Latest & greatest articles for infection

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Top results for infection

141. Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs

Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs Signal - Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Whooping cough infection common in school aged children with stubborn coughs Published on 26 June 2014 This NIHR-funded study found that almost a fifth of children aged five to 15 years who visited their GP with persistent cough showed signs of recent whooping cough infection (...) children aged 5 to 15 years between November 2010 and December 2012 who presented with persistent cough in 22 general practices in the Thames Valley, England. Of these, 261 had received whooping cough vaccinations, but there was variation in whether they had also received the preschool booster or other combinations of vaccine. Recent whooping cough infection was diagnosed using laboratory tests. The authors used a reliable approach as they recruited children to the study without healthcare providers

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

142. Association of Viral Suppression With Lower AIDS-Defining and Non-AIDS-Defining Cancer Incidence in HIV-Infected Veterans: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Association of Viral Suppression With Lower AIDS-Defining and Non-AIDS-Defining Cancer Incidence in HIV-Infected Veterans: A Prospective Cohort Study. Background: Viral suppression is a primary marker of HIV treatment success. Persons with HIV are at increased risk for AIDS-defining cancer (ADC) and several types of non-AIDS-defining cancer (NADC), some of which are caused by oncogenic viruses. Objective: To determine whether viral suppression is associated with decreased cancer risk. Design

Annals of Internal Medicine2018

143. The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification independently predicts wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers

The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification independently predicts wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers 29622357 2018 04 06 1097-6809 2018 Apr 02 Journal of vascular surgery J. Vasc. Surg. The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification independently predicts wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers. S0741-5214(18)30279-9 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.12.079 Previous studies have reported correlation between the Wound (...) , Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification system and wound healing time on unadjusted analyses. However, in the only multivariable analysis to date, WIfI stage was not predictive of wound healing. Our aim was to examine the association between WIfI classification and wound healing after risk adjustment in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated in a multidisciplinary setting. All patients presenting to our multidisciplinary DFU clinic from June 2012 to July 2017 were enrolled

EvidenceUpdates2018

144. Baseline Factors Associated With Improvements in Decompensated Cirrhosis After Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Baseline Factors Associated With Improvements in Decompensated Cirrhosis After Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection 29535028 2018 06 03 1528-0012 154 8 2018 Jun Gastroenterology Gastroenterology Baseline Factors Associated With Improvements in Decompensated Cirrhosis After Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection. 2111-2121.e8 S0016-5085(18)30314-7 10.1053/j.gastro.2018.03.022 Treatment with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents can reduce Model

EvidenceUpdates2018

145. Blood Cultures Drawn From Arterial Catheters Are Reliable for the Detection of Bloodstream Infection in Critically Ill Children

Blood Cultures Drawn From Arterial Catheters Are Reliable for the Detection of Bloodstream Infection in Critically Ill Children PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club2018

148. Early-onset neonatal infections in Australia and New Zealand, 2002-2012

Early-onset neonatal infections in Australia and New Zealand, 2002-2012 29588295 2018 03 28 1468-2052 2018 Mar 27 Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. Early-onset neonatal infections in Australia and New Zealand, 2002-2012. fetalneonatal-2017-314671 10.1136/archdischild-2017-314671 The epidemiology of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) varies over time, and requires regular surveillance. To analyse data on EONS in Australia and New (...) ). Of EOGBS-infected babies, 62% were born at term compared with 8% with early-onset E. coli sepsis, p<0.0001. The mortality of E. coli early-onset sepsis (EOS) (25%) was higher than GBS (11%), but this difference in mortality was no longer significant after adjusting for gestation and birth weight. Mortality from EOS fell significantly over the study period (17% per year, 95% CI 10 to 24, p<0.0001). GBS was the most common cause of early sepsis, but the incidence was lower than prior to the introduction

EvidenceUpdates2018

149. Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection: Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination, Imaging, and LRINEC Score: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection: Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination, Imaging, and LRINEC Score: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 29672405 2018 04 19 1528-1140 2018 Apr 18 Annals of surgery Ann. Surg. Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection: Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination, Imaging, and LRINEC Score: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002774 We sought to summarize accuracy of physical examination, imaging, and Laboratory Risk Indicator (...) for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score in diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) in adults with a soft tissue infection clinically concerning for NSTI. NSTI is a life-threatening diagnosis. Delay to diagnosis and surgical management is associated with increased mortality. We searched 6 databases from inception through November 2017. We included English-language studies reporting diagnostic accuracy of testing or LRINEC Score. Outcome was NSTI confirmed by surgery or histopathology. Two

EvidenceUpdates2018

150. Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Functions Underestimate Risk in HIV Infection

Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Functions Underestimate Risk in HIV Infection 29444987 2018 05 22 1524-4539 137 21 2018 May 22 Circulation Circulation Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Functions Underestimate Risk in HIV Infection. 2203-2214 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.028975 Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is elevated in HIV-infected individuals, with contributions from both traditional and nontraditional risk factors. The accuracy of established CVD risk prediction functions in HIV is uncertain (...) . We sought to assess the performance of 3 established CVD risk prediction functions in a longitudinal cohort of HIV-infected men. The FHS (Framingham Heart Study) functions for hard coronary heart disease (FHS CHD) and atherosclerotic CVD (FHS ASCVD) and the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association ASCVD function were applied to the Partners HIV cohort. Risk scores were calculated between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2008. Outcomes included CHD (myocardial

EvidenceUpdates2018

152. Letermovir (Prevymis) - cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection

Letermovir (Prevymis) - cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection Search Page - Drug and Health Product Register Language selection Search and menus Search Search website Search Topics menu You are here: Summary Basis of Decision - - Health Canada Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) for Contact: Summary basis of decision (SBD) documents provide information related to the original authorization of a product. The for is located below. Recent activity SBDs written for approved after September 1, 2012

Health Canada - Drug and Health Product Register2018

153. Vosevi - for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection

Vosevi - for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection Search Page - Drug and Health Product Register Language selection Search and menus Search Search website Search Topics menu You are here: Summary Basis of Decision - - Health Canada Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) for Contact: Summary basis of decision (SBD) documents provide information related to the original authorization of a product. The for is located below. Recent activity SBDs written for approved after September 1

Health Canada - Drug and Health Product Register2018

154. Interventions for necrotizing soft tissue infections in adults.

Interventions for necrotizing soft tissue infections in adults. BACKGROUND: Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) are severe and rapidly spreading soft tissue infections of the subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle, which are mostly caused by bacteria. Associated rates of mortality and morbidity are high, with the former estimated at around 23%, and disability, sequelae, and limb loss occurring in 15% of patients. Standard management includes intravenous empiric antimicrobial therapy (...) , early surgical debridement of necrotic tissues, intensive care support, and adjuvant therapies such as intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of medical and surgical treatments for necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) in adults in hospital settings. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to April 2018: the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS. We also searched five trials registers, pharmaceutical company

Cochrane2018

155. Association of the Quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) Score With Excess Hospital Mortality in Adults With Suspected Infection in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Association of the Quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) Score With Excess Hospital Mortality in Adults With Suspected Infection in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Importance: The quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score has not been well-evaluated in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Objective: To assess the association of qSOFA with excess hospital death among patients with suspected infection in LMICs and to compare qSOFA (...) with the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria. Design, Settings, and Participants: Retrospective secondary analysis of 8 cohort studies and 1 randomized clinical trial from 2003 to 2017. This study included 6569 hospitalized adults with suspected infection in emergency departments, inpatient wards, and intensive care units of 17 hospitals in 10 LMICs across sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Exposures: Low (0), moderate (1), or high (≥2) qSOFA score (range, 0 [best] to 3 [worst

JAMA2018

156. Procalcitonin-Guided Use of Antibiotics for Lower Respiratory Tract Infection.

Procalcitonin-Guided Use of Antibiotics for Lower Respiratory Tract Infection. Background The effect of procalcitonin-guided use of antibiotics on treatment for suspected lower respiratory tract infection is unclear. Methods In 14 U.S. hospitals with high adherence to quality measures for the treatment of pneumonia, we provided guidance for clinicians about national clinical practice recommendations for the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections and the interpretation of procalcitonin (...) assays. We then randomly assigned patients who presented to the emergency department with a suspected lower respiratory tract infection and for whom the treating physician was uncertain whether antibiotic therapy was indicated to one of two groups: the procalcitonin group, in which the treating clinicians were provided with real-time initial (and serial, if the patient was hospitalized) procalcitonin assay results and an antibiotic use guideline with graded recommendations based on four tiers

NEJM2018

157. Projected Cancer Incidence Rates and Burden of Incident Cancer Cases in HIV-Infected Adults in the United States Through 2030.

Projected Cancer Incidence Rates and Burden of Incident Cancer Cases in HIV-Infected Adults in the United States Through 2030. Background: Persons living with HIV (PLWH) have an elevated risk for certain types of cancer. With modern antiretroviral therapy, PLWH are aging and cancer rates are changing. Objective: To project cancer incidence rates and burden (number of new cancer diagnoses) among adult PLWH in the United States through 2030. Design: Descriptive. Setting: HIV/AIDS Cancer Match (...) Study to project cancer rates and HIV Optimization and Prevention Economics model to project HIV prevalence. Participants: HIV-infected adults. Measurements: Projected cancer rates and burden among HIV-infected adults in the United States by age during 2006 to 2030 for AIDS-defining cancer (ADC)-that is, Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer-and certain types of non-AIDS-defining cancer (NADC). All other cancer types were combined. Results: The proportion of adult PLWH

Annals of Internal Medicine2018

158. Child Health Outcomes After Presumptive Infection Treatment in Pregnant Women: A Randomized Trial

Child Health Outcomes After Presumptive Infection Treatment in Pregnant Women: A Randomized Trial 29472491 2018 02 23 1098-4275 2018 Feb 22 Pediatrics Pediatrics Child Health Outcomes After Presumptive Infection Treatment in Pregnant Women: A Randomized Trial. e20172459 10.1542/peds.2017-2459 We showed earlier that presumptive infection treatment in pregnancy reduced the prevalence of neonatal stunting in a rural low-income setting. In this article, we assess how these gains were sustained (...) and reflected in childhood growth, development, and mortality. We enrolled 1320 pregnant Malawian women in a randomized trial and treated them for malaria and other infections with either 2 doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) (control), monthly SP, or monthly sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and 2 doses of azithromycin (AZI-SP). Child height or length and mortality were recorded at 1, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months and development at 60 months by using Griffith's Mental Development Scales. Throughout follow

EvidenceUpdates2018

159. Serious infection across biologic-treated patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Serious infection across biologic-treated patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for Rheumatoid Arthritis 29592917 2018 05 11 1468-2060 77 6 2018 Jun Annals of the rheumatic diseases Ann. Rheum. Dis. Serious infection across biologic-treated patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for Rheumatoid Arthritis. 905-910 10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-212825 To compare (...) the incidence of serious infection (SI) across biologic drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using data from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for Rheumatoid Arthritis (BSRBR-RA). The BSRBR-RA is a prospective observational cohort study. This analysis included patients with RA starting a new biologic. The primary outcome was SI defined as an infectious event requiring admission to hospital, intravenous antibiotics or resulting in death. Event rates were calculated and compared

EvidenceUpdates2018

160. Guidelines for the diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

Guidelines for the diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines2018