Latest & greatest articles for obesity

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Top results for obesity

21. Childhood obesity: applying All Our Health

Childhood obesity: applying All Our Health Childhood obesity: applying All Our Health - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search The United Kingdom is leaving the European Union on 31 October 2019. Guidance Childhood obesity: applying All Our Health Evidence and guidance on childhood obesity, to help families and communities intervene and help change eating and activity habits. Published 1 April 2015 Last

2019 Public Health England

22. Association of Pediatric Obesity Treatment, Including a Dietary Component, With Change in Depression and Anxiety: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (Abstract)

Association of Pediatric Obesity Treatment, Including a Dietary Component, With Change in Depression and Anxiety: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Children and adolescents with obesity are at higher risk of developing depression and anxiety, and adolescent dieting is a risk factor for the development of depression. Therefore, determining the psychological effect of obesity treatment interventions is important to consider.To investigate the association between obesity treatment (...) interventions, with a dietary component, and the change in symptoms of depression and anxiety in children and adolescents with overweight/obesity.Searches of MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and PsychINFO were conducted from inception to August 2018. Hand searching of references was conducted to identify missing studies.Obesity treatment interventions, with a dietary component, conducted in children and adolescents (age <18 years) with overweight/obesity, and validated assessment of depression

2019 EvidenceUpdates

23. During Conscious Sedation the Risk of Adverse Events Is Likely Increased in Obese Children Compared to Those of Healthy Weight

During Conscious Sedation the Risk of Adverse Events Is Likely Increased in Obese Children Compared to Those of Healthy Weight UTCAT3394, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title During Conscious Sedation the Risk of Adverse Events Is Likely Increased in Obese Children Compared to Those of Healthy Weight Clinical Question Are obese children undergoing conscious sedation at increased risk for adverse events (...) compared to children who are at healthy weight? Clinical Bottom Line For children with childhood obesity, conscious sedation may lead to more adverse events including oxyhemoglobin desaturation, nausea and true apnea. However, additional evidence is needed to know if there is any clinical and statistical difference between obese children and healthy weight children during conscious sedation. This is supported by both a cross-sectional retrospective study and a review of literature on the relationship

2019 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

24. Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 2: Team Planning for Delivery and Postpartum Care

Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 2: Team Planning for Delivery and Postpartum Care Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 2: Team Planning for Delivery and Postpartum Care Toggle navigation Toggle search Keyword search language Keyword search Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 2: Team Planning for Delivery and Postpartum Care If you are not automatically redirected to the JOGC site within 15 seconds, please click the link above. No information available ID Access The Society of Obstetricians

2019 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

25. Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 1: Pre-conception and Prenatal Care

Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 1: Pre-conception and Prenatal Care Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 1: Pre-conception and Prenatal Care Toggle navigation Toggle search Keyword search language Keyword search Pregnancy and Maternal Obesity Part 1: Pre-conception and Prenatal Care If you are not automatically redirected to the JOGC site within 15 seconds, please click the link above. No information available ID Access The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) {1} {1

2019 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

26. Dental caries and obesity: their relationship in children

Dental caries and obesity: their relationship in children Dental caries and obesity: their relationship in children - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Register by 26 November to vote in the General (...) Election on 12 December. Guidance Dental caries and obesity: their relationship in children Current evidence about the relationship between dental caries and obesity in individuals and populations. Published 8 October 2015 Last updated 4 November 2019 — From: Documents Ref: PHE publications gateway number: GW-869 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us

2019 Public Health England

27. Closed Incision Negative Pressure Therapy in Morbidly Obese Women Undergoing Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Closed Incision Negative Pressure Therapy in Morbidly Obese Women Undergoing Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Controlled Trial To evaluate the efficacy of incisional negative pressure wound therapy in the prevention of postoperative wound morbidity in women with class III obesity undergoing cesarean delivery.In an open label randomized controlled trial, women admitted for delivery with class III obesity (body mass index 40 or higher) measured within 2 weeks of admission for delivery were offered (...) or incisional negative pressure wound therapy dressing. The primary outcome was wound morbidity. Preplanned secondary outcomes included characteristics of composite wound morbidity, and hospital, emergency room, and clinic utilization. The sample size estimate required randomization of 440 women to detect a 50% decrease in composite outcome.Between January 1, 2015, and July 31, 2016, 850 women were screened and 677 women with class III obesity were enrolled. Of these, 441 underwent cesarean delivery

2019 EvidenceUpdates

28. Gynaecologic Surgery in the Obese Patient

Gynaecologic Surgery in the Obese Patient Guideline No. 386-Gynaecologic Surgery in the Obese Patient - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Volume 41, Issue 9, Pages 1356–1370.e7 Guideline No. 386-Gynaecologic Surgery in the Obese Patient x Paul J. Yong Correspondence Corresponding author: Dr. Paul Yong , MD , x Paul J. Yong Correspondence Corresponding author: Dr. Paul Yong Vancouver, BC x Jackie Thurston , MD (...) Calgary, AB x Sukhbir S. Singh , MD Ottawa, ON x Catherine Allaire , MD Vancouver, BC No. 386, September 2019 DOI: To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Figures Figure 1 Potential comorbid medical conditions ABSTRACT Objective To provide gynaecologic surgeons with a contemporary review on the pre-, intra-, and postoperative issues of the obese patient and to provide guidance for optimization and strategies for safer surgical care

2019 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

29. Interventions for supporting the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding among women who are overweight or obese. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interventions for supporting the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding among women who are overweight or obese. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for all infants until six months of age due to the many health benefits for both the mother and infant.Evidence suggests that mothers who are overweight (body mass index (BMI) 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m²) or obese (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m²) are less likely to initiate breastfeeding and to breastfeed for a shorter duration. Considering the rising prevalence (...) of overweight and obesity globally and the known benefits of breastfeeding particularly in reducing the long-term risks of obesity and diabetes for infants, establishing effective ways to support and promote breastfeeding in women who are overweight or obese is paramount in achieving the goal of healthier communities.To assess the effectiveness of interventions to support the initiation or continuation of breastfeeding in women who are overweight or obese.On 23 January 2019 we searched Cochrane Pregnancy

2019 Cochrane

30. Potential impact on prevalence of obesity in the UK of a 20% price increase in high sugar snacks: modelling study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Potential impact on prevalence of obesity in the UK of a 20% price increase in high sugar snacks: modelling study. To estimate the potential impact on body mass index (BMI) and prevalence of obesity of a 20% price increase in high sugar snacks.Modelling study.General adult population of the United Kingdom.36 324 households with data on product level household expenditure from UK Kantar FMCG (fast moving consumer goods) panel for January 2012 to December 2013. Data were used to estimate changes (...) measured as changes in weight, BMI (not overweight (BMI <25), overweight (BMI ≥25 and <30), and obese (BMI ≥30)), and prevalence of obesity. Results were stratified by household income and BMI.For income groups combined, the average reduction in energy consumption for a 20% price increase in high sugar snacks was estimated to be 8.9×103 kcal (95% confidence interval -13.1×103 to -4.2×103 kcal). Using a static weight loss model, BMI was estimated to decrease by 0.53 (95% confidence interval -1.01

2019 BMJ

31. Association of Metabolic Surgery With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity. (Abstract)

Association of Metabolic Surgery With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity. Although metabolic surgery (defined as procedures that influence metabolism by inducing weight loss and altering gastrointestinal physiology) significantly improves cardiometabolic risk factors, the effect on cardiovascular outcomes has been less well characterized.To investigate the relationship between metabolic surgery and incident major adverse cardiovascular events (...) (MACE) in patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity.Of 287 438 adult patients with diabetes in the Cleveland Clinic Health System in the United States between 1998 and 2017, 2287 patients underwent metabolic surgery. In this retrospective cohort study, these patients were matched 1:5 to nonsurgical patients with diabetes and obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30), resulting in 11 435 control patients, with follow-up through December 2018.Metabolic gastrointestinal surgical procedures vs usual care

2019 JAMA

32. Evaluation and Management of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guideline. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation and Management of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guideline. Background: The purpose of this guideline is to optimize evaluation and management of patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS).Methods: A multidisciplinary panel identified and prioritized five clinical questions. The panel performed systematic reviews of available studies (up to July 2018) and followed the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment (...) , Development, and Evaluation evidence-to-decision framework to develop recommendations. All panel members discussed and approved the recommendations.Recommendations: After considering the overall very low quality of the evidence, the panel made five conditional recommendations. We suggest that: 1) clinicians use a serum bicarbonate level <27 mmol/L to exclude the diagnosis of OHS in obese patients with sleep-disordered breathing when suspicion for OHS is not very high (<20%) but to measure arterial blood

2019 EvidenceUpdates

33. Treatment of lactase deficiency in children's obesity with genotype c/c 13910 of lactase gene. (Abstract)

Treatment of lactase deficiency in children's obesity with genotype c/c 13910 of lactase gene. Introduction: Excess lactose in the diet of modern man causes the development of not only lactase deficiency, but it can be a factor that contributes to obesity. The aim: To study associations between obesity and genotype C/C 13910 of lactase gene (LCT) in children, to investigate the effectiveness of treatment using drug exogenous lactase and a low-lactose diet.Materials and methods: genotyping (...) of lactase gene by real-time polymerase chain reaction, determining the level of lactose maldigestion by hydrogen breath test (HBT), estimating the insulin resistance with the HOMA-IR index in 70 obese children and 40 healthy children 6 - 18 years. Obese children with genotype C/C 13910 and lactose maldigestion (n=40) were randomized in two groups: children from group I (n=20) received an exogenous lactase preparation, and children from group II (n=20) - low-lactose diet.Results: in obese children

2019 Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

34. Whole systems approach to obesity

Whole systems approach to obesity Whole systems approach to obesity - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Whole systems approach to obesity A guide and set of resources to support local authorities with implementing a whole systems approach to address obesity and promote a healthy weight. Published 25 July 2019 From: Documents Ref: PHE publications gateway number GW-534 If you use assistive (...) This guide and set of resources can be used to support the implementation of a whole systems approach to obesity. It is intended for local authorities and partners, including the NHS, local businesses and the community and voluntary sector. The guide covers: the role of local authorities the benefits of taking a whole systems approach the 6-phase process - each phase provides practical support Each phase has accompanying . Included with the guide is a separate ‘learning report’, explaining the findings

2019 Public Health England

35. Effect of antenatal dietary interventions in maternal obesity on pregnancy weight-gain and birthweight: Healthy Mums and Babies (HUMBA) randomized trial (Abstract)

Effect of antenatal dietary interventions in maternal obesity on pregnancy weight-gain and birthweight: Healthy Mums and Babies (HUMBA) randomized trial Pregnancy interventions that improve maternal and infant outcomes are urgently needed in populations with high rates of obesity. We undertook the Healthy Mums and Babies (HUMBA) randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of dietary interventions and or probiotics in a multiethnic population of pregnant women with obesity, living (...) in an area of high deprivation.To determine whether a culturally tailored dietary intervention and or daily probiotic capsules in pregnant women with obesity reduces the co-primary outcomes of (1) excessive gestational weight gain (mean >0.27 kg/week) and (2) birthweight.We conducted a 2 × 2 factorial, randomized controlled trial in women without diabetes at pregnancy booking, body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, and a singleton pregnancy. At 12+0 to 17+6 weeks' gestation, eligible women were randomized

2019 EvidenceUpdates

36. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Prevention of childhood obesity is an international public health priority given the significant impact of obesity on acute and chronic diseases, general health, development and well-being. The international evidence base for strategies to prevent obesity is very large and is accumulating rapidly. This is an update of a previous review.To determine the effectiveness of a range of interventions that include diet or physical activity components (...) , or both, designed to prevent obesity in children.We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO and CINAHL in June 2015. We re-ran the search from June 2015 to January 2018 and included a search of trial registers.Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of diet or physical activity interventions, or combined diet and physical activity interventions, for preventing overweight or obesity in children (0-17 years) that reported outcomes at a minimum of 12 weeks from baseline.Two authors independently

2019 Cochrane

37. Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. To study the trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in Norway over five decades and to assess the differential influence of the obesogenic environment on BMI according to genetic predisposition.Longitudinal study.General population of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway.118 959 people aged 13-80 years who participated in a longitudinal population based health study (Nord-Trøndelag

2019 BMJ

38. Impact of Obesity and Alanine Aminotransferase Levels on the Diagnostic Accuracy for Advanced Liver Fibrosis of Noninvasive Tools in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of Obesity and Alanine Aminotransferase Levels on the Diagnostic Accuracy for Advanced Liver Fibrosis of Noninvasive Tools in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Some evidence suggests an interference of obesity and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels on the diagnostic accuracy for advanced fibrosis of noninvasive tools such as liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by FibroScan, Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS). We assessed whether (...) the diagnostic accuracy of LSM, Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4), and NFS and strategies based on the combination of these tools is affected by obesity and/or ALT levels.We analyzed data from 968 patients with a histological diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. FIB-4, NFS, and LSM by FibroScan were measured.LSM was better than both FIB-4 and NFS for staging F3-F4 fibrosis area under the receiver operating characteristic curve test (AUC) 0.863, 0.777, and 0.765, respectively; P < 0.001 for both), showing higher

2019 EvidenceUpdates

39. Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-beta-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations: A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the Euro (Abstract)

Nutritional Lifestyle Intervention in Obese Pregnant Women, Including Lower Carbohydrate Intake, Is Associated With Increased Maternal Free Fatty Acids, 3-beta-Hydroxybutyrate, and Fasting Glucose Concentrations: A Secondary Factorial Analysis of the Euro In our randomized controlled trial, we investigated the impact of healthy eating (HE) aiming for restricted gestational weight gain (GWG) and physical activity (PA) interventions on maternal and neonatal lipid metabolism.Obese pregnant women

2019 EvidenceUpdates

40. No Effect of Glucomannan on Body Weight Reduction in Children and Adolescents with Overweight and Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

No Effect of Glucomannan on Body Weight Reduction in Children and Adolescents with Overweight and Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial To assess the efficacy of water-soluble dietary fiber, glucomannan supplementation, on the body mass index (BMI) in children with overweight or obesity.In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled 96 children aged 6-17 years with overweight or obesity based on the World Health Organization growth criteria (>+1 SD or >+2 SD

2019 EvidenceUpdates