involving any physical therapy. We included participants of any age with a diagnosis of Bell's palsy and all degrees of severity. The outcome measures were: incomplete recovery six months after randomisation, motor

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2008 Cochrane

97. Comparison of 3 physical therapy modalities for acute pain in lumbar disc herniation measured by clinical evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging (PubMed)

Comparison of 3 physical therapy modalities for acute pain in lumbar disc herniation measured by clinical evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging This study measures and compares the outcome of traction, ultrasound, and low-power laser (LPL) therapies by using magnetic resonance imaging and clinical parameters in patients presenting with acute leg pain and low back pain caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH).A total of 60 patients were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into 1 of 3 (...) groups equally according to the therapies applied, either with traction, ultrasound, or LPL. Treatment consisted of 15 sessions over a period of 3 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging examinations were done before and immediately after the treatment. Physical examination of the lumbar spine, severity of pain, functional disability by Roland Disability Questionnaire, and Modified Oswestry Disability Questionnaire were assessed at baseline, immediately after, and at 1 and 3 months after treatment.There

2008 EvidenceUpdates

98. Physical therapy interventions for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: an overview of systematic reviews. (PubMed)

Physical therapy interventions for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: an overview of systematic reviews. Patients with osteoarthritis of the knee are commonly treated by physical therapists. Practice should be informed by updated evidence from systematic reviews. The purpose of this article is to summarize the evidence from systematic reviews on the effectiveness of physical therapy for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Systematic reviews published between 2000 and 2007 were identified (...) by a comprehensive literature search. We graded the quality of evidence across reviews for each comparison and outcome. Twenty-three systematic reviews on physical therapy interventions for patients with knee osteoarthritis were included. There is high-quality evidence that exercise and weight reduction reduce pain and improve physical function in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. There is moderate-quality evidence that acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and low-level laser therapy

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2008 EvidenceUpdates

99. Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions

Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions Mental wellbeing in o Mental wellbeing in ov ver 65s: er 65s: occupational ther occupational therap apy and ph y and physical ysical activity interv activity interventions entions Public health guideline Published: 22 October 2008 nice.org.uk/guidance/ph16 © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our (...) of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions (PH16) © NICE 2018. All rights

2008 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

100. Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis

Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Effectiveness of physical therapy treatments on lateral epicondylitis Kohia M, Brackle J, Byrd K, Jennings A, Murray W, Wilfong E CRD summary The authors concluded that none of the numerous physical treatments for lateral epicondylitis was shown to be the most effective. Further research was required. The authors’ conclusions appeared to reflect limited (...) findings from diverse studies, but incomplete reporting of review methods and insufficient results data made it difficult to assess the reliability of the authors’ recommendations. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). Searching PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library and Hooked on Evidence databases were searched from 1994 to 2006 for full-text peer-reviewed studies published in English. Search terms were reported

2008 DARE.