Latest & greatest articles for obesity

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Top results for obesity

141. Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity?

Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity? Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood obesity? View/ Open Date 2016-12 Format Metadata Abstract Q: Does breastfeeding affect the risk of childhood (...) obesity? Evidence-based answer: Yes. Even having breastfed during the first year of life is associated with a 15% lower risk of overweight or obesity over the next 2 to 14 years compared with never having breastfed. Breastfeeding exclusively for 6 months is associated with a 30% to 50% reduction in risk (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, meta-analysis of cohort studies and subsequent cohort studies). However, interventions that increase breastfeeding rates during the first 3 to 6 months of life

Clinical Inquiries2017

142. A Randomized, Controlled Multisite Study of Behavioral Interventions for Veterans with Mental Illness and Antipsychotic Medication-Associated Obesity

A Randomized, Controlled Multisite Study of Behavioral Interventions for Veterans with Mental Illness and Antipsychotic Medication-Associated Obesity 28271424 2017 03 08 2017 04 04 1525-1497 32 Suppl 1 2017 Apr Journal of general internal medicine J Gen Intern Med A Randomized, Controlled Multisite Study of Behavioral Interventions for Veterans with Mental Illness and Antipsychotic Medication-Associated Obesity. 32-39 10.1007/s11606-016-3960-3 Weight gain and other metabolic sequelae (...) . 2016 Jan;42(1):96-124 26221050 PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e32395 22384240 Soc Sci Med. 1995 Nov;41(10):1403-9 8560308 Nutr J. 2014 Feb 03;13:13 24490952 antipsychotic behavioral intervention mental health obesity weight management 2018 04 01 2017 3 9 6 0 2017 3 9 6 0 2017 3 9 6 0 ppublish 28271424 10.1007/s11606-016-3960-3 10.1007/s11606-016-3960-3 PMC5359155

EvidenceUpdates2017

143. Modifying Alcohol Consumption to Reduce Obesity (MACRO): development and feasibility trial of a complex community-based intervention for men

Modifying Alcohol Consumption to Reduce Obesity (MACRO): development and feasibility trial of a complex community-based intervention for men Modifying Alcohol Consumption to Reduce Obesity (MACRO): development and feasibility trial of a complex community-based intervention for men Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from (...) the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} This study developed a novel intervention for reducing alcohol consumption in obese men and demonstrated the feasibility of a definitive trial. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , , & . Iain K Crombie, 1 ,* Kathryn B Cunningham, 1 Linda Irvine, 1 Brian Williams, 2 ,3 Falko F Sniehotta, 4 John Norrie, 5 ,6 Ambrose Melson, 1 ,7

NIHR HTA programme2017

144. Beneficial Outcomes of Sleeve Gastrectomy in a Morbidly Obese Patient With Bardet-Biedl Syndrome

Beneficial Outcomes of Sleeve Gastrectomy in a Morbidly Obese Patient With Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 29264490 2018 11 13 2472-1972 1 4 2017 Apr 01 Journal of the Endocrine Society J Endocr Soc Beneficial Outcomes of Sleeve Gastrectomy in a Morbidly Obese Patient With Bardet-Biedl Syndrome. 317-322 10.1210/js.2017-00071 Severe obesity is one of the major features of Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) and causes reduced life expectancy. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment of morbid obesity. Data (...) on the effect of bariatric surgery for monogenic obesity is essentially lacking. We present the clinical and metabolic 3-year follow-up of sleeve gastrectomy in a BBS patient. A 37-year-old obese woman with BBS (body mass index, 40 kg/m 2 ) was referred to our clinic for uncontrolled diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). After sleeve gastrectomy, progressive weight loss was observed, with a 32% total weight loss at 3-year follow-up. Glycemic control and NAFLD

Journal of the Endocrine Society2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

145. Effect of Testosterone Treatment on Adipokines and Gut Hormones in Obese Men on a Hypocaloric Diet

Effect of Testosterone Treatment on Adipokines and Gut Hormones in Obese Men on a Hypocaloric Diet 29264488 2018 11 13 2472-1972 1 4 2017 Apr 01 Journal of the Endocrine Society J Endocr Soc Effect of Testosterone Treatment on Adipokines and Gut Hormones in Obese Men on a Hypocaloric Diet. 302-312 10.1210/js.2017-00062 In obese men with lowered testosterone levels, testosterone treatment augments diet-associated loss of body fat. We hypothesized that testosterone treatment modulates circulating (...) concentrations of hormonal mediators of fat mass and energy homeostasis in obese men undergoing a weight loss program. Prespecified secondary analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Tertiary referral center. Obese men (body mass index ≥30 kg/m 2 ) with a repeated total testosterone level ≤12 nmol/L. One hundred participants mean age 53 years (interquartile range 47 to 60 years) receiving 10 weeks of a very low-energy diet followed by 46 weeks of weight maintenance were randomly

Journal of the Endocrine Society2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

146. Obesity and pregnancy: mechanisms of short term and long term adverse consequences for mother and child.

Obesity and pregnancy: mechanisms of short term and long term adverse consequences for mother and child. Obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Obesity during pregnancy has short term and long term adverse consequences for both mother and child. Obesity causes problems with infertility, and in early gestation it causes spontaneous pregnancy loss and congenital anomalies. Metabolically, obese women have increased insulin resistance in early pregnancy, which (...) becomes manifest clinically in late gestation as glucose intolerance and fetal overgrowth. At term, the risk of cesarean delivery and wound complications is increased. Postpartum, obese women have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism, depression, and difficulty with breast feeding. Because 50-60% of overweight or obese women gain more than recommended by Institute of Medicine gestational weight guidelines, postpartum weight retention increases future cardiometabolic risks and prepregnancy

BMJ2017

147. The Relationship of Obesity to Hospice Use and Expenditures: A Cohort Study.

The Relationship of Obesity to Hospice Use and Expenditures: A Cohort Study. Background: Obesity complicates medical, nursing, and informal care in severe illness, but its effect on hospice use and Medicare expenditures is unknown. Objective: To describe the associations between body mass index (BMI) and hospice use and Medicare expenditures in the last 6 months of life. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: The HRS (Health and Retirement Study). Participants: 5677 community-dwelling Medicare (...) obese decedents (BMI ≥40 kg/m2), the predicted probability of hospice enrollment decreased by 15.2 percentage points (CI, -19.6 to -10.9 percentage points), hospice duration decreased by 4.3 days (CI, -5.7 to -2.9 days), and in-home death decreased by 6.3 percentage points (CI, -11.2 to -1.5 percentage points) versus decedents with BMI of 20 kg/m2. Limitation: Baseline data were self-reported, and the interval between reported BMI and time of death varied. Conclusion: Among community-dwelling

Annals of Internal Medicine2017

148. Randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 'Families for Health', a family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention delivered in a community setting for ages 6 to 11 years

Randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 'Families for Health', a family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention delivered in a community setting for ages 6 to 11 years Randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 'Families for Health', a family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention delivered in a community setting for ages 6 to 11 years Randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness (...) and cost-effectiveness of 'Families for Health', a family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention delivered in a community setting for ages 6 to 11 years Robertson W, Fleming J, Kamal A, Hamborg T, Khan K A, Griffiths F, Stewart-Brown S, Stallard N, Petrou S, Simkiss D, Harrison E, Kim S W & Thorogood M Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2017

149. The Obesity Paradox in Kidney Disease: How to Reconcile It With Obesity Management

The Obesity Paradox in Kidney Disease: How to Reconcile It With Obesity Management 28439569 2018 11 13 2468-0249 2 2 2017 Mar Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep The Obesity Paradox in Kidney Disease: How to Reconcile it with Obesity Management. 271-281 10.1016/j.ekir.2017.01.009 Obesity, a risk factor for de novo chronic kidney disease (CKD), confers survival advantages in advanced CKD. This so-called obesity paradox is the archetype of the reverse epidemiology of cardiovascular risks (...) , in addition to the lipid, blood pressure, adiponectin, homocysteine, and uric acid paradoxes. These paradoxical phenomena are in sharp contradistinction to the known epidemiology of cardiovascular risks in the general population. In addition to advanced CKD, the obesity paradox has also been observed in heart failure, chronic obstructive lung disease, liver cirrhosis, and metastatic cancer, as well as in the elderly. These are populations in whom protein-energy wasting and inflammation are strong

Kidney international reports2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

150. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Crural Repair as a Treatment of Morbid Obesity Associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Crural Repair as a Treatment of Morbid Obesity Associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux 28243403 2018 11 13 2008-5842 9 1 2017 Jan Electronic physician Electron Physician Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Crural Repair as a Treatment of Morbid Obesity Associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux. 3529-3534 10.19082/3529 The aim of this study was to evaluate the Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) with simultaneous crural repair in treatment of morbid obesity (...) associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease. This prospective observational study was carried out from September 2012 to July 2016 in Al-Azhar University Hospital (Egypt). The study was conducted on 53 patients, 14 males (26.4%) and 39 females (73.6%) with the mean age 36.2 years (range 18-52 years), presenting with morbid obesity and reflux disease either symptomatic patients or asymptomatic (Endoscopic & Manometric), their mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 50.1 kg/m 2 (range 40-62 kg/m 2 ), who

Electronic physician2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

151. Comparing methods of targeting obesity interventions in populations: An agent-based simulation

Comparing methods of targeting obesity interventions in populations: An agent-based simulation 29349218 2018 11 13 2352-8273 3 2017 Dec SSM - population health SSM Popul Health Comparing methods of targeting obesity interventions in populations: An agent-based simulation. 211-218 10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.01.006 Social networks as well as neighborhood environments have been shown to effect obesity-related behaviors including energy intake and physical activity. Accordingly, harnessing social (...) networks to improve targeting of obesity interventions may be promising to the extent this leads to social multiplier effects and wider diffusion of intervention impact on populations. However, the literature evaluating network-based interventions has been inconsistent. Computational methods like agent-based models (ABM) provide researchers with tools to experiment in a simulated environment. We develop an ABM to compare conventional targeting methods (random selection, based on individual obesity risk

SSM - population health2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

152. The Renal Pathology of Obesity

The Renal Pathology of Obesity 29142961 2018 11 13 2468-0249 2 2 2017 Mar Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep The Renal Pathology of Obesity. 251-260 10.1016/j.ekir.2017.01.007 Obesity causes various structural, hemodynamic, and metabolic alterations in the kidney. Most of these are likely to be compensatory responses to the systemic increase in metabolic demand that is seen with obesity. In some cases, however, renal injury becomes clinically apparent as a result of compensatory (...) failure. Obesity-related glomerulopathy is the best known of such disease states. Factors that may sensitize obese individuals to renal compensatory failure and associated injury include the severity and number of obesity-associated conditions or complications, including components of metabolic syndrome, and the mismatch of body size to nephron mass, due to nephron reductions of congenital or acquired origin. Tsuboi Nobuo N Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine

Kidney international reports2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

153. Preconception consultations with Maternal Fetal Medicine for obese women: a retrospective chart review

Preconception consultations with Maternal Fetal Medicine for obese women: a retrospective chart review 28620542 2018 11 13 2054-7099 3 2017 Fertility research and practice Fertil Res Pract Preconception consultations with Maternal Fetal Medicine for obese women: a retrospective chart review. 3 10.1186/s40738-016-0030-9 Obesity is associated with impaired fertility and pregnancy complications, and preconception weight loss may improve some of these outcomes. The purpose of this study (...) was to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) preconception consults for obese women. We performed a retrospective chart review examining 162 consults at an academic medical center from 2008 to 2014. The main outcome measures included consultation content - e.g. discussion of obesity-related pregnancy complications, screening for comorbidities, and referrals for weight loss interventions - and weight loss. Screening for diabetes and hypertension occurred in 48% and 51

Fertility research and practice2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

154. Randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 'Families for Health', a family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention delivered in a community setting for ages 6 to 11 years

Randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 'Families for Health', a family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention delivered in a community setting for ages 6 to 11 years Randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 'Families for Health', a family-based childhood obesity treatment intervention delivered in a community setting for ages 6 to 11 years Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content (...) to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} The Families for Health intervention did not help overweight and obese children (aged 6–11 years) to manage their weight. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , & . Wendy

NIHR HTA programme2017

155. Obesity, cigarette smoking, and telomere length in women.

Obesity, cigarette smoking, and telomere length in women. Obesity and smoking are important risk factors for many age-related diseases. Both are states of heightened oxidative stress, which increases the rate of telomere erosion per replication, and inflammation, which enhances white blood cell turnover. Together, these processes might accelerate telomere erosion with age. We therefore tested the hypothesis that increased body mass and smoking are associated with shortened telomere length (...) in white blood cells. We investigated 1122 white women aged 18-76 years and found that telomere length decreased steadily with age at a mean rate of 27 bp per year. Telomeres of obese women were 240 bp shorter than those of lean women (p=0.026). A dose-dependent relation with smoking was recorded (p=0.017), and each pack-year smoked was equivalent to an additional 5 bp of telomere length lost (18%) compared with the rate in the overall cohort. Our results emphasise the pro-ageing effects of obesity and cigarette

Lancet2017

156. Physical activity, obesity, height, and the risk of pancreatic cancer.

Physical activity, obesity, height, and the risk of pancreatic cancer. CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus and elevated postload plasma glucose levels have been associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer in previous studies. By virtue of their influence on insulin resistance, obesity and physical inactivity may increase risk of pancreatic cancer. OBJECTIVE: To examine obesity, height, and physical activity in relation to pancreatic cancer risk. DESIGN AND SETTING: Two US cohort studies (...) (multivariable RR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.29-0.70 for the highest vs lowest categories; P for trend <.001). Total physical activity was not associated with risk among individuals with a BMI of less than 25 kg/m(2) but was inversely associated with risk among individuals with a BMI of at least 25 kg/m(2) (pooled multivariable RR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.37-0.94 for the top vs bottom tertiles of total physical activity; P for trend =.04). CONCLUSION: In 2 prospective cohort studies, obesity significantly increased

JAMA2017

157. Platelet activation in obese women: role of inflammation and oxidant stress.

Platelet activation in obese women: role of inflammation and oxidant stress. CONTEXT: Obesity, in particular abdominal adiposity, is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality through mechanisms possibly linking the metabolic disorder to platelet and vascular abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and biochemical determinants of lipid peroxidation and platelet activation in obese women. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional comparison, conducted (...) between September 1999 and September 2001, of urinary 8-iso prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-iso PGF(2alpha)) and 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (11-dehyhdro-TxB2) excretion levels in 93 women: 44 with a body mass index (BMI) higher than 28 and a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 0.86 or higher, android obesity; 25 with a BMI higher than 28 and a WHR lower than 0.86, gynoid obesity; and 24 nonobese women with a BMI lower than 25. An additional study was conducted to determine the short-term effects of weight loss in 20

JAMA2017

158. Final recommendation statement: obesity in children and adolescents: screening.

Final recommendation statement: obesity in children and adolescents: screening. Final recommendation statement: obesity in children and adolescents: screening. | National Guideline Clearinghouse success fail JUN 09 2017 2018 2019 14 Apr 2018 - 12 Jul 2018 COLLECTED BY Organization: Formed in 2009, the Archive Team (not to be confused with the archive.org Archive-It Team) is a rogue archivist collective dedicated to saving copies of rapidly dying or deleted websites for the sake of history (...) at . TIMESTAMPS Search Sign In Username or Email * Password * Remember Me Don't have an account? The AHRQ National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC, guideline.gov) Web site will not be available after July 16, 2018 because federal funding through AHRQ will no longer be available to support the NGC as of that date. For additional information, read our . Guideline Summary NGC:011239 2017 Jun NEATS Assessment Final recommendation statement: obesity in children and adolescents: screening. Final recommendation

National Guideline Clearinghouse (partial archive)2017

160. Cohort Study: Caesarean section is associated with offspring obesity in childhood and young adulthood

Cohort Study: Caesarean section is associated with offspring obesity in childhood and young adulthood Caesarean section is associated with offspring obesity in childhood and young adulthood | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search (...) for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Caesarean section is associated with offspring obesity in childhood and young adulthood Article Text Aetiology/Harm Cohort Study Caesarean section is associated with offspring obesity in childhood and young adulthood Stefan Kuhle , Christy G Woolcott Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on : Yuan C, Gaskins AJ, Blaine

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2017