Latest & greatest articles for knee osteoarthritis

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Top results for knee osteoarthritis

1. Intraarticular injection of platelet-rich plasma in knee osteoarthritis: single versus triple application approach. Pilot study. (PubMed)

Intraarticular injection of platelet-rich plasma in knee osteoarthritis: single versus triple application approach. Pilot study. To compare the clinical effectiveness of the triple intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with respect to the single injection in patients with mild osteoarthritis of the knee.A total of 35 patients with a clinical and radiographic diagnosis of osteoarthritis grade I and II were analyzed. They were randomized into two groups: single application (18 (...) ±7.3; p lt 0.05) at the end of the study. The triple application showed better improvement in the VAS (p= 0.0007) and the total WOMAC (p= 0.0209) scores when comparing the final results between groups.The triple infiltration of PRP in patients with mild knee osteoarthritis is clinically more effective than the single application at 48 weeks of follow-up.

2019 Acta reumatologica portuguesa Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2. Oxygen-Ozone Therapy for the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Oxygen-Ozone Therapy for the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials To review the available literature on the application of oxygen-ozone therapy (OOT) in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) to understand its therapeutic potential and to compare it with other conservative treatment options.A systematic review of the literature was performed on the PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, ResearchGate, and PedRo Databases, with the following inclusion

2019 EvidenceUpdates

3. Systematic Review of Modular Bicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty for Medio-Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis

Systematic Review of Modular Bicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty for Medio-Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis We aimed to locate, appraise, and synthesize the available literature to assess the functional outcome of modular bicompartmental knee arthroplasty (BKA) compared to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for medio-patellofemoral osteoarthritis.After an extensive literature search based on electronic databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PubMed, and grey literature, 9 articles satisfied our (...) of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation working group) score with low to high risk of bias. Most of the studies showed comparable functional outcome in BKA compared to TKA such as Knee Society Score, Knee Osteoarthritis and Outcome Score, Short Form-36 score, and revision surgery in short-term to midterm follow-up. BKA patients achieved better range of movement and forgotten knee status than TKA patients. It resulted in longer operative time, but less intraoperative blood loss. Long-term

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Efficacy and Safety of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Efficacy and Safety of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) using a systemic review and meta-analysis.An extensive search of relevant articles from electronic databases Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception to March 2019 was conducted. The treatment outcomes (...) had significant improvement in pain relief at most follow-up points (one week to 12 months) based on WOMAC and VAS scores. The patients showed significant improvement in physical function at six- and 12-month follow-up when compared with the control group and for all follow-up (one to 12 months) when compared with the baseline level. Additionally, only minor complications were observed after ESWT treatment.The use of ESWT for treatment of knee OA had a beneficial effect on pain relief and physical

2019 EvidenceUpdates

5. Radiofrequency Procedures for the Treatment of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review

Radiofrequency Procedures for the Treatment of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of radiofrequency (RF) ablation and neuromodulation modalities for knee osteoarthritis (OA).The Pubmed, Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to August 2018. All comparative and noncomparative studies that reported clinical outcome measures and adverse events related to RF modalities for knee OA were included. Pain (...) %) studies reported alleviation of OA-related knee pain from baseline until three to 12 months with RF modalities, with six comparative studies reporting 194/296 (65.5%) and 29/150 (19.3%) RF and control patients achieving >50% pain relief, respectively. Three of the 33 studies reported QOL, with three of three studies (100%) achieving improvements in disease-specific QOL from baseline until three to 12 months. Twenty-eight of the 33 studies reported functional outcomes, with 27/28 (96%) studies

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain

Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain – Morsels of Evidence \t\t\t\r\n\t\t\t \t\t\t\r\n\t\t\t Share this: Like this: Like Loading... ","author":{"@type":"Person","name":"Michael Tam"},"image":["https:\/\/evidencebasedmedicine.com.au\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/10\/Screenshot-2019-10-11-at-19.51.14.png"]} Toggle search form Toggle navigation Evidence-based medicine for general practitioners Oct (...) 11 2019 Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain By in , , 11 October 2019 Journal reference: Steels E, Venkatesh R, Steels E, Vitetta G, Vitetta L. A double-blind randomized placebo controlled study assessing safety, tolerability and efficacy of palmitoylethanolamide for symptoms of knee osteoarthritis. Inflammopharmacology 2019 Jun;27(3):475-85. Link: Published: March 2019 Evidence cookie says… Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) cannot be recommended as a routine therapy

2019 Morsels of Evidence

7. Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid for Viscosupplementation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety

Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid for Viscosupplementation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid for Viscosupplementation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid for Viscosupplementation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid for Viscosupplementation (...) in Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety Last updated: June 24, 2019 Project Number: RC1136-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness and safety of intra-articular hyaluronic acid for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joint? Key Message Evidence suggests that there may be differences in the efficacy of intraarticular hyaluronic acid for treatment

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

8. The clinical and cost-effectiveness of total versus partial knee replacement in patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis (TOPKAT): 5-year outcomes of a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

The clinical and cost-effectiveness of total versus partial knee replacement in patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis (TOPKAT): 5-year outcomes of a randomised controlled trial. Late-stage isolated medial knee osteoarthritis can be treated with total knee replacement (TKR) or partial knee replacement (PKR). There is high variation in treatment choice and little robust evidence to guide selection. The Total or Partial Knee Arthroplasty Trial (TOPKAT) therefore aims to assess (...) the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of TKR versus PKR in patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, and this represents an analysis of the main endpoints at 5 years.Our multicentre, pragmatic randomised controlled trial was done at 27 UK sites. We used a combined expertise-based and equipoise-based approach, in which patients with isolated osteoarthritis of the medial compartment of the knee and who satisfied general requirements for a medial PKR were randomly assigned (1:1

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2019 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

9. Surgical interventions for symptomatic mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis. (PubMed)

Surgical interventions for symptomatic mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis affecting the knee is common and represents a continuum of disease from early cartilage thinning to full-thickness cartilage loss, bony erosion, and deformity. Many studies do not stratify their results based on the severity of the disease at baseline or recruitment.To assess the benefits and harms of surgical intervention for the management of symptomatic mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis defined (...) as knee pain and radiographic evidence of non-end stage osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 1, 2, 3 or equivalent on MRI/arthroscopy). Outcomes of interest included pain, function, radiographic progression, quality of life, short-term serious adverse events, re-operation rates and withdrawals due to adverse events.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase up to May 2018. We also conducted searches of ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International

2019 Cochrane

10. Duloxetine as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain

Duloxetine as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain Duloxetine as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain – Morsels of Evidence \t\t\t\r\n\t\t\t \t\t\t\r\n\t\t\t Share this: Like this: Like Loading... ","author":{"@type":"Person","name":"Michael Tam"},"image":["https:\/\/evidencebasedmedicine.com.au\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/07\/mo_female-walking-cane-istock-1135067373.jpg"]} Toggle search form Toggle navigation Evidence-based medicine for general practitioners Jul 12 2019 Duloxetine (...) as treatment for knee osteoarthritis pain By in , , 12 July 2019 Journal reference: Osani MC, Bannuru RR. Efficacy and safety of duloxetine in osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Korean J Intern Med 2019 Mar 15 Link: Published: March 2019 Evidence cookie says… Duloxetine (60-120 mg daily) appears to have a small to moderate beneficial effect on knee osteoarthritis pain and function at 3 months, compared to placebo. side-effects need to be considered – around a third experience

2019 Morsels of Evidence

11. Effect of Tanezumab on Joint Pain, Physical Function, and Patient Global Assessment of Osteoarthritis Among Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Hip or Knee: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Tanezumab on Joint Pain, Physical Function, and Patient Global Assessment of Osteoarthritis Among Patients With Osteoarthritis of the Hip or Knee: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Patients with osteoarthritis (OA) may remain symptomatic with traditional OA treatments.To assess 2 subcutaneous tanezumab dosing regimens for OA.A randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial from January 2016 to May 14, 2018 (last patient visit). Patients enrolled were 18 years or older with hip or knee OA (...) , inadequate response to OA analgesics, and no radiographic evidence of prespecified joint safety conditions.Patients received by subcutaneous administration either tanezumab, 2.5 mg, at day 1 and week 8 (n = 231); tanezumab, 2.5 mg at day 1 and 5 mg at week 8 (ie, tanezumab, 2.5/5 mg; n = 233); or placebo at day 1 and week 8 (n = 232).Co-primary end points were change from baseline to week 16 in Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) Pain (0-10, no to extreme pain), WOMAC

2019 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

12. The Efficacy of a Lateral Wedge Insole for Painful Medial Knee Osteoarthritis After Prescreening: A Randomized Clinical Trial

The Efficacy of a Lateral Wedge Insole for Painful Medial Knee Osteoarthritis After Prescreening: A Randomized Clinical Trial Lateral wedge shoe insoles decrease medial knee loading, but trials have shown no effect on pain in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, loading effects of insoles are inconsistent, and they can increase patellofemoral loading. We undertook this study to investigate the hypothesis that insoles would reduce pain in preselected patients.Among patients with painful (...) week, and secondary outcome measures included activity pain and pain rated in the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score questionnaire. We carried out mixed model analyses adjusted for baseline pain.Of 83 participants, 21 (25.3%) were excluded from analysis because of insufficient reduction in KAM. In the 62 patients included in analysis, the mean ± SD age was 64.2 ± 9.1 years, and 37.1% were women. Lateral wedge insoles produced a greater reduction in knee pain than neutral insoles (mean

2019 EvidenceUpdates

13. Clinical efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy for knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials

Clinical efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy for knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials This study determined the clinical efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy and the predictors of its efficacy for knee osteoarthritis.Electronic databases and search engines, namely MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library Database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), China Academic Journals Full-text Database, and Google Scholar, were (...) -3.50 to -1.92, P < 0.00001; I2 = 97%). Follow-up duration and energy flux density were independent significant predictors of shockwave efficacy.Shockwave therapy is beneficial for knee osteoarthritis. Shockwave dosage, particularly the energy level and intervention duration, may have different contributions to treatment efficacy.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

14. The effectiveness of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid for knee osteoarthritis in patients in the working age: a randomised controlled trial

The effectiveness of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid for knee osteoarthritis in patients in the working age: a randomised controlled trial High molecular weight (HMW) hyaluronic acid (HA) is a treatment option for knee osteoarthritis (OA). The efficacy of HMW-HA in knee OA is investigated extensively, but the effectiveness in patients in the working age is unknown. Nevertheless, the number knee OA patients in the working age is increasing. Surgical treatment options are less eligible (...) in these patients and productivity losses are high. In this study the effectiveness of intra-articular HMW-HA added to regular non-surgical usual care in everyday clinical practice (UC) compared to UC over 52 weeks in symptomatic knee OA patients in the working age was investigated.In this open labelled randomized controlled trial, subjects aged between 18 and 65 years with symptomatic knee OA (Kellgren and Lawrence I-III) were enrolled and randomized to UC + 3 weekly injections with HMW-HA (intervention) or UC

2019 EvidenceUpdates

15. The effects of a home-based exercise intervention on elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis: a quasi-experimental study

The effects of a home-based exercise intervention on elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis: a quasi-experimental study Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is common in elderly people, causes pain, loss of physical functioning, and disability. This was a two-arm, superiority, quasi-experimental trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a home-based exercise intervention (HBEI) to reduce KOA symptoms and improve the physical functioning of elderly patients.A total of 171 elderly

2019 EvidenceUpdates

16. Osteoarthritis- a systematic review of long-term safety implications for osteoarthritis of the knee

Osteoarthritis- a systematic review of long-term safety implications for osteoarthritis of the knee There is no cure for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and typically patients live approximately 30-years with the disease. Most common medical treatments result in short-term palliation of symptoms with little consideration of long-term risk. This systematic review aims to appraise the current evidence for the long-term (≥12 months) safety of common treatments for knee osteoarthritis (KOA).Cochrane (...) increase in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). TKA improves primary outcomes of KOA but has a low rate of significant medical complications.Given the safety and effectiveness of lifestyle interventions such as weight loss and exercise, these should be advocated in all patients due to the low risk of harm. The use of NSAIDs should be minimized to avoid gastrointestinal complications. Treatment with opioids has a lack of evidence for use and a high risk of long-term harm. The use of IAHA and PRP may provide

2019 EvidenceUpdates

17. Effect of 6-week retro or forward walking program on pain, functional disability, quadriceps muscle strength, and performance in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial (retro-walking trial)

Effect of 6-week retro or forward walking program on pain, functional disability, quadriceps muscle strength, and performance in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial (retro-walking trial) Previous studies reported the beneficial effects of walking in individual with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA). The current study aimed to compare the effect of 6-week retro versus forward walking program versus control group on pain, functional disability, quadriceps (...) . The control group received a routine physiotherapy program. This program comprises a combination of closed and open kinematic chain exercises, including straight leg raising, isometric quadriceps, isometric hip adduction, terminal knee extension, semi-squat, and leg press. The primary outcomes were mean pain and knee function score measured by the numerical rating scale and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, respectively. The secondary outcomes were mean score

2019 EvidenceUpdates

18. Pooled analysis of tanezumab efficacy and safety with subgroup analyses of phase III clinical trials in patients with osteoarthritis pain of the knee or hip

Pooled analysis of tanezumab efficacy and safety with subgroup analyses of phase III clinical trials in patients with osteoarthritis pain of the knee or hip A pooled analysis was conducted to evaluate tanezumab efficacy and safety in patients with osteoarthritis (OA), including subgroup analyses of at-risk patients with diabetes, severe OA symptoms, and those aged ≥65 years.Data from phase III placebo-controlled clinical trials of patients with moderate-to-severe OA of the knee or hip were (...) pooled to evaluate tanezumab efficacy (four trials) and safety (nine trials). Patients received intravenous tanezumab, tanezumab plus an oral NSAID (naproxen, celecoxib, or diclofenac), active comparator (naproxen, celecoxib, diclofenac, or oxycodone), or placebo. Efficacy assessments included change from baseline to week 16 in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain and physical function scores, Patient's Global Assessment (PGA) of OA, and percentage of patients

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

19. Newer Interventions for Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Newer Interventions for Osteoarthritis of the Knee Health Evidence Review Commission (HERC) Coverage Guidance: Newer Interventions for Osteoarthritis of the Knee Approved 3/14/2019 HERC Coverage Guidance Whole body vibration Whole body vibration is not recommended for coverage (strong recommendation). TENS TENS is not recommended for coverage (strong recommendation). Glucosamine-chondroitin Glucosamine-chondroitin is not recommended for coverage (weak recommendation). Glucosamine alone (...) is not recommended for coverage (strong recommendation). Chondroitin alone is not recommended for coverage (weak recommendation). Platelet-rich plasma Platelet-rich plasma is not recommended for coverage (weak recommendation) Note: Definitions for strength of recommendation are in Appendix A. GRADE Table Element Descriptions. Rationales for each recommendation appear below in the GRADE table. 2 ¦ Newer Interventions for Osteoarthritis of the Knee Approved 3/14/2019 Table of Contents Coverage Guidance: Newer

2019 Oregon Health Evidence Review Commission

20. Immediate Effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Pain and Physical Performance in Individuals With Preradiographic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Immediate Effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Pain and Physical Performance in Individuals With Preradiographic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial To investigate the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on knee pain and comprehensive physical function in preradiographic knee osteoarthritis.A single, participant-blinded, randomized controlled trial (RCT) with pre-post design.University research laboratory.Patients with knee pain (...) belonging to Kellgren-Lawrence grade 0 or 1 (N=50; aged 50-69y) were randomly assigned to the TENS (n=25) and sham-TENS groups (n=25).All participants wore the TENS device under the patella of the symptomatic knee. After measurement, the TENS devices in the TENS group were turned on, and those in the sham-TENS group were not connected.The primary outcome measures included the stair climb test, timed Up and Go (TUG) test, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), and knee pain evaluated using the visual analog scale

2019 EvidenceUpdates