Latest & greatest articles for insulin

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Top results for insulin

81. A randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of biphasic insulin aspart 30 plus metformin with biphasic insulin aspart 30 monotherapy for type 2 diabetes patients inadequately controlled with oral anti Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of biphasic insulin aspart 30 plus metformin with biphasic insulin aspart 30 monotherapy for type 2 diabetes patients inadequately controlled with oral anti To confirm non-inferiority of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) plus metformin to BIAsp 30 in lowering glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in Chinese patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes using oral antidiabetic drugs.In this 16

2018 EvidenceUpdates

82. Effect of self-acupressure on fasting blood sugar (FBS) and insulin level in type 2 diabetes patients: a randomized clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of self-acupressure on fasting blood sugar (FBS) and insulin level in type 2 diabetes patients: a randomized clinical trial Uncontrolled symptoms of diabetes can lead to irreparable damage to vital organs. Despite the global trend towards the use of complementary alternative therapies, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of self-acupressure in diabetes patients.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of self-acupressure on FBS and insulin level in type 2 diabetes (...) . Subjects in the control group received no intervention. The FBS and insulin levels were measured before and after the intervention for both groups. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 by the Chi-square test, independent-samples t-test, and paired-samples t-test. A level of 0.05 was considered significant for examining the hypotheses.There were no significant differences between the acupressure and control group regarding age, sex and level of education. The insulin level significantly increased

2018 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain

83. Investigating the role of P38, JNK and ERK in LPS induced hippocampal insulin resistance and spatial memory impairment: effects of insulin treatment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Investigating the role of P38, JNK and ERK in LPS induced hippocampal insulin resistance and spatial memory impairment: effects of insulin treatment Despite the consensus that neuro-inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) are two hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD), the molecular mechanisms responsible for the development of IR remain uncharacterized. MAPKs are signaling molecules that are implicated in the pathology of AD and have a role in IR development. Given that inflammatory mediators (...) are shown to interfere with insulin signaling pathway in different cell types, the present work aimed to investigate whether neuro-inflammation induced memory loss is associated with hippocampal IR and whether insulin treatment protects against this IR. Subsequently, possible roles of MAPKs in this situation were investigated. Male Wistar rats were cannulated, and LPS (15 µg, day 0), insulin (3 mU) or saline (vehicle) were administered intra-cerebroventricularly (ICV) (days 1-6). Spatial memory

2018 EXCLI journal

84. Insulin Resistance Probability Scores for Apparently Healthy Individuals Full Text available with Trip Pro

Insulin Resistance Probability Scores for Apparently Healthy Individuals Insulin resistance (IR) can progress to type 2 diabetes. Therefore, timely identification of IR could facilitate disease prevention efforts. However, direct measurement of IR is not feasible in a clinical setting.Develop a clinically practical probability score to assess IR in apparently healthy individuals based on levels of insulin, C-peptide, and other risk factors.Cross-sectional study.Apparently healthy individuals (...) who volunteered to participate in studies of IR.IR, defined as the top tertile of steady-state plasma glucose during an insulin-suppression test.In a study of 535 participants, insulin, C-peptide, creatinine, body mass index (BMI), and triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) were independently associated with IR (all P < 0.05) in a model that included age, sex, ethnicity, BMI, blood pressure, insulin, C-peptide, fasting glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

2018 Journal of the Endocrine Society

85. Insulin

Insulin Top results for insulin - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading (...) history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for insulin The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

86. Efficacy and safety of trelagliptin in combination with insulin therapy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: Results from a randomized, Phase IV study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy and safety of trelagliptin in combination with insulin therapy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: Results from a randomized, Phase IV study We aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of once-weekly trelagliptin 100 mg as an add-on therapy to insulin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with inadequate glycaemic control. Patients with haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) 7.5% to 10.0% who were receiving 8 to 40 units of insulin per day were randomized to receive, with insulin (...) % in the A/A group and 47.6% in the P/A group. No patient experienced severe hypoglycaemia during trelagliptin treatment. Once-weekly trelagliptin 100 mg therapy with insulin demonstrated a significant reduction in HbA1c. Long-term treatment was well-tolerated, with no clinically significant hypoglycaemia, suggesting that trelagliptin with insulin is a meaningful treatment option in this patient population.© 2018 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

87. A randomized comparison of three prandial insulin dosing algorithms for children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (Abstract)

A randomized comparison of three prandial insulin dosing algorithms for children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes To compare systematically the impact of two novel insulin-dosing algorithms (the Pankowska Equation and the Food Insulin Index) with carbohydrate counting on postprandial glucose excursions following a high fat and a high protein meal.A randomized, crossover trial at two Paediatric Diabetes centres was conducted. On each day, participants consumed a high protein or high fat meal (...) with similar carbohydrate amounts. Insulin was delivered according to carbohydrate counting, the Pankowska Equation or the Food Insulin Index. Subjects fasted for 5 h following the test meal and physical activity was standardized. Postprandial glycaemia was measured for 300 min using continuous glucose monitoring.33 children participated in the study. When compared to carbohydrate counting, the Pankowska Equation resulted in lower glycaemic excursion for 90-240 min after the high protein meal (p < 0.05

2018 EvidenceUpdates

88. Continuous glucose monitoring results in lower HbA1c in Malaysian women with insulin-treated gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Continuous glucose monitoring results in lower HbA1c in Malaysian women with insulin-treated gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial To determine if therapeutic, retrospective continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) improves HbA1c with less hypoglycaemia in women with insulin-treated gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).This prospective, randomized controlled, open-label trial evaluated 50 women with insulin-treated GDM randomized to either retrospective CGM (6-day sensor) at 28, 32 (...) characteristics (age, pre-pregnancy BMI, HbA1c , total insulin dose) were similar between groups. There was a lower increase in HbA1c from 28 to 37 weeks' gestation in the CGM group [∆HbA1c : CGM + 1 mmol/mol (0.09%), control + 3mmol/mol (0.30%); P = 0.024]. Mean HbA1c remained unchanged throughout the trial in the CGM group, but increased significantly in controls as pregnancy advanced. Mean HbA1c in the CGM group was lower at 37 weeks compared with controls [33 ± 4 mmol/mol (5.2 ± 0.4%) vs. 38 ± 7 mmol/mol

2018 EvidenceUpdates

89. Hyperglycemia in Extremely Preterm Infants-Insulin Treatment, Mortality and Nutrient Intakes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hyperglycemia in Extremely Preterm Infants-Insulin Treatment, Mortality and Nutrient Intakes To explore the prevalence of hyperglycemia and the associations between nutritional intakes, hyperglycemia, insulin treatment, and mortality in extremely preterm infants.Prospectively collected data from the Extremely Preterm Infants in Sweden Study (EXPRESS) was used in this study and included 580 infants born <27 gestational weeks during 2004-2007. Available glucose measurements (n = 9850) as well (...) as insulin treatment and nutritional data were obtained retrospectively from hospital records for the first 28 postnatal days as well as 28- and 70-day mortality data.Daily prevalence of hyperglycemia >180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) of up to 30% was observed during the first 2 postnatal weeks, followed by a slow decrease in its occurrence thereafter. Generalized additive model analysis showed that increasing parenteral carbohydrate supply with 1 g/kg/day was associated with a 1.6% increase in glucose

2018 EvidenceUpdates

90. A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL Versus 100 Units/mL in Older People With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From the SENIOR Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL Versus 100 Units/mL in Older People With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From the SENIOR Study SENIOR compared the efficacy and safety of insulin glargine 300 units/mL (Gla-300) with glargine 100 units/mL (Gla-100) in older people (≥65 years old) with type 2 diabetes.SENIOR was an open-label, two-arm, parallel-group, multicenter phase 3b trial designed to enroll ∼20% of participants aged ≥75 years

2018 EvidenceUpdates

91. Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 2 diabetes: a randomized, open-label clinical trial (Abstract)

Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 2 diabetes: a randomized, open-label clinical trial To compare the efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine (Mk-Gla) and Lantus (Sa-Gla) in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).This Phase 3, randomized, active-controlled, open-label, 24-week clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT02059187) enrolled 531 participants with T2DM (HbA1c ≤11.0%) either eligible (...) for or currently taking basal insulin (≥10 U/day). Participants were randomized 1:1 to once-daily Mk-Gla (n = 263) or Sa-Gla (n = 263). Titration of insulin was guided by a fasting plasma glucose (FPG)-based dosing algorithm. The primary efficacy objective was to demonstrate the non-inferiority of change from baseline in HbA1c (margin of 0.40% [4.4 mmol/mol]) with Mk-Gla versus Sa-Gla after 24 weeks. The primary safety objective was anti-insulin antibody development after 24 weeks.For Mk-Gla and Sa-Gla

2018 EvidenceUpdates

92. Sotagliflozin in Combination With Optimized Insulin Therapy in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The North American inTandem1 Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sotagliflozin in Combination With Optimized Insulin Therapy in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The North American inTandem1 Study Evaluate the efficacy and safety of the dual sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) and SGLT2 inhibitor sotagliflozin in combination with optimized insulin in type 1 diabetes (T1D).The inTandem1 trial, a double-blind, 52-week phase 3 trial, randomized North American adults with T1D to placebo (n = 268), sotagliflozin 200 mg (n = 263), or sotagliflozin 400 mg (n = 262 (...) ) after 6 weeks of insulin optimization. The primary end point was HbA1c change from baseline at 24 weeks. HbA1c, weight, and safety were also assessed through 52 weeks.From a mean baseline of 7.57%, placebo-adjusted HbA1c reductions were 0.36% and 0.41% with sotagliflozin 200 and 400 mg, respectively, at 24 weeks and 0.25% and 0.31% at 52 weeks (all P < 0.001). Among patients with a baseline HbA1c ≥7.0%, an HbA1c <7% was achieved by 15.7%, 27.2%, and 40.3% of patients receiving placebo, sotagliflozin

2018 EvidenceUpdates

93. HbA1c and Hypoglycemia Reductions at 24 and 52 Weeks With Sotagliflozin in Combination With Insulin in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The European inTandem2 Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

HbA1c and Hypoglycemia Reductions at 24 and 52 Weeks With Sotagliflozin in Combination With Insulin in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The European inTandem2 Study The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the dual sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 and 2 inhibitor sotagliflozin compared with placebo when combined with optimized insulin in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D).In a double-blind, 52-week, international phase 3 trial, adults with T1D were randomized to placebo (...) (n = 258) or once-daily oral sotagliflozin 200 mg (n = 261) or 400 mg (n = 263) after 6 weeks of insulin optimization. The primary outcome was change in HbA1c from baseline to 24 weeks. The first secondary end point was a composite of the proportion of patients with HbA1c <7.0%, no episode of severe hypoglycemia, and no episode of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at week 24. Fasting glucose, weight, insulin dose, and safety end points were assessed through 52 weeks.At 24 weeks, placebo-adjusted

2018 EvidenceUpdates

94. Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 1 diabetes: A randomized, open-label clinical trial (Abstract)

Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 1 diabetes: A randomized, open-label clinical trial To compare the efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine (Mk-Gla; 100 U/mL) with originator insulin glargine, Lantus (Sa-Gla), in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).This phase 3, randomized, active-controlled, open-label, 52-week study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02059161) enrolled 508 people with T1DM (HbA1c ≤11.0%; 97 mmol/mol (...) ) taking basal and prandial insulin. Participants were randomized 1:1 to once-daily Mk-Gla (n = 245) or Sa-Gla (n = 263). Dose titration of basal insulin was by a pre-breakfast plasma glucose dosing algorithm. The primary efficacy objective was assessment of the non-inferiority of HbA1c change from baseline (margin of 0.40% [4.4 mmol/mol]) for Mk-Gla compared with Sa-Gla over 24 weeks. The primary safety objective was assessment of anti-insulin antibody development over 24 weeks.The least squares (LS

2018 EvidenceUpdates

95. More patients reach glycaemic control with a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) than with basal insulin at 12 weeks of treatment: A post hoc time-to-control analysis of LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L Full Text available with Trip Pro

More patients reach glycaemic control with a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) than with basal insulin at 12 weeks of treatment: A post hoc time-to-control analysis of LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L The present post hoc analysis of two 30-week clinical trials compared efficacy and hypoglycaemia outcomes at early study visits with iGlarLixi (insulin glargine U100 [iGlar] and lixisenatide) vs iGlar alone in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) uncontrolled on oral (...) antidiabetic drugs (OADs; LixiLan-O trial) or basal insulin (LixiLan-L trial). Time to control, defined as days to achieve glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) <53 mmol/mol (<7%) or fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≤7.2 mmol/L, was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. In the LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L trials, 60% and 46% of patients, respectively, reached HbA1c <53 mmol/mol (<7%) with iGlarLixi at 12 weeks, vs 45% and 24%, respectively, with iGlar. In the LixiLan-O trial, the median time to target HbA1c

2018 EvidenceUpdates

96. Evaluation of Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal Axis by the GHRP2 Test: Comparison With the Insulin Tolerance Test Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal Axis by the GHRP2 Test: Comparison With the Insulin Tolerance Test GH-releasing peptide 2 (GHRP2) stimulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) through the GH secretagogue receptor (GHSR) in the hypothalamus, in which ghrelin is a natural ligand. Therefore, the GHRP2 test (GHRP2T) could be used instead of the insulin tolerance test (ITT).Can the GHRP2T replace the ITT for evaluation of HPA?The present retrospective study analyzed

2018 Journal of the Endocrine Society

97. Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery for Glycemic Control in Noncritical Care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery for Glycemic Control in Noncritical Care. In patients with diabetes, hospitalization can complicate the achievement of recommended glycemic targets. There is increasing evidence that a closed-loop delivery system (artificial pancreas) can improve glucose control in patients with type 1 diabetes. We wanted to investigate whether a closed-loop system could also improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes who were receiving noncritical care.In (...) this randomized, open-label trial conducted on general wards in two tertiary hospitals located in the United Kingdom and Switzerland, we assigned 136 adults with type 2 diabetes who required subcutaneous insulin therapy to receive either closed-loop insulin delivery (70 patients) or conventional subcutaneous insulin therapy, according to local clinical practice (66 patients). The primary end point was the percentage of time that the sensor glucose measurement was within the target range of 100 to 180 mg per

2018 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

98. Association of Initiation of Basal Insulin Analogs vs Neutral Protamine Hagedorn Insulin With Hypoglycemia-Related Emergency Department Visits or Hospital Admissions and With Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of Initiation of Basal Insulin Analogs vs Neutral Protamine Hagedorn Insulin With Hypoglycemia-Related Emergency Department Visits or Hospital Admissions and With Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. In clinical trials of patients with type 2 diabetes, long-acting insulin analogs modestly reduced the risk of nocturnal hypoglycemia compared with human neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin, but cost 2 to 10 times more. Outcomes in clinical practice may differ from (...) trial results.To compare the rates of hypoglycemia-related emergency department (ED) visits or hospital admissions associated with initiation of long-acting insulin analogs vs human NPH insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes.A retrospective observational study using data from Kaiser Permanente of Northern California from January 1, 2006, through September 30, 2015. Patients with type 2 diabetes who initiated a long-acting insulin analog or NPH insulin were included and censored at death, loss

2018 JAMA

99. The Regulation of Insulin-Stimulated Cardiac Glucose Transport via Protein Acetylation Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Regulation of Insulin-Stimulated Cardiac Glucose Transport via Protein Acetylation Cellular catabolism is the cell capacity to generate energy from various substrates to sustain its function. To optimize this energy production, cells are able to switch between various metabolic pathways in accordance to substrate availability via a modulation of several regulatory enzymes. This metabolic flexibility is essential for the healthy heart, an organ requiring large quantities of ATP to sustain (...) substrates induces an increase in acetylation levels of proteins which is concomitant to the perturbation of glucose transport. The purpose of the present review is to gather, in a synthetic model, the different evidences that demonstrate the role of acetylation in the inhibition of the insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in cardiac muscle.

2018 Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine

100. Insulin Degludec (Tresiba) - diabetes mellitus

Insulin Degludec (Tresiba) - diabetes mellitus Search Page - Drug and Health Product Register Language selection Search and menus Search Search website Search Topics menu You are here: Summary Basis of Decision - - Health Canada Expand all Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) for Contact: Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) documents provide information related to the original authorization of a product. The for is located below. Recent Activity for SBDs written for approved after September 1, 2012

2018 Health Canada - Drug and Health Product Register