Latest & greatest articles for otitis media

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Top results for otitis media

181. Grommets in otitis media with effusion: an individual patient data meta-analysis

Grommets in otitis media with effusion: an individual patient data meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 DARE.

182. Cost-utility analysis of tympanomastoidectomy for adults with chronic suppurative otitis media

Cost-utility analysis of tympanomastoidectomy for adults with chronic suppurative otitis media Cost-utility analysis of tympanomastoidectomy for adults with chronic suppurative otitis media Cost-utility analysis of tympanomastoidectomy for adults with chronic suppurative otitis media Wang P C, Jang C H, Shu Y H, Tai C J, Chu K T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study evaluated tympanomastoid surgery. A comparator was not explicitly stated at the outset, although it was likely to be no tympanomastoid surgery. The health technology was compared between two different patient groups. These were patients with wet ear suffering from chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and patients with dry ear

2005 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

183. Nonsevere acute otitis media: a clinical trial comparing outcomes of watchful waiting versus immediate antibiotic treatment

Nonsevere acute otitis media: a clinical trial comparing outcomes of watchful waiting versus immediate antibiotic treatment Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2005 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

184. Grommets in otitis media with effusion: an individual patient data meta-analysis. (Full text)

Grommets in otitis media with effusion: an individual patient data meta-analysis. To identify subgroups of children with otitis media with effusion (OME) that might benefit more than others from treatment with ventilation tubes.An individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis on seven randomised controlled trials (n = 1234 children in all), focusing on interactions between treatment and baseline characteristics--hearing level (HL), history of acute otitis media, common colds, attending day-care

2005 Archives of disease in childhood PubMed abstract

185. Grommets (ventilation tubes) for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children. (Abstract)

Grommets (ventilation tubes) for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children. Otitis media with effusion (OME), or 'glue ear', is very common in children, especially between the ages of one and three years with a prevalence of 10% to 30% and a cumulative incidence of 80% at the age of four years. OME is defined as middle ear effusion without signs or symptoms of an acute infection. OME may occur as a primary disorder or as a sequel to acute otitis media. The functional (...) effect of OME is a conductive hearing level of about 25 to 30 dB associated with fluid in the middle ear. Both the high incidence and the high rate of spontaneous resolution suggest that the presence of OME is a natural phenomenon, its presence at some stage in childhood being a normal finding. Notwithstanding this, some children with OME may go on to develop chronic otitis media with structural changes (tympanic membrane retraction pockets, erosion of portions of the ossicular chain

2005 Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

186. Evidence-based emergency medicine/systematic review abstract. Should children with otitis media be treated with antibiotics? (Abstract)

Evidence-based emergency medicine/systematic review abstract. Should children with otitis media be treated with antibiotics? 15520716 2005 03 17 2019 07 17 1097-6760 44 5 2004 Nov Annals of emergency medicine Ann Emerg Med Evidence-based emergency medicine/systematic review abstract. Should children with otitis media be treated with antibiotics? 537-9 Eskin Barnet B Morristown Memorial Hospital, NJ, USA. eng Comment Journal Article United States Ann Emerg Med 8002646 0196-0644 Cochrane Database

2004 Annals of Emergency Medicine

187. Otitis media and speech and language: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. (Abstract)

Otitis media and speech and language: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. 15343207 2004 09 28 2004 09 02 0022-3476 145 3 2004 Sep The Journal of pediatrics J. Pediatr. Otitis media and speech and language: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. 418-9 Frohna John G JG Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. eng Comment Journal Article Meta-Analysis United States J Pediatr 0375410 0022-3476 Pediatrics. 2004 Mar;113(3 Pt 1):e238-48 14993583 2004 9 3 5 0

2004 The Journal of pediatrics

188. Otitis media meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Otitis media meta-analysis. 15286242 2004 12 27 2019 06 05 1098-4275 114 2 2004 Aug Pediatrics Pediatrics Otitis media meta-analysis. 508-9; author reply 508-9 Rovers Maroeska M MM Zielhuis Gerhard A GA eng Comment Letter United States Pediatrics 0376422 0031-4005 AIM IM Pediatrics. 2004 Mar;113(3 Pt 1):e238-48 14993583 Child Child, Preschool Hearing Loss etiology Humans Infant Language Development Meta-Analysis as Topic Otitis Media with Effusion complications Randomized Controlled Trials

2004 Pediatrics

189. Otitis media. (Abstract)

Otitis media. Otitis media (OM) continues to be one of the most common childhood infections and is a major cause of morbidity in children. The pathogenesis of OM is multifactorial, involving the adaptive and native immune system, Eustachian-tube dysfunction, viral and bacterial load, and genetic and environmental factors. Initial observation seems to be suitable for many children with OM, but only if appropriate follow-up can be assured. In children younger than 2 years with a certain diagnosis

2004 Lancet

190. Pneumococcal vaccines for preventing otitis media. (Abstract)

Pneumococcal vaccines for preventing otitis media. Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common diseases in early infancy and childhood. Long term effects of recurrent episodes of otitis media, rapid emergence of drug resistant bacteria associated with AOM worldwide and huge estimated direct and indirect annual costs associated with otitis media have emphasized the need for an effective vaccination program to prevent episodes of AOM.The object of this review was to assess the effect

2004 Cochrane

191. Adenoidectomy versus chemoprophylaxis and placebo for recurrent acute otitis media in children aged under 2 years: randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

Adenoidectomy versus chemoprophylaxis and placebo for recurrent acute otitis media in children aged under 2 years: randomised controlled trial. To evaluate the efficacy of adenoidectomy compared with long term chemoprophylaxis and placebo in the prevention of recurrent acute otitis media in children aged between 10 months and 2 years.Randomised, double blind, controlled trial.Oulu University Hospital, a tertiary centre in Finland.180 children aged 10 months to 2 years with recurrent acute (...) otitis media.Adenoidectomy, sulfafurazole (sulphisoxazole) 50 mg/kg body weight, given once a day for six months or placebo. Follow up lasted for two years, during which time all symptoms and episodes of acute otitis media were recorded.Intervention failure (two episodes in two months or three in six months or persistent effusion) during follow up, number of episodes of acute otitis media, number of visits to a doctor because of any infection, and antibiotic prescriptions Number of prescriptions

2004 BMJ Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

192. Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children. (Full text)

Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children. Acute otitis media is one of the most common diseases in early infancy and childhood. Antibiotic use for acute otitis media varies from 31% in the Netherlands to 98% in the USA and Australia.The objective of this review was to assess the effects of antibiotics for children with acute otitis media.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE, Index Medicus (pre 1965), Current Contents and reference lists (...) no reduction in pain at 24 hours, but a 30% relative reduction (95% confidence interval 19% to 40%) in pain at two to seven days. Since approximately 80% of patients will have settled spontaneously in this time, this means an absolute reduction of 7% or that about 15 children must be treated with antibiotics to prevent one child having some pain after two days. There was no effect of antibiotics on hearing problems of acute otitis media, as measured by subsequent tympanometry. However, audiometry was done

2004 Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) PubMed abstract

193. Otitis media and speech and language: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. (Full text)

Otitis media and speech and language: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Considerable controversy surrounds whether a history of otitis media with effusion (OME) in early childhood causes later speech and language problems. We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective studies to determine: 1) whether a history of OME in early childhood is related to receptive language, expressive language, vocabulary, syntax, or speech development in children 1 to 5 years old and 2) whether hearing loss (...) caused by otitis media in early childhood is related to children's receptive language or expressive language through 2 years of age.We searched online databases and bibliographies of OME studies and reviews for prospective or randomized clinical trials published between January 1966 and October 2002 that examined the relationship of OME or OME-associated hearing loss in early childhood to children's later speech and language development. The original search identified 38 studies, of which 14 had data

2004 Pediatrics PubMed abstract

194. Decongestants and antihistamines for acute otitis media in children. (Abstract)

Decongestants and antihistamines for acute otitis media in children. Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common and important source of morbidity in children, although most cases resolve spontaneously. While frequently recommended, decongestant and antihistamine therapy is of unclear benefit.To determine the efficacy of decongestant and antihistamine therapy in children with AOM on outcomes of AOM resolution, symptom resolution, medication side effects, and complications of AOM.We searched

2004 Cochrane

195. Evidence assessment of the accuracy of methods of diagnosing middle ear effusion in children with otitis media with effusion. (Abstract)

Evidence assessment of the accuracy of methods of diagnosing middle ear effusion in children with otitis media with effusion. We report the findings of an evidence assessment on the accuracy of methods of diagnosing middle ear effusion in children with otitis media with effusion (OME).We searched Medline (1966-January 2000), the Cochrane Library (through January 2000), and Embase (1980-January 2000) and identified additional articles from reference lists in proceedings, published articles

2003 Pediatrics

196. Diagnosis, natural history, and late effects of otitis media with effusion. (Full text)

Diagnosis, natural history, and late effects of otitis media with effusion. 12945555 2003 10 06 2019 10 27 1530-440X 55 2002 Jun Evidence report/technology assessment (Summary) Evid Rep Technol Assess (Summ) Diagnosis, natural history, and late effects of otitis media with effusion. 1-5 Shekelle P P Takata G G Chan L S LS Mangione-Smith R R Corley P M PM Morphew T T Morton S S eng Journal Article Meta-Analysis United States Evid Rep Technol Assess (Summ) 100890218 1530-440X IM Child Child (...) , Preschool Cohort Studies Evidence-Based Medicine Humans Language Disorders diagnosis etiology Otitis Media with Effusion complications diagnosis Speech Disorders diagnosis etiology Time 2003 8 30 5 0 2003 10 8 5 0 2003 8 30 5 0 ppublish 12945555 PMC4781261 10.1037/e439822005-001

2003 Evidence report/technology assessment (Summary) PubMed abstract

197. Association between gastroesophageal reflux and sinusitis, otitis media, and laryngeal malignancy: a systematic review of the evidence. (Abstract)

Association between gastroesophageal reflux and sinusitis, otitis media, and laryngeal malignancy: a systematic review of the evidence. This study was conducted to review and evaluate the published evidence for an association between gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and 3 supraesophageal pathologies: sinusitis, otitis media, and laryngeal malignancy. Relevant articles were located using MEDLINE (search limits: 1966-2001, English language, human studies). Only new data or new analyses of previous (...) and otitis media (28 articles screened, 10 articles included); and for a positive association between GER and laryngeal malignancy (67 articles screened, 18 articles included). The published literature weakly supports a positive association between GER and both sinusitis and laryngeal malignancy, and a negative association between GER and otitis media.

2003 The American journal of medicine

198. A comparison of the effectiveness of pharmacologic treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: integrative and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

A comparison of the effectiveness of pharmacologic treatment of otitis media with effusion in children: integrative and meta-analysis. The treatment of otitis media with effusion is controversial and has inconsistent variations of pharmacotherapeutic practices. Current pharmacologic practices include use of antibiotics, antihistamine and/or decongestants, or a combination of antibiotics with antihistamine and/or decongestants. The effectiveness of these treatment protocols was examined through (...) an integrative and meta-analysis of published research. Data was collected from research published over a 17 year period from 1980 to 1997. The hypothesis is that children, ages three months to 12 years, with otitis media with effusion who are untreated will demonstrate successful resolution of effusion equal to those treated with pharmacologic agents (P < 0.05). The integrative and meta-analytic results reject this hypothesis, as pharmacologic treatment is statistically significant in its resolution when

2003 The online journal of knowledge synthesis for nursing

199. A systematic review of the effectiveness of ofloxaxin otic solution for the treatment of suppurative otitis media. (Abstract)

A systematic review of the effectiveness of ofloxaxin otic solution for the treatment of suppurative otitis media. The objectives of the study were to determine the effectiveness and incidence of adverse events of ofloxacin otic solution for suppurative otitis media compared with other treatments. All randomized controlled trials and nonrandomized comparative clinical trials published from 1966 to 2000 using ofloxacin otic solution as one of the interventions were reviewed and data were (...) results in terms of overall cure rate, resolution of otorrhea, otalgia, bacterial eradication rate and incidence of adverse events. Whether due to chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) or draining tympanostomy tube, the overall cure rate (CSOM OR = 4.86; with tympanostomy tube OR = 2.13) and resolution of otorrhea (CSOM OR = 4.42; with tympanostomy tube OR = 1.66) were likewise in favor of 0.3% ofloxacin otic solution. The studies included in this meta-analysis showed generally homogenous results

2003 ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties

200. Screening children in the first four years of life to undergo early treatment for otitis media with effusion. (Abstract)

Screening children in the first four years of life to undergo early treatment for otitis media with effusion. Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the most common cause of acquired hearing loss in childhood and has been associated with delayed language development and behavioural problems. This condition has a prevalence of about 20% at the age of two years, a time of rapid language development. It is most often asymptomatic. Effective treatment exists for clearing effusions. Some have argued

2003 Cochrane