Latest & greatest articles for magnesium

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Top results for magnesium

121. Adults with acute asthma: can intravenous magnesium sulfate help?

Adults with acute asthma: can intravenous magnesium sulfate help? Adults with acute asthma: can intravenous magnesium sulfate help? - Evidently Cochrane Search and hit Go By May 30, 2014 // How useful is intravenous magnesium sulfate in treating people arriving in the Emergency Department with asthma attacks? Can it help some to avoid hospital admission? In this guest post, Dr Chris Cates looks at the latest evidence. The full report of the large “3Mg trial” of intravenous or nebulised (...) magnesium sulfate in adults with asthma exacerbations was published in April 2014[ ]. The authors concluded that they “were unable to demonstrate any clinically worthwhile benefit from magnesium sulphate in acute severe asthma”, and thereby questioned whether there was a place for using intravenous magnesium sulfate in adults with an asthma exacerbation who had not responded to the first line treatments of steroid tablets (on injections) in combination with nebulised salbutamol and ipratropium. However

2014 Evidently Cochrane

122. Dietary magnesium intake and metabolic syndrome: a dose-response meta-analysis

Dietary magnesium intake and metabolic syndrome: a dose-response meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect

2014 PROSPERO

123. Randomised controlled trial: The addition of nebulised magnesium to the standard asthma therapy for children with severe symptoms results in small improvements in asthma severity scores

Randomised controlled trial: The addition of nebulised magnesium to the standard asthma therapy for children with severe symptoms results in small improvements in asthma severity scores The addition of nebulised magnesium to the standard asthma therapy for children with severe symptoms results in small improvements in asthma severity scores | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings (...) via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here The addition of nebulised magnesium

2014 Evidence-Based Medicine

124. School-age outcomes of very preterm infants after antenatal treatment with magnesium sulfate vs placebo. Full Text available with Trip Pro

School-age outcomes of very preterm infants after antenatal treatment with magnesium sulfate vs placebo. Antenatal magnesium sulfate given to pregnant women at imminent risk of very preterm delivery reduces the risk of cerebral palsy in early childhood, although its effects into school age have not been reported from randomized trials.To determine the association between exposure to antenatal magnesium sulfate and neurological, cognitive, academic, and behavioral outcomes at school age.The (...) ACTOMgSO4 was a randomized clinical trial conducted in 16 centers in Australia and New Zealand, comparing magnesium sulfate with placebo given to pregnant women (n = 535 magnesium; n = 527 placebo) for whom imminent birth was planned or expected before 30 weeks' gestation. Children who survived from the 14 centers who participated in the school-age follow-up (n = 443 magnesium; n = 424 placebo) were invited for an assessment at 6 to 11 years of age between 2005 and 2011.Mortality, cerebral palsy, motor

2014 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

125. Effect of magnesium therapy on nocturnal leg cramps: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials with meta-analysis using simulations Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of magnesium therapy on nocturnal leg cramps: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials with meta-analysis using simulations Nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) are common in primary care and may cause severe pain and sleep disturbance. We systematically reviewed the effectiveness of magnesium in treating NLC and the side-effect profile of magnesium compared to placebo.We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, the International Standard Randomised Controlled (...) Trial Number and the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform registries until August 2012. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing magnesium therapy for NLC in adults with any other comparator were eligible. Two investigators independently selected, extracted data from and rated the risk of bias of relevant studies. To compensate for the heterogeneity in outcome measures, simulations were used to summarize the data.Seven RCTs were included in the review (n = 361), all comparing

2013 EvidenceUpdates

126. Magnesium for alcohol withdrawal. (Abstract)

Magnesium for alcohol withdrawal. Patients have been given magnesium to treat or prevent alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). Evidence to support this practice is limited, and is often based on the controversial link between hypomagnesaemia and AWS.To assess the effects of magnesium for the prevention or treatment of AWS in hospitalised adults.We searched the Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group Register of Controlled Trials (August 2012), PubMed (from 1966 to August 2012 ), EMBASE (from 1988 (...) to August 2012), CINAHL (from 1982 to March 2010), Web of Science (1965 to August 2012). We also carried out Internet searches.Randomised or quasi-randomised trials of magnesium for hospitalised adults with, or at risk for, acute alcohol withdrawal.Two review authors independently extracted data with a standardised data extraction form, contacting the correspondence investigator if the necessary information was not available in the reports. Dichotomous outcomes were analysed by calculating the risk

2013 Cochrane

127. Magnesium sulphate for women at term for neuroprotection of the fetus. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Magnesium sulphate for women at term for neuroprotection of the fetus. Magnesium sulphate is extensively used in obstetrics for the treatment and prevention of eclampsia. A recent meta-analysis has shown that magnesium sulphate is an effective fetal neuroprotective agent when given antenatally to women at risk of very preterm birth. Term infants account for more than half of all cases of cerebral palsy, and the incidence has remained fairly constant. It is important to assess if antenatal (...) administration of magnesium sulphate to women at term protects the fetus from brain injury, and associated neurosensory disabilities including cerebral palsy.To assess the effectiveness of magnesium sulphate given to women at term as a neuroprotective agent for the fetus.We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trial Register (31 July 2012) and the reference lists of other Cochrane reviews assessing magnesium sulphate in pregnancy.Randomised controlled trials comparing antenatally

2013 Cochrane

128. Intravenous magnesium prevents atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting: a meta-analysis of 7 double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trials

Intravenous magnesium prevents atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting: a meta-analysis of 7 double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trials Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2013 DARE.

129. Prophylactic Magnesium Does Not Prevent Atrial Fibrillation After Cardiac Surgery: A Meta-Analysis (Abstract)

Prophylactic Magnesium Does Not Prevent Atrial Fibrillation After Cardiac Surgery: A Meta-Analysis Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication after cardiac surgery. Previous meta-analyses have concluded prophylactic magnesium (Mg) prevents postoperative AF, although with a significant degree of heterogeneity among included studies. Recently, the largest randomized, controlled trial published to date (but not included in prior published meta-analyses) concluded that Mg sulfate

2013 EvidenceUpdates

130. Neonatal and infant adverse effects associated with antenatal magnesium sulphate: a systematic review

Neonatal and infant adverse effects associated with antenatal magnesium sulphate: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2013 PROSPERO

131. Preventing recurrent hypomagnesaemia: oral magnesium glycerophosphate

Preventing recurrent hypomagnesaemia: oral magnesium glycerophosphate Pre Prev venting recurrent h enting recurrent hypomagnesaemia: or ypomagnesaemia: oral al magnesium gly magnesium glycerophosphate cerophosphate Evidence summary Published: 29 January 2013 nice.org.uk/guidance/esuom4 pathways K Ke ey points from the e y points from the evidence vidence The content of this evidence summary was up-to-date in January 2013. See summaries of product characteristics (SPCs), British national (...) formulary (BNF) or the MHRA or NICE websites for up-to-date information. Magnesium glycerophosphate is a magnesium salt that is available as a tablet, capsule, liquid solution or liquid suspension for oral use. The British national formulary (BNF) states that oral magnesium glycerophosphate is a suitable preparation to prevent recurrence of symptomatic hypomagnesaemia in people who have already been treated for this condition. This evidence summary looks at the use of oral magnesium glycerophosphate

2013 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

132. Higher dietary intakes of potassium, calcium and magnesium are associated with a reduced risk of developing vascular dementia

Higher dietary intakes of potassium, calcium and magnesium are associated with a reduced risk of developing vascular dementia Higher dietary intakes of potassium, calcium and magnesium are associated with a reduced risk of developing vascular dementia | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log (...) in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Higher dietary intakes of potassium, calcium and magnesium are associated with a reduced risk of developing vascular dementia Article Text

2013 Evidence-Based Mental Health

133. Treatment with magnesium sulphate in pre-term birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Treatment with magnesium sulphate in pre-term birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

134. Magnesium Laboratory Testing for Patients admitted for Heart Failure: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Magnesium Laboratory Testing for Patients admitted for Heart Failure: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time (...) for the purposes of research or private study only. It may not be copied, posted on a web site, redistributed by email or stored on an electronic system without the prior written permission of CADTH or applicable copyright owner. Links: This report may contain links to other information available on the websites of third parties on the Internet. CADTH does not have control over the content of such sites. Use of third party sites is governed by the owners’ own terms and conditions. TITLE: Magnesium Laboratory

2012 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

135. Magnesium added to bupivacaine prolongs the duration of analgesia after interscalene nerve block Full Text available with Trip Pro

Magnesium added to bupivacaine prolongs the duration of analgesia after interscalene nerve block Local anesthetic adjuvants have been studied previously in an attempt to prolong the duration of analgesia after peripheral nerve blockade. Magnesium has been shown to have an antinociceptive effect in animal and human pain models. We evaluated the effects of adding magnesium sulphate to long-acting local anesthetics for interscalene nerve block to prolong the duration of analgesia and improve (...) the analgesic quality.We enrolled 66 patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. The interscalene nerve block was performed with 0.5% bupivacaine 20 mL with epinephrine (1:200,000) plus either 10% magnesium sulphate 2 mL (Magnesium Group) or normal saline 2 mL (Saline Group). The following data were recorded for 24 hr after surgery: onset times and durations of sensory and motor blocks, analgesic duration, the pain numeric rating scale (NRS), postoperative fentanyl consumption

2012 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

136. Magnesium for Pre-Eclampia

Magnesium for Pre-Eclampia Magnesium for Pre-Eclampia – TheNNTTheNNT Magnesium Sulfate for Women with Preeclampsia 90 for seizure In Summary, for those who received the magneisum: Benefits in NNT For the mother: 98.8% saw no benefit 1.2% were helped by preventing a seizure For the child: 100% saw no benefit 0% were helped by avoiding mortality, NICU stay, preterm delivery For the mother: 1 in 90 were helped (seizure prevented) For the child: None were helped (death, NICU stay, avoiding preterm (...) maternal death). Although the mechanism is unclear magneisum sulfate has been used to prevent eclampsia since the 1950s. In this cochrane review, 11,444 women in 15 randomized trials were recruited from a mix of high, middle, and low income countries. The largest is the 33-country MagPie Trial comparing intravenous magnesium to placebo. The study was published in 2002 and at >10,000 subjects accounts for more than 87% of those in the review. The use of magnesium sulfate was associated with a greater

2012 theNNT

137. Different magnesium sulphate regimens for neuroprotection of the fetus for women at risk of preterm birth. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Different magnesium sulphate regimens for neuroprotection of the fetus for women at risk of preterm birth. The effectiveness of antenatal magnesium sulphate for neuroprotection of the fetus, infant, and child prior to very preterm birth, when given to women considered at risk of preterm birth, has been established. There is currently no consensus as to the regimen to use in terms of the dose, duration, the use of repeat dosing and timing.To assess the comparative effectiveness and adverse (...) effects of different magnesium sulphate regimens for neuroprotection of the fetus in women considered at risk of preterm birth.We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (31 December 2011).Randomised trials comparing different magnesium sulphate regimens when used for neuroprotection of the fetus in women considered at risk of preterm birth. We planned to include cluster trials. We planned to exclude quasi-randomised trials and those with a crossover design. We planned

2012 Cochrane

138. Magnesium for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (MASH-2): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Magnesium for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (MASH-2): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Magnesium sulphate is a neuroprotective agent that might improve outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage by reducing the occurrence or improving the outcome of delayed cerebral ischaemia. We did a trial to test whether magnesium therapy improves outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.We did this phase 3 randomised, placebo-controlled trial in eight centres in Europe and South (...) America. We randomly assigned (with computer-generated random numbers, with permuted blocks of four, stratified by centre) patients aged 18 years or older with an aneurysmal pattern of subarachnoid haemorrhage on brain imaging who were admitted to hospital within 4 days of haemorrhage, to receive intravenous magnesium sulphate, 64 mmol/day, or placebo. We excluded patients with renal failure or bodyweight lower than 50 kg. Patients, treating physicians, and investigators assessing outcomes

2012 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

139. Magnesium sulfate prevents remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia in patients undergoing thyroidectomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Magnesium sulfate prevents remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia in patients undergoing thyroidectomy In a randomized, double-blind, prospective study, we investigated whether an intraoperative high versus low dose of remifentanil increased postoperative hyperalgesia and whether magnesium can prevent remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia.Ninety patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups. Remifentanil was intraoperatively infused at 0.05 μg/kg/min (group LO

2011 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

140. Magnesium-Essentials for Anesthesiologists Full Text available with Trip Pro

Magnesium-Essentials for Anesthesiologists Magnesium plays a fundamental role in many cellular functions, and thus there is increasing interest in its role in clinical medicine. Although numerous experimental studies indicate positive effects of magnesium in a variety of disease states, large clinical trials often give conflicting results. However, there is clear evidence for magnesium to benefit patients with eclampsia or torsades de pointes arrhythmias. In addition, magnesium seems to have (...) antinociceptive and anesthetic as well as neuroprotective effects, yet well-designed large clinical trials are required to determine its actual efficacy in pain management or in the state of stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage. The current review aims to provide an overview of current knowledge and available evidence with respect to physiologic aspects of magnesium and proposed indications and recommendations for its use in the clinical setting.

2011 EvidenceUpdates