Latest & greatest articles for obesity

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Top results for obesity

61. Cost-effectiveness of incisional negative pressure wound therapy compared with standard care after caesarean section in obese women: a trial-based economic evaluation (Abstract)

Cost-effectiveness of incisional negative pressure wound therapy compared with standard care after caesarean section in obese women: a trial-based economic evaluation To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of incisional negative pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) in preventing surgical site infection in obese women after caesarean section.A cost-effectiveness analysis conducted alongside a clinical trial.Five obstetric departments in Denmark.Women with a pregestational body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 (...) .We used data from a randomised controlled trial of 876 obese women who underwent elective or emergency caesarean section and were subsequently treated with iNPWT (n = 432) or a standard dressing (n = 444). Costs were estimated using data from four Danish National Databases and analysed from a healthcare perspective with a time horizon of 3 months after birth.Cost-effectiveness based on incremental cost per surgical site infection avoided and per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained.The total

2019 EvidenceUpdates

62. Probiotics for the Prevention of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Overweight and Obese Women: Findings From the SPRING Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Probiotics for the Prevention of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Overweight and Obese Women: Findings From the SPRING Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial Given the role of gut microbiota in regulating metabolism, probiotics administered during pregnancy might prevent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This question has not previously been studied in high-risk overweight and obese pregnant women. We aimed to determine whether probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium (...) animalis subspecies lactis) administered from the second trimester in overweight and obese women prevent GDM as assessed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 28 weeks' gestation. Secondary outcomes included maternal and neonatal complications, maternal blood pressure and BMI, and infant body composition.This was a double-blind randomized controlled trial of probiotic versus placebo in overweight and obese pregnant women in Brisbane, Australia.The study was completed in 411 women. GDM occurred

2019 EvidenceUpdates

63. A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective

A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective Discover Portal Discover Portal A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective Published on 10 April 2018 doi: A school-based healthy lifestyle programme delivered to 6-7-year-old children and their parents made no difference to children’s weight, diet or activity levels. Around 1 in 4 remained overweight or obese. The NIHR-funded year-long programme was delivered (...) in 54 primary schools in one region of England. Teachers were trained to provide an additional 30 minutes of physical activity a day and deliver cookery workshops with parents each term. It also included activities with a local football club, Aston Villa. Children in schools that took part were no less likely to be overweight or obese after 15 or 30 months, and their diet and exercise levels did not improve. Less than one in six schools managed to deliver the activity sessions as planned

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

64. Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors

Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Discover Portal Discover Portal Being overweight or obese is linked with heart disease even without other metabolic risk factors Published on 7 November 2017 doi: People with certain metabolic risk factors who are obese are two and a half times as likely to develop heart disease as healthy people (...) of normal weight. But those who are obese without these other risk factors still have a 28% increased risk of heart disease compared with healthy people of normal weight. This suggests excess weight should be seen as an independent risk factor, challenging the idea that people can be “fat but fit”. Metabolic risk factors for heart disease cluster together and in this large study the researchers defined “metabolically healthy” as not having; high blood pressure, raised blood sugar, high triglyceride

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

65. Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children

Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Discover Portal Discover Portal Takeaways linked to increased cardiovascular risk factors and obesity in children Published on 13 February 2018 doi: Children who eat takeaways once or more each week have more body fat and higher low-density lipoprotein (LDL) “bad” cholesterol levels than those who never or hardly ever eat them (...) . Their diets were also higher in fat and lower in protein and calcium. This cross-sectional study looked in depth at eating habits and risk markers for coronary heart disease, obesity and diabetes in 2,529 children in England. Though this type of study can only show an association between takeaways and risk markers, it is one of the first of its type, and the results do give cause for concern. Increasing numbers of people are eating takeaways in the UK. Local authorities and healthcare professionals

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

66. Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight

Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight Discover Portal Discover Portal Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight Published on 19 September 2017 doi: Obese children and adolescents can lose up to seven pounds over six to 12 months when they engage in at least 52 hours of behaviour-based lifestyle interventions. Minimal benefit was seen with shorter contact (...) time, with less than 25 hours ineffective. The control group gained weight. Rising obesity in the young is a global concern, which may lead to high rates of obesity-related diseases in adulthood. This review identified trials covering various weight management strategies. Lifestyle-based-interventions with sufficient contact time – as recommended by UK guidelines – showed clear benefits with no evidence of harms. Investing in effective strategies to manage child obesity will ultimately save

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

67. Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight

Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight Discover Portal Discover Portal Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight Published on 29 August 2017 doi: Combining resistance training with aerobic exercise increased physical function in older, obese adults who were following a weight loss programme. Functional improvements (...) , such as the speed to stand from a chair or to climb stairs, were greater with combination training (21%) than with either type of exercise performed alone (14%). This randomised controlled trial assigned 160 obese adults in the USA (aged over 65, mostly educated white females) to the different types of exercise for six months. Those exercising lost about 9% body weight on their diets. Resistance training was most effective for preventing loss of muscle and bone mass. This highlights the importance of strength

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

68. Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity

Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity Discover Portal Discover Portal Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity Published on 23 August 2016 doi: Surgery is a cost-effective method of weight loss for severely and morbidly obese people. This study of general practice data compared health costs and outcomes for people with severe or morbid (...) obesity who underwent surgery and those who did not. Surgery was associated with a reduced chance of developing diabetes and an increased chance of remission in people with diabetes. It was more cost-effective – using NHS thresholds – for morbidly obese people who had diabetes, than for those without diabetes. Weight loss surgery either reduces the amount of food people can consume or the amount of energy they can absorb from food. A quarter of UK adults are obese, with 3.6% of women and 1.8% of men

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

69. A total diet replacement programme helped obese people lose weight and keep weight off

A total diet replacement programme helped obese people lose weight and keep weight off Total diet replacement for weight loss in obesity Discover Portal Discover Portal A total diet replacement programme helped obese people lose weight and keep weight off Published on 18 December 2018 doi: A programme of weekly behavioural support with total diet replacement led to over 7kg greater weight loss than usual care in primary care. This weight loss was maintained for a year after starting the 8-12 (...) . After eight weeks of this low calorie diet, conventional meals were gradually reintroduced. This trial provides evidence that the rapid weight loss from these replacement diets can be maintained for a reasonable time and so could be considered as a treatment option for anyone who is obese and needs support to lose weight. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? In 2016, 26% of adults in England were obese. Obesity can lead to several medical conditions, including heart disease

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

70. Obesity in children

Obesity in children Obesity in children - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Obesity in children Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Behavioural and environmental factors are primarily responsible for the dramatic increase in obesity in the past two decades, although genes play an important role in regulation of body weight. Calculating body mass index (BMI) is the most widely (...) accepted method of screening for obesity in children. Abnormal BMI cut-offs in children are determined by age- and sex-specific percentiles. The dramatic increase in childhood obesity has led to a marked increase in the diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus in children. Preventing excessive weight gain in children is of paramount importance in confronting the obesity epidemic, as obesity is difficult to treat at all ages, and obese children tend to become obese adults

2019 BMJ Best Practice

71. [Effects of interval exercise in the improvement of glycemic control of obese adults with insulin resistance]. Full Text available with Trip Pro

[Effects of interval exercise in the improvement of glycemic control of obese adults with insulin resistance]. Background: physical exercise presents evidence for the treatment of insulin resistance. However, it is necessary to deepen this knowledge. Objective: to compare the effectiveness of a high intensity interval training program (HIIT) with one of resistance training (RT) to improve biochemical parameters of insulin/basal glycemia and post-load. Material and methods: twenty-eight (36 ± 13

2019 Nutricion hospitalaria Controlled trial quality: uncertain

72. Whole grain consumption does not affect obesity measures: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials

Whole grain consumption does not affect obesity measures: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

73. Association between smoking shisha, obesity, and related comorbidities: a systematic review

Association between smoking shisha, obesity, and related comorbidities: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

74. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for obesity

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for obesity Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

75. Breast cancer risk associated with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist use in patients with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review

Breast cancer risk associated with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist use in patients with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility

2019 PROSPERO

76. Potential effects of male obesity and nutritional factors on sperm disorders and idiopathic male infertility

Potential effects of male obesity and nutritional factors on sperm disorders and idiopathic male infertility Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

77. The effect of maternal obesity on offspring's cardiac function and structure: a systematic review

The effect of maternal obesity on offspring's cardiac function and structure: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

78. The effect of caloric restriction dietary interventions for weight loss on gut microbiota and physiological outcomes amongst individuals with obesity: a systematic review

The effect of caloric restriction dietary interventions for weight loss on gut microbiota and physiological outcomes amongst individuals with obesity: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

79. The dose-response effects of exercise on cardiovascular risk factors of overweight or obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

The dose-response effects of exercise on cardiovascular risk factors of overweight or obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

80. The association between overweight/obesity and depression in people with Multiple Sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature

The association between overweight/obesity and depression in people with Multiple Sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO