Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

21. Effect of Early Surgery vs Physical Therapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Early Surgery vs Physical Therapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Despite recent studies suggesting arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) is not more effective than physical therapy (PT), the procedure is still frequently performed in patients with meniscal tears.To assess whether PT is noninferior to APM for improving patient-reported knee function in patients with meniscal tears.Noninferiority, multicenter (...) to APM (n = 159) or a predefined PT protocol (n = 162). The PT protocol consisted of 16 sessions of exercise therapy over 8 weeks focused on coordination and closed kinetic chain strength exercises.The primary outcome was change in patient-reported knee function on the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (range, 0 to 100; from worse to best) from baseline over a 24-month follow-up period. The noninferiority margin was defined as a difference between treatment groups of 8

2018 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

22. Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial (Abstract)

Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial Randomized controlled trial.The aim of this study was to compare early physical therapy versus usual care in patients with low back pain.Early physical therapy (PT) has been associated with reduced downstream healthcare utilization in retrospective studies, but not investigated prospectively in the military health system.Military (...) service members seeking care from a general practitioner were recruited. Patients attended a 20-minute self-management class with focus on psychosocial resilience and then randomized to usual care only (UC) versus immediately starting a 3-week physical therapy program (PT). Primary outcome was the Oswestry Disability Index at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included Oswestry scores at 4- and 12-week follow-up, numeric pain rating scale, global rating of change, and healthcare utilization at 1 year

2018 EvidenceUpdates

23. Physical therapy

disability and pain. Objective: To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP. Design: 12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized 2017 2. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Screening, Risk Modification and Physical Therapy to Prevent Falls among the Elderly Recently Discharged from the Emergency Department to the Community: the Steps to Avoid Falls in the Elderly Study. 28202383 2017 02 16 2017 04 11 1532-821X 2017 Feb 12 Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Arch Phys Med Rehabil (...) and Hooked on Evidence databases were searched from 1994 to 2006 for full-text peer-reviewed studies published in English. Search terms were reported 2008 4. Early physical therapy /occupational therapy specific interventions for traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy / Spinal Cord Injury / Early Physical Therapy / BESt ### Copyright © 2014 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; all rights reserved. Page 1 of 8 Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

24. Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes To explore associations between remission, based on clinical and ultrasound definitions, and future good radiographic and physical outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Newly diagnosed patients with RA followed a treat-to-target strategy incorporating ultrasound information in the Aiming for Remission in rheumatoid (...) were defined: no radiographic progression and good outcome (no radiographic progression+physical function≥general population median), both sustained 12-24 months. We calculated the ORs of these outcomes for the remission definitions.Of 103 patients, 42%-82% reached remission at 6 months, dependent on definition. Seventy-one per cent of patients had no radiographic progression and 37% had good outcome. An association between 6-month remission and no radiographic progression was observed for ACR

2018 EvidenceUpdates

25. Cost-effectiveness of internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy and physical exercise for depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cost-effectiveness of internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy and physical exercise for depression Both internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (ICBT) and physical exercise are alternatives to treatment as usual (TAU) in managing mild to moderate depression in primary care.To determine the cost-effectiveness of ICBT and physical exercise compared with TAU in primary care.Economic evaluation of a randomised controlled trial (N = 945) in Sweden. Costs were estimated by a service use (...) questionnaire and used together with the effects on quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). The primary 3-month healthcare provider perspective in primary care was complemented by a 1-year societal perspective.The primary analysis showed that incremental cost per QALY gain was €8817 for ICBT and €14 571 for physical exercise compared with TAU. At the established willingness-to-pay threshold of €21 536 (£20 000) per QALY, the probability of ICBT being cost-effective is 90%, and for physical exercise is 76

2018 BJPsych open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

26. The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a fall prevention educational session on fall risk knowledge, use of fall prevention interventions and the number of falls in community-dwelling older persons attending physical therapy.This pilot study used a mixed method design consisting of a quantitative pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design followed by a qualitative (...) and subsequent evaluation. An increase in fall risk knowledge (p = 0.031) and implementation of fall prevention techniques was noted. One fall was sustained 60 days after therapy discharge.

2018 Nursing open

27. Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke Adequate reporting of ethics-related research methods promotes convergence on best ethics practices. In physical therapy, studies on ethics reporting are limited to few aspects, and none focuses on stroke research. Our objectives were to investigate the reporting of multiple ethics-related features and its variation over time, and the characteristics of the studies associated with ethics (...) reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) of physical therapy interventions after stroke.A random sample of RCTs published in the years 2004, 2009 and 2014, was extracted from the PubMed database, regardless of the publishing journal. For each trial we investigated year of publication, trial registration, sample size, stroke subtype, phase of the disease, setting, interventions and dosing, outcome measures, outcome of the study, PEDro score and 5-year impact factor of the publishing journal

2018 Archives of physiotherapy

28. Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations.This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing

2018 EvidenceUpdates

29. Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial (Abstract)

Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physical therapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck.Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial

2018 EvidenceUpdates

30. Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial (Abstract)

Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare formal outpatient physical therapy (PT) and unsupervised home exercises after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA).Fifty-two patients were randomized to 6 weeks of outpatient PT or an unsupervised home exercise program after UKA. The primary outcome was change in range of motion at 6 weeks with secondary outcomes

2018 EvidenceUpdates

31. Preoperative Physical Therapy Education Reduces Time to Meet Functional Milestones After Total Joint Arthroplasty Full Text available with Trip Pro

Preoperative Physical Therapy Education Reduces Time to Meet Functional Milestones After Total Joint Arthroplasty As length of stay decreases for total joint arthroplasty, much of the patient preparation and teaching previously done in the hospital must be performed before surgery. However, the most effective form of preparation is unknown. This randomized trial evaluated the effect of a one-time, one-on-one preoperative physical therapy education session coupled with a web-based microsite (...) (preopPTEd) on patients' readiness to discharge from physical therapy (PT), length of hospital stay, and patient-reported functional outcomes after total joint arthroplasty.Was this one-on-one preoperative PT education session coupled with a web- based microsite associated with (1) earlier achievement of readiness to discharge from PT; (2) a reduced hospital length of stay; and (3) improved WOMAC scores 4 to 6 weeks after surgery?Between February and June 2015, 126 typical arthroplasty patients underwent

2018 EvidenceUpdates

32. A Neuroimaging Web Services Interface as a Cyber Physical System for Medical Imaging and Data Management in Brain Research: Design Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Neuroimaging Web Services Interface as a Cyber Physical System for Medical Imaging and Data Management in Brain Research: Design Study Structural and functional brain images are essential imaging modalities for medical experts to study brain anatomy. These images are typically visually inspected by experts. To analyze images without any bias, they must be first converted to numeric values. Many software packages are available to process the images, but they are complex and difficult to use (...) designed as a cyber physical system for neuroimaging and clinical data in brain research.Neuroimaging Web Services Interface accepts magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, diffusion tensor imaging, and functional magnetic resonance imaging. These images are processed using existing and custom software packages. The output is then stored as image files, tabulated files, and MySQL tables. The system, made up of a series of interconnected servers, is password-protected and is securely

2018 JMIR medical informatics

33. Interprofessional education: evaluation of a radiation therapy and medical physics student simulation workshop Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interprofessional education: evaluation of a radiation therapy and medical physics student simulation workshop Interprofessional education (IPE) involves two or more professions engaged in learning with, from and about each other. An initiative was undertaken to explore IPE for radiation therapy (RT) and medical physics (MP) students through a newly developed workshop based around simulated learning. The aims of this study were to explore RT and MP students' perceptions of working as part (...) strategies which may enrich future professional collaboration.© 2018 The Authors. Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Australian Society of Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy and New Zealand Institute of Medical Radiation Technology.

2018 Journal of medical radiation sciences

34. The effects of a single session of lumbar spinal manipulative therapy in terms of physical performance test symmetry in asymptomatic athletes: a single-blinded, randomised controlled study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of a single session of lumbar spinal manipulative therapy in terms of physical performance test symmetry in asymptomatic athletes: a single-blinded, randomised controlled study. Musculoskeletal disorders in athletes, including spinal biomechanical dysfunctions, are believed to negatively influence symmetry. Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is recognised as a safe and effective treatment for musculoskeletal disorders, but there is little evidence about whether it can be beneficial (...) in symmetry. Therefore, this study aimed to measure the effects of lumbar SMT in symmetry.Forty asymptomatic athletes participated in the study. The randomisation procedure was performed according to the following group allocation: group 1 (SMT) and group 2 (SHAM). Each participant completed a physical activity questionnaire, and also underwent clinical and physical evaluation for inclusion according to eligibility criteria. Statistical significance (P<0.05) between groups and types of therapy were

2018 BMJ open sport & exercise medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

35. Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Plus Physical Therapy on Gait in Patients With Parkinson Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Plus Physical Therapy on Gait in Patients With Parkinson Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The aim of the study was to study the combined effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and physical therapy on the walking ability of patients with Parkinson disease (PD).The study used an experimental, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial.After intervention, group 1 (only tDCS) demonstrated a significant increase in gait (...) speed by 0.13 to 0.14 m/sec (17.8%-19.2%) and an increase in step length by 5.9 to 6.1 cm (14.0%-14.5%), whereas group 2 (tDCS and physical therapy) revealed a significant increase in gait speed by 0.10 to 0.13 m/sec (14.9%-19.4%) and step length by 4.5 to 5.4 cm (10.6%-12.8%) and group 3 (sham tDCS and physical therapy) showed a significant increase in gait speed by 0.09 to 0.14 m/sec (13.0%-20.3%) and step length by 3.0 to 5.4 cm (6.8%-12.3%). All these results lasted for at least 8 wks after

2017 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

36. Obstacles facing evidence based medicine in physical medicine and rehabilitation: from opinion and knowledge to practice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Obstacles facing evidence based medicine in physical medicine and rehabilitation: from opinion and knowledge to practice Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a new approach to medicine which can guide clinical services toward effective and beneficial results with the least side effects or errors. Up to now, there have been few available articles about specialists' EBM status, specifically the status of physiatrists in the area of EBM.To determine the present status of physiatrists' attitudes (...) was done using SPSS version 16.One hundred twenty-eight questionnaires were completed (response percentage 52.2%). In total, 48.4% specialists had attended EBM workshops and 89.6% of people were familiar with medical search engines. The amount of familiarity with databases was mostly with MEDLINE/PubMed (52.3%). Respondents mainly had a positive point of view towards EBM. Those who had access to databases at work or somewhere out of home had a more positive attitude (p=0.002). Those who had attended

2017 Electronic physician

37. Physical health and drug safety in individuals with schizophrenia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical health and drug safety in individuals with schizophrenia While antipsychotic medications are the mainstay of therapy for individuals with schizophrenia and psychotic disorders, their use is associated with adverse effects on physical health that require the attention and care of prescribers.We used the ADAPTE process to adapt existing guideline recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN (...) interventions are recommended to mitigate antipsychotic-induced weight gain. Prescribers should follow Canadian guidelines on the treatment of obesity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Recommendations on antipsychotic drug choice are made for users particularly concerned about extrapyramidal symptoms.Careful monitoring and attention by prescribers may mitigate adverse effects associated with antipsychotic medications.

2017 CPG Infobase

38. Myofascial techniques have no additional beneficial effects to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain after breast cancer surgery: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

Myofascial techniques have no additional beneficial effects to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain after breast cancer surgery: a randomized controlled trial To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery.Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups.University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients (...) with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer.All participants received a standard physical therapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months. The intervention group received additionally eight sessions of myofascial therapy from two up to four months after surgery. The control group received eight sessions of a placebo intervention, including static hand placements at the upper body region.The primary outcome was prevalence rate of upper limb pain. Additionally, pain intensity

2017 EvidenceUpdates

39. Yoga, Physical Therapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Yoga, Physical Therapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Yoga is effective for mild to moderate chronic low back pain (cLBP), but its comparative effectiveness with physical therapy (PT) is unknown. Moreover, little is known about yoga's effectiveness in underserved patients with more severe functional disability and pain.To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP.12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized noninferiority trial and subsequent (...) Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and pain, measured by an 11-point scale, at 12 weeks. Prespecified noninferiority margins were 1.5 (RMDQ) and 1.0 (pain). Secondary outcomes included pain medication use, global improvement, satisfaction with intervention, and health-related quality of life.One-sided 95% lower confidence limits were 0.83 (RMDQ) and 0.97 (pain), demonstrating noninferiority of yoga to PT. However, yoga was not superior to education for either outcome. Yoga and PT were similar for most

2017 Annals of Internal Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

40. Formal Physical Therapy After Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Not Required: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Formal Physical Therapy After Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Not Required: A Randomized Controlled Trial The value of formal physical therapy after total hip arthroplasty is unknown. With substantial changes that have occurred in surgical and anesthesia techniques, self-directed therapy may be efficacious in restoring function to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty.We conducted a single-center, randomized trial of 120 patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty who were (...) eligible for direct home discharge. The experimental group followed a self-directed home exercise program for 10 weeks. The control group received the standard protocol for physical therapy that included in-home visits with a physical therapist for the first 2 weeks followed by formal outpatient physical therapy for 8 weeks. Functional outcomes were measured using validated instruments including the Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC

2017 EvidenceUpdates