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Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy
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Psychological therapies for anxiety and depression in children and adolescents with long-term physical conditions. BACKGROUND: Long-term physical conditions affect 10% to 12% of children and adolescents worldwide. These individuals are at greater risk of developing psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression, sometimes directly related to their illness or medical care (e.g. health-related anxiety). There is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychological therapies (...) for treating anxiety and depression in this population. Therapies designed for children and adolescents without medical issues may or may not be appropriate for use with those who have long-term physical conditions. OBJECTIVES: This review was undertaken to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of psychological therapies in comparison with controls (treatment-as-usual, waiting list, attention placebo, psychological placebo, or non-psychological treatment) for treating anxiety and depression
Additional Physical Therapy Services Reduce Length of Stay and Improve Health Outcomes in People With Acute and Subacute Conditions: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 29634915 2018 11 04 1532-821X 99 11 2018 Nov Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Arch Phys Med Rehabil Additional Physical Therapy Services Reduce Length of Stay and Improve Health Outcomes in People With Acute and Subacute Conditions: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 2299-2312 S0003-9993 (...) (18)30212-0 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.03.005 To update a previous review on whether additional physical therapy services reduce length of stay, improve health outcomes, and are safe and cost-effective for patients with acute or subacute conditions. Electronic database (AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PhysiotherapyEvidence Database [PEDro], PubMed) searches were updated from 2010 through June 2017. Randomized controlled trials evaluating additional physical therapy services on patient health outcomes
Effect of Early Surgery vs Physical Therapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Importance: Despite recent studies suggesting arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) is not more effective than physical therapy (PT), the procedure is still frequently performed in patients with meniscal tears. Objective: To assess whether PT is noninferior to APM for improving patient-reported knee function in patients with meniscal tears (...) , 2017). Interventions: Three hundred twenty-one participants were randomly assigned to APM (n = 159) or a predefined PT protocol (n = 162). The PT protocol consisted of 16 sessions of exercise therapy over 8 weeks focused on coordination and closed kinetic chain strength exercises. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was change in patient-reported knee function on the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (range, 0 to 100; from worse to best) from baseline over
Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial 29489568 2018 09 17 1528-1159 43 19 2018 Oct 01 Spine Spine Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 1313-1321 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002619 Randomized controlled trial. The aim of this study was to compare (...) early physical therapy versus usual care in patients with low back pain. Early physical therapy (PT) has been associated with reduced downstream healthcare utilization in retrospective studies, but not investigated prospectively in the military health system. Military service members seeking care from a general practitioner were recruited. Patients attended a 20-minute self-management class with focus on psychosocial resilience and then randomized to usual care only (UC) versus immediately starting
Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes 29934373 2018 07 07 1468-2060 2018 Jun 22 Annals of the rheumatic diseases Ann. Rheum. Dis. Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes. annrheumdis-2017-212830 10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-212830 To explore (...) associations between remission, based on clinical and ultrasound definitions, and future good radiographic and physical outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Newly diagnosed patients with RA followed a treat-to-target strategy incorporating ultrasound information in the Aiming for Remission in rheumatoid arthritis: a randomised trial examining the benefit of ultrasound in a Clinical TIght Control regimen (ARCTIC) trial. We defined 6-month remission according to Disease Activity Score, Disease
Physical therapy Top results for physical therapy - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing (...) the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines
The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for communityâ€dwelling physical therapy patients 30338102 2018 11 14 2054-1058 5 4 2018 Oct Nursing open Nurs Open The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community-dwelling physical therapy patients. 567-574 10.1002/nop2.165 The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a fall prevention educational session on fall risk knowledge, use of fall prevention interventions and the number of falls (...) in community-dwelling older persons attending physical therapy. This pilot study used a mixed method design consisting of a quantitative pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design followed by a qualitative interview. An educational intervention was given with pre- and posttest questionnaires to determine the outcome measures of: (a) fall risk knowledge; (b) number of participants implementing fall prevention techniques; and (c) the number of falls sustained for 60 days post the educational sessions
Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke 29992047 2018 11 14 2057-0082 8 2018 Archives of physiotherapyArch Physiother Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke. 8 10.1186/s40945-018-0049-9 Adequate reporting of ethics-related research methods promotes convergence on best ethics practices. In physical therapy, studies on ethics reporting are limited to few aspects (...) , and none focuses on stroke research. Our objectives were to investigate the reporting of multiple ethics-related features and its variation over time, and the characteristics of the studies associated with ethics reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) of physical therapy interventions after stroke. A random sample of RCTs published in the years 2004, 2009 and 2014, was extracted from the PubMed database, regardless of the publishing journal. For each trial we investigated year of publication
Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review 29351642 2018 05 16 1538-6724 98 6 2018 Jun 01 Physical therapy Phys Ther Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review. 480-493 10.1093/ptj/pzy009 Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations. This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials (...) of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing methodologic quality; and (3) examining the reporting of caregiver-related components. PhysiotherapyEvidence Database (PEDro), Cochrane CENTRAL, PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, ProQuest Central, CINAHL, LILACS, and OTseeker were searched up to July 31, 2017. Two reviewers independently assessed study
Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial 29664851 2018 04 17 1535-1386 100 8 2018 Apr 18 The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume J Bone Joint Surg Am Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial. 648-655 10.2106/JBJS.17.01023 Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures (...) of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physical therapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck. Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial head or neck and presented to 1 of 2 providers were enrolled prospectively between January 2014 and August 2016. Patients were randomized to receive outpatient PT or perform self-directed home exercise
Preoperative Physical Therapy Education Reduces Time to Meet Functional Milestones After Total Joint Arthroplasty 29529614 2018 03 12 1528-1132 476 1 2018 Jan Clinical orthopaedics and related research Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. Preoperative Physical Therapy Education Reduces Time to Meet Functional Milestones After Total Joint Arthroplasty. 40-48 10.1007/s11999.0000000000000010 As length of stay decreases for total joint arthroplasty, much of the patient preparation and teaching previously done (...) in the hospital must be performed before surgery. However, the most effective form of preparation is unknown. This randomized trial evaluated the effect of a one-time, one-on-one preoperative physical therapy education session coupled with a web-based microsite (preopPTEd) on patients' readiness to discharge from physical therapy (PT), length of hospital stay, and patient-reported functional outcomes after total joint arthroplasty. Was this one-on-one preoperative PT education session coupled with a web
Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial 29555497 2018 03 20 1532-8406 2018 Feb 21 The Journal of arthroplasty J Arthroplasty Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial. S0883-5403(18)30197-9 10.1016/j.arth.2018.02.049 The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare formal outpatient physical therapy (PT) and unsupervised home exercises (...) University, Philadelphia, PA. Culvern Chris C Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL. Crizer Meredith M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. Della Valle Craig J CJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL. eng Journal Article 2018 02 21 United States J Arthroplasty 8703515 0883-5403 functional outcomes home exercisephysical therapy range of motion unicompartmental
Cervical Radiculopathy: Effectiveness of Adding Traction to Physical Therapy-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials 29315428 2018 04 04 1538-6724 98 4 2018 Apr 01 Physical therapy Phys Ther Cervical Radiculopathy: Effectiveness of Adding Traction to Physical Therapy-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. 231-242 10.1093/physth/pzy001 Cervical radiculopathy (CR) is a common cervical spine disorder. Cervical traction (CT (...) ) is a frequently recommended treatment for patients with CR. The purpose of this study was to conduct a review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of CT combined with other physical therapy procedures versus physical therapy procedures alone on pain and disability. Data were obtained from COCHRANE Controlled Trials Register, PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, and PEDro, from their inception to July 2016. All RCTs on symptomatic adults with CR, without any restriction
Interprofessional education: evaluation of a radiation therapy and medical physics student simulation workshop ORIGINAL ARTICLE Interprofessional education: evaluation of a radiation therapy and medical physics student simulation workshop Yobelli A. Jimenez, MHlthSc, BAppSc, 1 David I. Thwaites, PhD, MSc, 2 Prabhjot Juneja, PhD, BTech, 2 & Sarah J. Lewis, PhD, BappSc(Hons) 1 1 Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia 2 Institute of Medical (...) Physics, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Keywords Interprofessional education, medical physics, radiation therapy, student education Correspondence Yobelli A. Jimenez, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, New South Wales 1825, Australia. Tel: +61 2 9036 7431; Fax: +61 2 9351 9146; E-mail: email@example.com Funding Information No funding information is provided. Received: 21 August 2017; Accepted: 6 December 2017 J Med Radiat
Myofascial techniques have no additional beneficial effects to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain after breast cancer surgery: a randomized controlled trial 28523988 2017 05 19 2017 05 19 1477-0873 2017 May 01 Clinical rehabilitation Clin Rehabil Myofascial techniques have no additional beneficial effects to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain after breast cancer surgery: a randomized controlled trial. 269215517708605 10.1177/0269215517708605 (...) To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery. Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups. University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer. All participants received a standard physical therapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months. The intervention group
Yoga, Physical Therapy, or Education for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Noninferiority Trial. Background: Yoga is effective for mild to moderate chronic low back pain (cLBP), but its comparative effectiveness with physical therapy (PT) is unknown. Moreover, little is known about yoga's effectiveness in underserved patients with more severe functional disability and pain. Objective: To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP. Design: 12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized
Formal Physical Therapy After Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Not Required: A Randomized Controlled Trial 28419032 2017 04 18 2017 04 28 2017 04 28 1535-1386 99 8 2017 Apr 19 The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume J Bone Joint Surg Am Formal Physical Therapy After Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Not Required: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 648-655 10.2106/JBJS.16.00674 The value of formal physical therapy after total hip arthroplasty is unknown. With substantial changes that have occurred (...) in surgical and anesthesia techniques, self-directed therapy may be efficacious in restoring function to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. We conducted a single-center, randomized trial of 120 patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty who were eligible for direct home discharge. The experimental group followed a self-directed home exercise program for 10 weeks. The control group received the standard protocol for physical therapy that included in-home visits with a physical
The Effect of Peripheral Nerve Stimulation on Shoulder Biomechanics: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Comparison to Physical Therapy. 28099193 2017 01 18 2017 02 24 1537-7385 96 3 2017 Mar American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation Am J Phys Med Rehabil The Effect of Peripheral Nerve Stimulation on Shoulder Biomechanics: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Comparison to Physical Therapy. 191-198 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000677 To establish the effects on shoulder biomechanics from (...) a peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) treatment compared to physical therapy (PT) in stroke survivors with chronic hemiplegic shoulder pain. Single-site, pilot, randomized controlled trial for adults with chronic shoulder pain after stroke. Participants were randomized to receive a 3-week treatment of single-lead PNS or physical therapy (PT). The outcomes included isometric shoulder abduction strength, pain-free shoulder external rotation range of motion (ROM), delay in initiation and termination
Pelvic Girdle Pain in the Antepartum Population: Physical Therapy Clinical Practice Guidelines Linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health From the Section on Women's Health and the Orthopaedic Section of the America 7/7/2017 Pelvic Girdle Pain in the Antepartum Population: Physical T... : Journal of Women’s Health Physical Therapy http://journals.lww.com/jwhpt/Fulltext/2017/05000/Pelvic_Girdle_Pain_in_the_Antepartum_Population__.7.aspx 1/27 Pelvic Girdle (...) Pain in the Antepartum Population: Physical Therapy Clinical Practice Guidelines Linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health From the Section on Women's Health and the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association Clinton, Susan C. PT, DScPT, OCS, WCS, FAAOMPT ; Newell, Alaina PT, DPT, WCS, CLTLANA ; Downey, Patricia A. PT, PhD, DPT ; Ferreira, Kimberly PT, PhD, MSPT Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy: May 2017 Volume 41 Issue 2