Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

81. The effectiveness of aquatic physical therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a systematic review with meta-analysis (PubMed)

The effectiveness of aquatic physical therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a systematic review with meta-analysis To assess the effectiveness of aquatic physical therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia.The search strategy was undertaken using the following databases, from 1950 to December 2012: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS, SCIELO, WEB OF SCIENCE, SCOPUS, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane Library Controlled Trials Register, Cochrane Disease Group Trials Register, PEDro and DARE.The studies were (...) separated into groups: Group I - aquatic physical therapy × no treatment, Group II - aquatic physical therapy × land-based exercises and Group III - aquatic physical therapy × other treatments.Seventy-two abstracts were found, 27 of which met the inclusion criteria. For the functional ability (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire), three studies were considered with a treatment time of more than 20 weeks and a mean difference (MD) of -1.35 [-2.04; -0.67], P = 0.0001 was found in favour of the aquatic

2013 EvidenceUpdates

82. Effective Interventions Involving Physical Therapy and Oral Exercises to Reduce Symptoms Associated with TMD

Effective Interventions Involving Physical Therapy and Oral Exercises to Reduce Symptoms Associated with TMD UTCAT2487, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Effective Interventions Involving Physical Therapy and Oral Exercises to Reduce Symptoms Associated with TMD Clinical Question In an adult dental patient experiencing TMJ dysfunction, does the combined efforts of physical therapy and exercise relieve TMD (...) with occlusal splint therapy on anteriorly displaced temporomandibular disks in patients with arthrogenous TMD. Results from the study concluded with significantly less pain and improved oral opening. #2) Medlicott/2006 Thirty studies with criteria of being in one of three groups in axis of researched diagnostic TMD, in realm of physical therapy practice, an experimental design, and has presenting TMD symptoms. Systematic Review Key results Thirty studies included in this systematic review were categorized

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

83. Physical Therapy for the Critically Ill in the ICU: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PubMed)

Physical Therapy for the Critically Ill in the ICU: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis The purpose of this systematic review was to review the evidence base for exercise in critically ill patients.Using keywords critical care and physical therapy and related synonyms, randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews were identified through electronic database searches and citation tracking. Clinical trials with outcomes of mortality, length of hospital and ICU stay (...) , physical function and quality of life, muscle strength, and ventilator-free days were included.Two reviewers abstracted data and assessed quality independently. Effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. From 3,126 screened abstracts, 10 randomized controlled trials and five reviews were found. The mean Physiotherapy Evidence Database score was 5.4. Overall there was a significant positive effect favoring physical therapy for the critically ill to improve the quality of life (g = 0.40

2013 EvidenceUpdates

84. Pulmonary function and physical performance outcomes with preoperative physical therapy in upper abdominal surgery: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Pulmonary function and physical performance outcomes with preoperative physical therapy in upper abdominal surgery: a randomized controlled trial Investigation of the effects of preoperative physical therapy on pulmonary function and physical performance before and after upper abdominal surgery.Non-blind randomized controlled trial.Tertiary public hospital and private university, São Paulo state, Brazil.Thirty-two patients undergoing abdominal surgery.Patients were randomly assigned to receive (...) physical therapy, with respiratory and global exercises, 2-3 weeks before surgery (treatment group; n = 16) or await operation without engaging in practicing (control group; n = 16). After surgery, a physical therapy protocol was administered to all subjects until the seventh postoperative day.Pulmonary function outcome variables were inspiratory and expiratory strength, respiratory muscle endurance and spirometry, and physical performance outcome variables were the functional independence measure

2013 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

85. Surgery versus physical therapy for a meniscal tear and osteoarthritis. (PubMed)

Surgery versus physical therapy for a meniscal tear and osteoarthritis. Whether arthroscopic partial meniscectomy for symptomatic patients with a meniscal tear and knee osteoarthritis results in better functional outcomes than nonoperative therapy is uncertain.We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving symptomatic patients 45 years of age or older with a meniscal tear and evidence of mild-to-moderate osteoarthritis on imaging. We randomly assigned 351 patients to surgery (...) and postoperative physical therapy or to a standardized physical-therapy regimen (with the option to cross over to surgery at the discretion of the patient and surgeon). The patients were evaluated at 6 and 12 months. The primary outcome was the difference between the groups with respect to the change in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) physical-function score (ranging from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms) 6 months after randomization.In

2013 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

86. Early Aquatic Physical Therapy Improves Function and Does Not Increase Risk of Wound-Related Adverse Events for Adults After Orthopedic Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PubMed)

Early Aquatic Physical Therapy Improves Function and Does Not Increase Risk of Wound-Related Adverse Events for Adults After Orthopedic Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis To investigate whether early postoperative aquatic physical therapy is a low-risk and effective form of physical therapy to improve functional outcomes after orthopedic surgery.Databases MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED, Embase, and PEDro were searched from the earliest date available until October 2011. Additional trials (...) were identified by searching reference lists and citation tracking.Controlled trials evaluating the effects of aquatic physical therapy on adverse events for adults <3 months after orthopedic surgery. Two reviewers independently applied inclusion and exclusion criteria, and any disagreements were discussed until consensus could be reached. Searching identified 5069 potentially relevant articles, of which 8 controlled trials with 287 participants met inclusion criteria.A predefined data extraction

2013 EvidenceUpdates

87. Vital sign monitoring in overweight and obese children and adolescents in the outpatient physical therapy clinic

Vital sign monitoring in overweight and obese children and adolescents in the outpatient physical therapy clinic Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy/Overweight or Obese Children and Adolescents/ Vital Sign Monitoring/BESt 155 Best Evidence Statement (BESt) Copyright © 2013 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; all rights reserved Page 1 of 6 Date: February 21, 2013 Title: Vital Sign Monitoring in Children and Adolescents who are Overweight or Obese in the Outpatient Physical (...) Therapy Clinic Clinical Question: P (Population/Problem) Among children and adolescents who are overweight or obese I (Intervention) does monitoring patient cardiovascular tolerance* during a physical therapy session utilizing vital signs* C (Comparison) versus standard care O (Outcome) reduce the risk of adverse events*? Definitions for terms marked with * may be found in the Supporting Information section. Target Population for the Recommendation: Children and adolescent patients ages 5 to 18 years

2013 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

88. Surgery versus physical therapy for a meniscal tear and osteoarthritis. (PubMed)

Surgery versus physical therapy for a meniscal tear and osteoarthritis. Whether arthroscopic partial meniscectomy for symptomatic patients with a meniscal tear and knee osteoarthritis results in better functional outcomes than nonoperative therapy is uncertain.We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving symptomatic patients 45 years of age or older with a meniscal tear and evidence of mild-to-moderate osteoarthritis on imaging. We randomly assigned 351 patients to surgery (...) and postoperative physical therapy or to a standardized physical-therapy regimen (with the option to cross over to surgery at the discretion of the patient and surgeon). The patients were evaluated at 6 and 12 months. The primary outcome was the difference between the groups with respect to the change in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) physical-function score (ranging from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms) 6 months after randomization.In

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2013 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

89. Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia

Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia Vancampfort D, Probst M, Helvik Skjaerven L, Catalan-Matamoros D, Lundvik-Gyllensten A, Gomez-Conesa A, Ijntema R, De Hert M (...) CRD summary The authors cautiously concluded that specific physical therapy interventions resulted in beneficial outcomes for psychiatric symptoms, psychological distress, state anxiety, health-related quality of life and aerobic and muscular fitness. This was a well-conducted review and the authors' conclusions reflect some limitations of the evidence. However, the added value of physical therapy in people with schizophrenia remains unclear. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness

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2012 DARE.

90. Physical therapy interventions for knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis: a systematic review

Physical therapy interventions for knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis: a systematic review Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

91. Addition of intra-articular hyaluronate injection to physical therapy program produces no extra benefits in patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Addition of intra-articular hyaluronate injection to physical therapy program produces no extra benefits in patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a randomized controlled trial To compare the efficacy of intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) injections plus physical therapy (PT) with that of PT alone for the treatment of adhesive capsulitis (AC) of the shoulder.Prospective, randomized controlled trial.Rehabilitation and orthopedics department of a private teaching hospital.Patients

2012 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

92. Preoperative physical therapy for elective cardiac surgery patients. (PubMed)

Preoperative physical therapy for elective cardiac surgery patients. After cardiac surgery, physical therapy is a routine procedure delivered with the aim of preventing postoperative pulmonary complications.To determine if preoperative physical therapy with an exercise component can prevent postoperative pulmonary complications in cardiac surgery patients, and to evaluate which type of patient benefits and which type of physical therapy is most effective.Searches were run on the Cochrane (...) Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) on the Cochrane Library (2011, Issue 12 ); MEDLINE (1966 to 12 December 2011); EMBASE (1980 to week 49, 2011); the Physical Therapy Evidence Database (PEDro) (to 12 December 2011) and CINAHL (1982 to 12 December 2011).Randomised controlled trials or quasi-randomised trials comparing preoperative physical therapy with no preoperative physical therapy or sham therapy in adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery.Data were collected on the type

2012 Cochrane

93. Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Physical Exercise in Alleviating Treatment-Induced Menopausal Symptoms in Patients With Breast Cancer: Results of a Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter Trial (PubMed)

Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Physical Exercise in Alleviating Treatment-Induced Menopausal Symptoms in Patients With Breast Cancer: Results of a Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter Trial The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), physical exercise (PE), and of these two interventions combined (CBT/PE) on menopausal symptoms (primary outcome), body image, sexual functioning, psychological well-being, and health-related quality (...) , the intervention groups had a significant decrease in levels of endocrine symptoms (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Endocrine Symptoms; P<.001; effect size, 0.31-0.52) and urinary symptoms (Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Questionnaire; P=.002; effect size, 0.29-0.33), and they showed an improvement in physical functioning (36-Item Short Form Health Survey physical functioning subscale; P=.002; effect size, 0.37-0.46). The groups that included CBT also showed a significant decrease

2012 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

94. Effects of physical exercise therapy on mobility, physical functioning, physical activity and quality of life in community-dwelling older adults with impaired mobility, physical disability and/or multi-morbidity: a meta-analysis

Effects of physical exercise therapy on mobility, physical functioning, physical activity and quality of life in community-dwelling older adults with impaired mobility, physical disability and/or multi-morbidity: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

95. Prospective randomized study of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using an early versus delayed postoperative physical therapy protocol (PubMed)

Prospective randomized study of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using an early versus delayed postoperative physical therapy protocol This study evaluated patient outcomes and rotator cuff healing after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using a postoperative physical therapy protocol with early passive motion compared with a delayed protocol that limited early passive motion.The study enrolled 68 patients (average age, 63.2 years) who met inclusion criteria. All patients had a full-thickness

2012 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

96. Extra physical therapy reduces patient length of stay and improves functional outcomes and quality of life in people with acute or subacute conditions: a systematic review

Extra physical therapy reduces patient length of stay and improves functional outcomes and quality of life in people with acute or subacute conditions: a systematic review Extra physical therapy reduces patient length of stay and improves functional outcomes and quality of life in people with acute or subacute conditions: a systematic review Extra physical therapy reduces patient length of stay and improves functional outcomes and quality of life in people with acute or subacute conditions (...) : a systematic review Peiris CL, Taylor NF, Shields N CRD summary The authors concluded that extra physical activity decreased length of stay in an acute or rehabilitation setting and significantly improved mobility, activity and quality of life in people with acute or subacute conditions. While this conclusion reliably summarises the broad findings of the meta-analysis, it may not apply to all conditions in all settings. Authors' objectives To investigate whether extra physical therapy interventions reduced

2012 DARE.

97. Treatment of TMD Pain With Occlusal Splint vs. Physical Therapies

Treatment of TMD Pain With Occlusal Splint vs. Physical Therapies UTCAT2252, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Treatment of TMD Pain With Occlusal Splint vs. Physical Therapies Clinical Question For a patient with TMD pain, does an occlusal splint reduce pain in a higher percentage of patients than does physical therapy and/or stress exercises? Clinical Bottom Line Both methods of treatment reduce pain (...) in patients with TMD, but there is inconclusive evidence as to which treatment is definitively better for all patients. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Madani/ 2011 60 patients with acute pain and dysfunction RCT Key results Occlusal splints and physical therapy are both effective methods of TMD treatment, but occlusal splints is the best treatment for reduction of pain and joint sounds. #2

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

98. Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia (PubMed)

Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia Although schizophrenia is the fifth leading cause of disability-adjusted life years worldwide in people aged 15 to 44 years, the clinical evidence of physical therapy as a complementary treatment remains largely unknown.The purpose of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of physical therapy for people (...) relaxation reduces state anxiety and psychological distress.The heterogeneity of the interventions and the small sample sizes of the included studies limit overall conclusions and highlight the need for further research.Physical therapy offers added value in the multidisciplinary care of people with schizophrenia.

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2012 EvidenceUpdates

99. Physical therapy interventions for knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis

Physical therapy interventions for knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis Physical therapy interventions for knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis Physical therapy interventions for knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis Shamliyan TA, Wang SY, Olson-Kellogg B, Kane RL Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Shamliyan TA, Wang SY (...) , Olson-Kellogg B, Kane RL. Physical therapy interventions for knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 77. 2012 Authors' objectives To assess the association between intermediate and patient-centered outcomes and harms with physical therapy interventions in community-dwelling adults with chronic knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis and to examine validity and minimum clinically important differences

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

100. [High frequency chest compression for ambulatory pulmonary physical therapy in patients with cystic fibrosis]

[High frequency chest compression for ambulatory pulmonary physical therapy in patients with cystic fibrosis] Compresor torácico de alta frecuencia para terapia física pulmonar ambulatoria en pacientes con fibrosis quística [High frequency chest compression for ambulatory pulmonary physical therapy in patients with cystic fibrosis] Compresor torácico de alta frecuencia para terapia física pulmonar ambulatoria en pacientes con fibrosis quística [High frequency chest compression for ambulatory (...) pulmonary physical therapy in patients with cystic fibrosis] Pichon Riviere A, Augustovski F, Garcia Marti S, Glujovsky D, Alcaraz A, Lopez A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, Rey-Ares L Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Pichon Riviere A, Augustovski F, Garcia Marti S, Glujovsky D, Alcaraz A, Lopez A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, Rey-Ares L

2012 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.