Latest & greatest articles for otitis media

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Top results for otitis media

141. Interventions for chronic suppurative otitis media.

Interventions for chronic suppurative otitis media. BACKGROUND: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a serious bacterial infection of the middle ear that can follow untreated acute otitis media. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different treatments for CSOM. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Medline from 1966 to 1996 and a bibliographic collection of the Hearing Impairment Research Group in Liverpool, UK. We handsearched two otolaryngology journals and contacted members of an international

Cochrane2000

142. Oral or topical nasal steroids for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children.

Oral or topical nasal steroids for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children. BACKGROUND: OME is common and may cause hearing loss with associated developmental delay. Treatment remains controversial. The effect of both systemic and intra-nasal steroids on effusions has been assessed by randomised controlled trials. OBJECTIVES: To examine evidence for or against treating children with hearing loss associated with OME with systemic or topical nasal steroids. SEARCH (...) STRATEGY: Searches were conducted in February 2000. We searched the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register using the terms 'otitis-media', 'otitis media with effusion', 'glue ear', or 'OME', and 'steroids', 'glucocorticoids, synthetic', 'glucocorticoids, topical', 'anti-inflammatory agents, steroidal'. EMBASE and MEDLINE were also searched for additional information. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of oral and topical nasal steroids, either alone or in combination with another agent

Cochrane2000

143. Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children.

Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children. BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media is one of the most common diseases in early infancy and childhood. Antibiotic use for acute otitis media varies from 31% in the Netherlands to 98% in the USA and Australia. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the effects of antibiotics for children with acute otitis media. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, Index Medicus (pre 1965), Current Contents (...) and reference lists of articles from 1958 to January 2000. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised trials comparing antimicrobial drugs with placebo in children with acute otitis media. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three reviewers independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. MAIN RESULTS: Ten trials were eligible but only seven trials, with a total of 2,202 children, included patient-relevant outcomes. The methodological quality of the included trials was generally high. All trials were from developed

Cochrane2000

144. Adenoidectomy and adenotonsillectomy for recurrent acute otitis media: parallel randomized clinical trials in children not previously treated with tympanostomy tubes.

Adenoidectomy and adenotonsillectomy for recurrent acute otitis media: parallel randomized clinical trials in children not previously treated with tympanostomy tubes. 10485679 1999 09 16 1999 09 16 2016 10 17 0098-7484 282 10 1999 Sep 08 JAMA JAMA Adenoidectomy and adenotonsillectomy for recurrent acute otitis media: parallel randomized clinical trials in children not previously treated with tympanostomy tubes. 945-53 Adenoidectomy and adenotonsillectomy are commonly performed in US children (...) to reduce the occurrence of persistent or recurrent otitis media, but evidence supporting the efficacy of the operations is limited. To test the efficacy of adenoidectomy and adenotonsillectomy in children with persistent or recurrent otitis media who had not previously undergone tube placement and to compare the relative efficacy of adenoidectomy alone vs adenotonsillectomy in such children. Two parallel randomized clinical trials. A total of 461 children aged 3 to 15 years were enrolled at Children's

JAMA1999

145. Treatment of acute otitis media with a shortened course of antibiotics: a meta-analysis

Treatment of acute otitis media with a shortened course of antibiotics: a meta-analysis Treatment of acute otitis media with a shortened course of antibiotics: a meta-analysis Treatment of acute otitis media with a shortened course of antibiotics: a meta-analysis Kozyrskyj A L, Hildes-Ripstein G E, Longstaffe S E, Wincott J L, Sitar D S, Klassen T P, Moffatt M E Authors' objectives To conduct a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media (AOM (...) ) in children to determine whether outcomes are comparable in children treated with antibiotics for less than 7 days or at least 7 days or more. Searching MEDLINE (JANUARY 1966 TO July 1997), EMBASE (January 1974 to July 1997), Current Contents (January to July 1997), and Science Citation Index were searched. There were no language restrictions. In MEDLINE, search terms employed were "otitis media" in medical subject headings, modified by "acute" in the title or abstract. These terms were combined

DARE.1998

146. A comparison of the effectiveness of pharmacologic treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: integrative and meta-analysis

A comparison of the effectiveness of pharmacologic treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: integrative and meta-analysis A comparison of the effectiveness of pharmacologic treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: integrative and meta-analysis A comparison of the effectiveness of pharmacologic treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: integrative and meta-analysis Witmer A, Wells A M, Seymour R J Authors' objectives To compare the effectiveness (...) of pharmacological treatment versus placebo in otitis media with effusion in children. Searching Searches were conducted of the following using the keywords 'otitis media with effusion': MEDLINE ( including Avicenna) and CINAHL (1980 to 1997); and the Internet using the search engines Yahoo (first 60 out of 8,050 hits were reviewed) and Infoseek (first 50 out of over 12,000,000 hits were reviewed). Reference lists of 12 articles obtained from 32 abstracts were examined. Reviews were excluded for the meta

DARE.1998

147. Antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media in children under two years of age: evidence based?

Antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media in children under two years of age: evidence based? Antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media in children under two years of age: evidence based? Antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media in children under two years of age: evidence based? Damoiseaux R A, van Balen F A, Hoes A W, De Melker R A Authors' objectives To assess whether the current high prescription rates of antibiotics for acute otitis media (AOM) in children under two years of age (being (...) a risk group for poor outcome) are based on an established increased efficacy. Searching MEDLINE (1966 to January 1997) and EMBASE (1974 to January 1997) were searched using the following keywords; otitis media, child, clinical trial, and placebo. The reference sections of these articles and of several major review articles were checked for further articles. An extensive handsearch for clinical trials of therapy for AOM in patients of all ages was performed by the authors' group in 1991 (see Other

DARE.1998

148. Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school children: a critical appraisal of the literature

Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school children: a critical appraisal of the literature Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school children: a critical appraisal of the literature Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school (...) children: a critical appraisal of the literature New Zealand Health Technology Assessment Authors' objectives To review the effectiveness of pre-school and school entrant screening programmes for otitis media with effusion (OME) and conductive hearing loss. The effectiveness of treatments for OME is also reviewed. Searching The following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE (1966-Jan 1998); Health STAR (1975-Jan 1998); CINAHL (1982-Jan 1998); Current Contents (start-Mar 1998); Cochrane Library

DARE.1998

149. Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school children: a critical appraisal of the literature

Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school children: a critical appraisal of the literature Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school children: a critical appraisal of the literature Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school (...) children: a critical appraisal of the literature New Zealand Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation New Zealand Health Technology Assessment. Screening programmes for the detection of otitis media with effusion and conductive hearing loss in pre-school and new entrant school children: a critical appraisal

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.1998

150. Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media - summary

Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media - summary Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media Perras C Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Perras C. Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media. Ottawa: Canadian (...) /therapeutic use; Otitis Media; Pneumonia Language Published English, French Country of organisation Canada Address for correspondence 600-865 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1S 5S8 Canada. Tel: +1 613 226 2553, Fax: +1 613 226 5392; Email: jills@ccohta.ca AccessionNumber 31998008137 Date bibliographic record published 28/02/1998 Date abstract record published 28/02/1998 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database Copyright © 2017 Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment Homepage Options

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.1997

151. Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media

Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media Macrolides in community-acquired pneumonia and otitis media Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of three macrolides; erythromycin compared toazithromycin or clarithromycin for the treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and otitis media. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients who had received a macrolide, specifically erythromycin, azithromycin or clarithromycin for the treatment of CAP and otitis media. Setting Primary care. The economic study

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

152. Pharmacoeconomic impact of factors affecting compliance with antibiotic regimens in the treatment of acute otitis media

Pharmacoeconomic impact of factors affecting compliance with antibiotic regimens in the treatment of acute otitis media Pharmacoeconomic impact of factors affecting compliance with antibiotic regimens in the treatment of acute otitis media Pharmacoeconomic impact of factors affecting compliance with antibiotic regimens in the treatment of acute otitis media Wandstrat T L, Kaplan B Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS (...) EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Treatment of otitis media with antibiotics. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness study. Study population Children of both sexes aged between 2 months and 7 years old with acute otitis media. Setting Primary care. The economic study was conducted in West

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1997

153. Otitis media with effusion and s-carboxymethylcysteine and/or its lysine salt: a critical overview

Otitis media with effusion and s-carboxymethylcysteine and/or its lysine salt: a critical overview Otitis media with effusion and s-carboxymethylcysteine and/or its lysine salt: a critical overview Otitis media with effusion and s-carboxymethylcysteine and/or its lysine salt: a critical overview Pignataro O, Pignataro L D, Gallus G, Calori G, Cordaro C I Authors' objectives To evaluate the therapeutic relevance of the medical treatment with S-carboxymethylcysteine (SCMC) and its monohydrate (...) lysine salt (SCMC-LYS) in patients with otitis media with effusion (OME). Searching EMBASE, BIOSIS Previews and MEDLINE were searched from 1972 to 1993 using the keywords 'carbocysteine', 'S-carboxymethylcysteine', 'double blind controlled' and 'otitis media'. No other restrictions or sources are discussed. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Only randomised placebo-controlled trials with double-blinded outcome assessment and complete follow-up were included. Studies

DARE.1996

154. Brodimoprim in upper respiratory tract infections: two meta-analyses of randomised, controlled clinical trials in acute sinusitis and otitis media

Brodimoprim in upper respiratory tract infections: two meta-analyses of randomised, controlled clinical trials in acute sinusitis and otitis media Brodimoprim in upper respiratory tract infections: two meta-analyses of randomised, controlled clinical trials in acute sinusitis and otitis media Brodimoprim in upper respiratory tract infections: two meta-analyses of randomised, controlled clinical trials in acute sinusitis and otitis media Rahlfs V W, Macciocchi A, Monti T Authors' objectives (...) The authors aimed to assess the clinical efficacy of brodimoprim and standard comparator agents in adults with acute bacterial sinusitis, and in children with acute otitis media. Searching All clinical studies performed during the development of brodimoprim up to 1994 were reviewed for inclusion. MEDLINE and Excerpta Medica were also searched for relevant literature. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Individual patient data (IPD) from randomised controlled trials (RCTs

DARE.1996

155. A cost-utility analysis of second-line antibiotics in the treatment of acute otitis media in children

A cost-utility analysis of second-line antibiotics in the treatment of acute otitis media in children A cost-utility analysis of second-line antibiotics in the treatment of acute otitis media in children A cost-utility analysis of second-line antibiotics in the treatment of acute otitis media in children Oh P, Maerov P, Pritchard D, Knowles S, Einarson T, Shear N Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract (...) contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Second-line antibiotic treatment used to treat acute otitis media in children. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-utility analysis. Study population Male and female children with acute otitis media. Ages ranged from 2 months to 18 years, but the majority of patients were between 6 months and 12

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1996

156. Xylitol chewing gum in prevention of acute otitis media: double blind randomised trial.

Xylitol chewing gum in prevention of acute otitis media: double blind randomised trial. 8916749 1996 12 18 1996 12 18 2013 11 21 0959-8138 313 7066 1996 Nov 09 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Xylitol chewing gum in prevention of acute otitis media: double blind randomised trial. 1180-4 To examine whether xylitol, which reduces the growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae, might have clinical importance in the prevention of acute otitis media. A double blind randomised trial with xylitol administered (...) in chewing gum. Eleven day care nurseries in the city of Oulu. Most of the children had had problems with recurrent acute otitis media. 306 day care children: 149 children in the sucrose group (76 boys; mean (SD) age 4.9 (1.5) years) and 157 in the xylitol group (80 boys; 5.0 (1.4) years). Either xylitol (8.4 g a day) or sucrose (control) chewing gum for two months. The occurrence of acute otitis media and antimicrobial treatment received during the intervention and nasopharyngeal carriage of S

BMJ1996 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

157. Double-blind randomised trial of co-amoxiclav versus placebo for persistent otitis media with effusion in general practice.

Double-blind randomised trial of co-amoxiclav versus placebo for persistent otitis media with effusion in general practice. 8806290 1996 10 16 1996 10 16 2015 06 16 0140-6736 348 9029 1996 Sep 14 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Double-blind randomised trial of co-amoxiclav versus placebo for persistent otitis media with effusion in general practice. 713-6 The treatment of persistent otitis media with effusion (OME) remains controversial, but this condition is the commonest reason for children (...) of adenoidectomy, and upper respiratory tract infection at follow-up were 0.25 (95% CI 0.11, 0.58, p = 0.001) and 0.30 (0.10, 0.89, p = 0.03), respectively. Parents of children in the co-amoxiclav group reported significantly more side-effects than those of control children (44 vs 22%, p = 0.03). Side-effects were mostly gastrointestinal and mild. Our study in a general-practice setting confirmed the positive short-term effect of antibiotic treatment for persistent middle-ear infection. Before referral

Lancet1996

158. Randomised controlled trial of treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media in Kenyan schoolchildren.

Randomised controlled trial of treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media in Kenyan schoolchildren. 8888166 1996 12 03 1996 12 03 2015 06 16 0140-6736 348 9035 1996 Oct 26 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Randomised controlled trial of treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media in Kenyan schoolchildren. 1128-33 The outcomes of treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) are disappointing and uncertain, especially in developing countries. Because CSOM is the commonest cause (...) . 1996 Oct 26;348(9035):1113-4 8888161 Administration, Topical Adolescent Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Anti-Inflammatory Agents therapeutic use Audiometry Child Child, Preschool Chronic Disease Combined Modality Therapy Dexamethasone therapeutic use Drug Therapy, Combination Female Glucocorticoids Humans Kenya Male Otitis Media, Suppurative therapy Treatment Outcome 118073 00260546 524 children aged 5-15 years with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) were enrolled in a study to determine

Lancet1996

159. Clinical efficacy of antimicrobial drugs for acute otitis media: metaanalysis of 5400 children from thirty-three randomized trials

Clinical efficacy of antimicrobial drugs for acute otitis media: metaanalysis of 5400 children from thirty-three randomized trials Clinical efficacy of antimicrobial drugs for acute otitis media: metaanalysis of 5400 children from thirty-three randomized trials Clinical efficacy of antimicrobial drugs for acute otitis media: metaanalysis of 5400 children from thirty-three randomized trials Rosenfeld R M, Vertrees J E, Carr J, Cipolle R J, Uden D L, Giebink G S, Canafax D M Authors' objectives (...) To review the clinical effectiveness of antimicrobial drugs for acute otitis media (glue ear) in children. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to June 1992 using the MeSH (explode) 'otitis media' or (explode) 'drug therapy', and limiting the search by: (1) use of MeSH 'prospective studies', 'placebos', 'random allocation', 'double-blind method' or (explode) 'clinical trials'; (2) check tag comparative study; or (3) publication-type clinical trial. Current Contents (1992;35(13-26)), and references

DARE.1994

160. A pharmacoeconomic comparison of amoxicillin/clavulanate and cefpodoxime proxetil in the treatment of acute otitis media

A pharmacoeconomic comparison of amoxicillin/clavulanate and cefpodoxime proxetil in the treatment of acute otitis media A pharmacoeconomic comparison of amoxicillin/clavulanate and cefpodoxime proxetil in the treatment of acute otitis media A pharmacoeconomic comparison of amoxicillin/clavulanate and cefpodoxime proxetil in the treatment of acute otitis media Landholt T F, Kotschwar T R Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion (...) on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Treatment of acute otitis media in children with amoxicillin/ clavulanate potassium or cefpodoxime proxetil. Type of intervention Treatment Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Children (males and females) were divided equally into two groups with an average

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1994