Latest & greatest articles for infection

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Top results for infection

161. ASGE guideline for infection control during GI endoscopy

ASGE guideline for infection control during GI endoscopy Communication from the ASGE Quality Assurance In Endoscopy Committee GUIDELINE ASGE guideline for infection control during GI endoscopy Prepared by: ASGE QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENDOSCOPY COMMITTEE Audrey H. Calderwood, MD, Lukejohn W. Day, MD, V. Raman Muthusamy, MD, James Collins, RN, Ralph David Hambrick, III, RN, Andrew S. Brock, MD, Nalini M. Guda, MD, Jonathan M. Buscaglia, MD, Bret T. Petersen, MD, Navtej S. Buttar, MD, Lauren G (...) - mentedinstancesofinfectiousadverseeventsremainrare. 2 Severalrecentreportsofinfectionswithmultidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) associated with duodenoscope use suggest that prior assumptions regarding endoscopy- relatedinfectionratesmaybeanunderestimate,particularly for ERCP. These outbreaks of infection have led to a reassessment of current infection control practices. Endoscopy-related transmission of infections may occur if microorganisms are spread from patient to patient by contaminated equipment or if microorganisms are spread from

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy2018

162. Depression and Suicidal Ideation Among HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Efavirenz Versus Nevirapine in Uganda: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Depression and Suicidal Ideation Among HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Efavirenz Versus Nevirapine in Uganda: A Prospective Cohort Study. Background: Evidence regarding potential adverse neuropsychiatric effects of efavirenz is conflicting, and data from sub-Saharan Africa, where 70% of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) reside and efavirenz is used as first-line therapy, are limited. Objective: To estimate associations between efavirenz use and depression and suicidal ideation among PLHIV in Uganda

Annals of Internal Medicine2018

163. Early planned removal versus expectant management of peripherally inserted central catheters to prevent infection in newborn infants.

Early planned removal versus expectant management of peripherally inserted central catheters to prevent infection in newborn infants. BACKGROUND: Duration of use may be a modifiable risk factor for central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection in newborn infants. Early planned removal of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) is recommended as a strategy to reduce the incidence of infection and its associated morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To determine (...) the effectiveness of early planned removal of PICCs (up to two weeks after insertion) compared to an expectant approach or a longer fixed duration in preventing bloodstream infection and other complications in newborn infants. SEARCH METHODS: We searched of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2018, Issue 4), Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Maternity & Infant Care Database, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) (until April 2018), and conference proceedings

Cochrane2018

164. The sensitivity and specificity of 99mTc-IgG radiotracer to differentiate infection lesions induced by Staphylococcus aureus and sterile inflammation lesions induced by carrageenan assay in rat’s foot

The sensitivity and specificity of 99mTc-IgG radiotracer to differentiate infection lesions induced by Staphylococcus aureus and sterile inflammation lesions induced by carrageenan assay in rat’s foot 30034665 2018 11 14 2008-5842 10 6 2018 Jun Electronic physician Electron Physician The sensitivity and specificity of 99m Tc-IgG radiotracer to differentiate infection lesions induced by Staphylococcus aureus and sterile inflammation lesions induced by carrageenan assay in rat's foot. 6965-6973 (...) 10.19082/6965 Detection and identification of infection from sterile inflammation foci has a crucial role in diagnosis and therapy of patients in clinical practice. To assess the efficiency of labeled human polyclonal immunoglobulin with technetium 99m in order to detect septic or aseptic lesions which were induced in a rat model. The freeze-dried IgG kits have been reconstituted by 99m Tc. The radio conjugate yield, radiochemical impurities and stability radio complex were performed by ITLC (Instant

Electronic physician2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

165. Delayed-onset Candida parapsilosis cornea tunnel infection and endophthalmitis after cataract surgery: Histopathology and clinical course

Delayed-onset Candida parapsilosis cornea tunnel infection and endophthalmitis after cataract surgery: Histopathology and clinical course 29998210 2018 11 14 2451-9936 11 2018 Sep American journal of ophthalmology case reports Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep Delayed-onset Candida parapsilosis cornea tunnel infection and endophthalmitis after cataract surgery: Histopathology and clinical course. 109-114 10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.06.011 To describe a patient with late post-operative endophthalmitis and clear (...) cornea tunnel infection caused by Candida parapsilosis that was masquerading as chronic anterior uveitis. A 62-year old woman with history of uncomplicated cataract surgery 7 months prior and chronic postoperative anterior uveitis, presented with an endothelial plaque, hypopyon, and infiltrates in the capsular bag and within the clear corneal tunnel. Anterior chamber cultures identified C. parapsilosis and pathology of the endothelial plaque showed fungus. Anterior chamber washout, scraping

American journal of ophthalmology case reports2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

166. Epidemiology and natural history of Pseudomonas aeruginosa airway infections in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis

Epidemiology and natural history of Pseudomonas aeruginosa airway infections in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis 29930949 2018 11 14 2312-0541 4 2 2018 Apr ERJ open research ERJ Open Res Epidemiology and natural history of Pseudomonas aeruginosa airway infections in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. 00162-2017 10.1183/23120541.00162-2017 The natural history and epidemiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis is not well understood (...) . As such it was our intention to determine the evolution of airway infection and the transmission potential of P. aeruginosa in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis. A longitudinal cohort study was conducted from 1986-2011 using a biobank of prospectively collected isolates from patients with non-CF bronchiectasis. Patients included were ≥18 years old and had ≥2 positive P. aeruginosa cultures over a minimum 6-month period. All isolates obtained at first and most recent clinical encounters, as well as during

ERJ open research2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

167. Pharmacist-led screening in sexually transmitted infections: current perspectives

Pharmacist-led screening in sexually transmitted infections: current perspectives 29942790 2018 11 14 2230-5254 7 2018 Integrated pharmacy research & practice Integr Pharm Res Pract Pharmacist-led screening in sexually transmitted infections: current perspectives. 67-82 10.2147/IPRP.S140426 Sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening is a crucial initiative that aims to reduce the increasing global prevalence of many common STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes simplex virus (HSV (...) ). Many STIs are either asymptomatic or show mild symptoms that are often attributed to other infections; hence, screening is the only way to identify - and by extension, treat - them. In this way, the spread of STIs can be reduced, and the health implications of an untreated STI are minimized. Community pharmacies could provide an avenue to convenient, confidential STI screening by using noninvasive or minimally invasive sample collection techniques that are used by the consumer or pharmacist. We

Integrated pharmacy research & practice2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

168. Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs

Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs Signal - Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs Published on 26 June 2014 This NIHR-funded study found that almost a fifth of children aged five to 15 years who visited their GP with persistent cough showed signs of recent whooping cough infection (...) children aged 5 to 15 years between November 2010 and December 2012 who presented with persistent cough in 22 general practices in the Thames Valley, England. Of these, 261 had received whooping cough vaccinations, but there was variation in whether they had also received the preschool booster or other combinations of vaccine. Recent whooping cough infection was diagnosed using laboratory tests. The authors used a reliable approach as they recruited children to the study without healthcare providers

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

169. Management of donor site infections in split-thickness skin graft with water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA)

Management of donor site infections in split-thickness skin graft with water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) 29977732 2018 11 14 2193-8091 7 2018 GMS Interdisciplinary plastic and reconstructive surgery DGPW GMS Interdiscip Plast Reconstr Surg DGPW Management of donor site infections in split-thickness skin graft with water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA). Doc03 10.3205/iprs000123 Infection of donor sites in split-thickness skin grafts is one of the complications of skin transplantation. Nutrition status (...) and associated diseases play important roles in healing of donor sites. There are different ways used to treat infected donor sites. Water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA), as a special form of heat radiation with a high tissue penetration and a low thermal load to the skin surface, can improve the healing of acute and chronic wounds both by thermal and thermic as well as by non-thermal and non-thermic effects. Water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) increases tissue temperature, tissue oxygen partial pressure and tissue

GMS Interdisciplinary plastic and reconstructive surgery DGPW2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

170. Association of Viral Suppression With Lower AIDS-Defining and Non-AIDS-Defining Cancer Incidence in HIV-Infected Veterans: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Association of Viral Suppression With Lower AIDS-Defining and Non-AIDS-Defining Cancer Incidence in HIV-Infected Veterans: A Prospective Cohort Study. Background: Viral suppression is a primary marker of HIV treatment success. Persons with HIV are at increased risk for AIDS-defining cancer (ADC) and several types of non-AIDS-defining cancer (NADC), some of which are caused by oncogenic viruses. Objective: To determine whether viral suppression is associated with decreased cancer risk. Design

Annals of Internal Medicine2018

171. Autoimmune blistering disorders in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus infection

Autoimmune blistering disorders in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus infection 30175218 2018 11 14 2352-6475 4 3 2018 Sep International journal of women's dermatology Int J Womens Dermatol Autoimmune blistering disorders in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus infection. 159-165 10.1016/j.ijwd.2018.02.002 The interplay between immune dysfunction and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is complex. Reports of autoimmune disorders including autoimmune bullous disorders (AIBDs) have (...) pemphigoid pemphigus 2017 10 18 2018 01 30 2018 02 15 2018 9 4 6 0 2018 9 4 6 0 2018 9 4 6 1 epublish 30175218 10.1016/j.ijwd.2018.02.002 S2352-6475(18)30011-X PMC6116819 J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2015 Apr;48(2):130-6 24064287 Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Dec;35(3):166-74 16325657 Cutis. 2015 Feb;95(2):E1-3 25750969 J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994 Sep;31(3 Pt 1):502-4 8077483 Skin Therapy Lett. 2014 Sep-Oct;19(5):1-6 25405675 Arch Dermatol. 1997 May;133(5):667-8 9158431 Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2007

International journal of women's dermatology2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

172. Changes in chlamydia prevalence and duration of infection estimated from testing and diagnosis rates in England: a model-based analysis using surveillance data, 2000–15

Changes in chlamydia prevalence and duration of infection estimated from testing and diagnosis rates in England: a model-based analysis using surveillance data, 2000–15 29776798 2018 11 14 2468-2667 3 6 2018 Jun The Lancet. Public health Lancet Public Health Changes in chlamydia prevalence and duration of infection estimated from testing and diagnosis rates in England: a model-based analysis using surveillance data, 2000-15. e271-e278 S2468-2667(18)30071-9 10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30071-9 (...) of infections. We aimed to establish annual, rather than 10-yearly, estimates of chlamydia prevalence and infection duration. In this model-based analysis, we used previously published minimum and maximum estimates and Public Health England data for chlamydia test coverage and diagnoses in men and women aged 15-24 years in England, before, during, and after the scale-up of national chlamydia screening. We used a mechanistic model, which accounted for symptomatic chlamydia testing and asymptomatic screening

The Lancet. Public health2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

173. Multivariate analysis of factors associated with Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm infection among primary school children in rural Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia

Multivariate analysis of factors associated with Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm infection among primary school children in rural Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia 29881636 2018 11 14 2055-0936 4 2018 Tropical diseases, travel medicine and vaccines Trop Dis Travel Med Vaccines Multivariate analysis of factors associated with Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm infection among primary school children in rural Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. 4 10.1186/s40794-018-0064-6 Soil-transmitted helminths (...) and Schistosoma mansoni infections are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan countries. The highest burden of the disease resides in school-age children. Poor water sanitation and hygiene are believed to be the major contributing factors for the high prevalence. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasite infections in rural Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2017-June 2017 among 409 randomly

Tropical diseases, travel medicine and vaccines2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

174. Dolutegravir sodium rilpivirine hydrochloride (Juluca) - HIV Infections

Dolutegravir sodium rilpivirine hydrochloride (Juluca) - HIV Infections 30 Churchill Place ? Canary Wharf ? London E14 5EU ? United Kingdom An agency of the European Union Telephone +44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsimile +44 (0)20 3660 5555 Send a question via our website www.ema.europa.eu/contact © European Medicines Agency, 2018. Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. 22 March 2018 EMA/243517/2018 Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) Assessment report Juluca (...) Treatment details Key conclusions 201636 (SWORD 1) Randomized, open-label, active-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group, non-inferiority study HIV-1 infected ART experienced subjects DTG 50 mg + RPV 25 mg once daily with a meal CAR: 2 NRTIs + INSTI, NNRTI, or PI/r (or unboosted ATV) The primary analysis demonstrated that DTG + RPV is noninferior to CAR, with 95% of subjects in the DTG + RPV group and 96% of subjects in the CAR group achieving the primary endpoint of 40% of AUC 0-8 extrapolated and ? Z

European Medicines Agency - EPARs2018

175. The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification independently predicts wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers

The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification independently predicts wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers 29622357 2018 04 06 1097-6809 2018 Apr 02 Journal of vascular surgery J. Vasc. Surg. The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification independently predicts wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers. S0741-5214(18)30279-9 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.12.079 Previous studies have reported correlation between the Wound (...) , Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification system and wound healing time on unadjusted analyses. However, in the only multivariable analysis to date, WIfI stage was not predictive of wound healing. Our aim was to examine the association between WIfI classification and wound healing after risk adjustment in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated in a multidisciplinary setting. All patients presenting to our multidisciplinary DFU clinic from June 2012 to July 2017 were enrolled

EvidenceUpdates2018

176. Baseline Factors Associated With Improvements in Decompensated Cirrhosis After Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Baseline Factors Associated With Improvements in Decompensated Cirrhosis After Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection 29535028 2018 06 03 1528-0012 154 8 2018 Jun Gastroenterology Gastroenterology Baseline Factors Associated With Improvements in Decompensated Cirrhosis After Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection. 2111-2121.e8 S0016-5085(18)30314-7 10.1053/j.gastro.2018.03.022 Treatment with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents can reduce Model

EvidenceUpdates2018

177. Prevention of Infection After Gynecologic Procedures

Prevention of Infection After Gynecologic Procedures Sign In (ACOG) Sign in to your ACOG account Email is required. Please enter valid Email. was not found in our system. Would you like to associated with your account? Forgot your email address? JSOG Member? © 2018 - American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists2018

178. Early-onset neonatal infections in Australia and New Zealand, 2002-2012

Early-onset neonatal infections in Australia and New Zealand, 2002-2012 29588295 2018 03 28 1468-2052 2018 Mar 27 Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. Early-onset neonatal infections in Australia and New Zealand, 2002-2012. fetalneonatal-2017-314671 10.1136/archdischild-2017-314671 The epidemiology of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) varies over time, and requires regular surveillance. To analyse data on EONS in Australia and New (...) ). Of EOGBS-infected babies, 62% were born at term compared with 8% with early-onset E. coli sepsis, p<0.0001. The mortality of E. coli early-onset sepsis (EOS) (25%) was higher than GBS (11%), but this difference in mortality was no longer significant after adjusting for gestation and birth weight. Mortality from EOS fell significantly over the study period (17% per year, 95% CI 10 to 24, p<0.0001). GBS was the most common cause of early sepsis, but the incidence was lower than prior to the introduction

EvidenceUpdates2018

179. Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection: Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination, Imaging, and LRINEC Score: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection: Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination, Imaging, and LRINEC Score: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 29672405 2018 04 19 1528-1140 2018 Apr 18 Annals of surgery Ann. Surg. Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection: Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination, Imaging, and LRINEC Score: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002774 We sought to summarize accuracy of physical examination, imaging, and Laboratory Risk Indicator (...) for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score in diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) in adults with a soft tissue infection clinically concerning for NSTI. NSTI is a life-threatening diagnosis. Delay to diagnosis and surgical management is associated with increased mortality. We searched 6 databases from inception through November 2017. We included English-language studies reporting diagnostic accuracy of testing or LRINEC Score. Outcome was NSTI confirmed by surgery or histopathology. Two

EvidenceUpdates2018

180. Blood Cultures Drawn From Arterial Catheters Are Reliable for the Detection of Bloodstream Infection in Critically Ill Children

Blood Cultures Drawn From Arterial Catheters Are Reliable for the Detection of Bloodstream Infection in Critically Ill Children PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2018