Latest & greatest articles for ketamine

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Top results for ketamine

1. Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infusions for Chronic Pain

Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infusions for Chronic Pain Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infu... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered (...) Articles & Issues Collections For Authors Journal Info > > Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infu... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate multiple e-mails with a (;). Message: Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Send a copy to your email Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Some error has occurred while processing your request

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2018 American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

2. Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infusions for Acute Pain Management

Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infusions for Acute Pain Management Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infu... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account (...) navigation Articles & Issues Collections For Authors Journal Info > > Consensus Guidelines on the Use of Intravenous Ketamine Infu... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate multiple e-mails with a (;). Message: Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Send a copy to your email Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Some error has occurred while processing your

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2018 American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

3. Ketamine Analgesia for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department

Ketamine Analgesia for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department Emergency Medicine > Journal Club > Archive > April 2016 Toggle navigation April 2016 Ketamine Analgesia for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department Vignette It's two o'clock in the afternoon during a typical weekend TCC shift, when you get a page that a triage patient is coming to room 4. You look at the chart and see that it's a 45-year-old man who was riding his horse and got bucked off, landing on his left arm in an awkward (...) your attending about the IV lidocaine, which the patient says hasn't really helped his pain, but Dr. Cohn just shakes his head and sighs. You then ask about giving the patient low-dose ketamine for his pain, having recently listened to a podcast on the subject ( ). Dr. Cohn laughs in your face and turns his back on you. Later, he comes back and explains that while he admittedly hasn't read the literature on the subject, he isn't a big fan of replacing one addictive substance with another

2017 Washington University Emergency Medicine Journal Club

4. Ketamine for treatment-resistant depression: recent developments and clinical applicationsEditor's Choice FREE

Ketamine for treatment-resistant depression: recent developments and clinical applicationsEditor's Choice FREE Ketamine for treatment-resistant depression: recent developments and clinical applications | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal (...) accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Ketamine for treatment-resistant depression: recent developments and clinical applications Article Text Clinical review Ketamine for treatment-resistant depression: recent developments

2016 Evidence-Based Mental Health

5. Ketamine infusion for treatment-resistant bipolar depression

Ketamine infusion for treatment-resistant bipolar depression Ketamine infusion for treatment-resistant bipolar depression Ketamine infusion for treatment-resistant bipolar depression HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Ketamine infusion for treatment-resistant bipolar depression. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Healthcare Technology (...) Brief Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Health Problem: Bipolar disorder is a chronic illness characterized by alternating periods of profound depression and excessively elevated or irritable mood (mania). These episodes of extreme mood are interspersed by periods of relatively normal mood. Bipolar disorder is a severely impairing illness associated with unemployment, decreased productivity, and excess mortality. Technology Description: Ketamine therapy for bipolar disorder often involves

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

6. Ketamine as primary therapy for treatment-resistant unipolar depression or posttraumatic stress disorder

Ketamine as primary therapy for treatment-resistant unipolar depression or posttraumatic stress disorder Ketamine as primary therapy for treatment-resistant unipolar depression or posttraumatic stress disorder Ketamine as primary therapy for treatment-resistant unipolar depression or posttraumatic stress disorder HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database (...) . Citation HAYES, Inc. Ketamine as primary therapy for treatment-resistant unipolar depression or posttraumatic stress disorder. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Health Problem: Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is typically defined as depression that does not respond to at least 2 attempts at treatment of adequate duration with appropriate doses of antidepressants, but there is no official consensus definition. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

7. Intraoperative ketamine for prevention of postoperative delirium or pain after major surgery in older adults: an international, multicentre, double-blind, randomised clinical trial. (PubMed)

Intraoperative ketamine for prevention of postoperative delirium or pain after major surgery in older adults: an international, multicentre, double-blind, randomised clinical trial. Delirium is a common and serious postoperative complication. Subanaesthetic ketamine is often administered intraoperatively for postoperative analgesia, and some evidence suggests that ketamine prevents delirium. The primary purpose of this trial was to assess the effectiveness of ketamine for prevention (...) of postoperative delirium in older adults.The Prevention of Delirium and Complications Associated with Surgical Treatments [PODCAST] study is a multicentre, international randomised trial that enrolled adults older than 60 years undergoing major cardiac and non-cardiac surgery under general anaesthesia. Using a computer-generated randomisation sequence we randomly assigned patients to one of three groups in blocks of 15 to receive placebo (normal saline), low-dose ketamine (0·5 mg/kg), or high dose ketamine (1

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2017 Lancet

8. IM Ketamine for Prehospital Sedation of the Agitated Patient

IM Ketamine for Prehospital Sedation of the Agitated Patient Emergency Medicine > Journal Club > Archive > November 2016 Toggle navigation November 2016 IM Ketamine for Prehospital Sedation of the Agitated Patient Vignette You are working a night shift in EM-1 and have just started to catch up after signout, consisting of more than a few inebriated patients awaiting sobriety, when you hear commotion out in the hall. EMS and police are bringing in a large, screaming, Blailing, adult male patient (...) that might reduce the chances for injury of the patient and providers? How about something that is more rapid in onset than our old “5 and 2”? You remember hearing that ketamine is now being stocked on some ambulances for this purpose. When you wake up the next day after your shift you decide to look into the evidence behind prehospital ketamine for agitated patients. PICO Question Population: Adult patients with severe agitation requiring chemical sedation in the prehospital setting Intervention: IM

2017 Washington University Emergency Medicine Journal Club

9. Low-dose Ketamine for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department

Low-dose Ketamine for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department BestBets: Low-dose Ketamine for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department Low-dose Ketamine for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department Report By: Colby Duncan MD - Senior EM Resident Search checked by Brad Riley MD - EM Faculty Institution: Grand Rapids Medical Education Research Partners/Michigan State University Date Submitted: 15th July 2016 Date Completed: 11th February 2017 Last Modified: 11th February 2017 Status: Green (complete (...) ) Three Part Question [In ED patients with acute pain who do not respond to conventional therapies], is the [low-dose ketamine better than morphine] at [safely and effectively reducing pain scores]? Clinical Scenario A man aged 25 years presents to the ED with a closed fracture of the right humeral head. He has severe pain around the shoulder and is allergic to opioids. He is given intravenous ketorolac and midazolam. Unfortunately, the patient's pain does not improve. A colleague recommends the use

2017 BestBETS

10. Ketamine as an adjunct to electroconvulsive therapy for treatment-resistant depression

Ketamine as an adjunct to electroconvulsive therapy for treatment-resistant depression Ketamine as an adjunct to electroconvulsive therapy for treatment-resistant depression Ketamine as an adjunct to electroconvulsive therapy for treatment-resistant depression HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Ketamine as an adjunct (...) Description: Intravenous injection (IV) of ketamine hydrochloride as an adjunct to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is intended to reduce symptoms of depression more rapidly and to a greater extent than ECT alone in patients who have TRD. Controversy: Early evidence for the antidepressant effect of ketamine came from uncontrolled studies and TRD may have diverse causes and poor response rates that make it difficult to demonstrate whether or not ketamine treatment is effective. Key Questions: Does ketamine

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

11. Ketamine and propofol in combination for adult procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department [Cochrane Protocol]

Ketamine and propofol in combination for adult procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

12. Effect of ketamine hydrochloride on the analgesic effects of tramadol hydrochloride in horses with signs of chronic laminitis-associated pain. (PubMed)

Effect of ketamine hydrochloride on the analgesic effects of tramadol hydrochloride in horses with signs of chronic laminitis-associated pain. To investigate the effects of ketamine hydrochloride on the analgesic effects of tramadol hydrochloride in horses with signs of pain associated with naturally occurring chronic laminitis.15 client-owned adult horses with chronic laminitis.Each horse received tramadol alone or tramadol and ketamine in a randomized, crossover study (≥ 2 months between (...) treatments). Tramadol (5 mg/kg) was administered orally every 12 hours for 1 week. When appropriate, ketamine (0.6 mg/kg/h) was administered IV for 6 hours on each of the first 3 days of tramadol administration. Noninvasive systemic blood pressure values, heart and respiratory rates, intestinal sounds, forelimb load and off-loading frequency (determined via force plate system), and plasma tumor necrosis factor-α and thromboxane B(2) concentrations were assessed before (baseline) during (7 days) and after

2012 American journal of veterinary research

13. Morphine and Ketamine Is Superior to Morphine Alone for Out-of-Hospital Trauma Analgesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial (PubMed)

Morphine and Ketamine Is Superior to Morphine Alone for Out-of-Hospital Trauma Analgesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial We assess the efficacy of intravenous ketamine compared with intravenous morphine in reducing pain in adults with significant out-of-hospital traumatic pain.This study was an out-of-hospital, prospective, randomized, controlled, open-label study. Patients with trauma and a verbal pain score of greater than 5 after 5 mg intravenous morphine were eligible for enrollment (...) . Patients allocated to the ketamine group received a bolus of 10 or 20 mg, followed by 10 mg every 3 minutes thereafter. Patients allocated to the morphine alone group received 5 mg intravenously every 5 minutes until pain free. Pain scores were measured at baseline and at hospital arrival.A total of 135 patients were enrolled between December 2007 and July 2010. There were no differences between the groups at baseline. After the initial 5-mg dose of intravenous morphine, patients allocated to ketamine

2012 EvidenceUpdates

14. In Vogue: Ketamine for Neuroprotection in Acute Neurologic Injury. (PubMed)

In Vogue: Ketamine for Neuroprotection in Acute Neurologic Injury. Neurologic deterioration following acute injury to the central nervous system may be amenable to pharmacologic intervention, although, to date, no such therapy exists. Ketamine is an anesthetic and analgesic emerging as a novel therapy for a number of clinical entities in recent years, including refractory pain, depression, and drug-induced hyperalgesia due to newly discovered mechanisms of action and new application of its (...) known pharmacodynamics. In this focused review, the evidence for ketamine as a neuroprotective agent in stroke, neurotrauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and status epilepticus is highlighted, with a focus on its applications for excitotoxicity, neuroinflammation, and neuronal hyperexcitability. Preclinical modeling and clinical applications are discussed.

2017 Anesthesia and Analgesia

15. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Ketamine as an Alternative to Opioids for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Ketamine as an Alternative to Opioids for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department Opioids are commonly prescribed in the emergency department (ED) for the treatment of acute pain. Analgesic alternatives are being explored in response to an epidemic of opioid misuse. Low-dose ketamine (LDK) is one opioid alternative for the treatment of acute pain in the ED.This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to quantify whether LDK is an effective and safe (...) opioid alternative for acute pain reduction in adults in the ED setting. (PROSPERO Registration Number CRD42017065303).This was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials comparing intravenous opioids to LDK for relief of acute pain in the ED. Studies where the control group initially received opioids prior to ketamine were excluded. A research librarian designed the electronic search strategy. Changes in visual analog scale or numeric rating scale pain scales were analyzed to determine

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

16. Does oral administration of ketamine accelerate response to treatment in major depressive disorder? Results of a double-blind controlled trial. (PubMed)

Does oral administration of ketamine accelerate response to treatment in major depressive disorder? Results of a double-blind controlled trial. Major depressive disorder (MDD) exerts a high health and financial burden on society. The conventional pharmacotherapies for MDD are partially effective and the response to medication often starts with some delay. There are recent reports of antidepressant effects for oral ketamine.We employed a double-blind controlled trial to examine the time course (...) of the therapeutic effect of ketamine when combined with the conventional administration of sertraline. A total of 81 patients participated in the study and were scored with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) at baseline and at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after the start of the trial RESULTS: General linear model repeated measures demonstrated significant effect for time × treatment interaction on the HDRS scores, with significant difference at all time points post treatment. Early improvement was significantly

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

17. Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study

Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common and debilitating condition that can be challenging to treat. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is currently the therapeutic gold standard for treatment-resistant MDD. We tested our hypothesis that ketamine-based anesthesia for ECT results in superior improvement in treatment-resistant MDD outcomes compared with propofol-based anesthesia.Patients (...) with treatment-resistant MDD were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial with assignment to ketamine- or propofol-based anesthesia arms. Using a modified intention-to-treat analysis, we compared the median number of ECT treatments required to achieve a 50% reduction (primary outcome) and a score ≤ 10 (secondary outcome) on the Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) between anesthesia groups.The study was terminated as significant results were found after the first planned interim analysis with 12

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

18. Nebulized ketamine to avoid mechanical ventilation in a pediatric patient with severe asthma exacerbation. (PubMed)

Nebulized ketamine to avoid mechanical ventilation in a pediatric patient with severe asthma exacerbation. Asthma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality despite advances in outpatient treatment. Sometimes, children fail to respond to standard treatment and can potentially require mechanical ventilation. We describe a case of a 26-month-old girl with a severe asthma exacerbation successfully managed by ketamine administration via nebulization route that permitted to avoid mechanical (...) ventilation. Nebulized ketamine might be a reasonable option to avoid mechanical ventilation in children who fail to respond to standard treatment of severe asthma exacerbation.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2018 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

19. Ketamine for Rapid Reduction of Suicidal Thoughts in Major Depression: A Midazolam-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial

Ketamine for Rapid Reduction of Suicidal Thoughts in Major Depression: A Midazolam-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial Pharmacotherapy to rapidly relieve suicidal ideation in depression may reduce suicide risk. Rapid reduction in suicidal thoughts after ketamine treatment has mostly been studied in patients with low levels of suicidal ideation. The authors tested the acute effect of adjunctive subanesthetic intravenous ketamine on clinically significant suicidal ideation in patients with major (...) depressive disorder.In a randomized clinical trial, adults (N=80) with current major depressive disorder and a score ≥4 on the Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI), of whom 54% (N=43) were taking antidepressant medication, were randomly assigned to receive ketamine or midazolam infusion. The primary outcome measure was SSI score 24 hours after infusion (at day 1).The reduction in SSI score at day 1 was 4.96 points greater for the ketamine group compared with the midazolam group (95% CI=2.33, 7.59; Cohen's d

2018 EvidenceUpdates

20. Comparison of the combination of propofol-fentanyl with combination of propofol-ketamine for procedural sedation and analgesia in patients with trauma. (PubMed)

Comparison of the combination of propofol-fentanyl with combination of propofol-ketamine for procedural sedation and analgesia in patients with trauma. Many procedures performed in emergency department are stressful and painful, and creating proper and timely analgesia and early and effective assessment are the challenges in this department. This study has been conducted in order to compare the efficacy of propofol and fentanyl combination with propofol and ketamine combination for procedural (...) sedation and analgesia (PSA) in trauma patients in the emergency department.This is a randomized prospective double-blind clinical trial conducted in the emergency department of Imam Khomeini Hospital, a tertiary academic trauma center in northern Iran. Patients with trauma presenting to the emergency department who needed PSA were included in study. Patients were divided into two groups of propofol fentanyl (PF) and propofol ketamine (PK). Pain score and sedation depth were set as primary outcome

2018 American Journal of Emergency Medicine