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Top results for nursing

1081. A meta-analysis of nurse practitioners and nurse midwives in primary care

A meta-analysis of nurse practitioners and nurse midwives in primary care A meta-analysis of nurse practitioners and nurse midwives in primary care A meta-analysis of nurse practitioners and nurse midwives in primary care Brown S A, Grimes D E Authors' objectives To evaluate the outcomes of nurse practitioners and nurse midwives, compared with physicians in primary care. Searching MEDLINE and Dissertation Abstracts were searched in June 1991 and in May 1992. National League for Nursing (...) accredited master's programmes in nursing and all schools of public health were surveyed to obtain lists of relevant theses. Unpublished data on nurse practitioners' and nurse midwives' care were requested from 30 health care and professional organisations. Bibliographies of retrieved articles, research studies and other relevant documents were examined. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Studies with an experimental, quasi-experimental or ex-post facto design, which

DARE.1995

1082. Clean intermittent catheterization: safe, cost-effective bladder management for male residents of VA nursing homes

Clean intermittent catheterization: safe, cost-effective bladder management for male residents of VA nursing homes Clean intermittent catheterization: safe, cost-effective bladder management for male residents of VA nursing homes Clean intermittent catheterization: safe, cost-effective bladder management for male residents of VA nursing homes Duffy L M, Cleary J, Ahern S, Kuskowski M A, West M, Wheeler L, Mortimer A A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) by neurologic disease or increased residual urine resulting from medication side-effects. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Male nursing home residents (mean age 72) with problems of urinary retention. Setting The practice setting involved long-term nursing homes. The study was carried out in Minnesota, USA. Dates to which data relate The dates for the resources used and the effectiveness data were not provided. 1993 prices were used. Source

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

1083. Impact of patient-controlled analgesia on required nursing time and duration of postoperative recovery

Impact of patient-controlled analgesia on required nursing time and duration of postoperative recovery Impact of patient-controlled analgesia on required nursing time and duration of postoperative recovery Impact of patient-controlled analgesia on required nursing time and duration of postoperative recovery Chan V W, Chung F, McQuestion M, Gomez M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief (...) living, return to bowel function, return of oral feeding and tolerance of oral analgesia, and hospital discharge time). Within each procedure the two groups (PCA and IM) were shown to be comparable in terms of age, weight, height, sex, surgical time, intraoperative fentanyl consumption and PACU morphine dose. Effectiveness results It was found that pain and satisfaction scores were similar for both groups, with similar morphine consumption, after both types of surgery. However, the delay in nurse

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

1084. Nursing home-acquired pneumonia: outcomes from a clinical process improvement program

Nursing home-acquired pneumonia: outcomes from a clinical process improvement program Nursing home-acquired pneumonia: outcomes from a clinical process improvement program Nursing home-acquired pneumonia: outcomes from a clinical process improvement program Dempsey C L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed (...) critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Clinical process improvement programme for patients with nursing home-acquired pneumonia. Type of intervention Disease management Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients with nursing home-acquired pneumonia. Setting Hospital, Chicago, USA. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness data are still being monitored. Resources related to 1992-93. Price dates were not specified

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

1085. The effect of a stroke unit: reductions in mortality, discharge rate to nursing home, length of hospital stay, and cost - a community-based study

The effect of a stroke unit: reductions in mortality, discharge rate to nursing home, length of hospital stay, and cost - a community-based study The effect of a stroke unit: reductions in mortality, discharge rate to nursing home, length of hospital stay, and cost - a community-based study The effect of a stroke unit: reductions in mortality, discharge rate to nursing home, length of hospital stay, and cost - a community-based study Jorgensen H S, Nakayama H, Raaschou H O, Larsen K, Hubbe P (...) based on intention to treat. The primary health outcomes were post stroke death rates and length of hospital stay rates, and proportion of discharges to nursing home or home. Although groups were shown to be comparable in terms of demographic and prognostic factors (with the exception of hypertension and diabetes which were more frequent in the stroke unit group) and clinical characteristics, the analysis was further supported by the results of multivariate regression analyses which controlled

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

1086. The community psychiatric nurse in primary care: an economic analysis

The community psychiatric nurse in primary care: an economic analysis The community psychiatric nurse in primary care: an economic analysis The community psychiatric nurse in primary care: an economic analysis Gournay K, Brooking J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability (...) of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Community mental health nursing. Type of intervention Disease management. Economic study type Cost-utility analysis. Study population Patients affected by non-psychotic problems in need of psychiatric interventions. Setting Primary care. The economic study was carried out in the UK. Dates to which data relate Effectiveness and resource data were collected between 1988 and 1991. Costs data related to 1988. Source of effectiveness data Single study

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.1995

1087. Effectiveness of health checks conducted by nurses in primary care: final results of the OXCHECK study. Imperial Cancer Research Fund OXCHECK Study Group.

Effectiveness of health checks conducted by nurses in primary care: final results of the OXCHECK study. Imperial Cancer Research Fund OXCHECK Study Group. 7742676 1995 06 15 1995 06 15 2016 11 23 0959-8138 310 6987 1995 Apr 29 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Effectiveness of health checks conducted by nurses in primary care: final results of the OXCHECK study. Imperial Cancer Research Fund OXCHECK Study Group. 1099-104 To determine the effectiveness of health checks, performed by nurses (...) rechecks were no more effective than a single recheck at three years, but health checks led to a significant increase in visits to the nurse according to patients' degree of cardiovascular risk. The benefits of health checks were sustained over three years. The main effects were to promote dietary change and reduce cholesterol concentrations; small differences in blood pressure may have been attributable to accommodation to measurement. The benefits of systematic health promotion in primary

BMJ1995 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

1088. The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions: a systematic overview

The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions: a systematic overview The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions: a systematic overview The effectiveness of home visiting as a delivery strategy for public health nursing interventions: a systematic overview Ciliska D, Hayward S, Thomas H, Mitchell A, Dobbins M, Underwood J, Rafael A, Martin E Authors' objectives To examine the effectiveness (...) of public health nursing (PHN) interventions offered through the strategy of home visiting. Searching MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched from 1979 to 1993 using the keywords 'PHN' or 'CHN' and 'effectiveness', 'comparative', 'control' or 'evaluative' 'study'; the term 'home visiting' was applied for more specific searching back to 1989. Relevant authors were searched on-line from 1986 to 1993, and the following journals were handsearched from 1990 to 1993: Canadian Journal of Public Health, Canadian

DARE.1994

1089. A meta-analysis of intervention effectiveness for symptom management in oncology nursing research

A meta-analysis of intervention effectiveness for symptom management in oncology nursing research A meta-analysis of intervention effectiveness for symptom management in oncology nursing research A meta-analysis of intervention effectiveness for symptom management in oncology nursing research Smith M C, Holcombe J K, Stullenbarger E Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of symptom management in oncology nursing. Searching Nineteen US nursing journals, Oncology Congress proceedings (...) , five indices and three computer databases were searched from 1981 to 1990 for eligible published and unpublished studies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Inclusion criteria were: the article was identifiable as a research investigation; at least one author was a registered nurse; and there were sufficient data to analyse. The studies had to meet at least one of the following criteria: address part of a nursing

DARE.1994

1090. Effectiveness of health checks conducted by nurses in primary care: results of the OXCHECK study after one year. Imperial Cancer Research Fund OXCHECK Study Group.

Effectiveness of health checks conducted by nurses in primary care: results of the OXCHECK study after one year. Imperial Cancer Research Fund OXCHECK Study Group. 8124120 1994 04 13 1994 04 13 2013 11 21 0959-8138 308 6924 1994 Jan 29 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Effectiveness of health checks conducted by nurses in primary care: results of the OXCHECK study after one year. Imperial Cancer Research Fund OXCHECK Study Group. 308-12 To assess the effectiveness of health checks by nurses (...) pressure > or = 100 mm Hg was 2.6% (55/2131) in the intervention group and 3.4% (137/3987) in the controls (difference 0.9% (0.0 to 1.7)); the proportion with total cholesterol concentration > or = 8 mmol/l 4.8% (100/2068) and 7.6% (295/3905) (difference 2.7% (1.5 to 4.0)); and that with body mass index > or = 30 12.4% (264/2125) and 14.0% (559/3984) (difference 1.6% (-0.2 to 3.4)). General health checks by nurses are ineffective in helping smokers to stop smoking, but they help patients to modify their diet

BMJ1994 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

1091. Nicotine patch therapy for smoking cessation combined with physician advice and nurse follow-up. One-year outcome and percentage of nicotine replacement.

Nicotine patch therapy for smoking cessation combined with physician advice and nurse follow-up. One-year outcome and percentage of nicotine replacement. 8301791 1994 03 10 1994 03 10 2016 10 17 0098-7484 271 8 1994 Feb 23 JAMA JAMA Nicotine patch therapy for smoking cessation combined with physician advice and nurse follow-up. One-year outcome and percentage of nicotine replacement. 595-600 To determine the efficacy of a 22-mg nicotine patch combined with the National Cancer Institute program (...) for physician advice and nurse follow-up in providing withdrawal symptom relief, 1-year smoking cessation outcome, and percentage of nicotine replacement. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Two-hundred forty healthy volunteers who were smoking at least 20 cigarettes per day. Based on the National Cancer Institute program, subjects received smoking cessation advice from a physician. Follow-up and relapse prevention were provided by a study nurse during individual counseling sessions

JAMA1994

1092. A randomized trial of physical rehabilitation for very frail nursing home residents.

A randomized trial of physical rehabilitation for very frail nursing home residents. 8301766 1994 03 09 1994 03 09 2016 10 17 0098-7484 271 7 1994 Feb 16 JAMA JAMA A randomized trial of physical rehabilitation for very frail nursing home residents. 519-24 Past studies suggest multidisciplinary interventions that include physical therapy (PT) can improve function of nursing home residents. This trial specifically evaluates effects of PT for frail long-stay nursing home residents. Randomized (...) , controlled trial. One academic nursing home and eight community nursing homes. A total of 194 elderly nursing home residents dependent in at least two activities of daily living residing in the nursing home for at least 3 months. Patients were randomized to individually tailored one-on-one PT sessions or friendly visits (FVs) three times a week for 4 months. Physical therapy included range-of-motion, strength, balance, transfer, and mobility exercises. Performance-based physical function assessed

JAMA1994

1093. Nursing in action: strengthening nursing and midwifery to support health for all

Nursing in action: strengthening nursing and midwifery to support health for all WHO IRIS: Nursing in action: strengthening nursing and midwifery to support health for all Browse Related links Files in This Item: File Description Size Format 1.05 MB Adobe PDF Title: Nursing in action: strengthening nursing and midwifery to support health for all Authors: Issue Date: 1994 Publisher: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe Relation: WHO regional publications. European series;48 (...) Place of publication: Copenhagen Language: English Abstract: A practical, step-by-step guide to the introduction of changes intended to strengthen the role and status of nurses in Europe. Emphasis is placed on changes that lead to improved patient care in line with the principles of health for all. Noting that nurses are uniquely placed to perceive the need for change and then take the initiative, the book aims to help readers think through weaknesses in health care, understand how to introduce

WHO1994

1094. Nurse-assisted counseling for smokers in primary care.

Nurse-assisted counseling for smokers in primary care. Nurse-assisted counseling for smo... preview & related info | Mendeley E-mail address Password ( ) Remember me …or sign in with Search Main Navigation › Short URL Annals of Internal Medicine ( 1993 ) Volume: 118 , Issue: 7 , Pages: 521-525 PubMed: Available from or Find this paper at: Abstract OBJECTIVE: Physician-delivered advice to stop smoking is effective, but time demands often reduce the number of smokers who receive assistance. We (...) evaluated three nurse-assisted interventions designed to minimize physician burden and increase counseling in primary care settings. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with a 12-month follow-up. SETTING: Internal medicine and family practice offices in a health maintenance organization. PARTICIPANTS: Smokers (n = 3161) who were patients of participating physicians or other medical care providers (n = 60). INTERVENTION: Medical care providers delivered a 30-second stop-smoking prompt to 2707 smokers

Annals of Internal Medicine1993

1095. A randomized trial of a program to reduce the use of psychoactive drugs in nursing homes.

A randomized trial of a program to reduce the use of psychoactive drugs in nursing homes. 1608408 1992 07 21 1992 07 21 2010 03 24 0028-4793 327 3 1992 Jul 16 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. A randomized trial of a program to reduce the use of psychoactive drugs in nursing homes. 168-73 Although psychoactive medications have substantial side effects in the elderly, these drugs are used frequently in nursing homes. Few interventions have succeeded in changing this situation (...) , and little is known about the clinical effects of such interventions. We studied six matched pairs of nursing homes; at one randomly selected nursing home in each pair, physicians, nurses, and aides participated in an educational program in geriatric psychopharmacology. At base line we determined the type and quantity of drugs received by all residents (n = 823), and a blinded observer performed standardized clinical assessments of the residents who were taking psychoactive medications. After the five

NEJM1992

1096. Urinary incontinence: prevalence, need for treatment, and effectiveness of intervention by nurse.

Urinary incontinence: prevalence, need for treatment, and effectiveness of intervention by nurse. 1747675 1992 01 23 1992 01 23 2010 03 24 0959-8138 303 6813 1991 Nov 23 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Urinary incontinence: prevalence, need for treatment, and effectiveness of intervention by nurse. 1308-12 To measure the unmet need of patients with regular urinary incontinence (incontinence twice or more a month) treatable by a nurse. Self completed postal questionnaire and randomised (...) controlled trial of assessment and intervention by a nurse. One urban and one rural general practice in Somerset. 7300 adults randomly selected from 10,300 aged 35 and over on the combined practice lists. 515 women and 185 men with regular incontinence were offered assessment and treatment, of whom 134 women and 49 men had no intervention for three months (historical controls). They then joined the assessment and treatment programme. Four sessions of pelvic floor exercises and bladder retraining

BMJ1991 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

1097. Using nurses for preventive activities with computer assisted follow up: a randomised controlled trial.

Using nurses for preventive activities with computer assisted follow up: a randomised controlled trial. 2495053 1989 05 12 1989 05 12 2014 07 28 0959-8138 298 6671 1989 Feb 18 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Using nurses for preventive activities with computer assisted follow up: a randomised controlled trial. 433-6 To assess whether an organised programme of prevention including the use of a health promotion nurse noticeably improved recording and follow up of cardiovascular risk factors (...) and cervical smears in a general practice that had access to computerised cell and recall. Randomised controlled trial. General practice in inner London. All 3206 men and women aged 30-64 registered with the practice. The intervention group had their risk factors ascertained and followed up by the health promotion nurse and the general practitioner, whereas those in the control group were managed by the general practitioner alone. Recording and follow up of blood pressure and cervical smears after three

BMJ1989 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

1098. A clinical trial of a behavioral therapy to reduce urinary incontinence in nursing homes. Outcome and implications.

A clinical trial of a behavioral therapy to reduce urinary incontinence in nursing homes. Outcome and implications. 2496240 1989 05 30 1989 05 30 2016 10 17 0098-7484 261 18 1989 May 12 JAMA JAMA A clinical trial of a behavioral therapy to reduce urinary incontinence in nursing homes. Outcome and implications. 2656-62 One hundred thirty-three incontinent women in seven nursing homes were assigned randomly to a 13-week behavior therapy program for urinary incontinence or to a control group (...) , Berkeley 94720. Igou J F JF Kaltreider D L DL Yu L C LC Rohner T J TJ Dennis P J PJ Craighead W E WE Hadley E C EC Ory M G MG eng Clinical Trial Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM JAMA. 1989 Nov 10;262(18):2538-9 2810578 Aged Aged, 80 and over Behavior Therapy methods Clinical Trials as Topic Cost-Benefit Analysis Female Follow-Up Studies Homes for the Aged Humans Nursing Homes Random Allocation Urinary

JAMA1989

1099. Weight gain and movement patterns of very low birthweight babies nursed on lambswool.

Weight gain and movement patterns of very low birthweight babies nursed on lambswool. 6138551 1983 12 17 1983 12 17 2015 06 16 0140-6736 2 8357 1983 Oct 29 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Weight gain and movement patterns of very low birthweight babies nursed on lambswool. 1014-6 34 very low birthweight babies (mean 1143 g) in incubators were randomly assigned to be continuously nursed on lambswool (n = 17) or ordinary cotton sheets (n = 17). The weight gain for the periods when babies were

Lancet1983

1100. Effect of catheter tunnelling and a nutrition nurse on catheter sepsis during parenteral nutrition. A controlled trial.

Effect of catheter tunnelling and a nutrition nurse on catheter sepsis during parenteral nutrition. A controlled trial. 6140494 1984 02 14 1984 02 14 2015 06 16 0140-6736 2 8364 1983 Dec 17 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Effect of catheter tunnelling and a nutrition nurse on catheter sepsis during parenteral nutrition. A controlled trial. 1388-90 In a three-year controlled trial of subcutaneous catheter tunnelling as a method of reducing total parenteral nutrition (TPN) catheter sepsis 99 (...) silicone catheters (52 tunnelled, 47 untunnelled) were inserted into the subclavian (94%) or jugular (6%) veins under aseptic conditions. The influence of a nutrition nurse, who joined the nutrition team after 18 months, on catheter sepsis rate was also documented. Catheter sepsis was confirmed in 13 of 47 (28%) untunnelled catheters and only 6 of 52 (11.5%) tunnelled catheters (p less than 0.05). A nutrition nurse reduced sepsis rate from 33% (tunnelled 6, untunnelled 11) to 4% (0 tunnelled; 2

Lancet1983