Latest & greatest articles for measles

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Top results for measles

2. Measles

Measles Measles - NICE CKS Clinical Knowledge Summaries Share Measles: Summary Measles is a highly contagious airborne infection caused by a morbillivirus of the paramyxovirus family. It infects, via the respiratory tract, nearly all susceptible people who come into contact with it. Once infected, the person develops lifelong immunity. Although endemic in the UK in the past, measles has become relatively rare since the introduction of measles immunization. The main complications of measles (...) are of the respiratory tract or central nervous system and include: Otitis media. Pneumonia, pneumonitis, and tracheobronchitis. Convulsions, encephalitis, and blindness. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (a rare but serious complication affecting about 1 in 25,000 people with measles). Measles tends to be more severe in adults, infants, pregnancy, and immunocompromised people. Measles is usually a self-limiting condition; symptoms usually resolve over the course of about a week. Prodromal symptoms include fever

2013 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

3. Zinc supplementation for the treatment of measles in children. (Full text)

Zinc supplementation for the treatment of measles in children. Measles is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality globally, despite increasing vaccine coverage. Zinc plays a significant role in the maintenance of normal immunological functions, therefore supplements given to zinc-deficient children will increase the availability of zinc and could reduce measles-related morbidity and mortality. This is an update of a review first published in 2015.To assess the effects of zinc (...) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We included only one study, and did not conduct meta-analysis.We did not identify any new studies for inclusion in this update. One RCT met our inclusion criteria. The study was conducted in India and included 85 children diagnosed with measles and pneumonia. The trial showed no significant difference in mortality between children with measles and pneumonia who received zinc supplements and those who received placebo (RR 0.34, 95% CI 0.01 to 8.14

2017 Cochrane PubMed

4. Measles infection

Measles infection Measles infection - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Measles infection Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2019 Summary Preventable by immunisation but high levels of coverage are required to prevent outbreaks of disease from occurring. No specific treatment for measles is available except for supportive care. Complications of measles are more common in immunocompromised (...) and poorly nourished individuals and include pneumonia, laryngotracheitis, otitis media, and encephalitis. Definition Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by measles virus, characterised by a maculopapular rash, cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, and a pathognomonic enanthem (Koplik's spots) with an incubation period of about 10 days. History and exam potential exposure to measles unimmunised or vaccine failure fever cough coryza conjunctivitis Koplik's spots maculopapular rash exposure to measles

2018 BMJ Best Practice

5. Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine was not associated with autism in children (Full text)

Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine was not associated with autism in children Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine was not associated with autism in children | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts (...) Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine was not associated with autism in children Article Text Causation Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine was not associated with autism in children Free Stephanie Wright , CFNP, CPNP, PhD Statistics from

2004 Evidence-Based Nursing PubMed

6. The Challenge of Measles Control

The Challenge of Measles Control The Challenge of Measles Control – Clinical Correlations Search The Challenge of Measles Control September 15, 2010 13 min read By Taher Modarressi Faculty Peer Reviewed Measles remains one of the leading causes of preventable child mortality worldwide, despite the development of an effective vaccine in the 1960s. Even as late as the early 1990s, measles continued to infect tens of millions of people and claimed over a million lives each year (51]. Although (...) mortality dropped by 78% from 2000 to 2008 due to aggressive control initiatives, the disease is still responsible for 164,000 deaths annually [12, 72]. Morbidity and mortality is mostly due to measles-associated pneumonia [13, 59], middle-ear infection [13, 30, 59], corneal inflammation and ulceration (27, 28, 46, 64), diarrhea [19, 35, 61, 70] and, rarely, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis [36, 37, 77]. Currently, the disease accounts for 3-4% of all deaths worldwide in children under the age

2010 Clinical Correlations

7. Routine vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of blindness due to measles infection in children. (PubMed)

Routine vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of blindness due to measles infection in children. Reduced vitamin A concentration increases the risk of blindness in children infected with the measles virus. Promoting vitamin A supplementation in children with measles contributes to the control of blindness in children, which is a high priority within the World Health Organization (WHO) VISION 2020 The Right to Sight Program.To assess the efficacy of vitamin A in preventing blindness (...) in children with measles without prior clinical features of vitamin A deficiency.We searched CENTRAL 2015, Issue 11, MEDLINE (1950 to December week 3, 2015), Embase (1974 to December 2015) and LILACS (1985 to December 2015).Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of vitamin A in preventing blindness in well-nourished children diagnosed with measles but with no prior clinical features of vitamin A deficiency.For the original review, two review authors independently assessed studies

2016 Cochrane

8. Measles infection

Measles infection Measles infection - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Measles infection Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2019 Summary Preventable by immunisation but high levels of coverage are required to prevent outbreaks of disease from occurring. No specific treatment for measles is available except for supportive care. Complications of measles are more common in immunocompromised (...) and poorly nourished individuals and include pneumonia, laryngotracheitis, otitis media, and encephalitis. Definition Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by measles virus, characterised by a maculopapular rash, cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, and a pathognomonic enanthem (Koplik's spots) with an incubation period of about 10 days. History and exam potential exposure to measles unimmunised or vaccine failure fever cough coryza conjunctivitis Koplik's spots maculopapular rash exposure to measles

2019 BMJ Best Practice

9. Measles

Measles Top results for measles - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading (...) history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for measles The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

10. Measles in 2016

Measles in 2016 Measles in 2016 – Clinical Correlations Search Measles in 2016 July 20, 2016 7 min read By Chio Yokose, MD Peer Reviewed On March 13, 2013, a young traveler returned home from London to our neighboring borough of Brooklyn, NY. Among this individual’s possessions was an active measles infection, one which subsequently led to one of the largest outbreaks of measles in the United States since 1996 [ ]. The individual was an intentionally unvaccinated 17-year-old member (...) of the Orthodox Jewish community in Brooklyn. A total of 58 cases were eventually identified, and all of them were in the Brooklyn Orthodox Jewish community. Of those cases, one child developed viral pneumonia and two pregnant [ ]. Outbreaks of measles continue to occur throughout the United States, despite the fact that the elimination of the indigenous circulation of the measles [ ]. Since then, the US has seen an average of 60 cases of measles per year until 2013, when the incidence nearly tripled to 175

2016 Clinical Correlations

11. Determinants of European parents' decision on the vaccination of their children against measles, mumps and rubella: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Determinants of European parents' decision on the vaccination of their children against measles, mumps and rubella: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Low measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) immunization levels in European children highlight the importance of identifying determinants of parental vaccine uptake to implement policies for increasing vaccine compliance. The aim of this paper is to identify the main factors associated with partial and full MMR vaccination uptake in European parents

2016 Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics PubMed

12. Effectiveness of measles vaccination and vitamin A treatment

Effectiveness of measles vaccination and vitamin A treatment Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2010 DARE.

13. Measles and Measles Vaccination: A Review. (PubMed)

Measles and Measles Vaccination: A Review. Measles is a highly communicable viral infection with serious complications. There have been continued outbreaks of measles in countries in which measles is considered to be eliminated, such as the United States and the Netherlands, and measles remains endemic in some countries. Health care professionals play an important role in diagnosing and managing acute cases of measles, preventing spread during outbreaks, and vaccination uptake.To provide (...) an overview of measles and vaccination for health care professionals.MEDLINE and PubMed were searched from January 1, 1980, to April 30, 2016, in addition to the data repositories of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization.Seven systematic reviews, 15 reviews, 15 observational studies, 1 qualitative study, 5 epidemiologic reports, and 2 books were included, in addition to World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data, position papers

2016 JAMA pediatrics

14. Application of the World Health Organization Programmatic Assessment Tool for Risk of Measles Virus Transmission-Lessons Learned from a Measles Outbreak in Senegal

Application of the World Health Organization Programmatic Assessment Tool for Risk of Measles Virus Transmission-Lessons Learned from a Measles Outbreak in Senegal WHO | Measles Programmatic Risk Assessment Tool WHO Regional websites Access Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals Menu Measles Programmatic Risk Assessment Tool The World Health Organization (WHO) measles programmatic risk assessment tool was developed to help national programmes to identify areas not meeting measles programmatic (...) targets, and based on the findings, guide and strengthen measles elimination program activities and reduce the risk of outbreaks. This Excel-based tool assesses subnational programmatic risk as the sum of indicator scores in four categories: population immunity, surveillance quality, program performance, and threat assessment. Each subnational area is assigned to a programmatic risk category of low, medium, high, or very high risk based on the overall risk score. Scoring for each indicator

2015 WHO

15. The measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) and autism

The measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) and autism The measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) and autism The measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) and autism Higgins S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Higgins S. The measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) and autism. Clayton, Victoria: Centre for Clinical Effectiveness (CCE) 2003: 14 Authors' objectives (...) This aim of this critical appraisal was to assess whether the combined measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) given according to the Department of Health's immunisation schedule increase the child's risk of developing autism. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autistic Disorder; Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine /adverse effects Language Published English Country of organisation Australia Address for correspondence Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Block E

2003 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

16. The benefits of the measles vaccine go beyond measles

The benefits of the measles vaccine go beyond measles The benefits of the measles vaccine go beyond measles | ScienceBlogs Advertisment Search Search Toggle navigation Main navigation The benefits of the measles vaccine go beyond measles By on May 15, 2015. . One of the disadvantages of writing for this blog is that sometimes I feel as though I spend so much time deconstructing bad science and pseudoscience in medicine that I'm rarely left with the time or the opportunity to discuss some (...) really notice it until an article appeared on (sadly, yes) The Huffington Post entitled " ": A new study suggests the measles shot comes with a bonus: By preventing that disease, the vaccine may also help your body fight off other illnesses for years. It's long been known that contracting measles weakens the immune system for weeks or months, putting people, especially children, at increased risk for potentially fatal infection by a host of germs. Now, scientists find that this vulnerable period goes

2015 Respectful Insolence

17. Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and bowel problems or developmental regression in children with autism: population study. (Full text)

Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and bowel problems or developmental regression in children with autism: population study. To investigate whether measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination is associated with bowel problems and developmental regression in children with autism, looking for evidence of a "new variant" form of autism.Population study with case note review linked to independently recorded vaccine data.Five health districts in north east London.278 children with core autism

2002 BMJ PubMed

18. A two-centre randomised trial of an additional early dose of measles vaccine: Effects on mortality and measles antibody levels. (Full text)

A two-centre randomised trial of an additional early dose of measles vaccine: Effects on mortality and measles antibody levels. In addition to protecting against measles, measles vaccine (MV) may have beneficial nonspecific effects. We tested the effect of an additional early MV on mortality and measles antibody levels.Children aged 4-7 months at rural health and demographic surveillance sites in Burkina Faso and Guinea-Bissau were randomized 1:1 to an extra early standard dose of MV (Edmonston (...) -Zagreb strain) or no extra MV 4 weeks after the third diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-hepatitis B-Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine. All children received routine MV at 9 months. We assessed mortality through home visits and compared mortality from enrollment to age 3 years using Cox proportional hazards models, censoring for subsequent nontrial MV. Subgroups of participants had blood sampled to assess measles antibody levels.Among 8309 children enrolled from 18 July 2012 to 3 December 2015, we

2017 Clinical Infectious Diseases PubMed

19. Measles. (PubMed)

Measles. Measles is a highly contagious disease that results from infection with measles virus and is still responsible for more than 100 000 deaths every year, down from more than 2 million deaths annually before the introduction and widespread use of measles vaccine. Measles virus is transmitted by the respiratory route and illness begins with fever, cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis followed by a characteristic rash. Complications of measles affect most organ systems, with pneumonia (...) accounting for most measles-associated morbidity and mortality. The management of patients with measles includes provision of vitamin A. Measles is best prevented through vaccination, and the major reductions in measles incidence and mortality have renewed interest in regional elimination and global eradication. However, urgent efforts are needed to increase stagnating global coverage with two doses of measles vaccine through advocacy, education, and the strengthening of routine immunisation systems. Use

2017 Lancet

20. Measles outbreaks in the UK, is it when and where, rather than if? A database cohort study of childhood population susceptibility in Liverpool, UK. (Full text)

Measles outbreaks in the UK, is it when and where, rather than if? A database cohort study of childhood population susceptibility in Liverpool, UK. There was a large outbreak of measles in Liverpool, UK, in 2012-2013, despite measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) immunisation uptake rates that were higher than the national average. We estimated measles susceptibility of a cohort of children born in Liverpool between 1995 and 2012 to understand whether there was a change in susceptibility before (...) and after the outbreak and to inform vaccination strategy.Retrospective cohort study.The city of Liverpool, North West UK.All children born in Liverpool (72 101) between 1995 and 2012 inclusive who were identified using the Child Health Information System (CHIS) and were still resident within Liverpool in 2014.We estimated cohort age-disaggregated and neighbourhood-disaggregated measles susceptibility according to WHO thresholds before and after the outbreak for children aged 1-17 years.Susceptibility

2017 BMJ open PubMed