Latest & greatest articles for metformin

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Top results for metformin

1. Metformin?s role in type 1 diabetes: the removal trial

Metformin?s role in type 1 diabetes: the removal trial Metformin’s Role in Type 1 Diabetes: the REMOVAL Trial – Clinical Correlations Search Metformin’s Role in Type 1 Diabetes: the REMOVAL Trial February 14, 2019 5 min read By William Plowe Peer Reviewed Metformin has been the first-line drug in type 2 diabetes for over a decade, but its possible benefit in type 1 diabetes (DM1) is still a matter of study. The American Diabetes Association lists metformin as an investigational agent that may (...) reduce insulin requirements in DM1, but it is not FDA-approved for that use. REMOVAL, a 2017 multicenter double-blind placebo-controlled study, studied metformin in adults with DM1. It is biologically plausible that metformin could have a role in DM1. Metformin, a biguanide, works by several mechanisms, including inhibition of gluconeogenesis and reducing insulin resistance. Importantly, in the UKPDS 34 study . Insulin resistance, the hallmark of type 2 diabetes, is often present in patients

2019 Clinical Correlations

2. Comparative effect of saxagliptin and glimepiride with a composite endpoint of adequate glycaemic control without hypoglycaemia and without weight gain in patients uncontrolled with metformin therapy: Results from the SPECIFY study, a 48-week, multi-centr

Comparative effect of saxagliptin and glimepiride with a composite endpoint of adequate glycaemic control without hypoglycaemia and without weight gain in patients uncontrolled with metformin therapy: Results from the SPECIFY study, a 48-week, multi-centr To compare the efficacy and safety of saxagliptin and glimepiride in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients who are inadequately controlled with metformin monotherapy.In this 48-week, multi-centre, open-label, randomized, parallel trial (NCT02280486 (...) that, compared to glimepiride, saxagliptin more effectively achieves a composite endpoint of adequate glycaemic control without hypoglycaemia and without weight gain in T2D patients who are inadequately controlled with metformin monotherapy, especially in overweight patients with moderate hyperglycaemia and a relatively short duration of diabetes.© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

3. Association of Long-term Child Growth and Developmental Outcomes With Metformin vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

Association of Long-term Child Growth and Developmental Outcomes With Metformin vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes Metformin is an emerging option for treating gestational diabetes (GDM). However, because metformin crosses the placenta, patients and clinicians are concerned with its long-term effect on child health.To estimate the association of treating GDM with metformin vs insulin with child growth and development.Population-based cohort study of New Zealand women treated (...) with metformin or insulin for GDM from 2005 to 2012 and their children. This study linked national health care data to create a cohort of mothers and their children, including data from maternity care, pharmaceutical dispensing, hospitalizations, demographic records, and the B4 School Check (B4SC) preschool health assessment. Women treated pharmacologically with metformin or insulin during pregnancy were included. We excluded pregnancies with evidence of diabetes and deliveries prior to 2013. Liveborn

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Metformin shows early promise for controlling clozapine-related weight gain

Metformin shows early promise for controlling clozapine-related weight gain Metformin shows early promise for controlling clozapine-related weight gain Discover Portal Discover Portal Metformin shows early promise for controlling clozapine-related weight gain Published on 30 August 2016 doi: People with schizophrenia who were taking clozapine had greater weight loss, reductions in waist circumference, and lower glucose and triglycerides, when given metformin compared to placebo (...) are unsuccessful. SIGN guidelines recommend considering the use of metformin, and this review suggests it is likely to be beneficial, though this is early stage research. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic mental health condition. It affects around 1 in 100 people in their lifetime. Many respond to initial drug treatment but around 20% of people do not respond sufficiently well. After two attempts with different antipsychotic medicines

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

5. Metformin Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Vascular Health in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Metformin Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Vascular Health in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and relates strongly to insulin resistance (IR). Lean and obese adolescents with T1DM have marked IR. Metformin improves surrogate markers of IR in T1DM, but its effect on directly measured IR and vascular health in youth with T1DM is unclear. We hypothesized that adolescents with T1DM have impaired vascular (...) function and that metformin improves this IR and vascular dysfunction.Adolescents with T1DM and control participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the ascending (AA) and descending aorta to assess pulse wave velocity, relative area change, and maximal (WSSMAX) and time-averaged (WSSTA) wall shear stress. Participants with T1DM also underwent assessment of carotid intima-media thickness by ultrasound, brachial distensibility by DynaPulse, fat and lean mass by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Sustained 52-week efficacy and safety of triple therapy with dapagliflozin plus saxagliptin versus dual therapy with sitagliptin added to metformin in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes

Sustained 52-week efficacy and safety of triple therapy with dapagliflozin plus saxagliptin versus dual therapy with sitagliptin added to metformin in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes To compare the efficacy and safety of an intensification strategy of early triple combination therapy with dapagliflozin (DAPA) plus saxagliptin (SAXA) to a dual therapy strategy with sitagliptin (SITA) in patients with type 2 diabetes who are inadequately controlled with metformin (MET) monotherapy.This

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin?

Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? | NPS MedicineWise 20 Years Of Helping Australians Make Better Decisions About Medicines, Medical Tests And Other Health Technologies. Log in Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google Signing you in Use another account OR Login Form Email Password Log in to NPS MedicineWise Forgot password Forgot password Email Send reset instructions Set new password Reset Password Password Set password Account exists We found (...) that match your past search terms. We’ll send you email alerts for articles that match these search terms: History Clear all to view your search history. Menu Breadcrumbs Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? Type 2 diabetes: what's next after metformin? With a range of blood glucose-lowering medicines on the market, it can be hard to decide what to prescribe for patients needing more than metformin. Share Share to: Larger text Smaller text This program is funded by Boehringer Ingelheim Pty

2019 National Prescribing Service Limited (Australia)

8. Dapagliflozin versus saxagliptin as add-on therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. (PubMed)

Dapagliflozin versus saxagliptin as add-on therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. This analysis compared the efficacy and safety of the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, dapagliflozin, and the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitor, saxagliptin, both added on to metformin.This was a post-hoc analysis from a double-blind, randomized, 24-week clinical trial (NCT01606007) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) inadequately controlled (...) with metformin. We compared the dapagliflozin 10 mg (n = 179) and saxagliptin 5 mg (n = 176) treatment arms.Dapagliflozin showed significantly greater mean reductions versus saxagliptin in HbA1c (difference versus saxagliptin [95% CI]: -0.32% [-0.54, -0.10]; p < 0.005), fasting plasma glucose (-0.98 [-1.42, -0.54] mmol/L; p < 0.0001), body weight (-2.39 [-3.08, -1.71] kg; p < 0.0001) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (-3.89 [-6.15, -1.63] mmHg; p < 0.001). More dapagliflozintreated than saxagliptin-treated

2018 Archives of endocrinology and metabolism

9. Teneligliptin versus sitagliptin in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin and glimepiride: A randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial

Teneligliptin versus sitagliptin in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin and glimepiride: A randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial To assess the efficacy and safety of add-on therapy with the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor teneligliptin compared with sitagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) inadequately controlled with metformin and glimepiride.This was a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority study of adult Korean (...) subjects with T2DM (n = 201), with HbA1c ranging from 7.0% to 11.0%, on stable doses of metformin plus glimepiride. Subjects were randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive either oral teneligliptin 20 mg or sitagliptin 100 mg for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was change from baseline in HbA1c.At baseline, mean age was 60.56 ± 9.41 years, body mass index was 25.23 ± 2.85 kg/m2 and HbA1c was 8.11% ± 0.79%. At 24 weeks, both groups achieved significant reductions from baseline in HbA1c (teneligliptin, -1.03

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

10. Efficacy and safety of once-weekly dulaglutide versus insulin glargine in mainly Asian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus on metformin and/or a sulphonylurea: A 52-week open-label, randomized phase III trial

Efficacy and safety of once-weekly dulaglutide versus insulin glargine in mainly Asian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus on metformin and/or a sulphonylurea: A 52-week open-label, randomized phase III trial To compare the efficacy and safety of once-weekly dulaglutide with that of insulin glargine in combination with metformin and/or a sulphonylurea in mainly Asian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).In this 52-week, randomized, parallel-arm open-label study, we enrolled patients (...) glargine in a population of mainly Asian patients with T2DM who had failed to achieve optimal glycaemic control on metformin and/or a sulphonylurea.© 2018 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

11. Safety and Efficacy of Exenatide Once Weekly Plus Dapagliflozin Once Daily Versus Exenatide or Dapagliflozin Alone in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled With Metformin Monotherapy: 52-Week Results of the DURATION-8 Randomized Controlled

Safety and Efficacy of Exenatide Once Weekly Plus Dapagliflozin Once Daily Versus Exenatide or Dapagliflozin Alone in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled With Metformin Monotherapy: 52-Week Results of the DURATION-8 Randomized Controlled Among patients with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled with metformin, exenatide once weekly (QW) plus dapagliflozin combination produced greater reductions in glycemia, weight, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) at 28 weeks than exenatide QW (...) or dapagliflozin alone (DURATION-8). Here, we investigated the safety and maintenance of efficacy at 52 weeks, after a 24-week extension.This phase 3, multicenter, double-blind study randomized adults with type 2 diabetes (with glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] 8.0-12.0% [64-108 mmol/mol] and on metformin ≥1,500 mg/day) to exenatide QW (2-mg subcutaneous injection) plus once-daily dapagliflozin (10-mg oral tablet), exenatide QW plus oral placebo, or dapagliflozin plus injected placebo. Extension-period P values were

2018 EvidenceUpdates

12. A randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of biphasic insulin aspart 30 plus metformin with biphasic insulin aspart 30 monotherapy for type 2 diabetes patients inadequately controlled with oral anti

A randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of biphasic insulin aspart 30 plus metformin with biphasic insulin aspart 30 monotherapy for type 2 diabetes patients inadequately controlled with oral anti To confirm non-inferiority of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) plus metformin to BIAsp 30 in lowering glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in Chinese patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes using oral antidiabetic drugs.In this 16 (...) -week, prospective, randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-controlled study, patients aged 18-79 years with HbA1c ≥7% were randomized to BIAsp 30 plus metformin (n = 130) or BIAsp 30 (n = 127). Initially, 500 mg metformin was administered twice daily and BIAsp 30 was administered at 0.2-0.3 U/kg/d. Changes in HbA1c % from baseline to week 16 as well as secondary and safety endpoints were assessed.In total, 83.66% of patients in the BIAsp 30 plus metformin (n = 110) and the BIAsp 30 (n = 105

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

13. Metformin added to bosentan therapy in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart defects: a pilot study (PubMed)

Metformin added to bosentan therapy in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart defects: a pilot study Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common complication of a congenital heart defect (CHD). Recent studies suggest metformin may be a potential drug to improve cardiac function in PAH. A pilot study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of short-term treatment with a combination regimen consisting of bosentan and metformin in PAH-CHD patients (...) as compared with bosentan monotherapy in a prospective, randomised study. Patients with PAH-CHD were randomised to receive bosentan (initially at 62.5 mg twice daily for 4 weeks and then 125 mg twice daily) for 3 months with or without the combination treatment of metformin (500 mg twice daily). 93 patients were enrolled to bosentan monotherapy (n=48) or bosentan/metformin combination treatment (n=45). After 3 months, both treatments significantly improved World Health Organization functional class, 6-min

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2018 ERJ open research

14. Combination of metformin and pioglitazone and its effect in treatment of comorbid pathology. (PubMed)

Combination of metformin and pioglitazone and its effect in treatment of comorbid pathology. Introduction: The early development and high incidence of cardiovascular lesion in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most serious challenges for the diabetology worldwide. The aim: The purpose of the paper is to determine the dynamics of the insulin resistance indices in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus concomitant with coronary heart disease in the combination therapy (...) with metformin and pioglitazone during 3 and 6 months.Materials and methods: 95 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease have been treated and randomized into two groups: the comparison group (n=37), treated with metformin and sulfonylureas, and the study group (n=58), treated with metformin in combination with pioglitazone. Prior, after 3 and 6 months of treatment C-peptide was assessed and index of the insulin resistance was calculated.Results: The resulting data proved

2018 Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)

15. Giving obese pregnant women metformin had no effect on baby’s weight at birth

Giving obese pregnant women metformin had no effect on baby’s weight at birth Giving obese pregnant women metformin had no effect on baby’s weight at birth Discover Portal Discover Portal Giving obese pregnant women metformin had no effect on baby’s weight at birth Published on 15 September 2015 doi: A large trial found that giving obese pregnant women the diabetes drug, metformin, to prevent heavier babies, had no effect compared with an inactive dummy tablet. The trial was funded by the NIHR (...) and Medical Research Council, and was the first to give metformin, a diabetes drug that is safe in pregnancy, to pregnant women without type 2 diabetes for this purpose. There are theoretical reasons why the medication may help in reducing a baby’s birthweight and previous studies had shown links between higher glucose levels in mother’s blood and larger babies. Participants received either standard doses of metformin or the inactive tablet from about 12 weeks of a mother’s pregnancy to a baby’s birth

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

16. A 26-Week Randomized Controlled Trial of Semaglutide Once Daily Versus Liraglutide and Placebo in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Suboptimally Controlled on Diet and Exercise With or Without Metformin

A 26-Week Randomized Controlled Trial of Semaglutide Once Daily Versus Liraglutide and Placebo in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Suboptimally Controlled on Diet and Exercise With or Without Metformin To investigate the efficacy and safety of once-daily semaglutide in comparison with once-daily liraglutide and placebo in patients with type 2 diabetes.This 26-week, multicenter, double-blind trial involved patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes with HbA1c 7.0-10.0% (53-86 mmol/mol) and treated (...) with diet and exercise with or without metformin. Patients were randomized 2:2:1 to once-daily semaglutide, liraglutide, or placebo in one of four volume-matched doses (semaglutide 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, or 0.3 mg and liraglutide 0.3, 0.6, 1.2, or 1.8 mg, with both compared within each volume-matched dose group). Primary end point was change in HbA1c from baseline to week 26.In total, 705 randomized patients were exposed to trial products. At week 26, a dose-dependent change in HbA1c was observed

2018 EvidenceUpdates

17. Efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin or dapagliflozin plus saxagliptin versus glimepiride as add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes

Efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin or dapagliflozin plus saxagliptin versus glimepiride as add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes To compare the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin and dapagliflozin plus saxagliptin vs glimepiride as add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes.This 52-week, multicentre, double-blind, active-controlled study (NCT02471404) randomized (1:1:1) patients (n = 939; HbA1c 7.5%-10.5%) on metformin monotherapy (≥1500 mg/day) to add (...) patients required rescue. Genital infections were more frequent with dapagliflozin; other AE profiles were similar.Dapagliflozin, saxagliptin and metformin improved glycaemic control compared with glimepiride plus metformin; add-on of dapagliflozin alone showed efficacy similar to that of glimepiride. Both dapagliflozin regimens decreased body weight and SBP, with a lower incidence of hypoglycaemia compared with glimepiride.© 2018 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

18. Metformin

Metformin Top results for metformin - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 (...) or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for metformin The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

19. Metformin for women who are overweight or obese during pregnancy for improving maternal and infant outcomes. (PubMed)

Metformin for women who are overweight or obese during pregnancy for improving maternal and infant outcomes. There has been considerable interest in providing antenatal dietary and lifestyle advice for women with obesity or who are overweight during pregnancy, as a strategy to limit gestational weight gain and improve maternal and infant health. However, such antenatal interventions appear to have a modest effect on gestational weight gain and other clinical pregnancy and birth outcomes (...) and additional strategies are required.Metformin is an oral insulin-sensitising medication that acts to decrease blood glucose concentrations. Metformin is commonly used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and polycystic ovarian syndrome, and is being used increasingly in the treatment of gestational diabetes, having been shown to result in decreased rates of caesarean birth and neonatal hypoglycaemia. Metformin may be an adjuvant therapy to current antenatal strategies in pregnant women

2018 Cochrane

20. Association of Metformin Use With Risk of Lactic Acidosis Across the Range of Kidney Function: A Community-Based Cohort Study

Association of Metformin Use With Risk of Lactic Acidosis Across the Range of Kidney Function: A Community-Based Cohort Study Approximately 1 million patients in the United States with type 2 diabetes mellitus and mild-to-moderate kidney disease do not receive guideline-directed therapy with metformin. This may reflect uncertainty regarding the risk of acidosis in patients with chronic kidney disease.To quantify the association between metformin use and hospitalization with acidosis across (...) the range of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), accounting for change in eGFR stage over time.Community-based cohort of 75 413 patients with diabetes in Geisinger Health System, with time-dependent assessment of eGFR stage from January 2004 until January 2017. Results were replicated in 67 578 new metformin users and 14 439 new sulfonylurea users from 2010 to 2015, sourced from 350 private US health systems.Metformin use.Hospitalization with acidosis (International Classification of Diseases

2018 EvidenceUpdates